|Touched by an Angel|
|Created by||John Masius|
|Theme music composer||Marc Lichtman|
|Opening theme||"Walk With You"|
Performed by Della Reese
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||9|
|No. of episodes||211 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Martha Williamson|
Robert Visciglia Jr.
|Production location(s)||Salt Lake City, Utah|
|Running time||48 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Moon Water Productions|
CBS Entertainment Productions
|Distributor||CBS Television Distribution|
|Original release||September 21, 1994 –|
April 27, 2003
|Related shows||Promised Land|
Touched by an Angel is an American fantasy drama television series that premiered on CBS on September 21, 1994, and ran for 211 episodes and nine seasons until its conclusion on April 27, 2003. Created by John Masius and executive produced by Martha Williamson, the series stars Roma Downey, as an angel named Monica, and Della Reese, as her supervisor Tess. Throughout the series, Monica is tasked with bringing guidance and messages from God to various people who are at a crossroads in their lives. From season three onward, they are frequently joined by Andrew (John Dye), the angel of death (who first appeared as a recurring character in season two). The series went into syndication in 1998, and has aired on Ion Television (formerly PAX-TV), Hallmark Channel, CBS Drama, Up, Disney Channel UK, MeTV and Start TV.
The episodes of the series generally revolved around the "cases" of Monica (played by Roma Downey), a teen angel recently promoted from the "search and rescue" division, who works under the guidance of Tess (played by Della Reese), a sarcastic boss who is sometimes hard on her young colleague, but is more of a surrogate mother, than a mentor. Monica in one episode outlines that she started in the choir, then annunciations, followed by search and rescue and then case work. Most cases involve a single person or a group of people who are at a crossroads in their lives and facing a large problem or tough decision. Monica and Tess bring them messages of hope from God and give them guidance to help make decisions. During their first episode, the pair receive a red 1972 Cadillac Eldorado convertible as a gift; they use it for transportation throughout the rest of the series while in the human world, with Tess doing the driving. As the series progresses, Monica continues gaining experience as a case worker and, during some cases must learn lessons of her own.
During the series pilot, an angel of death named Adam is introduced. In the season two premiere, "Interview with an Angel", the Angel of Death is introduced as Henry. In the season two episode entitled, "The One That Got Away" Andrew (played by John Dye) is introduced as the Angel of Death. (Initially a recurring character, he becomes a main character in season three, making him the permanent Angel of Death for the remainder of the series.)
During season seven, a new angel, Gloria, is sent by God during one of Monica's assignments. She becomes a regular character for seasons eight and nine, as a trainee under Monica and Tess's guidance.
In the series finale, Monica is up for promotion to supervisor, pending the outcome of a difficult case in which she must defend Zach (Scott Bairstow), an innocent drifter accused of causing a boiler explosion at a school two years ago in the small town of Ascension, Colorado. The explosion killed most of the children, leaving the citizens devastated. During the case, Monica sees many familiar faces, including Joey Machulis (Paul Wittenburg), one of Monica's previous assignments who is a witness to the events, his brother Wayne (Randy Travis), who is now sheriff, Sophie (Marion Ross), a formerly homeless acquaintance, and Mike (Patrick Duffy), a lawyer Monica saved during her search and rescue days who is now the Mayor. An out of town developer claims Zach is the perpetrator and despite the lack of evidence, Zach is put on trial. Monica does all she can to help him, including asking Mike to represent him, but the prosecutor in the case, Jones, is really Satan in disguise, and Zach is eventually convicted.
After the trial, Monica is able to help the citizens realize their mistake and to see that Zach's return to the town had helped them finally start living again. They begin going back to church, welcomed by the pastor they had once abandoned. Their change of heart, however, cannot free Zach, so Monica visits him in jail and reveals that she is an angel. She then promises him that she will become his guardian angel, forgoing all future assignments and the coveted promotion, to protect him from harm in prison. When she returns in the morning, however, the cell is empty. The citizens decide not to search for him, and it is revealed that Joey inadvertently caused the explosion after the devil tricked him into turning the boiler too high to warm some kittens he'd found.
The perplexed Monica returns to the desert to find Tess and Zach. There, she learns that Zach was actually God, and that her defending him was a test, which she passed by being willing to sacrifice herself for him. Monica is promoted to supervisor. As she leaves, she says her goodbyes to Gloria, and to Andrew, who gives her a pocket watch to remember their friendship by. Before parting, Tess gives Monica the keys to the Cadillac, as she is leaving her job to sit at God's feet. Monica is last shown driving away as the camera pans out over the desert.
Cast and characters
- Roma Downey as Monica, Tess's kind-hearted angel in her teenage years, who is sent town-to-town to encourage people. She's the show's main protagonist. She appears in all but two episodes.
- Della Reese as Tess, a tough and sarcastic, but loving supervisor who plays a key role in every one of Monica's cases. She acts like Monica's stepmother and is also the show's main protagonist. She appears in all but three episodes.
- Charles Rocket as Adam (season 1, recurring) known as "the Angel of Death". Appeared in the first 11 episodes.
- John Dye as Andrew (seasons 3–9, main; 2, recurring), known as "the Angel of Death". Appeared in 185 episodes.
- Valerie Bertinelli as Gloria (seasons 8–9, main; 7, guest), an accident prone intelligent angel made to understand the way of life in the 21st century. She acts like Monica's older stepsister. Appeared in 45 episodes.
- Alexis Cruz as Rafael, an angel
- Paul Winfield as Sam, an archangel
- Randy Travis as Wayne Machulis and as Jed Winslow
- Wendy Phillips as Claire Greene and as Ruth Ann Russell (in one episode)
- Gerald McRaney as Russell Greene and as Dr. Joe Patcherik (in one episode)
- Celeste Holm as Hattie Greene
- Eddie Karr as Nathaniel Greene
- Paul Wittenburg as Joey Machulis
- Cloris Leachman as Ruth, an archangel
- Ossie Davis as Erasmus Jones and as Gabriel, an archangel
- Jasmine Guy as Kathleen, a fallen angel
Notable guest stars
- Bruce Altman as Henry, an angel of death
- Chris Burke as Taylor, an angel
- Carol Burnett as Lillian Bennett (season 4, episode 10)
- Bill Cosby as Phil, the Angel of Reconciliation
- Barbara Mandrell as Terri Hayman and as Ada Dobbin
- David Ogden Stiers as Jones / Satan (in the two-part series finale)
- Phylicia Rashad as Elizabeth Jessup
- Muhammad Ali as himself (season 5, episode 24)
- Maya Angelou as Clarice Mitchell (season 2, episode 7)
- Ruby Dee as LaBelle (season 6, episode 10)
- Celine Dion as herself (season 5, episode 9)
- Marla Gibbs as Millie (season 7, episode 3)
- Melissa Joan Hart as Claire Latham (season 2, episode 5)
- Wynonna Judd as Audrey Carmichael
- Angela Lansbury as Lady Penelope Berrington (season 8, episode 21)
- Russell Means as Edison (season 3, episode 5)
- Keb' Mo' as the Angel of Music
- Joe Morton as Jake Stone and Martin Hunter
- Margot Kidder as Rita Lasky (season 5, episode 1)
- Rosa Parks as herself (season 5, episode 23)
- Mandy Patinkin as Satan (season 7, episode 23)
- Debbie Reynolds as Betty Poplovich (season 8, episode 4)
- Sally Ride as herself (season 5, episode 26)
- John Schneider as Joshua Winslow / Satan
- Mary McDonnell as Sister Theodore (season 8, episode 18)
- Luther Vandross as Reggie Hunter (season 8, episode 20)
- Richard Chamberlain as Jack Clay/Everett Clay (season 7, episode 1)
- B.B. King as himself (season 2, episode 15)
- Dr. John as himself (season 2, episode 15)
- Al Hirt as himself (season 2, episode 15)
- Ann-Margret as Angela (episode "Millennium")
- Rue McClanahan as Amelia Bowthorpe Archibald (Episode "Manny") and Lila Winslow (Episode "Shallow Water")
- Linda Gray as Marian Campbell (season 2, episode 20)
- Marion Ross as Sophie
|Season||Episodes||Originally aired||Rank||Rating||Tied with|
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||11||September 21, 1994||March 4, 1995||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|2||24||September 23, 1995||May 18, 1996||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|3||28||September 15, 1996||May 18, 1997||10||13.6||N/A|
|4||27||September 21, 1997||May 17, 1998||6||14.2||N/A|
|5||26||September 20, 1998||May 23, 1999||8||13.1||N/A|
|6||26||September 26, 1999||May 21, 2000||10||11.6||N/A|
|7||25||October 15, 2000||May 20, 2001||22||9.7||Cursed/The Weber Show|
|8||22||September 29, 2001||May 11, 2002||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|9||22||September 28, 2002||April 27, 2003||N/A||N/A||N/A|
Touched by an Angel was produced by CBS and Moon Water Productions. Most episodes of the series were produced in Salt Lake City, Utah. According to New York Times reviewer Caryn James, John Masius created the first pilot episode for the series, but it was a darker, less hopeful story than the producers wanted. It cost the studio $2 million to produce the episode. Masius wrote the show as a reflection of his spiritual anger at the time at his two children being born disabled. Martha Williamson was approached to be the series executive producer in early 1994. She described the pilot she received as "upsetting" as it "portrayed angels as recycled dead people with power over life and death". She initially declined the position, but during a lunch with Andy Hill, then President of CBS, she mentioned the show and suggested he find a producer who would create a show with "loving, joyful" angels that the audience would have to believe in.
Williamson stated that she could not stop thinking about the show after that meeting, and eventually called to ask if the position was still open. Though getting the position was no longer a sure thing, she passed up a more lucrative position directing a court drama and went in for an interview with CBS in June 1994. During her interview, she states she emphasized that she was a Christian and could only do a show that depicted angels in a way she felt was true to her view of angels and that was respectful towards God. She also indicated that the pilot should be redone from the beginning, keeping only the characters Monica and Tess, reworked. The studio agreed with her remarks and hired her. Williamson herself wrote a new script for the pilot episode, while also working on hiring the remaining staff for the series, which was due to premiere in September. The pilot was filmed in Salt Lake City, Utah and the show was ready on schedule. The first episode aired on September 14, 1994.
The lyrics to the show's theme song, "Walk With You", are sung at the beginning of each episode by Della Reese.
In 1996, Promised Land was launched as a spin-off series, following the Greene family whom Monica had met during one of her cases, as they travel the United States helping those in need. Four crossover episodes aired during Promised Land's three-season run.
The series was nominated for eleven Primetime Emmy Awards between 1997 and 2000, including two nominations each for Downey and Reese in the Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series and Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series categories, respectively. It was also nominated for three Golden Globe Awards, two in 1998 and 1999 for Downey for Best Performance by an Actress in a TV-Series - Drama, and one in 1998 for Reese for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Series  even though the series was never able to secure either award. Marc Lichtman was awarded five BMI Film and Television Awards for "Television Music" in 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001 for his work as the series composer.
A 1999 variation of the "Madalyn Murray O'Hair petition" urban legend, which claims to seek a ban on religious programming, mentioned the show and appeared via e-mail chains despite O'Hair being deceased since 1995 and her original actual religious programming petition to the FCC being rejected in 1975.
Touched by an Angel received negative to mixed reviews from critics but positive reception from audiences. A negative review came from David Zurawik of The Baltimore Sun, who opined that it was "the worst new series of the TV season [...] there's absolutely nothing divine about it." The same review noted several scenes in the first episode where Monica's bare feet are shown, with Zurawik remarking "I'm not sure what that's all about unless CBS has research showing a large audience of foot fetishists waiting for a reason not to watch ABC's 'Roseanne.'" In his column for Religious Dispatchers titled "Mauled by an Angel", W. Scott Poole stated that Downey and Reese "served up a syrupy but powerful advertisement for a greeting-card brand of religious faith with little theological definition but a healthy serving of “chicken soup for the soul” (a franchise that itself became popular in the same era)" and even the show "seemed to suggest that God was deeply concerned but mostly unable or unwilling to get directly involved, sending along his messengers to patch things up with and for humanity (or select portions of it), now and again". Earlier reviews were skeptical of the show's first season, with Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly saying that it "succeeds in being so unpretentiously, innocently pure-minded—this is the Forrest Gump of fall ’94—that it’s possible to feel sympathy for its ratings plight." Common Sense Media reviewer Emily Ashby gave the series 3 out of 5 stars, who said that "this uplifting, inspirational show is steeped in strong moral messages, life lessons, and Christian overtones that include multiple references to "God," "Lord," and the "Father." Conversely, the Parents Television Council picked it as one of the best shows for family viewing for several years  while during its run, it was either #1 or #2 on its "best" list of the "Best and Worst Shows on Network TV".
In popular culture
Touched by an Angel became one of CBS's highest-rated series during season three and continued through season six, when it was the ninth most watched network series, with 17,190,000 viewers that amounted to a 15% share of the market as determined by Nielsen Media Research. In season eight, after the series moved from its Sunday time slot to a Saturday one, it dropped to 79th place, with 8.3 million viewers.
|Season||Episodes||Time slot (ET)||Season premiere||Season finale||Season
|1||1994–1995||11||Wednesday at 9:00 pm (Episodes 1-8)
Sunday at 8:00 pm (Episode 9)
Saturday at 9:00 pm (Episodes 10-11)
|September 21, 1994||March 4, 1995||#78||8.90|
|2||1995–1996||26||Saturday at 9:00 pm||September 23, 1995||May 18, 1996||#34||11.10|
|3||1996–1997||29||Sunday at 8:00 pm||September 15, 1996||May 18, 1997||#10||13.19|
|4||1997–1998||26||Sunday at 8:00 pm (Episodes 1-25)
Sunday at 9:00 pm (Episode 26)
|September 21, 1997||May 17, 1998||#5||21.80|
|5||1998–1999||27||Sunday at 8:00 pm||September 20, 1998||May 23, 1999||#6||19.50 |
|6||1999–2000||26||September 26, 1999||May 21, 2000||#9||17.19|
|7||2000–2001||25||October 15, 2000||May 20, 2001||#25||14.00|
|8||2001–2002||22||Saturday at 8:00 pm (Episodes 1-10, 12-20, 22)
Sunday at 8:00 pm (Episodes 11, 21)
|September 29, 2001||May 11, 2002||#79||8.30|
|9||2002–2003||22||Saturday at 8:00 pm (Episodes 1-21)
Sunday at 8:00 pm (Episode 22)
|September 28, 2002||April 27, 2003||#91||7.60|
A book on the series, Touched by an Angel, was published by Zondervan in November 1997. Written by Williams and Robin Sheets, it contains background information on some of the stories featured, series production information, basic details on the first fifty episodes and profiles of Downey, Reese and Dye. It also has short story versions of four episodes: "Interview with an Angel", "There, but for the Grace of God", "An Unexpected Snow" and "Jacob's Ladder". A second book, In the Words of Angels: Twenty Inspiring Stories from Touched By an Angel, was published by Fireside Books on August 28, 2001. Also written by Williams, it collects twenty short stories based on episodes from the series.
An audio soundtrack, Touched by an Angel: The Album, was released on November 3, 1998. The 15-track CD includes a full-length version of the series theme song, "Walk With You", performed by Della Reese and songs by Céline Dion, Shawn Colvin, Bob Dylan, Faith Hill, Martina McBride, Amy Grant, Jaci Velasquez, The Kinleys, Wynonna and Amanda Marshall. The soundtrack went platinum. A second album, Touched by an Angel: Christmas Album, was released on November 9, 1999 with 13 tracks of Christmas music. In addition to having tracks performed by Reese and Downey, it features songs from Randy Travis, Keb' Mo', Charlotte Church, Kirk Franklin, Collin Raye, Amy Grant and Donna Summer. Both albums were released by Sony Music Entertainment, the successor to the former record division of CBS.
On February 9, 2016, CBS DVD released Touched by an Angel: The Complete Series on DVD in Region 1.
Four themed sets, each containing four episodes, have also been released. The first two, "The Inspiration Collection: Holiday" and "The Inspiration Collection: Hope" were released on November 10, 2009; "The Inspiration Collection: Faith" and "The Inspiration Collection: Love" were released January 26, 2010.
|DVD name||Ep #||Release date|
|The Complete First Season||13||August 31, 2004|
|The Second Season||22||May 3, 2005|
|The Third Season, Volume 1||16||February 7, 2006|
|The Third Season, Volume 2||13||November 28, 2006|
|The Fourth Season, Volume 1||13||March 27, 2007|
|The Fourth Season, Volume 2||14||December 4, 2007|
|The Fifth Season||26||July 24, 2012|
|The Sixth Season||26||September 25, 2012|
|The Seventh Season||25||April 23, 2013|
|The Eighth Season||22||July 30, 2013|
|The Ninth Season||22||November 19, 2013|
|The Complete Series||211||February 9, 2016|
- Highway to Heaven - Similar concept.
- God Friended Me - Similar concept.
- 7th Heaven - Similar concept.
- Martha Williamson. "Episode 922: "I Will Walk With You" Part Two".
- 12 celebrities who were 'Touched by an Angel' before they were stars - MeTV
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Touched.com. CBS. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- 5 Family Movies and TV Shows That Were Almost Insanely Dark|Cracked.com
- James, Caryn (January 8, 1999). "Sure, Mom May Be Dead, But That Won't Stop Her". New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- Elber, Lynn. "Teenager turns reluctant grim reaper in Showtime's 'Dead Like Me'". Online Athens. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Williamson, Martha (1996). "TV Is Touched by an Angel". Guideposts, as reprinted at Touched.Net. CBS. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Sowa, Carol Baass (February 12, 2010). "Martha Williamson and 'Touched by An Angel' still touching lives". satodayscatholic.com. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- Martin, Deanna L. (September 12, 1997). "Emmy Which Way". Entertainment Weekly (396).
- "Nominations for the 55th Golden Globe Awards". BBC. January 17, 1998. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "On the way to Oscar, Golden Globes will offer hints". CNN. January 22, 1999. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "Patrick Williams Earns Career Nod At Film, TV Awards". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. 109 (21): 99. May 24, 1997. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "Menken Honored at Film, TV Awards". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. 110 (21): 96. May 23, 1998. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "BMI Film/TV Awards: 1999". Broadcast Music Incorporated. January 1, 1999. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "BMI Honors Top Film and TV Composers". Broadcast Music Incorporated. May 15, 2000. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "TV and Film Composers Score at BMI Awards". Broadcast Music Incorporated. May 16, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- FACT CHECK: Petition to Ban Religious Broadcasting-Snopes.com
- 'Touched by an Angel' doesn't have a prayer - tribunedigital-baltimoresun
- Mauled by an Angel: Why Do Americans Need “God’s Secret Agents”?-Religion Dispatches
- Show Review: 'Touched By An Angel'-EW.com
- Touched by an Angel TV Review
- Parents Tv Council Picks `Touched By An Angel' As Best Of The Best
- Baker, Brent (June 7, 1996). "CyberAlert, Vol 1, No. 28". Media Research Center. Archived from the original on October 26, 2004.
- "Top 10 Best & Worst Family Shows on Network Television, 1996-97 season". Parents Television Council. June 9, 1997. Archived from the original on February 18, 1999.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- "Top 10 Best & Worst Family Shows on Network Television, 1998-99 season". Parents Television Council. June 7, 1999.
- "Top 10 Best & Worst Family Shows on Network Television, 1999-2000 season". Parents Television Council. June 2000.
- "Top 10 Best & Worst Family Shows on Network Television, 2000-01 season". Parents Television Council. June 2001.
- "Top 10 Best & Worst Family Shows on Network Television, 2001-02 season". Parents Television Council. June 2002.
- "Top 10 Best & Worst Family Shows on Network Television, 2002-03 season". Parents Television Council. June 2003.
- Touched By An Angel by Maria Bamford on YouTube
- The Burning Bridges Tour-Maria Bamford|AllMusic
- George Carlin on MAD TV Touched by an Atheist by MicrocebusRufus1-YouTube
- "Family Guy" Ready, Willing and Disabled (TV Episode 2001)-Connections-IMDB
- "Top TV Shows For 1999-2000 Season". Variety. August 6, 2000. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- "How did your favorite show rate?". USA Today. May 28, 2002. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- "ClassicTVHits.com: TV Ratings > 1990's". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "The Final Countdown". Entertainment Weekly. May 29, 1998.
- "Final ratings for the 1998-1999 TV season". Archived from the original on October 29, 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2014.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- "'Elv1s,' in 2nd week, rolls over Stones disc". Variety.
- "The Bitter End". Entertainment Weekly. June 1, 2001.
- "How did your favorite show rate?". USA Today. May 28, 2002.
- "Rank And File". Entertainment Weekly. June 6, 2003.
- In the Words of Angels: Twenty Inspiring Stories from Touched By An Angel. ASIN 0310221595.CS1 maint: ASIN uses ISBN (link)
- In the Words of Angels: Twenty Inspiring Stories from Touched By An Angel. ASIN 0743203682.CS1 maint: ASIN uses ISBN (link)
- "Touched by an Angel: The Album [Soundtrack]". Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- "Touched By An Angel" - The Album Certified Platinum, Will Be Featured in Valentine's Day Episode Of CBS Television Series.-Free Library
- "Touched By an Angel: Christmas Album [Soundtrack]". Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- CBS/Paramount Announces a First-Ever Release of 'The Complete Series' Archived 2015-11-19 at the Wayback Machine
- "Touched by an Angel - 'Inspiration Collection' Releases Bring the Best Hope and Holiday Episodes to DVD". Archived from the original on 2010-05-13.
- "Touched by an Angel - Update About Love and Faith DVDs: New Extras, Box Art, More!". Archived from the original on 2010-01-09.
- "Touched by an Angel". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
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