Diesel locomotives on shed, during the BR era.
|Location||Toton, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom|
|Former depot code(s)|
Toton Traction Maintenance Depot or Toton Sidings is one of the largest rail depots in the United Kingdom. Toton TMD is bordered by Long Eaton and Sandiacre in Derbyshire and Toton in Nottinghamshire. The official depot code for Toton TMD is TO, previously shed code 18A. The disused section of Toton sidings is the proposed site for the East Midlands Hub station, on the Leeds branch of High Speed 2, Phase Two.
The history of the development of Toton is highly associated with the history, development and decline of the coal industry in England. The Midland Railway had developed the Midland Main Line from the 1860s, and had a developing revenue from coal traffic from both the Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire coalfields to the power stations of the industrialised West Midlands. This traffic was added to by the fact that most towns also had their own gasworks, with coal delivered by rail to their own private sidings, and the rapidly developing domestic use of coal for heating and cooking.
With need to marshall coal traffic, a location close to the strategically located Trent Junction became obvious, and hence the development of Toton as a railway yard from the late 19th century. The yards eventually spanned: the Old/New Banks; North Yard and Meadow; East & West Yard; Sandiacre Ballast Sidings. Coal traffic reached its peak through the yards post World War II in the 1950s, with over 1million wagons per year passing through what was then the largest marshalling yard in Europe, and the third largest in the world. Local traffic included coal and iron ore and steel from the nearby Stanton Ironworks. With the coming of the Beeching Axe, British Railways shelved all proposed development of any other marshalling yards, thereby increasing traffic through the yards further. This was the peak of Toton traffic. However, by the 1970s the yard was in decline. With the introduction of Merry-go-round trains direct from colliery to power station, and the decline in the use of domestic coal in favour of North Sea gas, rail traffic through the yards was diminishing quickly. The Down Side ceased hump shunting in 1978, followed by the Up Side in 1984. Many of the yards were lifted during the 1970s and 1980s, and in the late 1980s the yards were rationalised to the basic shape seen today. This was the era when Toton TMD was the home of Class 20, Class 56 and Class 58.
Nowadays, and mainly due to the rationalisation of rail freight by EWS the TMD is home to the Class 60 and Class 66 diesel locomotives. The older traction has been taken out of service by EWS/DBS and nearly 75% of the Class 60 fleet is in storage, many at Toton.
Changes in the maintenance of locomotives have also meant that Toton is now the only TMD within DBS where heavy maintenance is carried out on locomotives. More recently a number of locos at Toton have been modified for use in France with EWS/DBS subsidiary Euro Cargo Rail.
The traincrew depot has also declined as a result of the loss of traffic and now has a depot complement of 48 drivers (in 2010), which contrasts with the depot's complement on privatisation when around 170 drivers were based here.
Toton Marshalling Yards
The changes in traffic flows have meant changes in the way freight is handled by the yards at Toton, primarily because the great majority of the trains now originate from south of the yards and therefore have to be propelled into the North Yard. Following the remodelling of the 1970s and 1980s there is no connection directly into Toton Yards from the south.
From 2009 both the North Yard and the New Bank sidings became accessible from the south after the whole of the Toton area was re-signalled with a certain amount of remodelling also taking place. It is now also possible to depart south from the North Yard which, as its name would suggest, was designed for trains heading North.
- Domestic coal from Scotland via Milford
- Coal imports from Immingham, Avonmouth and Liverpool docks for onward transit to Ratcliffe-on-Soar Power Station
- Rail infrastructure services for Network Rail, and weekend ballast and engineering trains
At 23:59 on 26 April 2009 the New Bank yard on the up side of the main lines (below the bank) was closed due to the economic situation and the associated decline in freight traffic. The mothballed yard will be used for storage of assets not currently in use, including locos (Class 60s) and wagons.
- "The all-time guide to UK Shed and Depot Codes" (PDF). TheRailwayCentre.com. 5 May 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- "HS2 phase two initial preferred route plan and profile maps". UK Government. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Kelly, Peter (July 1983). "A taste of Toton". Rail Enthusiast. EMAP National Publications. pp. 60–62. ISSN 0262-561X. OCLC 49957965.
- "Toton to get £½million shed extension". RAIL. No. 297. EMAP National Publications. 29 January – 11 February 1997. p. 8. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
- Dunn, Pip (26 August – 8 September 1998). "Toton: the 24-hour service centre". RAIL. No. 338. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 24–27. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
- Harris, Nigel (9–22 September 1998). "Around 30,000 attend Toton's 'rail event of the decade'". RAIL. No. 339. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 20–27. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
- Page, Mike (23 September – 6 October 1998). "EWS/RAIL Toton Open Weekend from the air!". RAIL. No. 340. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 10–13. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
- "Toton paint shop opens next month". RAIL. No. 342. EMAP Apex Publications. 21 October – 3 November 1998. p. 13. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
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