DeZuniga on June 19, 2011
|Born||Antony de Zuñiga|
November 8, 1932
|Died||May 11, 2012 (aged 79)|
Las Piñas, Philippines
|Adventure Comics (Black Orchid)|
Arak, Son of Thunder
Weird Western Tales (Jonah Hex)
Antony de Zuñiga (November 8, 1932 – May 11, 2012) who worked primarily under the name Tony DeZuniga, was a Filipino comics artist and illustrator best known for his works for DC Comics. He co-created the fictional characters Jonah Hex and Black Orchid.
DeZuniga was the first Filipino comic book artist whose work was accepted by American publishers, paving the way for many other Filipino artists to enter the international comic book industry.
Early life and career
DeZuniga was born in Manila, Philippines, and began his comics career at the age of 16, as a letterer for Liwayway, a Filipino weekly magazine whose contributors included comic book artists Alfredo Alcala and Nestor Redondo, who would later become his mentors.
He eventually received a Bachelor of Science degree in commercial art from the University of Santo Tomas in the Philippines. In 1962, he came to the United States to study graphic design in New York City. He returned to his native country to work in advertising and to freelance for Filipino comics.
When he returned to New York City in the late 1960s, DeZuniga entered the American comic book market under editor Joe Orlando at DC Comics, inking pencil art by Ric Estrada on a romance comics tale for Girl's Love Stories #153. DeZuniga's U.S. debut as a penciler came with a self-inked horror story for House of Mystery #188 (Sept./Oct. 1970).
DC and Marvel Comics
DeZuniga became a regular contributor at DC. With writer John Albano, he co-created the long-running western character Jonah Hex, and with Sheldon Mayer the first Black Orchid. DeZuniga served as an introduction to what would be a 1970s influx of Filipino artists to American comics, prompting Orlando and DC publisher Carmine Infantino to visit the Philippines in 1971 to scout talent. Among the artists found there who would soon become mainstays of both DC and Marvel Comics were Alfredo Alcala, Alex Niño, Nestor Redondo, and Gerry Talaoc. He was responsible for the discovery of artist Steve Gan and was Gan's United States art agent in charge of importing his artwork to Marvel from the Philippines. DeZuniga inked John Buscema's penciled artwork for MGM's Marvelous Wizard of Oz (1975). This comics adaptation of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film was the first joint publishing venture between Marvel and DC Comics.
DeZuniga later became a videogame conceptual designer, spending a decade with the United States and Japan divisions of Sega. He did freelance work for McGraw Hill and the Scholastic Corporation, and illustrated for TSR's Dungeons & Dragons game in books such as In Search of Dragons. In 1989, he illustrated The DragonLance Saga Book Three, written by Roy Thomas.
Upon retirement, DeZuniga began to do commissioned paintings and to teach art. His work has been the subject of at least one gallery exhibition.
Illness and death
In April 2012, DeZuniga suffered a life-threatening stroke. Doctors were able to save him, but numerous complications quickly arose. Both the Philippine and international comics community made an effort to raise funds for his treatment. During Free Comic Book Day on May 5, 2012, Filipino comic book artists banded together and launched a sketch drive, T-shirt sale and auction to help raise funds.
On May 11, 2012, at 1:25 a.m., DeZuniga died from the stroke having led to his subsequent brain damage and heart failure.
After DeZuniga's death, Marvel Comics issued a statement saying, "Tony DeZuniga stands as a historic figure in comics, a singular voice of his own making. His legacy will be seen and felt in the multitude of fans he leaves behind and the incredible body of work of which he remained justifiably proud to his final days."
Most of his work at comics was an inker, except where noted:
- All New Adventures of the Mighty Crusaders #3 (1983)
- Blue Ribbon Comics #3, 6-7 (1983–84)
- Mighty Crusaders #4-7 (1983–84)
- Original Shield #1-2 (1984)
- Action Comics Weekly (Superman) #601-612 (over Dan Jurgens pencils); (Deadman) #618-621, 623-626 (over Kelley Jones) (1988)
- Adventure Comics (Supergirl) #419–420, 424 (artist); (Black Orchid) #428-430 (artist, 1972–73)
- All-Star Squadron #49-50, 53, 56-61, 64-67 (inker); #62 (artist, 1985–87)
- All-Star Western #2, 6-8, 10-11 (artist, 1970–72)
- The Amazing World of DC Comics (Jonah Hex) #13 (four pages, artist, 1976)
- Aquaman: Sword of Atlantis #43 (artist, 2006)
- Arak, Son of Thunder #1-4, 31, 35, Annual #1 (over Ernie Colón pencils); #38-44, 46-50 (artist, 1981–85)
- Batman #350–351 (over Gene Colan pencils); (Catwoman) #350 (artist, 1982)
- Dark Mansion of Forbidden Love #1 (artist, 1971)
- DC Comics Presents #53, 60, 70 (over Curt Swan, Irv Novick and Alex Saviuk pencils, 1983–84)
- Detective Comics #517, 523 (over Gene Colan pencils); Annual #1 (over Klaus Janson pencils) (1982–88)
- Elvira's House of Mystery #5 (over Dick Ayers pencils, 1986)
- Forbidden Tales of Dark Mansion #7 (artist, 1972)
- Ghosts #1-3, 40, 102 (full art); #99, 101, 103-104, 112 (inks over Mike R. Adams, Howard Bender, Greg LaRocque, Marc Silvestri and Mark Texeira pencils) (1971–81)
- Girls' Love Stories #160, 168 (artist, 1971–72)
- Heroes Against Hunger #1 (two pages, over Paris Cullins pencils, 1986)
- House of Mystery #188, 191, 193, 200, 216, 253 (full art); #257, 292, 294, 297, 306 (inks over Jerry Grandenetti, Marc Silvestri, George Tuska, Denys Cowan and Greg Curry pencils) (1970–82)
- House of Secrets #93-94, 111, 120 (full art); #92, 99-100 (inks over Alan Weiss, Jack Katz and Mike Sekowsky pencils) (1971–74)
- Infinity, Inc. #10-12, 14-17, 21-31, 33-42, 44, 46-48, 50, Annual #1-2 (over Jerry Ordway and Todd McFarlane pencils, among others, 1985–88)
- Jonah Hex #5, 39, 53-57, 83-88 (full art); #41, 44-52, 58-72, 74-82 (inks over Dick Ayers pencils) (1977–84)
- Jonah Hex, vol. 2, #5, 9 (artist, 2006)
- Jonah Hex: No Way Back, graphic novel (artist, 2010)
- Phantom Stranger, vol. 2, (Dr. 13) #12-16, 18-22, 31, 34 (artist, 1971–75)
- Phantom Zone (Superman miniseries) #1-4 (over Gene Colan pencils, 1982)
- The Saga of the Swamp Thing (Phantom Stranger) #4-5 (artist); Annual #1 (over Mark Texeira pencils, 1982)
- Secret Hearts #152 (artist, 1971)
- Secret Origins, vol. 2, #11, 12, 17 (over Luke McDonnell, Tom Grindberg and Carmine Infantino pencils) (1986–87)
- Secrets of Haunted House #2 (artist, 1975)
- Sinister House of Secret Love #2, 4 (artist, 1971–72)
- Super DC Giant #S-21 (over Ric Estrada pencils, 1971)
- The Unexpected #147 (over Ross Andru pencils, 1973)
- V #1-16 (over Carmine Infantino pencils, 1985–86)
- Vigilante #30 (artist); Annual #2 (over Ross Andru pencils, 1986)
- The Warlord (Arak, Son of Thunder) #48 (over Ernie Colón pencils, 1981)
- Weird Mystery Tales #7-8, 12 (artist, 1973–74)
- Weird War Tales #8, 11-14, 18, 22 (artist, 1972–74)
- Weird Western Tales (Jonah Hex) #12-14, 16-23 (artist, 1972–74)
- The Witching Hour #16, 23 (artist, 1971–72)
- Wonder Woman (Huntress) #302-303 (over Mike DeCarlo pencils, 1983)
- World's Finest Comics #290-291, 293 (over Adrian Gonzales pencils, 1983)
- Young All-Stars #17, 20, Annual #1 (over Michael Bair pencils, 1988)
- Young Love #85, 122 (over Ric Estrada pencils, 1971–76)
- Young Romance #167 (artist); #171 (over Art Saaf pencils), #181 (over Ric Estrada) (1970–72)
- Alpha Flight #55-57 (over Jim Lee pencils, 1988)
- The Amazing Spider-Man #174, 176 (over Ross Andru pencils), Annual #22 (over Ron Lim) (1978–88)
- The Avengers #335 (over Jeff Moore pencils), Annual #17 (over Ron Lim) (1988–91)
- Black Knight #1-2 (artist); #3-4 (inks over Rich Buckler) (1990)
- Captain America #339 (inks over Kieron Dwyer, 1988)
- Captain Justice #2 (inker) (1988)
- Codename: Spitfire #10, 13 (over Marshall Rogers and Dave Hoover, 1987)
- Conan the Barbarian #65-67, 69 (inks over John Buscema); #87, 251 (artist) (1976–91)
- Conan the Barbarian: The Horn of Azoth (over Mike Docherty pencils, 1990)
- Conan the King #47 (artist, 1988)
- D.P. 7 Annual #1 (over Lee Weeks pencils, 1987)
- Daredevil #153 (over Gene Colan pencils); #244-246 (over Louis Williams and Tom Morgan) (1978–87)
- Darkman #2-3 (over Bob Hall pencils, 1990)
- Deadly Hands of Kung Fu #11-12, 24, 28 (inks over George Pérez, Keith Giffen and Joe Staton); #26-27, 30 (artist) (1975–76)
- Doc Savage, vol. 2, #1, 3-4, 7 (inks over John Buscema and Val Mayerik); #2, 5-6 (artist) (1975–76)
- Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme #4, 16-18, 20-22 (inks over Richard Case and Butch Guice); #31 (artist) (1989–91)
- Dracula Lives #8, 10-11, 13 (artist, 1974–75)
- Fallen Angels #8 (over Joe Staton pencils, 1987)
- Fantastic Four #190 (over Sal Buscema pencils); Annual #20-22 (over Paul Neary, Ron Lim and Rich Buckler pencils) (1978–89)
- Foolkiller #1-5 (over J.J. Birch pencils, 1990–91)
- Freddy Krueger's A Nightmare on Elm Street #1-2 (artist, 1989)
- Ghost Rider #25, 29 (over Don Heck and Don Perlin pencils, 1977–78)
- Godzilla #3-4 (over Herb Trimpe and Tom Sutton pencils, 1977)
- The Hulk! #11, 14 (over Gene Colan pencils, 1978)
- Human Fly #8 (over Frank Robbins pencils, 1978)
- The Incredible Hulk #328 (over Dwayne Turner pencils, 1987)
- Iron Man #275 (artist, 1991)
- John Carter, Warlord of Mars #10 (artist), Annual #3 (over Alan Weiss pencils) 1978–79)
- Justice #16-18 (over Lee Weeks pencils) (1988)
- Kickers, Inc. #6-10, 12 (over Rod Whigham and Alan Kupperberg pencils) (1987)
- Man-Thing #15 (1975)
- Marvel Classics Comics #19 (artist, 1977)
- Marvel Fanfare (Shanna the She-Devil) #59 (artist, 1991)
- Marvel Graphic Novel: Conan: The Horn of Azoth (over Mike Docherty pencils, 1990)
- Marvel Graphic Novel: Kull: The Vale of Shadow (artist, 1989)
- Marvel Premiere #27 (artist); #54 (inks over Gene Day pencils) (1975–80)
- Marvel Preview #2-3, 9 (artist); #6, 10, 16, 19 (inks over Val Mayerik, Jim Starlin, Gene Colan and Sal Buscema) (1975–79)
- Marvel Super Action (Punisher) #1 (artist, 1976)
- Marvel Super-Heroes, vol. 2, #3, 5 (inker) (1990-1991)
- Marvel Super Special #5, 9 (over John Romita Sr. and John Buscema pencils, 1978–79)
- Marvel Team-Up #70 (over John Byrne pencils, 1978)
- Monsters Unleashed (Tigra) #10 (artist, 1975)
- Ms. Marvel #15, 17 (over Jim Mooney pencils, 1978)
- The 'Nam #45-46, 48, 54-58 (over Wayne Vansant pencils, 1990–91)
- Nightmask #4-5, 10-12 (over Ron Wagner, Arvell Jones, Mark Bagley and Kyle Baker pencils, 1987)
- Power Pack #34 (over Louis Williams and Larry Alexander pencils, 1988)
- Psi-Force #15, 19 (over Javier Saltares and Ron Lim pencils, 1988)
- Punisher, vol. 2, #41 (among other inkers), Annual #1 (over Paris Cullins pencils, 1988–90)
- The Punisher War Journal #21 (over Tod Smith pencils, 1990)
- The Rampaging Hulk (Hulk) #6 (over Keith Pollard pencils); (Shanna the She-Devil) #9 (artist) (1978)
- Red Sonja #15 (over John Buscema pencils, 1979)
- Red Sonja, vol. 2, #1 (along with Ernie Colón, 1983)
- Robocop (Magazine) #1 (over Javier Saltares and Alan Kupperberg pencils, 1987)
- Savage Sword of Conan #1, 3, 181, 192-195 (artist); #5, 14, 26-27, 31-32, 38-46, 49-52, 56-58, 171, 177, 190 (inks over John Buscema, Neal Adams, Sal Buscema, Ernie Colón, Dave Hoover, Luke McDonnell and Mike Doherty) (1974–92)
- Savage Tales (Ka-Zar) #6-8 (inks over John Buscema pencils); (Shanna the She-Devil) #9 (artist) (1975)
- The Secret Defenders #15-17, 19-25 (over Jerry Decaire and Bill Wylie pencils, 1994–95)
- Silver Surfer Annual #1 (over Paris Cullins pencils, 1988)
- The Spectacular Spider-Man Annual #8 (artist, 1988)
- Spider-Woman #1-5 (over Carmine Infantino pencils, 1978)
- Spitfire and the Troubleshooters #5-9 (over Herb Trimpe, Vince Giarrano and Alan Kupperberg pencils, 1987)
- Strange Tales #176-177 (artist, 1974)
- Strikeforce: Morituri #21-22, 25 (over Huw Thomas and John Calimee pencils, 1988–89)
- Tales of the Zombie #10 (1975)
- Tarzan #3-6, 11 (over John Buscema pencils, 1977–78)
- Thor #248-253, 256-260, 262-264, 266-271, 394; Annual #5, 8 (over John Buscema, Walt Simonson and Bob Hall pencils); #255, 404-406 (artist) (1976–89)
- Vampire Tales #8-9 (artist, 1974–75)
- Web of Spider-Man Annual #4 (over Ron Lim pencils, 1988)
- West Coast Avengers, vol. 2, #32, Annual #3 (over Al Milgrom and Ron Lim pencils, 1988)
- X-Factor Annual #3 (over Paris Cullins pencils, 1988)
- X-Men #110 (artist); Annual #12 (inks over Ron Lim pencils) (1978–88)
Marvel Comics/DC Comics
- MGM's Marvelous Wizard of Oz #1 (over John Buscema pencils, 1975)
- "Tony DeZuñiga (b. 1932)". Grand Comics Database. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
- Ringgenberg, Steven (18 May 2012). "Tony DeZuniga, First of the Filipino Comics Wave, November 8th, 1941—May 11, 2012". The Comics Journal. Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphics Books. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015.
DeZuniga also broke into the lucrative videogame industry, working as a conceptual designer at Sega for 10 years. Among his other freelance accounts were McGraw Hill, Scholastic, and TSR.
- Uy, Jerald T. (14 May 2012). "The secret life of Tony De Zuñiga". Rappler. Archived from the original on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
Various news sites have initially reported that De Zuñiga, locally known as 'Mang Tony,' was 71 years old, probably basing on previous records that he was born in 1941. But his wife, Tina, clarifies that De Zuñiga was actually 79 years old and was born in November 1932.
- Valmero, Anna (2 July 2010). "Jonah Hex creator is a hero for Filipino comic book artists". Filquest Media Concepts, Inc. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
As the first Filipino to ever do illustrations for comic book juggernauts Marvel and DC comics, De Zuniga is dubbed the 'Father of Filipino Invasion in US Comics.'
- Johnston, Rich (24 April 2012). "Neal Adams Talks About Tony DeZuniga". Bleeding Cool. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- Ubalde, Mark Joseph (30 October 2007). "Tony de Zuñiga: The 'legend' in Pinoy invasion of US comics". Quezon City, Philippines: GMA Network. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
In August , Tony quite literally received his own stamp of approval after the United States Postal Service honored one of his works, Spider-Woman, and is now part of Marvel Superheroes’ stamp collection.
- Tony DeZuniga at the Grand Comics Database
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
The Western comic had all but ridden off into the sunset, until the arrival of Jonah Hex gave the genre a new face...A tale by John Albano and drawn by Tony DeZuniga immediately presented the bounty hunter as a cold-blooded killer.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 156: "Very little was known about the Black Orchid, even after writer Sheldon Mayer and artist Tony DeZuniga presented her so-called "origin issue" in Adventure Comics."
- Duncan, Randy; Smith, Matthew J. (2009). "The Power of Comics: History, Form & Culture". Continuum. Archived from the original on 23 September 2009.
DeZuñiga accompanied Infantino on a recruiting trip to the Philippines in 1971, beginning the recruitment of talented contributions from one nation's comics industry to another's.
- De Vera, Ruel S. (2 August 2014). "Steve Gan finally in the spotlight". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Manila, Philippines. Archived from the original on 20 February 2016.
- Abramowitz, Jack (December 2012). "The Secrets of Oz Revealed". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (61): 29–32.
- "Bullpen Bulletins," Marvel Two-in-One #35 (Jan. 1978).
- "Tony DeZuniga". Lambiek Comiclopedia. 29 July 2012. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016.
- "Tony DeZuniga :: Pen & Paper RPG Database". Archived from the original on 11 March 2005.
- Clute, John, ed.; Grant, John (1999). The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. New York, New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 944. ISBN 978-0312198695.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Alanguilan, Gerry (17 January 2007). "Tony DeZuniga Exhibit, Jess Jodloman". Komikero Komiks. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012.
Lots of news, first and foremost being, Tony DeZuniga's art exhibit at Megamall. I went there for the opening last night and it was like a reunion of old and new comics people.
- Mahadeo, Kevin (17 June 2010). "DeZuniga Rides With Jonah Hex". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Ubalde, Joseph Holandes (11 May 2012). "Legendary US comics illustrator 'Mang Tony' de Zuniga, 79". Mandaluyong, Philippines: InterAksyon. Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
Zuniga, the first Filipino to do illustrations for the Marvel and DC brands, suffered heart and kidney failure after being rushed to the Las Pinas Doctors Hospital at 1:30 a.m., Tina, his third wife, told InterAksyon. He suffered a stroke on April 10 that paralyzed his left side.
- Ringgenberg: "Filipino cartoonists pooled their talents on Free Comic Book Day in May to sell sketches and t-shirts to raise money for DeZuniga and his family."
- Papa, Micaela (5 May 2012). Comic book fans, nagsama-sama sa fund raising activity para kay Tony Dezuñiga [Comic Book Fans Come Together in a Fund Raising Activity for Tony Dezuñiga] (news program segment). Quezon City, Philippines: GMA Network. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015.
- Agustin, Jon Lindley (11 May 2012). "Comics artist Tony de Zuñiga dies at age 79". Quezon City, Philippines: GMA Network. Archived from the original on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
De Zuñiga died at 1:25 a.m. after suffering from stroke, heart failure, and brain damage, his wife Tina told GMA News Online. She said the doctors attempted to resuscitate de Zuñiga but could not because his heart and brain have already malfunctioned.
- Beard, Jim (24 May 2012). "Marvel Remembers Tony DeZuniga: A look back and the life and career of this acclaimed artist". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016.
- "Inquirer interviews Tony DeZuniga". Komix 101. 21 June 2010. Archived from the original on 23 May 2016.
- "Inkpot Awards". San Diego Comic-Con International. 2015. Archived from the original on April 23, 2015.