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This is a timeline of Philippine history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in the Philippines and their predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of the Philippines. See also the list of Presidents of the Philippines.
- 1 Graphic timeline
- 2 Pre-historic
- 3 11th centuries BCE
- 4 9th–10th centuries BCE
- 5 1st century BCE
- 6 1st century AD
- 7 2nd−3rd century
- 8 4th century onwards
- 9 7th century
- 10 8th century
- 11 10th century
- 12 11th century
- 13 12th century
- 14 13th century
- 15 14th century
- 16 15th century
- 17 16th century
- 18 17th century
- 19 18th century
- 20 19th century
- 21 20th century
- 22 21st century
- 23 See also
- 24 References
- 25 Further reading
- 26 External links
|500,000||The early humans in the Cagayan cave.|
|400,000||People belonging to the species Homo Erectus set foot on the Philippines.|
|250,000||Human habitation is said to be began.|||
|55,000||The first Homo sapiens in the Philippines.|||
|50,000||Early humans made stone tools in the Tabon Cave in Palawan.|
|8,000||The ancestors in the other caves: Batangas, Bulacan and Rizal.
|The other caves of Palawan: Guri and Duyong cave where the Homo sapiens lived.|
|40,000||Negritos start to settle.|||
|35,000||At the old Kapampangan region was ten times larger than the present borders shown on the map, years ago, a series of the ancient Mount Pinatubo eruptions dumped lava, ashes, tephra and lahar into the sea, forming the present landmass of the region.|
|20,000||Tabon Man made stone tools in the Tabon Cave.|
|4,500–300||Multiple Austronesian migrations from Taiwan.|||
|A jade culture is said to have existed as evidenced by tens of thousands of exquisitely crafted jade artifacts found at a site in Batangas province.|||
|c.4000||Earliest evidence of rice growing, domesticating chickens and pigs.|
|3,000||Presumed date of the Angono Petroglyphs.|
|c.2000||The Igorots built forts made of stone walls that averaged several meters in width and about two to three times the width in height around|||
11th centuries BCE
|c.1000 BCE.||The Late Neolithic period in the Philippines, Evidence shows by a Yawning Jarlet on the Burial site in Leta-leta caves in Palawan by Robert Fox which had later become National treasure in the Philippines.|
|Mining in the Philippines began around 1000 BCE. The early Filipinos worked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. Jewels, gold ingots, chains, calombigas and earrings were handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. Gold dagger handles, gold dishes, tooth plating, and huge gold ornamets were also used.|||
Palawan becomes the National treasure in the Philippines.
9th–10th centuries BCE
|901 BCE||The beginning of Iron Age finds in Philippines also point to the existence of trade between Tamil Nadu and the Philippine Islands during the ninth and tenth centuries B.C.|
1st century BCE
|890–710 BCE||The Sa Huyun culture, Evidence can be found in Manunggul Jar which is a secondary burial jar excavated from a Neolithic burial site in Manunggul cave of Tabon Caves at Lipuun Point. The depiction of sea-waves on the lid places this Manunggul jar in the Sa Huỳnh culture pottery tradition. These are people that migrated in an East to West migration from the Borneo-Palawan area to Southern Vietnam.|
|600 BCE||The people of Palawan, Cordillera an Batanes become an Ancient goldsmith’s, An Ancient goldsmith shop had discovered that made the 20-centuries-old lingling-o, or omega-shaped gold ornaments in Batanes.|
|c. 500 BCE||The end of a long clan wars between Ifugao and Kalinga people, The unification of the clans and tribes makes the entire society of Cordillera.|
|The Banaue Rice Terraces had been constructed by the Igorots in the mountains of Ifugao for planting rice.|
|c.400 BCE||larger villages came about- usually based near water, which made traveling and trading easier. The resulting ease of contact between communities meant that they began to share similar cultural traits, something which had not previously been possible when the communities consisted only of small kinship groups.|
|300-200||The start of the Carabao or Water buffaloes domestication and husbandry.|
|100 BCE||Pomponius Mela, Marinos of and the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentioned this island in 100 BCE, and it is basically the equivalent to the Indian Suvarnadvipa, the "Island of Gold." Josephus calls it in Latin Aurea, and equates the island with biblical Ophir, from where the ships of Tyre and Solomon brought back gold and other trade items.|
The Sa Huỳnh culture.
Bubuls (household deities), figures for Ancestor Worship.
Example of cave painting in Tabon Caves what Maise believes to be a cave painting depicting Manjusri.
1st century AD
|21 AD||The Philippines is believed by some historians to be the island of Chryse, the "Golden One," which is the name given by ancient Greek writers in reference to an island rich in gold east of India.|
|Cebu had earlier encounter with the Greek traders in 21 AD.|
Cebu had earlier encounter with the Greek traders in 21 AD.
|101||Since at least the 3rd century, the indigenous peoples were in contact with other Southeast Asian and East Asian nations.Fragmented ethnic groups established numerous city-states formed by the assimilation of several small political units known as barangay each headed by a Datu or headman (still in use among non-Hispanic Filipino ethnic groups) and answerable to a king, titled Lakan and Rajah.|
|c.200 AD||The Maitum Jars are anthropomorphic jars that were depicting a Child/ Human beings (head is the lead of the jar with ears and the body was the jar itself with hands and feet as the handle) with perforations in red and black colors, had been used as a secondary burial jars in Ayub cave, Pinol, Maitum Sarangani province, each of the jars had a "facial expression". Another example of funeral pottery in the Philippines.|
|Marks the end of the Sa Huyun Culture, The People are merged into different Chiefdoms, Kingdoms and Thalassocracies, But the remnants of Sa Huyun has still practiced by the natives of Masbate the artifacts can be found in Kalanay Cave proof that the ancient Masbatenios still practiced the Sa Huyun culture until 1500 AD.|
|220–263 AD.||The period of Three Kingdoms in China. The "Little, dark people" living in Anwei province in South China were driven South by Han people. Some settled in Thailand, others went farther south to Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo. They were known as Aetas from whom Palawan's Batak tribe descended.|
Deer hunting natives.
The Maitum Jars.
A Visayan royal couple.
A Kawal (warrior knight).
The Alipin (slaves).
the Timawas (A free men) or a Middle class peoples.
4th century onwards
|400||The development of inter-island and international trade, became more culturally homogeneous.|
|The Thalassocracies Converted to Hinduism and Buddhism and adopted the Hindu-Buddhist culture and religion flourished among the noblemen in this era.|
|c.601||The Chiefdoms of Zabag and Wak-Wak situated in present day Pampanga and Aparri specialized the trade with Japan and the Kingdom of Ryukyu in Okinawa and Hyrum tambok.
|Numerous prosperous centers of trade had emerged, including the Tondo, Kingdom of Namayan which flourished alongside Manila Bay, Cebu, Iloilo, Butuan, the Kingdom of Sanfotsi situated in Pangasinan.|
|700||The Birth of Kawi script, this Abugida are become widely used in the Maritime Southeast Asia, the word Kawi or Kawikaan means "Poetry" in Sanskrit.|
the Kawi script.
|900||April 21||End of prehistory. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known Philippine document, is written in the Manila area in Kawi script.
Rise of Indianized Kingdom of Tondo around Manila Bay.
Hinduism spread across the archipelago.
|971-982||The earliest date suggested for direct Chinese contact with the Philippines was 982. At the time, merchants from "Ma-i" (now thought to be either Bay, Laguna on the shores of Laguna de Bay, or a site on the island of Mindoro|||
|1000||Buddhism and Hinduism along with the Animism become the religion of the most of Philippine archipelago by the influence of its neighbors.|
|c.1025 AD||Around the feet of Mt.Kamhatik near Mulanay town in Quezon Province once stood a 280-hectare ancient village where the archeologists found a 1000 year-old limestone coffins on a jungle-covered mountain top from 2011–2012 proof of the advance burial rituals of the early Filipinos.|||
The world in 900 AD and the location of Tondo
Expansion of Buddhism, originated from India in the 6th century BCE to the rest of Asia until present.
The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (LCI).
|1000||People from Central Vietnam called Orang Dampuan establish trade zones in Sulu|
|1001||March 17||Song Shih document records tributary delegation from the Indic Rajahnate of Butuan.|
|1003||The construction of Idjangs in Batanes Islands (mountain fortress-cities) built by Ivantans.|
|1007||The Malay immigrants arrived In Palawan, most of their settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains.|
|1150||Gat Timamanukum become the Lakan of the Tondo Dynasty.|
|c.1155||At the time, the trade in large native Ruson-tsukuri (literally Luzon made in Japanese: 呂宋製 or 呂宋つくり) clay jars used for storing green tea and rice wine with Japan flourished in the 12th century, and local Tagalog, Kapampangan and Pangasinense potters had marked each jar with Baybayin letters denoting the particular urn used and the kiln the jars were manufactured in.|
|1174–1175||The Visayan Confederation of Madyas conducted a series of raids on Formosa (Modern day Taiwan), which was part of Song Dynasty China.|
|1175||Namayan reaches its peak.|
|c. 1180||Before the establishment of the Sultanate of Sulu, The Indianized chiefdom of Lupah Sug (which is the present day Jolo, Sulu) was flourishing. Dwelling of the Buranun peoples under the rule of Rajah Sipad the Older.|
An ancient battleship called Karakowa, similar to the Balangay.
The territorial extent of Namayan and its capital Sapa (Now called Sta.Ana, Manila).
|1200||The Indonesians of the Majapahit in the 13th century went to Palawan, they brought with them Buddhism and preached to the natives, natives converted their faith from Animism and become Buddhists.|
|The process of Kabayan mummification had begun in Ibaloi Benguet which is also called Fire mummies.|
|1221||Tondo expands its territories north towards Kapampangan kingdom, in the leadership of Rajah Alon.|
|1221||Tondo expands its territories southward towards Kumindang (which is the present location of Batangas province), in the leadership of Rajah Alon.|
|1223||Tondo expands its territories southward towards Bicolandia in the leadership of Rajah Alon.|
|1240||Tuan Masha'ika, an Arab, travels and introduces Islam to Sulu.|
|1225||The Tondo conquered the most of Southern Luzon.|
|The Buddhist Huangdom of Ma-i was flourishing in the island of Mindoro, became a Tributary state to Song Dynasty in the leadership of Gat Sa Lihan as their Huang (king). Zhao Rugua, a superintendent of maritime trade in Fukien province wrote the book entitled Zhu Fan Zhi ("Account of the Various Barbarians") in which he described trade with a country called Ma-i in the island of Mindoro in Luzon,(pronounced "Ma-yi") which was a prehispanic Philippine state.|
|1300||The Rajahnate of Cebu was founded after the rebellion of Sri Lumay against the Maharajah of Chola Dynasty had succeeded.|
|c.1305||The Residents of Mandaluyong have always been known for their industry. Men did the laundry to the amusement of non-residents until shortly after the war, while the women ironed the clothes.|
|1365||Kingdom of Tondo defeated Majapahit in the Battle of Manila.|
|1369||The Sulus attacked Majapahit and its province Po-ni (Brunei), looting it of treasure and gold. A fleet from Majapahit succeeded in driving away the Sulus, but Po-ni was left weaker after the attack.|
|1380||Sheikh Karim-ul Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque.|||
|1390||Baguinda Ali arrives in Buansa, Sulu and the people named him Rajah.|||
|1400||Birth of the Baybayin, Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, and Buhid scripts from Brahmi.|
|1411||Paduka Pahala reigned as the King of Lupah Sug in Sulu. He and his family and 300 other people of noble descent sailed to China, he was to pay tribute to the Yongle Chinese emperor, Zhu Di, who was of the Ming Dynasty. While he was welcomed by the emperor upon his arrival in China, he nevertheless contracted a mysterious disease on his way home and died at Dezhou, a town in Shandong province in China.|
|1405||The Yongle Emperor instituted a Chinese envoy on Luzon during Zheng He's voyages and appointed Ko Ch'a-lao to that position in 1405. China also had vassals among the leaders in the archipelago. China attained ascendancy in trade with the area in Yongle's reign.|
|1411||December 11||The Yongle Emperor holds a banquet in honor of Pangasinan and its Huang Liyu.|
|1457||Sultanate of Sulu founded by Sayyid Abubakar Abirin.|||
|1458–1459||October 1547 – February 1549||The Lucoes, or warriors from Luzon send soldiers to the Burmese Siamese wars and faced the White elephants of the Royal Burmese Army, at the same time also aiding the Burmese King for the conquest of the Siamese capital, Ayuthaya.|
|1470||Namayan Become the Vassal state of the Tondo Dynasty and instated Lakan Takhan as sovereign. The vast Kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta, Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate, Sta. Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman that were then part of Mandaluyong.|
Flag of the Sultanate of Sulu.
|1500||In the Battle of Manila the Tondo Dynasty defeated by Bruneian Empire. And the Rise of Kingdom of Maynila the puppet state under the Bolkiah dynasty had installed its puppet ruler under Rajah Sulayman.|
|The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in recorded history, The Buag Eruptive Period, Its eruptions were roughly the same size as those of 1991.|
|Sultan Bolkiah of Bruniean Empire Allies which is Maynla, Sultanate of Sulu and Maguindanao had failed to attack the Panay Island and wage a war against the Madyas Confederation.|
|1521||March 16||Discovery of the Philippines: Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan lands on Homonhon with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place the Archipelago de San Lazaro since March 16 is the feast day of Saint Lazarus. He also lands on Samar island.|||
|March 28||Magellan reaches the Philippines|||
|March 29||Blood Compact between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo of Limasawa|||
|March 31||The first mass on Philippine soil is celebrated.|||
|April 7||Magellan lands on Cebu; meets Rajah Humabon of Cebu and enters into another Blood Compact.|||
|April 14||The first Mass in Cebu province is celebrated, with about 500 natives, including Rajah Humabon and his wife, baptized into the Catholic Church.|||
|April 27||Magellan is killed by Lapu-Lapu in the battle of Mactan; Spaniards defeated.|||
|1525||Spain sends an expedition under Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa to the Philippines. The Loaysa Expedition failed|||
|1526||Spain sends another expedition under Juan Cabot to the Philippines. The Cabot Expedition also failed|||
|1527||Spain sends a fourth expedition under Alvaro de Saavedra to the Philippines.|||
|1529||Saavedra's expedition returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on the way home.|||
|1536||The Loaysa expedition returns to Spain. One of its survivors is Andres de Urdaneta, its chronicler.|||
|1543||Spain sends a fifth expedition under Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines. The Expedition succeeds.|||
|February 2||Villalobos arrives in the Philippines and names the islands of Samar and Leyte as Las Islas Filipinas in honor of the crown prince of Spain, Philip of Asturias; he also becomes the first to explore Mindanao island, naming it "Cesarea Caroli."|||
|1565||Arrival of the Augustinians|||
|February 13||Miguel López de Legazpi arrives in the Philippines, landing in Cebu, with four ships and 380 men|||
|April 27||Legazpi returns to Cebu; settlement established.||[clarification needed]|
|May 8||Legazpi established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country|||
|June 4||Legazpi, representing King Philip II of Spain, and Rajah Tupas of Cebu signed the Treaty of Cebu, effectively establishing Spanish suzerainty over Cebu.|
|Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.|
|1567||Dagami Revolt (1567)|||
|1568||The Portuguese, under the command of General Gonzalo de Pereira, attack Cebu and blockade its port.|
|1569||Present-day Capiz Province becomes a Spanish settlement.|||
|Legazpi moves the seat of government from Cebu to Iloilo.|||
|August 6||King Philip II of Spain, through a royal decree, creates Cebu as the country's first Spanish province; he also appoints Miguel Lopez de Legazpi as governor and captain general of the territory.|||
|1570||The Portuguese again attack the colony and are repulsed.|
|May||Legazpi sends an expedition under the leadership of Martin de Goiti to Manila.|||
|1571||January 1||Legazpi establishes municipality of Cebu and names it "Villa del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus" (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus).|||
|May 19||The ruler of Manila, Rajah Suliman, wages war against the Spaniards|
|June 24||Legazpi establishes the Spanish Colonial Government in Manila and proclaims it the capital of the colony|||
|December 11||Provincehood of Pampanga, first province in Luzon to be inaugurated by the Spaniards.|||
|1572||August 20||Legazpi dies and Guido de Lavezaris succeeds him as Governor-General (1572–1575)|||
|1574||November 7||Enslavement of Filipinos is prohibited by a royal cedula from the Spanish king, as a response to a protest against it a day earlier.|||
|Chinese pirate Limahong, with his men, invades Luzon; proceeds later to Manila.|||
|November 23||The Chinese pirate captain Limahong attacks Manila but fails|||
|December 2||Limahong again attacks Manila with 1500 soldiers but again fails to defeat the Spaniards|||
|December||Lakandula leads a short revolt against the Spanish.|||
|1575||Ciudad de Nueva Cáceres (later renamed as Naga City) established by Captain Pedro de Sanchez|
|Juan de Salcedo defeats Limahong and his men in Pangasinan, forcing them to flee into the mountains.|||
|August 25||Francisco de Sande appointed Governor-General (1575–1580)|||
|1577||Arrival of the Franciscans|||
|1579||Diocese of Manila established|||
|1580||April||Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza appointed Governor-General (1580–1583)|||
|April 5||Establishment of Pangasinan as a provincial unit.|||
|King Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal, ending the Portuguese harassment of the Philippines|
|The Spaniards institute forced labor on all male natives aged 16 to 60.|
|1581||Arrival of the country's first bishop, Salazar.|||
|Arrival of the Jesuits|||
|1582||Battles take place between Spanish forces and Japanese Ronin|
|1583||March 10||Diego Ronquillo appointed Governor-General (1583–1584)|||
|August||A great fire destroys Manila.|||
|1584||May 16||Santiago de Vera appointed Governor-General (1584–1590)|||
|1585||Pampangos Revolt (1585)|||
|1586||The construction of San Agustin Church in Intramuros.|
|1587||Arrival of the Dominicans|||
|Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (1587–1588)|||
|1589||Revolts Against the Tribute (1589)|||
|1590||Missionaries from the Society of Jesus established the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros.|||
|June 1||Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1590–1593)|||
|1592||Miguel de Benavides's Doctrina Christiana in Chinese published|
|1593||Doctrina Christiana in Spanish and Tagalog is published in the first printing press said to be established by Dominicans.|||
|October||Pedro de Rojas appointed Governor-General (1593)|||
|December 3||Luis Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1593–1596)|||
|1594||Convent of Santa Isabel founded|||
|1595||Diocese of Manila raised to an Archbishopric|||
|Diocese of Nueva Segovia established.|||
|Diocese of Caceres established.|||
|Diocese of Cebu established.|||
|Colegio de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu|
|1596||Magalat Revolt (1596)|||
|July 14||Francisco de Tello de Guzmán appointed Governor-General (1596–1602)|||
|1598||Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines, established|||
|1600||Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang|
The UST, The oldest university in Asia.
|1701||December 8||Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri appointed Governor-General (1701–1709).|||
|1704||North Borneo is ceded by the sultan of Brunei to the sultan of Sulu.|||
|1709||August 25||Martín de Urzua y Arismendi appointed Governor-General (1709–1715).|||
|1715||February 4||Jose Torralba appointed Governor-General (1715–1717) by the Audiencia Real.|||
|1717||August 9||Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda appointed Governor-General (1717–1719).|||
|1718||Rivera Revolt (1718)|||
|1719||October 11||Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1719–1721).|||
|Caragay Revolt (1719)|||
|1721||August 6||Toribio José Cosio y Campo appointed Governor-General (1721–1729).|||
|1722||Colegio de San Jose conferred with the title Royal.|
|1729||August 14||Fernándo Valdés y Tamon appointed Governor-General (1729–1739).|||
|1739||July||Gaspar de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1739–1745).|||
|1744||Dagohoy Rebellion (1744–1829), the longest in country's history, wherein Bohol is proclaimed independent from the Spanish.|||
|1745||September 21||Archbishop Juan Arrechederra of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1745–1750).|||
|Agrarian Revolt (1745–1746)|||
|1750||July 20||Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis appointed Governor-General (1750–1754).|||
|1754||May 15||Mt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.|
|July 26||Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban appointed Governor-General (1754–1759).|||
|1759||June||Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta appointed Governor-General (1759–1761).|||
|1761||July||Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra of Manila appointed Governor-General (1761–1762).|||
|1762||Palaris Revolt (1762–1765)|
|Camarines Revolt (1762–1764)|
|Cebu Revolt (1762–1764)|
|British forces looted and plundered many of Manila establishments through the so-called Rape of Manila.|
|September 22||British fleet entered seizes Manila Bay as part of the Seven Years' War|
|October 5||Manila fell under the British rule; start of the British occupation.|||
|October 6||Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1762-17614) by the Real Audiencia. Provisional Government established in Bacolor, Pampanga with de Anda as dictator.|||
|October 8||Gov. Gen. de Anda moves the seat of the Spanish government to Bacolor, Pampanga, becoming the temporary capital of the Philippines (1762–1764).|||
|November 2||The British East India Company commissioned The Rt Hon. Dawsonne Drake became the first British governor-general of the Philippines until 1764.|||
|November 14||Silang Revolt (1762–63)|||
|1763||Dabo and Marayac Revolt (1763)|
|Isabela Revolt (1763).|
|February 10||Treaty of Paris implicitly returns Manila to Spain.|
|May 28||Death of Diego Silang|||
|September||Execution of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt|||
|1764||March 17||de Anda hands over the control of the colonial government to Francisco Javier de la Torre, newly appointed Governor-General (1764–1765)|||
|June 11||The last of the British ships that sailed to Manila leaves the Philippines for India, ending the British occupation.|||
|1765||February 10||Royal Fiscal of Manila Don Francisco Léandro de Viana writes the famous letter to King Charles III of Spain, later called as "Viana Memorial of 1765". The document advised the king to abandon the colony due to the economic and social devastation created by the Seven Years' War. The suggestion was not heeded.|
|July 6||José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez appointed Governor-General (1765–1770)|||
|Governor Raon orders the minting of parallelogramic-shaped coins called barrillas, the first coined minted in the Philippines.|||
|1769||July 23||The Society of Jesus in the Philippines is expelled by Raón after receiving a dated later from Charles III's chief minister Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea on March 1, 1767. The Jesuit's Properties are confiscated by the Spanish Colonial Government|
|1770||July||Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1770–1776)|||
|1771||Moro pirates traveled all over the country and raids many fishing villages in Manila Bay, Mariveles, Parañaque, Pasay and Malate.|
|1774||November 9||Parishes secularized by order of King Charles III of Spain.|
|1776||October 30||Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1776–1778)|||
|1778||July||José Basco y Vargas appointed Governor-General (1778–1787)|||
|1780||Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais de Filipinas (Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Philippines) introduced in the Philippines to offer local and foreign scholarships and professorships to Filipinos, and financed trips of scientists from Spain to the Philippines|
|1783||Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo of Cebu establishes the Colegio-Seminario de San Carlos (later renamed as the University of San Carlos) from the old building of the defunct Colegio de San Ildefonso, which was closed down in 1769 after the suppression of the Jesuits.|
|June 26||An island group, which would be named Batanes, is annexed to the Philippines by the Spanish and is founded as a province called Provincia de la Concepcion.|||
|1785||Lagutao Revolt (1785).|
|May 20||University of Santo Tomas granted Royal Title by King Charles III of Spain.|||
|1787||September 22||Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1787–1788)|||
|1788||Ilocos Norte Revolt (1788).|
|April 2||Birth of the greatest Tagalog poet from Bulacan Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar.|
|July 1||Félix Berenguer de Marquina appointed Governor-General (1788–1793)|||
|1793||September 1||Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León appointed Governor-General (1793–1806)|||
the IHS logo Society of Jesus .
|1805||Nueva Vizcaya Revolt (1805)|
|1806||August 7||Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1806–1810)|||
|1807||September 16||Ambaristo Revolt (1807)|||
|1808||May||French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain.|
|1809||January 22||King Joseph Bonaparte gives Filipinos Spanish Citizenship and grants the colony representation in the Spanish Cortes|
|1810||March 4||Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar appointed Governor-General (1806–1813)|||
|1811||Del Superior Govierno is established in Manila by Gov. Gen. Fernandez de Folgueras; the country's first newspaper lasted six months.|||
|1812||March 19||The Spanish Cortes promulgates the Cadiz Constitution|
|September 24||The first Philippine delegates to the Spanish Cortes, Pedro Perez de Tagle and Jose Manuel Coretto take their oath of office in Madrid, Spain.|
|1813||March 17||The Cadiz Constitution implemented in Manila.|
|September 4||José Gardoqui Jaraveitia appointed Governor-General (1806–1816)|||
|October 16||Napoleon is defeated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig|
|October||British General Duke of Wellington drives the Napoleonic forces out of Spain|
|1814||Ferdinand VII proclaimed as King of Spain; Conservatives return to the Spanish Cortes|
|February 1||Mt. Mayon erupts, affecting Albay and leaving 1,200 dead.|||
|1815||June 18||Napoleon is defeated in Waterloo|
|October 15||Napoleon is exiled in St. Helena's Island|
|1816||Cadiz Constitution is rejected by the conservative government and Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes is abolished|
|December 10||Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1816–1822)|||
|1818||February 2||A royal decree divides old Ilocos province into Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur.|||
|1822||October 30||Juan Antonio Martinez appointed Governor-General (1822–1825)|||
|1825||October 14||Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca appointed Governor-General (1825–1830)|||
|1828||Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings|
|1829||August 31||Dagohoy Revolt in Bohol ended.|||
|1830||December 23||Pascual Enrile y Alcedo appointed Governor-General (1830–1835)|||
|Manila is opened to the world market|
|1835||March 1||Gabriel de Torres appointed Governor-General (1835)|||
|April 23||Joaquín de Crámer appointed Governor-General (1835)|||
|September 9||Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona appointed Governor-General (1835)|||
|Chamber of Commerce is formed|
|1837||August 27||Andrés García Camba appointed Governor-General (1837–1838)|||
|Manila is made an open port.|
|1838||December 29||Luis Lardizábal appointed Governor-General (1838–1841)|||
|Florante at Laura is published.|
|1841||February 14||Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri appointed Governor-General (1841–1843)|||
|August 11||Samar province (later Western Samar) is declared independent, separating from the provinces of Leyte and Cebu, through a decree issued by Queen Isabela III of Spain.|||
|November 4||Apolinario Dela Cruz better known as Hermano Pule was executed.|
|1843||June 17||Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1843–1844)|||
|1844||July 16||Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa appointed Governor-General (1844–1849)|||
|1846||December 1||La Esperanza is established by Miguel Sanchez; the country's first daily newspaper lasted three years.|||
|1848||Diario de Manila, best edited newspaper, is published (1848–1899).|||
|1849||December 26||Antonio María Blanco appointed Governor-General (1849–1850)|||
|1850||July 29||Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía appointed Governor-General (1850–1853)|||
|1852||December 4||Glowing avalanche from Mt Hibok-Hibok.|
|1853||December 20||Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1853–1854)|||
|1854||February 2||Manuel Pavía y Lacy appointed Governor-General (1854)|||
|October 28||Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1854)|||
|November 20||Manuel Crespo y Cebrían appointed Governor-General (1854)|||
|1856||December 5||Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1856–1857)|||
|1857||January 12||Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero appointed Governor-General (1857–1860)|||
|1859||Jesuits return to the Philippines|
|Jesuits takes over the Escuela Municipal and establishes the Ateneo Municipal|
|1860||The country's first Masonic lodge is founded in Cavite.|||
|January 12||Ramón María Solano y Llanderal appointed Governor-General (1860)|||
|August 29||Juan Herrera Davila appointed Governor-General (1860���1861)|||
|1861||February 2||José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González appointed Governor-General (1861–1862)|||
|June 19||Birth of Jose Rizal, one of the country' national heroes|||
|Escuela de Artes Y Oficios de Bacolor established as Asia's oldest vocational school.|
|1862||El Pasig is published, a bilingual fortnightly paper, one of the first native newspapers.|||
|July 7||Salvador Valdés appointed Governor-General (1862)|||
|July 9||Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)|||
|1863||June 3||An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins|||
|November 30||Andres Bonifacio, founder of the Katipunan, was born.|
|1864||July 23||Apolinario Mabini, the Brains of the Revolution, was born.|
|1865||University of Santo Tomas made the center for public instruction throughout the Philippines by royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.|||
|Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila (Manila Observatory) established by the Jesuits|
|March 24||Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)|||
|April 25||Juan de Lara e Irigoyen appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)|||
|1866||July 13||José Laureano de Sanz y Posse appointed Governor-General (1866)|||
|September 21||Juan Antonio Osorio appointed Governor-General (1866)|||
|September 27||Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866)|||
|October 26||José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1866–1869)|||
|1867||Colegio de Santa Isabel established in Naga by Bishop Francisco Gainza, OP of Nueva Caceres, through the royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.|||
|1869||November 17||Suez Canal opened; shortening duration of travel from the Philippines to Europe.|||
|Colegio de Santa Isabel inaugurated as the first Normal School in Southeast Asia||[clarification needed]|
|June 7||Manuel Maldonado appointed Governor-General (1869)|||
|June 23||Carlos María de la Torre y Navacerrada appointed Governor-General (1869–1871)|||
|1871||The Gabinete de Fisica of the University of Santo Tomas established as the first Museum in the Philippines.|||
|The Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas is established as the first school of Medicine and Pharmacy in the Philippines.|||
|April 4||Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez appointed Governor-General (1871–1873)|||
|1872||January 20||About 200 Filipinos stage a mutiny in Cavite.|||
|February 17||Priests Mariano Gomez, José Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed.|||
|1873||January 8||Manuel MacCrohon appointed Governor-General (1873)|||
|January 24||Juan Alaminos y Vivar appointed Governor-General (1873–1874)|||
|1874||March 17||Manuel Blanco Valderrama appointed acting Governor-General (1874)|||
|June 18||José Malcampo y Monje appointed Governor-General (1874–1877)|||
|1875||The Colegio de San Jose incorporated into the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas.|||
|September 18||Colegio de Santa Isabel (now a university) is established in present-day Camarines Sur province as the country's first normal school for girls.|||
|1877||Spanish colonial government conducts the first official national census in the country.|||
|February 28||Domingo Moriones y Murillo appointed Governor-General (1877–1880)|||
|1878||Sabah is leased by the Sultan of Sulu to the British North Borneo Company.|||
|1880||March 20||Rafael Rodríguez Arias appointed Governor-General (1880)|||
|April 15||Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella appointed Governor-General (1880–1883)(1st Term)|||
|Manila is connected through telegraphic cable with Europe by Eastern Telecom.|
|July 18||Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz, Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6|
|1882||March 3||Jose Rizal leaves for Spain to continue his medical studies|
|June 2||Jose Rizal begins writing the Noli Me Tangere|
|1883||March 10||Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1883). (First Term)|||
|April 7||Joaquín Jovellar appointed Governor-General (1883–1885)|||
|1884||Required forced labor of 40 days a year is reduced to 15 days by the Spanish Colonial Government.|
|June 21||Rizal finishes his medical studies in Spain|
|1885||April 1||Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1885). (First Term)|||
|April 4||Emilio Terrero y Perinat appointed Governor-General (1885–1888)|||
|1886||February 26||Establishment of the Audiencia Territorial de Cebu.|||
|May 10||Felix Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo is born.|
|1887||May 29||Noli Me Tangere published.|
|October||Rizal starts writing the El Filibusterismo|
|The Manila School of Agriculture is established.|
|1888||March 10||Antonio Molto becomes acting Governor-General (1888)|||
|Federico Lobaton became acting Governor-General (1888)|||
|Valeriano Wéyler appointed Governor-General (1888–1891)|||
|December 10||La Solidaridad established|
|December 12||A petition, seeking permission for a night school, is submitted by 21 young women of Malolos, Bulacan to the Governor-General.|||
|1889||La Solidaridad is first published in Spain as the Propaganda Movement's organ.|||
|El Ilocano is established; country's first local newspaper (1889–1896).|||
|1891||March 28||Rizal finishes writing El Filibusterismo in Biarritz, France|
|El Filibusterismo published in Ghent, Belgium|
|Eulogio Despujol appointed Governor-General (1891–1893)|||
|1892||Diariong Tagalog is published; first native daily paper, lasted at least three months.|||
|June 26||Rizal arrives in the Philippines from Europe via Hong Kong|
|July 3||Rizal forms the La Liga Filipina|
|July 7||Rizal is arrested for establishing the La Liga Filipina|
|Andres Bonifacio secretly established the Katipunan.|
|Rizal is exiled to Dapitan|
|September 23||Filipino painter Juan Luna shot dead his wife Paz Pardo De Tavera.|
|November 24||Ferrocaril de Manila-Dagupan is opened, country's first railroad line with route of Manila–Dagupan, the forerunner of the Philippine National Railways.|||
|1893||El Hogar is established; country's first publication for and by women.|||
|March 10||Federico Ochando becomes acting Governor-General (1893)|||
|Ramón Blanco appointed Governor-General (1893–1896)|||
|1894||July 8||Bonifacio forms the Katipunan|
|October 17||Sorsogon province was separated from Albay province.|||
|1895||First local (municipal) elections|
|April 12||Recorded "earliest" day of celebration of independence, when Andres Bonifacio and other Katipuneros go to Pamitinan Cave in Montalban (now Rodriguez), Rizal to initiate new Katipunan members.|||
|1896||Republic of Kakarong de Sili is established in Pandi, Bulacan.|||
|July 1||Rizal is recruited as a physician for the Spanish Army in Cuba by Governor Ramon Blanco|
|August 6||Rizal returns to Manila from Cuba|
|August 19||Katipunan is discovered by the Spanish authorities. Katipuneros flee to Balintawak|||
|August 23||Revolution is proclaimed by Bonifacio at the Cry of Balintawak. Katipuneros tear up their cedulas|
|August 26||Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other Katipuneros board Rizal's ship to Barcelona. They offer his rescue but Rizal refused|
|August 30||Revolutionary Battle at San Juan del Monte. Governor Ramon Blanco proclaims a state of war in Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Pampanga, Bulacan, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.|
|Battle of San Juan del Monte took place.|
|September 2||Rizal Boards the ship Isla de Panay for Barcelona|
|Gen. Mariano Llanera leads the Filipino revolutionaries in a three-day battle against the Spanish forces in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija.|||
|September 4||Four members of Katipunan involved in the Battle of San Juan del Monte, were executed on the Campo de Bagumbayan.|
|September 12||Thirteen Filipinos were executed in Plaza de Armas in the town of Cavite.|||
|October 3||Rizal arrives at Barcelona|
|October 4||Rizal is imprisoned in Montjuich by order of Capt. Gen. Despujo|
|October 6||Rizal returns to Manila as a prisoner|
|October 31||A new group of the Katipunan is formed in Cavite headed by Emilio Aguinaldo|
|Emilio Aguinaldo issues his manifestos in Kawit, Cavite, declaring the aim of the revolution and announcing the formation of a central revolutionary committee for the municipal government.|||
|November 11||Filipino forces, under Emilio Aguinaldo, defeat the Spaniards in a battle in Kawit, Cavite.|||
|November 13||Rizal arrives in Manila and is incarcerated in Fort Santiago|
|November 20||Rizal is interrogated for charges against the Spanish Colonial Government|
|December 13||Camilo Polavieja becomes acting Governor-General (1896–1897)|||
|December 30||Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan.|||
|1897||January 1||Some 3,000 Filipino fighters die in a attack by the Spanish soldiers against revolutionaries under Gen. Eusebio Roque in Pandi, Bulacan.|||
|January 4||Eleven of the 15 Filipinos of Bicol were executed at the Luneta in Manila|
|January 11||Thirteen La Liga Filipina members are executed at Luneta, Manila.|||
|February 6||Katipunan leader Roman Basa and eight members are executed in Bagumbayan.|||
|February 17||Battle of Zapote Bridge|||
|March 22||The Katipunan creates a revolutionary government and holds its election, during Tejeros Convention in Cavite, said to be the first election ever held in country's electoral history. Emilio Aguinaldo is elected as president.|||
|March 23||Nineteen Filipinos of Kalibo, Aklan were executed|
|April 15||José de Lachambre becomes acting Governor-General (1897)|||
|April 23||Fernando Primo de Rivera appointed Governor-General (1897–1898)|||
|April 29||Katipuneros arrest Andres Bonifacio and his brothers Procopio and Ciriaco on orders of Aguinaldo with sedition and treason before a military court of the Katipunan.|
|May 8||The Katipunan convicts and sentences Bonifacio brothers to death|
|May 10||Andres Bonifacio and his brothers are executed at Mt. Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.|
|May 31||Aguinaldo establishes a Philippine republican government in Biak-na-Bato, San Miguel, Bulacan.|
|August 10||Aguinaldo begins negotiating with the Spaniards colonial government in Manila with Pedro Paterno as representative.|
|August 15||A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast|
|November 1||Constitution of Biak-na-Bato is promulgated by the revolutionaries, including Aguinaldo.|||
|December 14||Pact of Biak-na-Bato, between Filipinos (Aguinaldo) and Spaniards (Gov. Primo de Rivera), signed.|||
|December 27||Aguinaldo is self-exiled to Hong Kong following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato|
|1898||The only issue of Kalayaan is published; official organ of the Katipunan.|||
|The American Soldier and The Soldier's Letter are published; first English language newspapers.|||
|Official Gazette is established by the civil government.|||
|February 8||The Katipunan is revived by Emilio Jacinto and Feliciano Jocson|
|March 25||A revolutionary government in Candon, Ilocos Sur is established by Don Isabelo Abaya as he starts Cry of Candon.|||
|April 3||Pantaleon Villegas (Leon Kilat) leads a battle against Spanish forces in present-day Cebu City; said to be the start of the revolution in Cebu province.|||
|April 11||Basilio Augustín appointed Governor-General (1898)|||
|April 14||Local Katipunan members under Ildefonso Moreno conduct an uprising against Spanish colonizers in Daet town.|||
|April 17||A provisional government is established by Gen. Francisco Macabulos, with its own constitution signed; lasts about a month.|||
|April 24||Aguinaldo meets American Consul, Mr. Pratt, at Singapore.|||
|April 26||Aguinaldo goes to Hong Kong.|||
|The US declares war on Spain.|
|May 1||Commodore George Dewey attacks Manila|
|May 19||Aguinaldo and his companions return to Cavite Province from exile in Hong Kong.|||
|May 24||Aguinaldo proclaims a dictatorial government and issues two decrees which show his trust and reliance in US protection|
|May 28||Filipino revolutionaries defeat the Spanish forces in a battle in Alapan, Imus, Cavite, with the first unfurling of the Philippine flag.|||
|June 12||Philippine Independence from Spain is declared by Filipino revolutionaries, led by Pres. Aguinaldo, in Kawit, Cavite.|||
|June 23||Aguinaldo changes the dictatorial government to revolutionary government.|
|June 27||Over 50 Spanish soldiers begin to hide themselves at a church in Baler town, in what would be their last stand in the country against the revolutionaries.|||
|July 15||Aguinaldo creates a cabinet|
|The Malolos Congress in established|
|July 17||US reinforcements and troops arrive in the Philippines.|
|July 22||Pangasinan Province is liberated from the Spanish.|||
|July 24||Fermín Jáudenes becomes acting Governor-General (1898)|||
|August 13||Francisco Rizzo becomes acting Governor-General (1898)|||
|Wesley Merritt appointed Military Governor (1898)|||
|August 14||The Spanish surrender to the U.S., which took Manila.|||
|August 22||Revolutionary government headquarters is transferred from Bacoor, Cavite to Malolos, Bulacan through a decree issued by Pres. Aguinaldo.|||
|August 29||Elwell S. Otis appointed Military Governor (1898–1900)|||
|September||Diego de los Ríos becomes acting Governor-General (1898)|||
|September 15||Delegates of what would be known as the Malolos Congress convene at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan to draft a Constitution for the country.|||
|September 29||The Malolos Congress meets and elects its officers; ratifies the Declaration of Independence proclaimed on June.|||
|El Horado de la Revolucion, Malolos Congress' official publication, publishes its first issue.|||
|October 11||The Manila Times is founded by Thomas Cowan and publishes its first issue; the country's oldest running broadsheet; its first incarnation lasted 32 years.|||
|October 15||The American is published by Franklyn Brooks; second English language daily paper.|||
|October 19||Universidad Literaria de Filipinas is established in Malolos, Bulacan through a presidential decree.|||
|October 24||Enrique Mendiola founds a college school for boys, the Burgos Institute, in Malolos, Bulacan.|||
|October 25||Establishment of Academia Militar, country's first military training school that lasted for less than a year.|||
|November 5||A revolutionary movement under Gen. Aniceto Lacson and Gen. Juan Araneta, proclaims the Republic of Negros in Bago town.|||
|November 7||Revolutionary forces promulgates a constitution for the Republic of Negros and declare Gen. Lacson as president.|||
|November 17||Provisional revolutionary government of the Visayas is organized in Santa Barbara town upon liberation of the majority of Iloilo province, with Roque Lopez elected president; Cry of Santa Barbara occurs.|||
|November 22||Town of San Jose in Antique is captured from Spanish forces by revolutionaries under Leandro Fullon, who established a provincial government.|||
|November 29||Malolos Congress approves its draft Constitution.|||
|December 10||Spain and the U.S. sign the Treaty of Paris. Article III provides for the cession of the Philippines to the U.S. by Spain and the payment of 20 million dollars to Spain by the US.|||
|December 21||US President McKinley issues the Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation|
|December 23||Pres. Aguinaldo signs the Malolos Constitution.|||
|December 24||Gov. Gen. de los Rios surrenders the town of Iloilo to revolutionary forces under Gen. Martin Delgado.|||
|1899||January 20||U.S. Pres. McKinley appoints the first Philippine Commission, known as the Schurman Commission|||
|January 21||The Malolos Constitution is promulgated by Aguinaldo.|||
|January 23||The Malolos Republic (First Republic) government, Asia's first republic, is inaugurated at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan; Emilio Aguinaldo takes his oath of office as the first President of the Philippines.|||
|February 4||Hostilities break out between the Filipino and U.S. forces.|||
|February 6||The US Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Spain|
|March 3||La Justicia, Cebu province's first Filipino-owned newspaper, publishes its first issue.|||
|March 4||The Schurman Commission arrives in Manila|
|April 23||Filipino forces under Gen. Gregorio del Pilar defeated the Americans in an encounter in Quingua (now Plaridel), Bulacan.|||
|May 6||Aguinaldo creates a new cabinet|
|The country's first municipal election is held in Baliuag, Bulacan.|||
|May 12||Filipino troops, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, recapture the Calumpit and Baliwag towns from the Americans.|||
|May 18||General Vicente Alvarez establishes the Republic of Zamboanga.|
|May 20||Aguinaldo's moves face opposition from Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna|
|June 2||Siege of Baler ends after 11 months, with 35 surviving Spanish soldiers surrendered.|||
|June 5||Antonio Luna killed|
|October 11||Pres. Aguinaldo moves the seat of government from San Isidro, Nueva Ecija to Tarlac Province.|||
|December 2||Gregorio Del Pilar killed in the Battle of Tirad Pass.|||
|December 4||An American base is attacked by the Filipinos in Vigan, Ilocos Sur.|||
|1900||January 21||The Schurman Commission returns to the US.|
|February 2||Manila Bulletin publishes its first issue by Carson Taylor; then a shipping journal; country's oldest continuously existing newspaper.|||
|March 16||U.S. Pres. McKinley appoints the second Philippine Commission, known as the Taft Commission|||
|March||American forces capture Bohol.|
|April||Battle of Cagayan de Misamis|
|April||Siege of Catubig|
|May 5||Arthur MacArthur, Jr appointed Military Governor (1900–1901)|||
|May||Battle of Agusan Hill|
|June||Battle of Makahambus Hill|
|June 3||The Taft Commission arrives in Manila|
|July 31||Filipino revolutionaries defeat American troops in a battle in Boac, Marinduque, said to be the first recorded armed encounter between two forces.|||
|August 20||Pres. Aguinaldo orders the start of attack against American forces in northern Luzon.|||
|September||Battle of Pulang Lupa|
|September||Battle of Mabitac|
|December 23||Partido Liberal established|
Dr. Jose Rizal.
El Filibusterismo, The sequel of the Noli me Tangere.
The Malolos Congress.
The Three Stars and a Sun design was conceived by President Emilio Aguinaldo. Sewn by Doña Marcela Marino de Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo, and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad in Hong Kong and first flown in battle on May 28, 1898. It was formally unfurled during the Proclamation of Philippine Independence and the flag of the First Philippine Republic, on June 12, 1898 by President Aguinaldo. It contains a mythical sun (with a face) similar to the Sun of May.
The soldiers of Philippine Revolutionary Army.
General Gregorio del Pilar and his troops in Pampanga, around 1898 (Philippine–American War).
|1901||March 2||The Army Appropriation Act, also known as the Spooner Amendment, is passed by the US Senate.|
|March 23||Pres. Aguinaldo is captured by US authorities in Palanan town.|||
|April 1||Aguinaldo takes an oath of allegiance to the US.|||
|April 15||Gov. Taft inaugurates the provincial government of Capiz. (Phil. Commission Act No. 115)|||
|June 11||Establishment of Rizal Province by the second Philippine Commission, upon unification of then provinces of Manila and Morong. (Act No. 137)|||
|June 17||El Colegio de San Beda established|
|July 1||End of insurrection declared|||
|July 4||Adna Chaffee appointed as the last US Military Governor (1901–1902)|
|A civil government is established in the Philippines with William Howard Taft as the first Civil Governor (1901–1904)|
|July 18||The US organizes the Philippine Constabulary|
|August 28||Silliman Institute, later known as Silliman University, is established as the first American university in the Philippines.|||
|September||The first Filipino members of the second Philippine Commission are appointed|
|September 28||Guerillas, headed by the Filipino Captain Daza, attack the U.S. military barracks in Balangiga, Samar; Americans' "worst single defeat."|||
|September 29||Balangiga massacre occurs|||
|October 20||A U.S. Marine battalion arrives on Samar to conduct the March across Samar operation|
|October 29||The President of the United States creates the position of provincial vice governor in the country, under the Spooner Amendment.|||
|November 4||The Philippine Commission enacts the Sedition Law|
|December 14||An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.|
|1902||January||The first labor union of The Country, Union de Litografose Impresores de Filipinas, is organized.|
|January 21||The Philippine Commission calls for the organization of Public Schools in the Philippines.|
|March 30||The US Marines leave Balangiga|
|April 16||General Miguel Malvar surrenders to the US forces|
|May||Governor Taft negotiates with Pope Leo XIII the sale of the friar lands in the Philippines|
|May 2||Macario Sakay establishes a second Tagalog Republic.|
|June||Mindoro and Lubang islands are annexed to Marinduque province.|||
|July 1||The Philippine Organic Act was enacted.|||
|Cooper Act is passed by the US Senate. Philippine Assembly is established|||
|July 4||Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine–American War, however fighting continues|
|August 3||The Foundation of Iglesia Filipina Independiente separated from Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed by The Union Obrera Democratica with Gregorio Aglipay as The 1st Obispo Maximo|
|September 17||Pope Leo XIII formally bestows a Pontifical title on the University of Santo Tomas|||
|November 10||Marinduque province is annexed to Tayabas province (now Quezon). (Act No. 499)|||
|November 12||Bandolerism Act passed by the Philippine Commission. All armed resistance against US rule are considered banditry|
|1903||Governor Taft enunciates the policy of The Philippines for the Filipinos|
|May 1||Thousands of members of the Union Obrera Democratica Filipina, led by Dominador Gomez, stage a massive rally aiming for workers’ rights as well as a public holiday for May 1.|||
|June 1||Establishment of the Moro Province, consisting of the districts of Jolo, Lanao, Cotabato, Davao and Zamboanga.|||
|1904||February 1||Luke Edward Wright appointed as Civil Governor (1904–1905)|
|October 19||The Manila Business School was founded and started its operation (later as the Philippine School of Commerce, 1908, then as the Philippine College of Commerce, 1952, and now the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).|
|November 16||Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm is established in Palawan, country's oldest and largest open prison.|||
|1905||November 3||Henry Clay Ide appointed as Civil Governor (1905–1906)|
|1906||May 27||Establishment of Culion Leper Colony in Culion Island in Palawan.|||
|September 20||James Francis Smith appointed as Civil Governor (1906–1909)|
|December 3||St. Scholastica's College in Manila is established by the Missionary Benedictine Sisters of Tutzing.|||
|1907||June 3||Centro Escolar University established as Centro Escolar de Señoritas.|
|June 30||First Congressional Elections held|
|September 13||Macario Sakay is executed by hanging, ending his Tagalog Republic.|
|October 10||A law (Act No. 1761) that restricts and regulates the use and sale of dangerous drugs is signed.|||
|October 16||The First Philippine Assembly is inaugurated and convened.|||
|1908||June 18||The University of the Philippines is established in Manila.|||
|August 29||Philippines Free Press is founded by Judge W.A. Kincaid and publishes its first issue in magazine format.|||
|1909||March 6||Present-day University of the Philippines Los Baños in Laguna is established, first autonomous UP campus.|||
|September 1||Cityhood of Baguio (Act No. 1963)|||
|1911||January 27||Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people|
|June 16||De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the Brothers of Christian Schools.|
|December 28||Tricentennial of the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas|||
|1912||A silent movie about Jose Rizal is the first Filipino movie introduced in the Philippines.|||
|1913||June||Battle of Bud Bagsak|||
|September 1||Newton W. Gilbert appointed as acting Civil Governor (1913)|
|October 6||Francis Burton Harrison appointed as Civil Governor (1913–1921)|
|1914||July 27||Iglesia ni Cristo (largest independent church in Asia) is registered to the government.|
|1916||October 16||The Jones Law is passed establishing an all-Filipino legislature|
|Manuel Quezon elected Senate President while Sergio Osmenna is elected as House Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines|||
|1917||January 11||The first cabinet of Filipinos under the US regime is organized.|
|March 9||Provincehood of Abra (Act No. 2683)|||
|March 10||An Act Amending the Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) reorganizes the territories in the Philippines, consisting of:
|1919||September 19||The silent film Dalagang Bukid by José Nepomuceno was released, the first film to be produced locally.|||
|1920||Mountain Province is established by American colonial government.|||
|February 21||Provincehood of Marinduque (Act No. 2880), separating from Tayabas.|||
|August||Philippines Herald is established by Manuel L. Quezon and former Manila Times journalists; first pro-Filipino nationalist newspaper.|||
|December 15||Provincehood of Masbate (Act No. 2934), former sub-province independent from Sorsogon.|||
|1921||March 5||Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor (1921)|
|October 14||Leonard Wood appointed as Civil Governor (1921–1927)|
|1922||Mrs. Redgrave pioneers the radio broadcasting from Nichols Field, only for a test broadcast.|||
|June||Henry Hermann, owner of an electrical supply company, begins operating three radio stations in Manila and Pasay, also for their test broadcasts.|||
|1923||August 29||Santiago Ronquillo, a.k.a. Tiagong Akyat, was killed by a force consisting of Manila Chief of Police John Fulton Green and the Philippine constabulary, in Noveleta, Cavite.|||
|1924||October 4||Radio Corporation of the Philippines (RCP) acquires radio station KZKZ, which begins its broadcast by Hermann earlier that year, replacing experimental stations; broadcast ceased in 1925 upon merger of Far Eastern Radio with RCP.|||
|October||Another commercial radio station, KZRQ (1924–1927) by Far Eastern Radio, Inc., goes on air.|||
|1925||November 9||Radio station KZIB from Binondo, owned by Isaac Beck Inc., goes on air.|||
|1927||August 7||Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1927)|
|September 3||Radio station KZRM (Radio Manila) begins operation under RCP; later acquired by Erlanger and Galinger, Inc. in 1931, then by Amado Araneta in 1939 with KZEG.|||
|December 27||Henry L. Stimson appointed as Civil Governor (1927–1929)|
|1929||RCP operates its first radio station outside Manila, also first provincial station in the country, with KZRC (Radio Cebu) in Cebu, experimental station originally a relay station of KZRM in Manila.|||
|February 23||Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1929)|
|July 8||Dwight F. Davis appointed as Civil Governor (1929–1932)|
|November 2||Old Misamis is divided into the new provinces of Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental. (Act No. 3537; amended by Act No. 3777 on Nov. 28, 1930).|||
|1930||November 7||Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas (PKP, Communist Party of the Philippines) is formally established by Crisanto Evangelista at Tondo, Manila.|||
|1932||January 9||George C. Butte appointed as acting Civil Governor (1932)|
|January 21||Davao Prison and Penal Farm in present-day Davao del Norte is established (Act No. 3732); country's first penal settlement.|||
|February 29||Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. appointed as Civil Governor (1932–1933)|
|June 20||Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry (ASIC) later known as Adamson University was founded by George Lucas Adamson|
|July 11||Radio station KZEG begins operation, sister station of KZRM; call sign later changed to KZRF.|||
|October 26||The Communist Party of the Philippines is declared illegal by the Supreme Court|
|1933||July 15||Frank Murphy appointed as the last Civil Governor of the Philippines (1933–1935)|
|October 29||Partido Sakdal formed.|||
|December 7||Governor-General Frank Murphy granted the Right of Suffrage to the Filipino women.|
|1934||March 24||The Tydings-McDuffie Law, known as the Philippine Independence Law, is approved by U.S. President Roosevelt.|||
|May 7||A pearl, which would be one of the world’s largest, is found in Palawan.|||
|July 10||202 delegates are elected to the Constitutional Convention in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Law|
|July 30||The Philippine Constitutional Convention is inaugurated|
|November 3||Bannawag, Ilocos region's weekly vernacular magazine, established.|||
|1935||February 8||The Constitutional Convention creates a new constitution|
|February 15||The Philippine Constitution is signed|
|May 2||Sakdalista uprising against the Philippine Constabulary fails with at least 60 members dead.|||
|May 14||The Philippine electorate ratifies the Constitution in a referendum|
|September 17||Manuel Quezon elected President in the first Philippine Presidential elections|||
|November 15||The Philippine Commonwealth is inaugurated|
|The Office of Civil Governor is abolished|
|December 21||The National Defense Act of 1935 that created the Armed Forces of the Philippines was signed.|
|1936||March 25||President Manuel L. Quezon issued Executive Order No. 23 which provided for the technical description and specifications of the Philippine national flag.|||
|October 12||Cityhood of Zamboanga approved (Commonwealth Act No. 39); ratified, Feb. 26, 1937.|||
|October 16||Cityhood of Davao (Commonwealth Act No. 51)|||
|October 20||Cityhood of Cebu approved (Commonwealth Act No. 58); ratified, Feb. 24, 1937.|||
|October 31||The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was established.|
|1937||February 3–7||The 33rd International Eucharistic Congress was held in Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines; first in Asia.|||
|November 9||The Institute of National Language recommends Tagalog as the basis of the country's national language.|||
|1938||June 21||Cityhood of Tagaytay, Cavite (Commonwealth Act No. 338)|||
|1939||July 15||KZRH, established by H. E. Heacock Company under Samuel Caches, goes on air; country's oldest existing radio station, renamed PIAM during the Japanese era and now DZRH.|||
|1940||May 7||Cityhood of San Pablo, Laguna (Commonwealth Act No. 520)|||
|May 26||The Girl Scouts of the Philippines was established.|
|August 19||Cityhood of Dansalan (later renamed Marawi City; CA 592)|||
|1941||January 1||Provincehood of Romblon (Commonwealth Act No. 38)|||
|March 15||Philippine Airlines starts operations with its maiden flight between Makati and Baguio cities.|||
|November 11||Manuel Quezon re-elected as President|||
|December 8||Start of the Japanese invasion of the Philippines following Pearl Harbor attack.|||
|December 10||Japanese planes attack Sangley Point in Cavite.|||
|December 17||Wenceslao Vinzons organizes a citizen's army to fight Japanese forces in Camarines Norte.|||
|December 20||President Quezon, his family and the war cabinet move to Corregidor Island|||
|December 26||General MacArthur declares Manila an open city|||
|December 28||Filipino and US armies retreat to Bataan|
|December 30||Pres. Quezon and Vice Pres. Osmeña take their oath of office for their second term in Corregidor Island, Cavite.|||
|1942||January 2||Japanese troops enters Manila|
|January 3||Masaharu Homma appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942)|
|General Masaharu Homma declares the end of American Rule in the Philippines|
|Martial Law declared|
|January 13||All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death penalty|
|January 23||An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.|
|February 17||The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese educational system in The Country|
|February 20||President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the US|||
|March 11||General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western Pacific Area|||
|March 13||The Commonwealth government is moved to the US|
|March 25||Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap, People's Anti-Japanese Army) is organized in Cabiao, Nueva Ecija.|||
|April||A pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US on enemy positions|
|April 9||Battle of Bataan: Bataan, under US commander Gen. Edward King, is the last province that surrenders to the Japanese armies.|||
|May 6||Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces.|||
|June 8||Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942–1943)|
|June 14||The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United Nations|
|December 30||The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese|
|1943||May 28||Shigenori Kuroda appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1943–1942)|
|June 20||Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo nominates an all Filipino 20 member Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence|
|September 4||The Philippine Preparatory Commission for Independence drafts a new Constitution which provides for a unicameral national assembly|
|September 20||The 108 delegates to the National Assembly are chosen by the members of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence.|
|September||Jose P. Laurel elected President of the Philippines by the National Assembly|||
|October 14||The puppet government is inaugurated. Laurel takes his oath of office|||
|November||The Philippine economy collapses, the shortage of rice becomes serious.|
|November 10||U.S. Congress approves a resolution allowing Pres. Quezon to serve beyond the designated period, nine days after his term expires.|||
|1944||May||The puppet government inaugurates the Green Revolution Movement.|
|August 1||Death of Pres. Quezon; Vice Pres. Sergio Osmena then assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.|||
|September 21||US forces raids Manila|
|September 26||Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1944–1945)|
|October 20||Gen. MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by Pres. Osmeña and U.S. troops.|||
|October 23||Gen. Douglas MacArthur reestablishes the Commonwealth government of the Philippines in Tacloban, Leyte, with Sergio Osmeña as its President.|||
|October 24||Battle of Leyte Gulf: Battle of Sibuyan Sea|||
|December 8||Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the Makapilis|
|1945||January 9||U.S. troops led by Gen. MacArthur land on the shores of Pangasinan via Lingayen Gulf in an attempt to liberate the country from the Japanese.|||
|January 30||Raid at Cabanatuan: 121 American soldiers and 800 Filipino guerrillas free 813 American Prisoners of war from the Japanese-held camp in the city of Cabanatuan in the Philippines.|
|January–February||Battle of Bataan (1945)|
|February–April||Battle of Baguio|
|February||Raid at Los Baños|
|February 4||US troops enter Manila|
|February 22||Hukbalahap troop leaders arrested by the US forces|
|February 24||The Battle of Manila ends. The Japanese surrender to the combined US and Filipino troops|
|February 27||MacArthur hands over Malacanang Palace to Osmena.|||
|March–April||Battle for Cebu City|
|March–July||Battle of the Visayas|
|March||Corregidor Island is reoccupied by the Americans.|||
|March 3||Battle of Manila (1945): The US and Filipino troops recaptured Manila.|
|March 18||Town of Panay in Capiz and the province of Romblon are liberated from the Japanese forces.|||
|March 19||Filipino and American forces defeat the Japanese in a battle occurred in Bacsil Ridge in San Fernando, La Union.|||
|March 22||The families of pro-Japanese President Laurel and Speaker Aquino leave the country for Japan to seek refuge|||
|March 24||Town of San Fernando in La Union is liberated from the Japanese forces.|||
|April 22||Palawan is liberated from Japanese invaders.|||
|April 27||Baguio City is liberated from Japanese forces.|||
|May 10–13||Filipino and U.S. forces defeat the Japanese in a battle occurred in Balete Pass (now Dalton Pass) in Santa Fe, Nueva Vizcaya.|||
|June 5||The Congress elected in 1941 convenes for the first time|
|June 14||Filipino soldiers, with the Americans, defeat the Japanese under Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita in a battle in Tagudin, Ilocos Sur; considered as their greatest victory in World War II.|||
|July 5||General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines|||
|August 6||The American forces drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan.|
|August 9||The American forces an atomic bomb over Nagasaki, Japan.|
|August 15||The Empire of Japan accepts defeat|
|August 17||Pres. Laurel issues an Executive Proclamation putting an end to the Second Philippine Republic, thus ending to his term as President of the Philippines.|||
|September 2||The final official Japanese Instrument of Surrender is accepted by the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz for the United States, and delegates from Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, China, and others from a Japanese delegation led by Mamoru Shigemitsu, on board the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.|||
|Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita surrenders to Filipino and American forces at Kiangan, Ifugao.|
|September 12||Jose P. Laurel is arrested by the US army|||
|September 26||Provincehood of Catanduanes (Commonwealth Act No. 687), former sub-province independent from Albay.|||
|October 24||The United Nations is founded by ratification of its Charter, by 29 nations.|
|December||Manuel Roxas separates from the Nacionalista Party of Sergio Osmena Sr and joins the Liberal Party|||
|1946||February 23||Tomoyuki Yamashita is executed by hanging at Los Baños, Laguna prison camp for the war crimes.|
|April 23||Manuel Roxas wins in the last Presidential Election under the Commonwealth|
|Elpidio Quirino elected Vice President.|
|April||U.S. Pres. Harry Truman signs into law the Philippine Trade Act (Bell Trade Act) of 1946, continuing free trade relations between U.S and the Philippines, and imposing tariffs; Tydings Rehabilitation Act passed.|
|June 13||Bolinao Electronics Corporation (BEC) is established by James Lindenberg; later Alto Broadcasting System (ABS) and the forerunner of ABS–CBN.|||
|July||Hukbong Mapaglaya ng Bayan (HMB) is organized in Candaba, Pampanga.|
|July||Congress votes to accept the Bell Trade Act.|
|July 4||The United States recognizes the Independence of the Republic of the Philippines.|||
|Manuel Roxas becomes the first president of the Third Republic.|||
|August||Peasant leader Juan Feleo kidnapped, later killed.|
|September||Congress passes an amendment that revises Constitution, allowing the Americans parity rights.|
|September 30||The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.|
|1947||January||Rehabilitation Finance Corporation (RFC), later Development Bank of the Philippines, begins its operations.|
|January 28||President Roxas issues an amnesty proclamation to collaborators|
|March||An amendment in the 1935 Constitution granting parity rights to the Americans is ratified in a plebiscite.|
|March||The Military Assistance Act is signed by U.S. Ambassador Paul McNutt and Pres. Roxas.|
|March 6||HUKBALAHAP declared illegal|
|March 14||The Treaty of General Relations between Philippines and United States, the Military Bases Agreement, is signed; would be effective until 1991.|||
|September 8||The Philippine representative to the Far Eastern Commission, Carlos P. Romulo, signs the Japanese Peace Treaty|
|October 12||Corregidor Island in Cavite is turned over to the Philippines.|||
|October 16||Turtle Islands, now in Tawi-Tawi, is placed under country's jurisdiction.|||
|November||First post-war elections held for local officials and senators.|
|1948||January||Pres. Roxas issues a general pardon for all those with collaboration cases and pending cases in the People's Court.|
|March||Hukbong Mapagpalaya ng Bayan and Pambansang Kaisahan ng mga Magbubukid (PKM) are declared illegal organizations by Pres. Roxas.|
|April 15||Death of Pres. Roxas; Vice Pres. Elpidio Quirino assumes the Office of President.|||
|April 17||Elpidio Quirino takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines.|||
|June||Pres. Quirino issues an amnesty proclamation given to the surrendered members of Hukbalahap and PKM.|
|July||Newly-formed Quezon City is declared capital of the Philippines by Pres. Quirino. (Republic Act No. 333)|
|July 15||Cityhood of Calbayog, Samar approved (Republic Act No. 328); inaugurated, Oct. 16.|||
|August||Huk leaders under Luis Taruc go underground to continue the resistance against the government following failed truce negotiations.|
|October 1||Pres. Quirino releases the result of the country's first official postwar census, taken and compiled by the Bureau of the Census and Statistics, showing the population after its independence from the U.S. at 19.2 million.|||
|November||PKP renews armed struggle following failed truce negotiations with the government.|
|December||Quirino administration imposes import control, a law that would be effective on the first day of 1949.|
|1949||Radio station DZBC of BEC begins its broadcast.|||
|January||Establishment and inauguration of Central Bank of the Philippines.|
|April 28||Former First Lady Aurora Aragon–Quezon (widow of Pres. Manuel Quezon), with her eldest daughter, and Quezon City Mayor Ponciano Bernardo, are among those killed in an ambush allegedly by the Hukbalahap in Bongabon, Nueva Ecija.|||
|November||Pres. Quirino reelected.|
|November||A month-long rebellion occurred in Batangas.|
|1950||February||UST pioneers the television broadcast, only for experimental purposes.|||
|March 1||Radio station DZBB of newly-established Republic Broadcasting System (RBS) under Bob Stewart begins its broadcast.|||
|June||The Philippines joins the Korean War, sending over 7,000 troops under the United Nations command.|
|June 15||Old Mindoro is divided into the new provinces of Mindoro Occidental and Mindoro Oriental. (Republic Act No. 505)|||
|August 31||Pres. Quirino appoints Zambales Rep. Ramon Magsaysay as Defense Secretary.|
|September||Lt. Col. Edward Lansdale arrives in the Philippines to act as military adviser.|
|October||U.S. Economic Mission Survey led by Daniel W. Bell issues its report regarding the country's financial and economics condition, recommending its diversification and improvement.|
|October||Twenty-three high-ranking PKP and Huk Politburo members are captured in a series of raids led by Sec. Magsaysay in Manila.|
|October||Pres. Quirino suspends the privilege of writ of habeas corpus regarding detention of suspected communists.|
|1951||March 6||Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine.|
|May||Suspected PKP members are penalized by the Court of First Instance, with six given death sentences and nine given life sentences.|
|July–September||Armed Forces of the Philippines launches offensives against Huks in Laguna and Pampanga.|
|August||National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) is established|
|August 30||The Mutual Defense Treaty between Philippines and United States was signed.|
|October 8||Nicasio “Asiong” Salonga, branded as Tondo’s Public Enemy No. 1 and the kingpin of Manila, was shot and killed by Ernesto Reyes, a henchman of his rival and also notorious gang leader Carlos “Totoy Golem” Capistrano.|||
|1952||National Press Club established|||
|April–May||Armed Forces launches Operation Four Roses in Nueva Ecija in the search for Huk strongholds in Sierra Madre mountains.|
|June 6||Old Zamboanga is divided into the new provinces of Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur. (Republic Act No. 711)|||
|October||Land-tenure specialist Robert Hardie releases his report regarding the country's problem on tenancy, recommending its abolition.|
|1953||June||Magna Carta for Labor is signed into law. (Republic Act No. 875)|
|October 23||DZAQ-TV Channel 3, now Channel 2, of ABS, then owned by Presidential brother Antonio Quirino, airs its country's first official television broadcast from Manila.|||
|November 10||Ramon Magsaysay is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines|||
|Carlos Garcia elected Vice President.|
|December 30||Magsaysay takes his oath of office as the third President of the Third Republic, before Chief Justice Ricardo Paras, in Luneta.|
|1954||Social Security Act is passed in Congress.|
|May||Huk Supremo Luis Taruc surrenders to Pres. Magsaysay, prompting an end of the eight-year Huk rebellion.|
|May 22||Cityhood of Trece Martires, Cavite (Republic Act No. 981)|||
|July 21||The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty is signed in Manila, creating the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)|
|August||Agricultural Tenancy Act of 1954 passed.|
|September||Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established in Manila, with the Philippines as one of its eight members.|
|September 2||At least 82 people were killed in a train crash in Negros Occidental.|
|December 15||Laurel-Langley Agreement: An agreement between the Philippines and the U.S., regarding provisions of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946, is signed by Sen. Jose P. Laurel and Sec. James M. Langley.|||
|1955||April||Amb. Carlos Romulo represents the Philippine government in the first ever Asian-African conference held in Bandung, Indonesia.|
|September||Laurel-Langley Agreement is ratified by the U.S. and Philippine governments, to be effective on the first day of 1956.|
|1956||Chronicle Broadcasting Network (CBN) is established by Lopez family.|||
|February 29||Death of Elpidio Quirino, former Philippine President|||
|April 25||Provincehood of Aklan (Republic Act No. 1414), separating from Capiz.|||
|May||Rizal Bill is passed into law amidst opposition from Catholic Church.|
|1957||February 24||ABS is acquired by Eugenio Lopez Sr. of CBN, of which they later merged into ABS–CBN with two television stations later being operated.|||
|March 17||Death of Pres. Magsaysay, one among the 25 killed in a plane crash in Cebu; Vice-Pres. Carlos P. Garcia assumes the presidency.|||
|June||Anti-Subversion Law passed. (Republic Act No. 1700)|
|July||U.S. Congress ratifies a law (Republic Act No. 85-81) granting the Philippines possession of the documents regarding the revolution.|
|November 14||Carlos P. Garcia elected President of the Republic of the Philippines|||
|Diosdado Macapagal elected Vice President.|
|1958||March 22||Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan is elevated by the Department of Education to university rank, becoming the Mindanao's first private and Catholic university.|||
|April 19||CBN airs DZXL-TV Channel 9, later Channel 4; second television station.|||
|August 28||"Filipino First" policy is officially promulgated by the National Economic Council (Resolution No. 204).|
|1959||May 22||Old Lanao is divided into the new provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. (Republic Act No. 2228); inaugurated, July 4.|||
|RA 2227 created the province of Southern Leyte, separating from Leyte.|||
|July 18||10th World Scout Jamboree is held at Mt. Makiling in Los Baños, Laguna.|||
|September–October||An agreement between Foreign Affairs Sec. Felixberto Serrano and Amb. Charles Bohlen is signed, following series of conferences, in which duration of lease of the American military bases is reduced from 99 to 25 years.|
|October||U.S. authorities turns over Olongapo City to the Philippine government.|
|1960||International Rice Research Institute is established in Los Baños, Laguna.|
|January||DZTV-TV Channel 13 of Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) established.|||
|March||Gabriel Elorde defeats an American opponent in a boxing match in Araneta Coliseum, beginning his junior lightweight reign.|
|March||Archbishop Rufino Santos is the first Filipino to achieve the rank of Cardinal.|
|June 19||Republic Act No. 2786 divided old Surigao into the new provinces of Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur.|||
|1961||January 18||Baguio City experience cold at 6.3-degree Celsius, the country's lowest temperature ever recorded.|
|October||Death of Sergio Osmeña, former Philippine President|||
|October 29||DZBB-TV Channel 7 of RBS established; third television station.|||
|November 7||Diosdado Macapagal elected President of the Republic of the Philippines.|||
|Emmanuel Pelaez elected Vice President.|
|December 30||Macapagal takes his oath of office|
|December 31||Inauguration of the new City of Lapulapu, created by Republic Act No. 3134 on June 17, 1961.|
|1962||January||Philippine Constabulary Rangers conduct a siege of the Central Bank building to oust its governor, Dominador Aytona, due to "midnight appointments" of his own.|
|January||Pres. Macapagal lifts exchange and import controls in his campaign for free enterprise.|
|March||Justice Sec. Jose Diokno orders a raid on the offices of businessman Harry Stonehill, regarding his alleged bribery.|
|May 12||Commemoration of Independence Day is officially changed by Pres. Macapagal, from July 4 to June 12 (Proclamation No. 28); to be first celebrated on that day of that same year.|||
|June 22||Pres. Macapagal's government, with the United Kingdom, files a communication regarding country's claim of North Borneo (Sabah), now in Malaysia.|||
|July||DZTM-TV Channel 5, of Associated Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and The Manila Times, established.|||
|September||Electrification Administration Act (Republic Act No. 2717) is implemented through an executive order issued by Pres. Macapagal.|
|1963||April 5||Ferdinand Marcos became President of the Senate of the Philippines.|
|April 12||Death of Felix Y. Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo at age of 76|
|July 28||Twenty-four members of the Philippine contingent for the 11th World Scout Jamboree in Greece are among the 60 deaths in a plane crash into the Indian Ocean.|||
|July||Pres. Macapagal, Sukarno (Indonesia), and Tungku Abdul Rahman (Federation of Malaya) sign the Manila Accord, an agreement for Maphilindo.|
|August 8||Agricultural Land Reform Code (Republic Act No. 3844) is signed into law by Pres. Macapagal.|
|1964||Philippine Press Institute founded|||
|February 6||Death of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, former Philippine President|||
|May||Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas secretary-general Jesus Lava is captured in Sampaloc, Manila.|
|August||Congress ratifies an executive order issued by Pres. Macapagal that changes the date of celebration of the nation's Independence Day, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4166.|
|August 14||Miss Philippines Gemma Cruz was crowned Miss International 1964, the first Filipino to win the title.|
|November||Kabataang Makabayan (KM) is formed by Jose Maria Sison, with himself elected as its chairman.|
|1965||June 19||Republic Act No. 4221 divided old Samar into the new provinces of Western Samar, Northern Samar, and Eastern Samar.|||
|September||Taal Volcano in Batangas erupts, killing around 2,000 and damaging villages.|
|November 9||Ferdinand Marcos elected President of the Republic of the Philippines.|||
|Fernando Lopez elected Vice President.|
|December 30||Ferdinand Marcos takes his oath of office as the President of the postwar republic, in Luneta Grandstand.|||
|1966||Asian Development Bank establishes its new headquarters in Manila.|
|January 1||Cityhood of San Carlos, Pangasinan (Republic Act No. 4487)|||
|February||Philippine-American Assembly is held in Davao.|
|June 18||Old Mountain Province is divided into the new provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao. (Republic Act No. 4695)|||
|Republic Act No. 4669 created the province of Camiguin, separating from Misamis Oriental.|||
|Republic Act No. 4849 created the province of South Cotabato, separating from Empire Province of Cotabato.|||
|July||Pres. Marcos signs the controversial Vietnam Aid Law.|
|July||The mayor of Candaba, Pampanga, also the president of the Anti-Huk Mayors League in the province, is killed in an ambush, an incident which was attributed to the Huks.|
|August||Congress approves the appropriation for the Philippine Civil Action Group (Philcag) to be sent to Vietnam.|
|September||The first batch of the battalion of the Philcag leaves the Philippines for South Vietnam.|
|September||Pres. Marcos meets with U.S. Pres. Lyndon Johnson in Washington, D.C.|
|September||An agreement is signed by U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Foreign Affairs Sec. Narciso Ramos, reducing the lease of military bases from 99 to 25 years, thus to expire in 1991.|
|October||Marcos administration hosts the Manila Summit with 6 countries.|
|1967||January||Two buses carrying pilgrims collide and fall off a ravine south of Manila, killing more than 115 in what would be the country's worst road accident.|||
|February||Movement for the Advancement of Nationalism (MAN) is formed by nationalists from various sectors.|
|May 8||Old Davao is divided into the new provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental. (Republic Act No. 4867)|||
|May 21||A demonstration conducted by Lapiang Malaya, a peasant religious sect, ends in a violent disperse attempt by the Philippine Constabulary in Pasay City, killing 33.|||
|June 17||Republic Act No. 4979 divided old Agusan into the new provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur.|||
|July 4||Cityhood of Cadiz, Negros Occidental (Republic Act No. 4894)|||
|August 8||Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is formed in Bangkok, Thailand, with the Philippines as one of the five founding members.|
|November||Senatorial election takes place.|
|1968||First provincial television stations are established in Cebu, Bacolod, and Dagupan, all operated by ABS–CBN.|||
|March 18||Jabidah massacre: A group of trainees of a Muslim special forces unit, part of an controversial operation, are allegedly killed in Corregidor.|||
|July 8||Cityhood of Iriga, Camarines Sur approved (Republic Act No. 5261); ratified by a presidential proclamation, Sept. 3.|||
|August 2||1968 Casiguran earthquake and the collapse of Ruby Tower|
|September||Pres. Marcos signs into law a bill defining country's territorial waters in compliance with the United Nations and claiming Sabah as part of the country's territory, amidst protest from the Malaysians.|
|September||Pres. Marcos pardons 166 prisoners, including former Huk leader Luis Taruc.|
|September 7||Cityhood of Bais, Negros Oriental (RA 5444)|||
|November||Resigned U.P. president Gen. Carlos Romulo replaces Narciso Ramos as Foreign Affairs Secretary.|
|December 26||Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP; then called CPP–Marxist-Leninist-Mao Tse-tung Thought or CPP–MLMTT) is reestablished by Jose Maria Sison and his colleagues in Pangasinan.|||
|1969||March 29||New People's Army (NPA) is formally organized in Tarlac by Bernabe Buscayno (Kumander Dante) of PKP as the military arm of the CPP, upon merger with Jose Maria Sison's army.|||
|May 11||Tuguegarao City, Cagayan experienced heat at 42.2 degrees Celsius, the country's highest temperature ever recorded.|
|June 10||Cityhood of Batangas, Batangas (Republic Act No. 5495)|||
|July||U.S. President Richard Nixon visits the Philippines.|
|July 17||Cityhood of San Jose, Nueva Ecija approved (RA 6051); ratified (Proclamation No. 595), August.|||
|July 19||Miss Philippines Gloria Diaz was crowned Miss Universe 1969.|
|September||Cultural Center of the Philippines in Manila inaugurated.|
|October 15||DZKB-TV Channel 9 of newly-established Kanlaon Broadcasting System (KBS), now Radio Philippines Network (RPN), begins its broadcast.|||
|November 11||Marcos re-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines (second term).|||
|1970||Typhoon Patsy (Yoling) is the most devastating typhoon to hit the country at that time.|||
|January 26–March||First Quarter Storm
|April||Major rallies and riots held, protesting oil prices and fare costs.|
|May||Rally held against the government and U.S. participation in Vietnam War.|
|June 27||Pres. Marcos publicly endorses the Barrio Self-Defense Units, later Civilian Home Defense Forces.|||
|July 1||Cityhood of Dipolog, Zamboanga del Norte (Republic Act No. 5520)|||
|August 31||Cityhood of Surigao, Surigao del Norte (RA 6134)|||
|November 17||Elections for 315 members of a Constitutional Convention held.|
|November 27||Pope Paul VI makes his first papal visit in the Philippines, but survived an assassination attempt by Benjamín Mendoza y Amor Flores at Manila International Airport.|
|December 29||Members of the New People's Army, led by Lt. Victor Corpuz, raid the armory of the Philippine Military Academy.|||
|1971||Moro National Liberation Front is established by Nur Misuari.|
|June 1||The Constitutional Convention assembles to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The Convention elects former Pres. Carlos Garcia as its head.|||
|June 14||Death of Carlos Garcia, former Philippine President; another former Pres. Diosdado Macapagal succeeds as the president of the Constitutional Convention.|||
|August 21||Plaza Miranda is bombed during the Liberal Party's election campaign, seriously injuring some opposition personalities.|||
|August 22||Pres. Marcos suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus following the Plaza Miranda bombing.|||
|September||U.S. operations in Sangley Point Naval Base terminated.|
|September 10||Provincehood of Quirino (Republic Act No. 6394), former sub-province independent from Nueva Vizcaya.|||
|September 17||Provincehood of Siquijor (Republic Act No. 6398), former sub-province independent from Negros Oriental.|||
|October 10||Leonardo “Nardong Putik” Manecio, one of the most notorious gangsters and dubbed as Cavite’s Public Enemy No. 1 was killed in Imus in a highway shootout with NBI agents.|||
|November||Philippine Senate election, 1971|
|1972||Suspicious bombing incidents increase all over the country. The MNLF launches its campaign for the independence of the Muslim provinces.|
|Parliamentary form of government is approved by the Constitutional Convention.|||
|January||Pres. Marcos restores the Writ of Habeas Corpus|
|June||Daily Express is established; Martial Law era newspaper later sequestered by Aquino government.|||
|July 5||Philippine Constabulary confiscates arms and ammunition in a raid in Digoyo Point, Isabela, implicating to the alleged Communist attacks.|||
|August||Quasha decision: Supreme Court decides on American ownership rights.|
|September||Explosions rock Manila Electric Company main office.|
|September 13||Sen. Ninoy Aquino exposes Oplan Sagittarius, a top-secret plan to place the capital under military control.|||
|September 21||Pres. Marcos signs the Martial Law edict (Proclamation No. 1081) to be imposed nationwide; at that time not publicly announced.|||
|September 22||Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile survives a staged assassination attempt.|||
|Pres. Marcos announces that he had placed the entire country under martial law, with the earlier "ambush" as a pretext.|||
|Media establishments and wire agencies are ordered to be closed.|||
|Sen. Aquino arrested.|||
|September 23||The implementation of martial law is officially announced.|||
|Public utilities as well as media outlets, except some including newspaper Daily Express and television and radio stations of Kanlaon Broadcasting System, are shut down and seized by the government.|||
|Media and opposition figures, including three other Senators, are arrested.|||
|September 26||The whole country is proclaimed a land reform area and an Agrarian Reform Program is decreed.|
|The first major armed defiance of martial law takes place in Lanao del Sur|
|October||Land reform program issued (Presidential Decree 27)|
|October 22||The battle between the MNLF and the government troops ends with the latter regaining control of the city.|
|November 29||The Constitutional Convention passes the new Constitution of the Philippines.|
|December||First Lady Imelda Marcos survives an assassination attempt.|
|1973||Misuari leaves The Country for Libya to solicit armed support from Muslim countries for the war in Mindanao.|
|January 10–15||A plebiscite referendum is held among the citizens' assemblies to ratify the new Constitution, which would become effective.|||
|January 15||Chinese drug lord Lim Seng is executed by firing squad in public in Fort Bonifacio for drug trafficking.|||
|January 17||Pres. Marcos declares the approval of the 1973 Constitution, orders Congress padlocked.|||
|March 1||Philippine News Agency established|||
|March 31||Supreme Court upholds the validity of the 1973 Constitution.|||
|April||The National Democratic Front (NDF), the united front organization of the Communist Party of the Philippines, is formally organized.|
|April||Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP) established|||
|May||Masagana 99 program launched|
|July 2||San Juanico Bridge, connecting Samar and Leyte islands, is inaugurated.|||
|July 21||Miss Philippines Margarita Moran was crowned Miss Universe 1973.|
|July 27||Marcos' term as President extended by virtue of a referendum, which was latter proven as a hoax|
|September 27||Provincehood of Tawi-Tawi (Presidential Decree No. 302), separating from Sulu.|||
|November 22||Old Cotabato is divided into the new provinces of North Cotabato (later renamed Cotabato, 1984), Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat. (PD 341)|||
|December 27||Provincehood of Basilan (PD 356)|||
|1974||DWGT-TV, now People's Television, established|||
|February||Jolo is occupied and burned by Muslim forces.|
|February 27||Presidential appointments to local elective positions declared legal by virtue of another referendum|
|March 11||Japanese Lt. Hiroo Onoda formally surrenders in a ceremony held in Malacañang Palace after staying for years in the Lubang Island.|||
|June||First Filipino All-Muslim Congress held in Marawi City.|
|July||Parity rights amendment as stated in 1955 Laurel–Langley Trade Act expired.|
|July 21||Miss Universe 1974, its 23rd pageant, was held in Manila.|||
|August||Jesuit Sacred Heart Novitiate in Novaliches is raided by the military allegedly searching for Jose Maria Sison.|
|September||Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines petitions Pres. Marcos to end martial law.|
|September||Jose Diokno is ordered by Pres. Marcos to be released.|
|September||Barangay status is reorganized and Sept. 21 is declared Barangay Day (Presidential Decree 557).|
|September–October||First Lady Imelda Marcos visits People's Republic of China.|
|September 17||Supreme Court upholds the declaration of martial law and dismisses petitions regarding habeas corpus.|||
|October||Secretary-general of the old communist party Felicisimo Macapagal signs a memorandum of cooperation with the President's efforts.|
|November||Eugenio Lopez, Jr. stages a hunger strike while in detention.|
|December 1||Jose Sison's essay entitled Specific Characteristics of Our People's War published|
|December 24||A classified wire revealing the so-called Rolex 12 is submitted by the American Embassy in Manila to the Secretary of State in Washington, D.C.|||
|1975||Primitivo Mijares' book The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos published.|
|February||Primitivo Mijares defects from the government.|
|February||Third referendum, asking for continuation of exercising the Presidential powers, held.|
|April 4||Ninoy Aquino starts his hunger strike for his refusal to recognize military court's jurisdiction on charges against him.|||
|April 9||Philippine Basketball Association founded|||
|June||Diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China formalized.|
|June||Primitivo Mijares testifies in the U.S. Congress on the alleged corruption and abuses of the government.|
|October 2||Thrilla in Manila|||
|November 1||Pres. Marcos issues Presidential Decree No. 824, establishing Metro Manila and creating the Metropolitan Manila Commission (MMC).|||
|1976||January 4||New people's Army Spokesman Satur Ocampo arrested|
|July||Lt. Victor Corpuz captured.|
|August 17||An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) hit Mindanao, killing an estimated 8,000 people on and off the coast.|||
|August 26||Kumander Dante of the New People's Army arrested|||
|October||Annual meeting of boards of governors of World Bank and International Monetary Fund is held in the Philippine International Convention Center.|
|October 16||Martial Law allowed to extend by virtue of a plebiscite|||
|November||First Lady Imelda Marcos visits Libya.|
|December 23||Tripoli Agreement is signed between the Philippine Government and the secessionist group Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in Tripoli, Libya.|||
|1977||January 20||The Armed Forces of the Philippines enters into a ceasefire agreement with the MNLF.|
|March 4||President Marcos issues a decree creating the autonomous Bangsamoro Islamic Government|
|August||Pres. Marcos announces amnesty for persons found guilty of subversion.|
|August 22||Imposition of curfew hours lifted|||
|September 2||Archimedes Trajano found dead, murdered|||
|October||Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III escaped from detention in Fort Bonifacio and flee to the United States.|
|November 10||CPP head Jose Maria Sison arrested|||
|November 25||The military court finds Ninoy Aquino, Bernabe Buscayno and Victor Corpuz guilty of their charges and sentences them to death by firing squad; but sentence never imposed.|||
|December 16||A referendum is held, the result of which again empowers the President to continue in office, and to become Prime Minister as well.|
|1978||Rodolfo Salas takes over the leadership of the Communist Party of the Philippines.|
|April 7||Members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa are elected.|||
|May||U.S. Vice Pres. Walter Mondale visits the Philippines.|
|June||Inauguration of Interim Batasang Pambansa with Pres. Marcos as its Prime Minister.|
|October 5||Jesus is Lord Church led by Eddie Villanueva, a former activist and professor was established.|
|1979||January||U.S. military bases agreement amended.|
|April 10||President Ferdinand Marcos issues Presidential Decree No. 1616 creating the Intramuros Administration|||
|May||Regional assembly elections held in Mindanao.|
|May–June||United Nations Conference on Trade and Development is held in the Philippine International Convention Center.|
|July 30||Eat Bulaga!, the longest running noon-time variety show in the Philippines, premiered on RPN. It was also aired on ABS-CBN from 1989 to 1995 and on GMA Network since 1995.|
|August 13||Aurora province was established by Batas Pambansa Blg. 7.|
|October 31||Project Gintong Alay, a national sports program was commenced.|
|November||Construction of a nuclear-power plant in Bataan is ordered to be stopped.|
|December||Ninoy Aquino is released from detention for the first time after given a furlough.|||
|December||Eduardo Olaguer is arrested by the military on his involvement in the Light-a-Fire Movement.|
|1980||The Philippines' first local elections under the martial law era is held amid wide boycotts.|||
|April 22||MV Don Juan and oil tanker MT Tacloban City collide in Tablas Strait off Mindoro, killing 176.|||
|May||Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU) organized|
|May||Pres. Marcos allows Ninoy Aquino to flee to the U.S. for his medical treatment.|||
|1981||January||Businessman Dewey Dee flees from the Philippines, leaving behind debts.|
|January 17||Martial law lifted (Proclamation 2045)|||
|February 17–21||Pope John Paul II visited the Philippines for his first papal visit.|||
|April 7||Executive Committee is created by a constitutional amendment as ratified in a plebiscite.|||
|June 16||1981 Philippine general election and referendum (Ferdinand Marcos re-elected to a third term).|||
|June 30||Inauguration of Pres. Marcos; Finance Minister Cesar Virata is elected Prime Minister by the Batasang Pambansa|
|November 17||Accident during the construction of the Manila Film Center, 169 were killed.|
|1982||Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) formed|||
|January||Sportsman Tomas Manotoc is abducted and "rescued" by the government agents.|
|International Film Festival is held in the Manila Film Center.|
|March 30||At least 38 deaths resulted when Typhoon Nelson tore through the central and southern areas of the country.|
|April||United Nationalist Democratic Opposition formed.|
|May||Barangay elections held for the first time.|
|August||Felixberto Olalia and Crispin Beltran of the KMU are ordered to be arrested.|
|August 2||Alleged Marcos' fake medals exposed.|||
|September||Pres. Marcos visits United States.|
|December||Newspapers We Forum and Malaya are shut down by the President for engaging in "black propaganda."|
|1983||August 21||Sen. Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at then Manila International Airport.|||
|August 31||Approximately seven million people attends funeral procession of Ninoy Aquino which turned into a rally, the longest and largest in history.|||
|September||National Day of Sorrow is held by opposition.|
|November 21||Martyrdom of Good Shepherd Sisters|||
|1984||January 27||Executive Committee is abolished and the Office of the Vice President is restored through a constitutional amendment as ratified in a plebiscite.|||
|February||"Tarlac to Tarmac" march is staged by opposition and coalition groups.|
|May 14||1984 Philippine parliamentary election|||
|July||National Assembly covenes; Prime Minister Virata reconfirmed; Nicanor Yniguez elected Speaker.|
|August 19||El Shaddai DWXI Prayer Partners Foundation International, Inc. led by Bro. Mike Z. Velarde, a geological engineer and movie producer was established.|
|September 1||Typhoon Nitang struck the Philippines. It killed 1,492 people and 1,856 more were injured. Roughly 1.6 million people were affected in the country.|
|November 14||Mayor Cesar Climaco assassinated|||
|December||Convenor Group organized.|
|December 1||Manila LRT Line 1 opened as the Southeast Asia's first rail line.|
|1985||May 6||Death of Julie Vega|||
|June 12||New Design Banknotes Released|
|July||Pres. Marcos transfers the control of the Integrated National Police from Defense Ministry to the presidential control.|||
|August||Opposition Parliament members file impeachment charges against Pres. Marcos.|||
|September 20||A massacre in Escalante, Negros Occidental kills at least 20 people.|||
|October 18||Typhoon Dot (Saling) landfalls on the country, leaves at least 101 people dead.|||
|October 21||Marchers joining the five-day Lakbayan rally are shot by the police at Taft Avenue before reaching Liwasang Bonifacio, leaving a number of deaths.|||
|October 28||Congressional and U.S. intelligence sources report that Pres. Marcos was diagnosed with a fatal illness.|||
|November 3||Pres. Marcos announces in a television interview that he would set a snap elections.|||
|December 2||AFP Chief of Staff Gen. Fabian Ver and 26 others accused of conspiracy in the assassination of Ninoy Aquino are acquitted by Sandiganbayan.|||
|December 9||Philippine Daily Inquirer is founded and publishes its first issue.|||
|December 15||Death of Carlos Romulo, journalist; 1942 Pulitzer Prize recipient.|||
|1986||February 7||1986 Philippine presidential election|||
|February 9||Thirty-five COMELEC computer workers led by Linda Kapunan walk out at PICC, protesting alleged cheating of election results.|||
|February 11||Opposition Antique former Gov. Evelio Javier is assassinated during the canvassing of election results.|||
|February 15||Batasang Pambansa declares Marcos and Arturo Tolentino as re-elected President and elected Vice-President, respectively. Twenty-six Assembly members walk out before the proclamation.|||
|February 16||Marcos' opponent Corazon Aquino, widow of Benigno Aquino, Jr., is proclaimed President in Tagumpay ng Bayan rally in Rizal Park and calls for a civil disobedience campaign as a protest.|||
|February 22–25||EDSA I Revolution ousts Pres. Marcos; Corazon Cojuangco–Aquino becomes President.
|February 26||From Clark Air Base, Marcoses finally leave the country aboard U.S. planes to Guam and to Hawaii.|||
|February 28||Presidential Commission on Good Government is formed by Pres. Aquino.||[verification needed]|
|March 5||CPP founder Jose Maria Sison and NPA founder Dante Buscayno are freed by Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino.|||
|March 25||Pres. Aquino declares a revolutionary government, abolishes Interim Batasang Pambansa and the 1973 Constitution and adopts Freedom Constitution (Proclamation No. 3).|||
|July 6||Former Vice Pres. Arturo Tolentino, with groups of armed military officers and Marcos loyalists, occupies the Manila Hotel and declares himself as "acting" President; they are forced to surrender after the failure of the coup that lasted until the 8th.|||
|July 22||DZMM of ABS–CBN is established as the first post-revolution AM radio station.|||
|DWKO established as the first post-revolution FM radio station.|
|July 28||The Philippine Star publishes its first issue.|||
|August 21||Bantayog ng mga Bayani founded|||
|September 13||The Mt. Data Peace Accord is signed in Mt. Data in Bauko, Mountain Province, between the Philippine Government and the separatist Cordillera Bodong Administration–Cordillera People's Liberation Army, involving cessation of hostilities that led to a creation of an administrative region.|||
|September 14||ABS–CBN resumes its broadcast.|||
|November 13||KMU chairman Rolando Olalia was shot dead in Antipolo, Rizal by attributing his party leaders within the military.|
|November 22||A coup attempt called "God Save the Queen" is reportedly discovered by the government.|||
|1987||January 22||Mendiola massacre: Thirteen from the farmers are killed in clashes with the forces of policemen and soldiers at Mendiola Bridge in Manila during their protest rally.|||
|January 27–29||Pro-Marcos rebel soldiers, led by Col. Oscar Canlas, seize GMA Network compound, for almost 3 days, and military bases in Sangley Point, Cavite and in Pasay wherein an assault with government military forces results in the death of a mutineer and 16 injuries.|||
|February 2||The 1987 constitution, drafted by the Constitutional Commission, is ratified in a plebiscite.|||
|February 10||Eighteen people are killed in a clash between rebels of the New People's Army and the military forces in Lupao, Nueva Ecija.|||
|February 11||A new constitution is declared ratified, replacing the "freedom constitution."|||
|Manila Standard publishes its first issue.|||
|March 2||TV Patrol, the longest-running Filipino spoken evening newscast, starts its broadcast on ABS-CBN.|
|April 18||A raid is staged by 56 rebel soldiers on Fort Bonifacio, a rebel soldier dies.|||
|May 11||1987 Philippine legislative election; the first free elections held in almost two decades and under the new constitution.|||
|June 27||Philippine Airlines PR 206 crashes into Mt. Ugo in Benguet, killing 50 on board.|||
|July||A plot to take over MIA discovered, with four military officers arrested.|||
|July 15||The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is created through Executive Order No. 220 signed by Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino, consisting of, from Region 1, the provinces of Abra, Benguet and Mountain Province, and Baguio City, and from Region 2, the provinces of Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao.|||
|August 28–29||A coup attempt, said to be the bloodiest of the attempts against Pres. Aquino, is launched by rebel soldiers of RAM, led by Col. Gregorio Honasan, with assaults on Malacañang Palace, Camp Aguinaldo, Villamor Air Base, various television stations, and military camps in Pampanga and Cebu resulting in 53 fatalities and over 200 injuries; prevented on the 29th as Honasan evades arrest.|||
|October 18||Canonization of San Lorenzo Ruiz, the first Filipino saint|||
|November 25||Super Typhoon Sisang slammed into Luzon, killing 1,063 people.|
|December 20||Interisland passenger ferry MV Doña Paz, said to be overloaded, and oil tanker MT Vector collide and sink at Tablas Strait between Marinduque and Oriental Mindoro provinces and Tablas Island; death toll later estimated to be 4,386; the deadliest maritime disaster in peacetime world history.|||
|1988||January 18||Local elections are held under the new constitution.|||
|April 2||Military reports that Col. Honasan, who led the August 1987 coup attempt, escapes from his prison ship in Manila Bay.|||
|June||Political organization Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) formed|||
|June 10||Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino signs the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) into law (Republic Act No. 6657), providing land reform for farmers; to be effective within 10 years; later extended.|||
|October||Former Pres. Marcos and his wife are charged in the United States regarding illegal money transfer.|||
|October 17||Interior Bases Agreement was signed by the Philippines and United States.|
|October 23–24||Typhoon Unsang struck into Luzon.|
|October 24||Interisland ferry MV Doña Marilyn sinks off Leyte during a typhoon, killing 389.|||
|1989||Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism founded|||
|January 5||Camp Cawa-Cawa in Zamboanga City is seized by some soldiers following the hostage crisis wherein seven people were taken hostage by Rizal Alih and killed in an air strike.|||
|March 31||The famous alleged Marian apparition in the town of Agoo, La Union to Judiel Nieva.|
|April 21||U.S. Army Col. James Rowe is assassinated by the Communists; incident prompts the issue of removal of the U.S. military bases from the country.|||
|August 1||Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino signs Republic Act No. 6734 (the Organic Act), a law creating the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, giving limited autonomy to the Muslim provinces.|||
|August 13–15||Davao hostage crisis: Felipe Pugoy and Mohammad Nasser Samparini, perpetrators of an earlier hostage-taking incident in Davao Penal Colony on April, lead the prisoners who take five people hostage in Davao Metrodiscom; ending in gunfights with the authorities resulting in the death of the hostages as well as some hostage takers.|||
|September 20||Lea Salonga begins her performance in the West End production of Miss Saigon in London, for the leading role of Kim.|
|September 28||Death of Ferdinand Marcos, former Philippine President|||
|October 1–13||Typhoons Angela (Rubing), Dan (Saling), and Elsie (Tasing) impact the country in two weeks.|||
|November 19||A plebiscite is held in ARMM, resulting in the ratification of RA 6734 that established the region, with the inclusion of the provinces of Lanao del Sur (except Marawi City), Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.|||
|December 1–9||A coup attempt is launched by RAM under Col. Honasan and Marcos loyalists under retired Gen. Jose Ma. Zumel, with Malacañang bombarded on the 1st and several military bases seized; rebels surrender on the 9th; the most serious attempt against Pres. Aquino with 99 casualties.|||
|1990||Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao is officially created.|||
|March 4||Hotel Delfino in Tuguegarao, Cagayan is seized by suspended Gov. Rodolfo Aguinaldo and his armed men of 200, followed by a gunfight intending to kill them, with a checkpoint shootout, where 14 found dead and 10 injured.|||
|June||U.S. Peace Corps removed 261 volunteers from the country amid Communist threats.|||
|July 16||Luzon earthquake: An earthquake with a surface wave magnitude of 7.8, whose epicenter was recorded in Nueva Ecija, hits Northern and Central Luzon, affecting Cabanatuan, Dagupan, and Baguio cities, and parts of Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan provinces, causing a death toll of an estimated 1,621 and estimated damages worth ₱15 billion; produces a 125-km long ground rupture stretching from the municipalities of Dingalan to Cuyapo; strongest and costliest in the island since 1970.|||
|September||Sixteen military members are convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment regarding the 1983 assassination of Sen. Aquino.|||
|October 4–6||A raid is staged by mutinying soldiers on an army base in Mindanao on the dawn of 4th; Brig. Gen. Danilo Lim and 21 others capitulate to the government on the 6th.|||
|Col. Alexander Noble stages a coup in Mindanao and seizes two military garrisons in Cagayan de Oro and Butuan cities.|||
|November 12||Typhoon Mike (Ruping) hits Visayas, affecting Cebu City, Bacolod City, and other key cities.|||
|1991||January 29||Merger of the Philippine Constabulary with the Integrated National Police to form the Philippine National Police.|
|June 12–15||Pinatubo eruption: Series of major eruptions from the dormant Mount Pinatubo, the most explosive occurred on the 15th, and worsened by Typhoon Yunya (Diding) causing massive lahar flows, affecting densely populated areas of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga; killing 847 people; total damages at least ₱12 billion; the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.|||
|June 30||Vizconde massacre case|||
|July 13||Hultman-Chapman murder case|
|September 16||Senate votes, 12–11, to reject a Treaty of Friendship, Peace and Cooperation between the US and Philippines, an agreement for renewal of American military bases in the Philippines in exchange for aid, forcing them to leave the country.|||
|October 10||The Local Government Code is signed into law.|||
|November||Former First Lady Imelda Marcos returns to the country to face charges against her.|||
|U.S. closes and surrenders Clark Air Base.|||
|November 4–5||Tropical Storm Uring lashes into Eastern Visayas, leaving 8,000 people dead as a result of widespread flooding in the coastal city of Ormoc, Leyte.|
|Terrorist group Abu Sayyaf is founded by Abdurajak Janjalani, separated from the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in which he was a former member.|||
|1992||January||Former First Lady Marcos is arrested and later released on charges regarding her accounts in Switzerland.|||
|January 15||Pag-asa was hatched in Davao City becoming the first Philippine eagle to be successfully bred and hatched in captivity.|||
|March 16||Provincehood of Sarangani (Republic Act No. 7228), separating from South Cotabato.|||
|May 11||1992 Philippine general election, the first under the 1987 Constitution (Fidel V. Ramos and Joseph E. Estrada are elected President and Vice President, respectively.)|||
|Biliran province was established through RA 7160.|
|May 22||Guimaras province was established through RA 7160.|
|June 30||Inauguration of Pres. Fidel Ramos.|||
|August 24–29||The team representing the Zamboanga City Little League won the International Championship of the 1992 Little League World Series held in Pennsylvania. However, it was discovered that the Filipino team violated age and residency rules and Little League stripped them of their title.|
|September 30||U.S. forces leave Subic Bay Naval Base upon its turn over to the Philippines.|||
|November 24||Subic Bay Naval Base closes as it is turned over to the local government, with a last batch of American soldiers finally leaving Naval Air Station Cubi Point and returning to the US, ending its military presence in the country.|||
|Pres. Ramos signs the Anti-Subversion Law of 1992.|||
|1993||Catholics led by Cardinal Sin, hold a major rally in Manila, protesting the administration's policies on birth control and prevention of AIDS.|||
|June 28–29||Sarmenta-Gomez Rape-slay case.|
|July 2||A floating pagoda sinks in the annual Bocaue River Festival in Bocaue, Bulacan, 279 devotees drown.|||
|September||Marcos funeral: Remains of former Pres. Marcos return in the country upon permission from the government; are interred later in his hometown of Batac.|||
|September 24||Former First Lady Imelda Marcos is found by Sandiganbayan guilty of corruption and sentenced to 18–24 years in prison.|||
|December||Numerous bomb attacks in Davao City, targeting a church and two mosques, kill at least two and injure 150.|||
|Pres. Ramos signs Republic Act 7659 reinstating capital punishment for selected crimes, which is banned in the 1987 Constitution.|||
|1994||January||The government and the Moro National Liberation Front sign a ceasefire agreement, aiming to end guerrilla war.|||
|March 29||The Philippines first makes its connection to the Internet, with Philippine Network Foundation connects to the United States' Sprint via a 64 kbit/s link.|||
|May 5||Cityhood of Santiago, Isabela (Republic Act No. 7720)|||
|May 21||Miss Universe 1994, its 43rd pageant, was held in Manila.|
|June||A 5-day conference on East Timor held in Manila ends with an agreement to form a coalition for then Indonesian territory.|||
|July||Abu Sayyaf group massacres 15 Christian civilians in Basilan and holds 19 others hostage; most of the captives are freed later following a rescue mission, while Lamitan parish priest Fr. Cirilo Nacorda is freed on August after being turned over by the group to the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF).|||
|June 22||The Manila Film Festival's Awards Night was marred by allegations of cheating.|
|October||Series of terror attacks of the MILF in parts of North Cotabato result in the death of 50 people from both the rebel and government sides and displace thousands from four municipalities.|||
|November 15||Mindoro earthquake|
|December 2||Singaporean freighter Kota Suria and ferry MV Cebu City collides in Manila Bay, killing about 140.|||
|December 11||A bomb explodes on board a Philippine Airlines plane during a test run as part of the Bojinka plot, a planned attack for the assassination of Pope John Paul II during his 1995 visit, killing a passenger.|||
|Abu Sayyaf launches a series of bombings in Zamboanga City, killing 71.|||
|1995||January||Bojinka plot is discovered following a chemical fire in an apartment in Manila.|||
|January 10–15||Pope John Paul II visits the Philippines and presides over the country's first World Youth Day in Manila.|||
|February||Philippine Navy sights ships and structures being built, all by the Chinese, in Mischief Reef (Panganiban Reef) in the South China Sea off Palawan; causing Manila to file legal diplomatic actions against Beijing over continuous occupation of the Kalayaan Island Group, and further resistance between the Philippines and China.|||
|February 14||Old Kalinga-Apayao is divided into separate provinces of Kalinga and Apayao. (Republic Act No. 7878)|||
|March 14||Then Calauan, Laguna Mayor Antonio Sanchez and several co-accused are sentenced to life imprisonment for the death of two UPLB students.|||
|March 17||OFW Flor Contemplacion, accused of murder, is executed in Singapore.|||
|April 3||Abu Sayyaf rebels raid Ipil town, wherein they burn the town center and kill 53 people.|||
|April 30||President Ramos inaugurated the opening of Subic International Airport (formerly a United States military base). This indicates growth after the removal of military bases in the country.|
|May 8||1995 Philippine general election|
|May 17||Kuratong Baleleng case|
|October 31||Super Typhoon Rosing|
|November 27||The construction of the Skyway project was initiated, the biggest infrastructure project in the country that was intended to ease the flow of traffic in Metro Manila.|
|1996||March 18||Fire razes Ozone Disco Bar in Quezon City, killing more than 158, including students.|||
|March 24||Marcopper mining disaster in Marinduque occurs; one of the largest mining disasters in history.|||
|August 1||OFW Sarah Balabagan, accused of killing her Arab employer in 1994, is freed.|||
|August 4||Onyok Velasco wins the silver medal in the semifinal rounds of a boxing category in the 1996 Summer Olympics held in the U.S.; however, later loses a gold medal after being defeated by a Bulgarian opponent.|||
|September 2||The Final Peace Agreement between the Philippine Government and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), led by Nur Misuari, is signed at the Malacañan Palace; implementing the 1976 Tripoli Agreement.|||
|November 24–25||8th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit was held in Subic.|||
|1997||April 21||Death of Diosdado Macapagal, former Philippine President|||
|July||Asian financial crisis hits the country; causes decreasing economic growth in the Philippines.|||
|October 29||Pres. Ramos signs Indigenous Peoples' Rights Act (Republic Act No. 8371), with the creation of National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP).|||
|1998||January 30||Provincehood of Compostela Valley (Republic Act No. 8470), separating from Davao del Norte.|||
|Cityhood of Passi, Iloilo (RA 8469)|||
|February 2||A Cebu Pacific plane hits Mt. Sumagaya in Claveria, Misamis Oriental, killing 104 on board.|||
|February 10||Cityhood of Urdaneta, Pangasinan (Republic Act No. 8480).|||
|February 11||Cityhood of Talisay, Negros Occidental (Republic Act No. 8489)|||
|February 12||Cityhood of Kidapawan, North Cotabato (Republic Act No. 8500)|||
|May 11||1998 Philippine general election (Joseph Estrada is elected)|||
|June 12||Celebrations for Centennial of Philippine Independence begins, with 2-day activities held.|||
|June 30||Joseph Estrada takes his oath as 13th President of the Philippines.|||
|Newly elected Vice President Gloria Macapagal–Arroyo takes office.|||
|June–September||Dry spell felt in 16 regions amid country's four-year growth, with ₱9 billion worth of agricultural damages.|||
|September 18||Passenger ferry Princess of the Orient sinks off Fortune Island during a typhoon, killing 150.|||
|Abu Sayyaf founder Abdurajak Janjalani dies in a police encounter.|||
|1999||February 5||Rape convict Leo Echegaray is executed by lethal injection at the New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa City; the first Filipino to be meted the death penalty since its reinstatement in 1993; yet the country's first public execution since 1976, and also of that method.|||
|May||New Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) with the United States is ratified by the Senate, returning American military presence in the country.|||
|August 3||About 60 people died and 378 houses buried when a massive landslide, caused by Typhoon Olga (Ising), occurs in Cherry Hills subdivision in Antipolo City, Rizal.|||
|December 18||Cityhood of Tuguegarao, Cagayan|||
Tabernakulo of Iglesia ni Cristo in Quezon City, Philippines.
Ramon Magsaysay, the Man of Mass.
The leaders of some of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) nations in front of the Congress Building in Manila, hosted by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos on 24 October 1966.
The Empire Province of Cotabato has been dissolved on November 22, 1973, the remaining territories of the Empire Province of Cotabato was divided into North Cotabato, Maguindanao and Sultan Kudarat through Presidential Decree No. 341.
Lorenzo Ruiz proclaimed as a saint.
The eruption column of Mount Pinatubo on June 12, 1991, three days before the climactic eruption.
|2000||January 1||The Philippines celebrates the new 2000 millennium nationwide.|
|March 15||Pres. Estrada's government declares an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).|||
|April 19||An Air Philippines plane crashes in the hills of Island Garden City of Samal, Davao del Norte, killing all 131 on board; the worst aviation disaster in country's history.|||
|April 12||Cargo vessel Annahada sinks off Jolo Island, killing 159.|||
|April 23||Twenty-one foreigners are abducted by Abu Sayyaf extremists from Sipadan Island, Malaysia and are later brought to Jolo Island; hostage crisis lasts five months.|||
|May||A computer virus is released by a student, damaging around 45 million computers worldwide.|||
|May 25||A Philippine Airlines plane is hijacked by an armed man, who later died in a failed jump attempt.|||
|July 9||Fall of Camp Abubakar: Camp Abubakar in Maguindanao is captured by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), as part of a campaign against Moro insurgency in Mindanao.|||
|July 10||More than 200 people are killed in a trash slide in Payatas, Quezon City.|||
|August 10||Cityhood of Maasin, Southern Leyte (Republic Act No. 8796)|||
|October 4||Luis Singson exposes Pres. Estrada's alleged links to illegal gambling; followed by a privilege speech of Sen. Teofisto Guingona in Senate.|||
|November 13||Pres. Estrada is the first incumbent president to be impeached by House of Representatives on accusations regarding jueteng money;|||
|December 5||Cityhood of Valencia, Bukidnon approved (RA 8985); ratified in a plebiscite, Jan. 12, 2001.|||
|December 7||The Senate formally initiates the impeachment trial against Pres. Estrada presided by Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr.|||
|December 9||Cityhood of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, the first Science City in the country and in Southeast Asia.|||
|December 30||Rizal Day bombings: Series of terrorist bombings occur in Metro Manila, with 22 fatalities and more than 120 injuries.|||
|Cityhood of Balanga, Bataan|||
|2001||January 16–20||EDSA II Revolution ousts Pres. Estrada; Vice-Pres. Gloria Macapagal–Arroyo becomes the 14th President of the Philippines.
|January||Cityhood of San Fernando, Pampanga approved (Republic Act No. 8990); ratified in a plebiscite, Feb. 4.|||
|February 22||Provincehood of Zamboanga Sibugay (RA 8973), separating from Zamboanga del Sur.|||
|March||Moro Islamic Liberation Front declares ceasefire with the government.|||
|March 5||Cityhood of Calamba, Laguna approved (RA 9024); ratified in a plebiscite, Apr. 21.|||
|April 25||Former Pres. Estrada, charged with plunder while in office, and his son Jinggoy are arrested following an arrest warrant issued by Sandiganbayan with their co-accused.|||
|April 30–May 1||EDSA III: Supporters of former Pres. Estrada stage protest following his arrest, ending in a violent dispersal and riots on the 1st, killing four.|||
|May 14||2001 Philippine general election|
|May 27||Dos Palmas Resort kidnappings: Twenty hotel staff and guests, mostly tourists, are seized by the Islamist terrorist group Abu Sayyaf members from the Dos Palmas Resort in Honda Bay, Palawan; hostage crisis lasts for more than 12 months.|||
|Lamitan Siege: Abu Sayyaf takes a church and a hospital in Lamitan, Basilan hostage, with captives brought from Palawan, wherein four of them are reportedly escaped, and 20 more people; terrorists escape military operation.|||
|August 18||A fire swept through the Manor Hotel in Quezon City and killed at least 68 people.|
|November||A rebellion in Sulu and Zamboanga City, staged by several MNLF commanders loyal to Nur Misuari, is suppressed by AFP.|||
|Another plebiscite is held in ARMM (by virtue of RA 9054) for its expansion, resulting in inclusion of Basilan province and Marawi City.|||
|2002||February 26||Former Pres. Estrada admits signing ₱500 million Jose Velarde bank account in Equitable-PCI Bank.|||
|March 5||Mindanao earthquake|
|May 31||Hostage crisis in Pasay City Bus Terminal, a 4-year-old boy was killed.|
|June 7||A rescue operation for the remaining Abu Sayyaf captives, held since 2001, is launched by the Special Forces of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) in an area in Zamboanga del Norte; with a gun battle resulting in the deaths of Martin Burnham and Ediborah Yap; only Gracia Burnham survived.|||
|June 21||Death of Abu Sabaya, leader of Abu Sayyaf.|
|August||Abu Sayyaf kidnaps six Filipino members of a Christian group, two of them later beheaded.|||
|October||Series of bombings, allegedly by the Abu Sayyaf, take place in Manila and Zamboanga cities.|||
|2003||February 11||Government soldiers' attempt to disband a terrorist kidnap group "Pentagon Gang" results in a 3-day encounter that killed about 135 MILF fighters in their base near Pikit town.|||
|July 27||Oakwood mutiny: Magdalo Group, led by Army Capt. Gerardo Gambala and LtSG. Antonio Trillanes IV, takes a mutiny at Oakwood Premier apartments in Makati City.|||
|November 20||Death of Pedro Yap, former Chief Justice|||
|2004||February 27||SuperFerry 14 is bombed by then Jemaah Islamiyah-linked Abu Sayyaf, then sinks near Manila Bay, killing 116; deadliest terrorist attack in Philippine history.|||
|March 3||Supreme Court votes, 8-5, to declare then Presidential candidate Fernando Poe Jr. as a natural-born Filipino, qualifying him to run in elections.|||
|May 10||2004 Philippine general election (incumbent Pres. Gloria Macapagal–Arroyo elected to a six-year term)|||
|June 30||Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo is sworn into office by then Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr. at the provincial capitol of Cebu.|||
|October 13||Death of Enrique Fernando, former Chief Justice.|||
|November 12||A Philippine National Railways train crashes in Padre Burgos, Quezon, killing 12.|||
|November 16||Hacienda Luisita massacre takes place, 14 people die in clashes with police.|||
|November 20–December 2||Cyclones Muifa (Unding), Merbok (Violeta), Winnie and Nanmadol (Yoyong) hit the country, affecting million people, causing massive fatalities and damages.|||
|December 14||Death of Fernando Poe, Jr., action film star|||
|Cityhood of Santa Rosa, Laguna|||
|2005||February 14||Valentine's Day bombings: Three explosions occur in the cities of Makati, Davao, and General Santos, resulting to, in total, 8 deaths and at least 90 injuries; Abu Sayyaf claims responsibility for the attacks.|||
|May 11||A bus crash in Tuba, Benguet leaves 27 dead.|||
|June 6||Hello Garci scandal (Legitimacy of declared election winners questioned): Audio recordings, containing a conversation believed to be between Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo and Election Commissioner Virgilio Garcillano, are released by media to the public, revealing the allegations of cheating in 2004 national elections.|||
|June 27||Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo addresses the Filipinos in a live televised speech from Malacañang regarding an audio recording controversy.|||
|September 6||Congress rejects impeachment complaints against Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo in what would be the longest Lower House session in country's history.|||
|November||Reformed Value Added Tax Law (also called Expanded VAT) is implemented, after being delayed for months, as a solution to the government's fiscal crisis.|||
|2006||February 4||A stampede occurred at the PhilSports Complex, causing the deaths of 74 people.|
|February 17||A landslide from an entire mountainside occurs in Guinsaugon village in Southern Leyte, following continuous heavy rains and an earthquake, causing damages and 1,126 deaths.|||
|February 24||Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo places the entire country under state of emergency (Proclamation 1017) in response to coup rumours.|||
|May 18||Mountaineer Leo Oracion reached the summit of Mount Everest via the Nepalese side.|
|June 24||Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo signs Republic Act 9346 abolishing capital punishment in the country.|||
|July 24||Cityhood of Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte (Republic Act No. 9434)|||
|August 11||Vessel M/T Solar I sinks off the coast of Guimaras, resulting to an oil spill, causing widespread environmental damage.|||
|September 28||Typhoon Xangsane (Milenyo) struck Luzon, killing at least 200 and causing agricultural damages.|||
|October 2||Provincehood of Dinagat Islands (Republic Act No. 9355), separating from Surigao del Norte.|||
|November 25–30||Typhoon Durian (Reming) kills at least 720 people, with damages at US$130 million; triggers a massive landslide from the Mayon volcano in Legazpi City on the 30th, causing additional 800–1,000 casualties.|||
|December 4||Makati City Regional Trial Court convicts American serviceman LCpl. Daniel Smith and acquits three co-accused for their involvement in the 2005 Subic rape case.|||
|December 10||Cityhood of Meycauayan, Bulacan|||
|Death of Khadaffy Janjalani, Abu Sayyaf leader.|||
|2007||January 13||12th ASEAN Summit is held in Mandaue City.|||
|March||Rep. Satur Ocampo is arrested and charged with murder allegedly committed on a purge of suspected spies in the CPP–NPA occurred then, later released.|||
|March||The Permanent Peoples' Tribunal in The Hague finds the Arroyo administration responsible for unsolved killings and disappearances in the country.|||
|April 15||Manny Pacquiao knocks out Jorge Solis, retaining super featherweight title, in a boxing match at San Antonio, Texas.|||
|April 20||A contract is signed by the Philippine and Chinese governments for a proposed National Broadband Network, which later found to be corrupted.|||
|May 14||2007 Philippine general election|||
|July||Provincial election officer Lintang Bedol is arrested regarding reports of electoral fraud in Maguindanao, later released.|||
|July 11||Fourteen Marine soldiers are found beheaded following an encounter between government forces and Islamic rebels Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and, allegedly, Abu Sayyaf, in Tipo-Tipo, Basilan.|||
|July 14||Cityhood of Guihulngan, Negros Oriental (Republic Act No. 9409)|||
|August 28||Exiled Communist Party of the Philippines founding chairman Jose Maria Sison is arrested at Utrecht, Netherlands.|||
|September 12||Sandiganbayan and the Office of the Ombudsman convicts former Pres. Estrada for plunder and sentences him to reclusion perpetua, but acquits him and his co-accused on other charges.|||
|October 6||Manny Pacquiao defeats Marco Antonio Barrera, retaining super featherweight title, in a boxing match at Las Vegas, Nevada.|||
|October 19||An explosion at Glorietta mall in Makati kills 11 and injures at least 100.|||
|October 26||Former Pres. Joseph Estrada is pardoned and freed from jail after his trial.|||
|November 13||An explosion at the House of Representatives building in Quezon City kills four people.|||
|November 29||The Armed Forces lays siege to The Peninsula Manila following a mutiny staged by soldiers.|||
|December 6||Fourteen Abu Sayyaf members are convicted by the Pasig City Regional Trial Court regarding the 2001 kidnapping incident in Palawan.|||
|MNLF leader Nur Misuari is arrested in Malaysia following rebellion charges filed against him.|||
|2008||February 4–5||The House of Representatives votes to replace House Speaker Jose de Venecia with Prospero Nograles.|||
|February 8||Jun Lozada testifies before the Philippine Senate in connection with the National Broadband Network contract deal.|||
|March 6||Several Congress members call for an investigation into a joint oil exploration agreement on 2004 between the Philippines, China, and Vietnam over the disputed Spratly Islands, claiming it unconstitutional.|||
|March 11||Former First Lady Imelda Marcos is acquitted by a Manila trial court of 32 counts of illegal money transfers.|||
|March 17||The United States Supreme Court hears oral arguments on a certiorari petition filed by the government, invoking sovereign immunity regarding the enforcement against former Pres. Marcos' estate.|||
|March 24||Former Pres. Corazon Aquino's family announces that she is suffering from colon cancer.|||
|April 8||Police seize hundreds of bomb components in Alaminos, Laguna, following a raid targeting a Filipino with alleged links to Jemaah Islamiyah.|||
|Nine military officers receive prison sentences from a Makati City trial court in connection to the 2003 Oakwood mutiny.|||
|May 16||Ten people are killed in a bank robbery of a Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC) branch in Cabuyao, Laguna.|||
|May 27||The Manila Electric Company held its tension-filled annual stockholders meeting, which lasted for more than 13 hours, making it the longest stockholders' meeting in Philippine corporate history.|
|June 20–23||Typhoon Fengshen (Frank) makes landfall in Samar on the 20th; devastates Central Visayas; kills at least 557 people and affects more than 99,600 families in some regions, with damages at ₱4.37 billion (US$101.2 million).|||
|June 21||Passenger ferry MV Princess of the Stars capsizes and sinks off San Fernando, Romblon in Sibuyan Island during a typhoon, 814 of its total number of passengers and crew are either dead or missing.|||
|August 25||Peace talks between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front collapse after the memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain is declared by the Supreme Court unconstitutional.|||
|October||Euro Generals scandal|||
|October||Former Agriculture Usec. Jocelyn Bolante is arrested by the Senate after his arrival from the U.S. for his involvement in the Fertilizer fund scam.|||
|November 9||Miss Philippines Karla Henry was crowned Miss Earth 2008 during the coronation night held at Angeles City, the first Filipino to win the title.|
|December 6||Manny Pacquiao defeats Oscar De La Hoya in the so-called The Dream Match.|||
|CARPER (CARP Extension with Reforms) Law is passed, reforming CARP and extending it until 2014.|||
|2009||January 15||Three International Committee of the Red Cross volunteers are kidnapped by the rebel group Abu Sayyaf|||
|March||Philippine Archipelagic Baselines Law (Republic Act 9522) is signed into law by Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo, ensuring international recognition of the country’s territorial boundaries.|||
|April 23||Court of Appeals acquits LCpl. Daniel Smith in connection with Subic rape case, reversing the 2006 decision, ordering his release.|||
|August 1||Death of Corazon Aquino, former Philippine President|||
|August||Typhoon Morakot (Kiko) hits the country.|||
|August 31||Death of Eraño Manalo, Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo.|
|September 26||Typhoon Ketsana (Ondoy) is the most devastating typhoon to hit the country since Typhoon Patsy (Yoling), affecting Manila, with damages of $1.09 billion and 747 fatalities.|||
|October||Typhoon Parma (Pepeng) hits the country, affecting million people, causing casualties and damages.|||
|October 15||Cityhood of Dasmariñas, Cavite approved (RA 9723); ratified in a plebiscite, Nov. 26.|||
|November 23||Maguindanao massacre: Fifty-eight people being part of a convoy, including clan members and 32 journalists, are killed and buried in a mass grave in Ampatuan town by an estimated 100 gunmen belonging to a victims' political rival; single deadliest attack against journalists in world history.|||
|December 4||Pres. Macapagal-Arroyo places Maguindanao under a state of martial law in connection with the murder incident; lifts it eight days later.|||
|MNLF leader Nur Misuari is acquitted in connection to the 2001 rebellion.|||
|2010||January 5||Sen. Panfilo Lacson leaves the country before charges against him, in connection to Dacer–Corbito murders, are filed.|||
|May 10||The 2010 Philippine general elections, also the first national computerized election in the Philippine history, took place. (Benigno Aquino III is elected President)|||
|May 17||Renato Corona is appointed as Chief Justice by Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo.|||
|June 9||President-elect Benigno Aquino III won the Presidential election, being the 15th President of the Philippines.|
|June 30||Inauguration of Benigno Aquino III as the 15th President of the Philippines at the Quirino Grandstand, with oath taking before Assoc. Justice Conchita Carpio-Morales.|||
|August 18||A bus, which franchise is said to be illegally operated, crashes in Sablan, Benguet, killing 42 passengers.|||
|August 23||A hostage-taking incident at the Quirino Grandstand ends in a gunfight that killed a perpetrator and eight hostages.|||
|September 26||An explosion rocks the De La Salle University in Manila during the last day of that year's Bar Exams.|||
|October 16–18||Typhoon Juan, officially as Typhoon Megi, hits northeastern Luzon at Sierra Madre, creating widespread damage over Luzon.|
|December 14||Supreme Court acquits Hubert Webb and six others convicted in the Vizconde massacre case.|||
|December 16||Philippine New Banknotes Released|
|December 20||Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV is released from jail after 7 years in detention.|||
|2011||January 24||UST Quadricentennial Celebration|
|July 26||Supreme Court declares creation of a Truth Commission (Executive Order No. 1) unconstitutional.|||
|The heroism of 12-year-old schoolgirl Janela Lelis.|
|August 11||Atty. Koko Pimentel proclaimed as Senator of the Republic of the Philippines.|
|Former Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo and her husband are ordered to be arrested following a hold departure order issued by Department of Justice against them, Oct. 28.|||
|November 11||Puerto Princesa Underground River is named as one of the world's New7Wonders of Nature.|||
|November 18||Electoral sabotage charges are filed by Comelec against former Pres. Macapagal–Arroyo, arrested on the same day, and the co-accused at the Pasay City Regional Trial Court in connection to allegations of electoral fraud.|||
|November 22||Supreme Court orders the distribution of Cojuangco-owned Hacienda Luisita lands in Tarlac to the farmer-beneficiaries.|||
|December 12||Articles of Impeachment filed against Chief Justice Renato Corona over various allegations is signed by 188 members of the House of Representatives.|||
|December||Tropical Storm Washi (Sendong) causes flash floods, leaving 1,080 people dead and affecting Cagayan de Oro and Iligan cities.|||
|2012||January 5||A landslide in a gold mine site in Pantukan, Compostela Valley kills 25 people.|||
|January 16||Impeachment trial of Chief Justice Corona begins at Senate.|||
|February||An earthquake with 6.9 magnitude hits Visayas islands causing damages.|||
|April||An attempt of the Philippine Navy to detain Chinese fishermen caught on the Scarborough Shoal is blocked by China, escalating a diplomatic standoff over the area.|||
|April 24||Supreme Court votes to distribute Hacienda Luisita lands to its farmers.|||
|May 16||Cityhood of Cabuyao, Laguna approved (Republic Act No. 10163); ratified in a plebiscite in August.|||
|May 29||Senators vote, 20–3, to convict Chief Justice Corona guilty in the second article of the impeachment case regarding alleged undisclosed wealth, removing him from office.|||
|July 10||Death of Dolphy, dubbed as the "Comedy King"|||
|July||Typhoons Saola (Gener) and Haikui bring heavy rains, causing widespread flooding in the country and affecting millions of people; death toll rises to 89 as of mid-August.|||
|August 18||Death of Jesse Robredo, Interior Secretary, one among the 4 killed in a plane crash off Masbate Island.|||
|September||Cybercrime Prevention Act (Republic Act 10175) is signed into law by Pres. Aquino.|||
|October 15||The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro is signed by the Philippine Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), aiming to end war in the southern Philippines and also for the creation of a new autonomous political entity, Bangsamoro, replacing the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.|||
|October 21||Canonization of Pedro Calungsod as second Filipino saint|||
|December 3||Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) makes landfall on Mindanao, affecting Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental, with more than 600 fatalities and damages estimated at more than US$1 billion.|||
|December 21||Reproductive Health Bill (Republic Act 10354) is signed into law by Pres. Aquino.|||
|2013||May 13||2013 Philippine general election|
|May 15||The Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, commonly known as K–12 program was signed.|
|July 27||The United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR) declares its independence from the Philippines|
|August 16||Passenger ship MV St. Thomas Aquinas and cargo ship Sulpicio Express Siete collide in Cebu Strait, killing 115.|||
|September||MNLF commander Ustadz Habier Malik launches an attack on Zamboanga City, leaving more than 200 people dead.|||
|September 28||The UFSBR ceases to exists as it is defeated in the Zamboanga City crisis.|
|Miss Philippines Megan Young was crowned Miss World 2013.|
|October 15||A magnitude 7.2 earthquake, whose released energy is found equivalent to 32 Hiroshima bombs, strikes Bohol province, affecting Central Visayas, with 222 people died; the country’s deadliest earthquake since 1990.|||
|October 19||A multiple-vehicle collision in Atimonan, Quezon kills at least 20.|||
|October 28||Davao Occidental was founded, separating from Davao del Sur; country's 81st province.|||
|November 8||Super Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) landfalls in Visayas and devastates the country, whose winds caused storm surges that severely flooded Eastern and Central Visayan coasts, with Samar (Guiuan town) and Leyte (Tacloban City) among the most affected; death toll of at least 6,300; majority of about 11 million people reportedly affected are left homeless; one of the strongest tropical cyclones to hit the country, and the deadliest typhoon on record.|||
|December 16||A bus falls off an elevated Skyway in Parañaque City, killing at least 18 passengers on board.|||
|2014||February 7||A bus falls off a ravine in Bontoc, Mountain Province, killing at least 14 passengers on board.|||
|March 27||The Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro was signed.|
|March 30||Philippine government files a memorandum in the United Nations arbitration court regarding the shoals and reefs in the West Philippine Sea.|||
|May 23||The Philippines and Indonesia signed a maritime treaty that draws the boundary of the two countries' overlapping Exclusive Economic Zone in Mindanao and Celebes seas.|
|July||A plunder complaint is filed against Vice Pres. Jejomar Binay, his son and city mayor, and other respondents before the Office of the Ombudsman, regarding allegedly overpriced Makati City Hall II parking building.|||
|July 21||Philippine Arena is inaugurated in Bocaue, Bulacan, the "largest mixed-use indoor theater."|||
|July 27||The Centennial Celebration of the Iglesia ni Cristo.|
|Philippines marks a milestone in its population growth identifying the birth of a baby girl in a Manila hospital as the 100 millionth Filipino.|
|September 10||President Aquino III lead the handover of the draft of the Bangsamoro Basic Law to the Senate and House leaders in a historical turnover ceremony at the Malacañang.|
|November 20||Ozone Disco Club fire Case Finished. Result 7 officials of Quezon City convicted.|
|November 24||Nine Chinese fishermen are convicted of poaching and illegal possession of endangered species from the West Philippine Sea.|||
|December 6||Typhoon Ruby, officially as Typhoon Hagupit hits Western Visayas, and Eastern Visayas, creating widespread damage over Visayas.|
|December 8||Vigan City, Ilocos Sur is chosen as one of the world's New7Wonders Cities.|||
|December 29||BSP announces demonetizing the old Philippine Banknotes (issued in 1985).|
|Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) signed, maintaining rotational American military presence in the country.|||
|2015||January 15–19||Papal visit of Pope Francis in the Philippines, with a special Mass held at the Tacloban airport on the 17th.|||
|January 25||Mamasapano clash: An encounter between police commandos and the MILF occurs in a police operation in Mamasapano, Maguindanao aiming to capture international terrorist Marwan; leading to, in total, 74 deaths including 44 PNP–SAF officers|||
|February 25||The AFP declared its all-out offensive campaign against the MILF break away group, the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.|
|April 14||Death of Ameril Umbra Kato, the founding leader of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.|
|April 29||Execution of convicted OFW Mary Jane Veloso, sentenced to death in 2010 in Indonesia for alleged drug smuggling, is suspended by the Indonesian government.|||
|Manny Pacquiao is defeated by Floyd Mayweather Jr. in the so-called Battle For Greatness in MGM Grand Garden Arena, Las Vegas, Nevada.|||
|May 3||Abdul Basit Usman, the most wanted bomb expert in the country, was killed by a MILF group unit in Guindulungan, Maguindanao.|
|May 13||A fire at the Kentex slipper factory in Valenzuela City results in 72 fatalities.|||
|May 29||Pres. Aquino signs Executive Order 183, creating the Negros Island Region.|||
|June 28||Death of Kumander Parago, the top commander of the New People’s Army.|
|July 23||The Iglesia ni Cristo has expelled Tenny and Angel Manalo.|
|July 27||President Benigno Aquino III takes his final State of the Nation Address.|
|August 27–31||Thousands of Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) members stage protests at the Department of Justice (DOJ) office on Padre Faura St., and then at EDSA, regarding an attempt to investigate allegations within the church.|||
|September 1||Three members of lumad people are killed by a paramilitary force, allegedly from the same indigenous group, in a village in Lianga, Surigao del Sur, during the military campaign against Communist rebels in Mindanao.|||
|October 18||Typhoon Koppu (Lando) hits northern and central Luzon, creating widespread damage and floods over Luzon.|||
|November 18–19||APEC Philippines 2015 is held, concludes with the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting.|||
|December 1||LCpl. Joseph Scott Pemberton is convicted by the court for the death of a transgender in 2014.|||
|December 14–19||Typhoon Nona devastates parts of the Philippines, killing 41 and cost ₱2 billion in damages.|
|Pia Alonzo Wurtzbach is crowned Miss Universe 2015 in Las Vegas, Nevada; the country's first title after 42 years.|||
|2016||January||Supreme Court declares the EDCA as constitutional.|||
|January 24–31||The 51st International Eucharistic Congress is held in Cebu City.|||
|February 10||The National Mapping and Resource Information Authority announces that it has documented more than 400 additional islands.|
|February 29||Re-interment of the remains of the late former President Elpidio Quirino was held in Libingan ng mga Bayani on his 60th death anniversary.|
|March||Supreme Court votes, 9-6, in favor of then presidential candidate Grace Poe regarding her Filipino citizenship, qualifying her to run in elections.|||
|March 23||Diwata-1 was launched to the International Space Station aboard the Cygnus spacecraft on a supply mission.|
|April 1||Three farmers are killed and several are injured in a violent dispersal by the police of the groups of farmers and indigenous people conducting a 3-day rally in Kidapawan City.|||
|April 9||Twenty-three soldiers and Abu Sayyaf bandits, including a Moroccan jihadist, are killed in a gunfight between government troops and a terrorist group in Tipo-Tipo, Basilan.|||
|April 29||Death of Renato Corona, former Chief Justice|||
|May 9||2016 Philippine general election (Rodrigo Duterte is elected as the first President from Mindanao)|||
|May 22||Arianwen Rollan was awarded for her Malunggay Anti-Cancer research.|
|Jaclyn Jose wins the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival.|
|May 28||Philippines beats Thailand in the 2016 SEABA Stankovic Cup.|
|May 30||Rodrigo Duterte and Leni Robredo were proclaimed as the new President and Vice President of the Philippines.|
|June 30||Rodrigo Duterte and Leni Robredo take over their posts as the 16th President of the Philippines and 14th Vice President of the Philippines.|||
|July 6||The Philippines men's national basketball team ends their bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil after they were defeated by New Zealand in the 2016 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament.|
|July 12||The Permanent Court of Arbitration rules in favor of the Philippines against China over territorial disputes in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea).|||
|July 14||Former Vice President Jejomar Binay was filed by the Office of the Ombudsman with graft, falsification and violation of the government procurement law charges in connection with the Makati City Hall Building II project.|
|July 19||The Supreme Court acquits former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo of her plunder case regarding the alleged misuse of funds for the PCSO in an 11–4 ruling.|
|July 23||President Duterte signs an executive order for the implementation of the Freedom of Information (FOI).|
|July 25||First State of the Nation Address of Rodrigo Duterte.|
|August 1||Launch of the 911 emergency number and 8888 civil service complaint hotline|
|August 7||At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Hidilyn Diaz wins a silver medal at the Women's 53 kg event for weightlifting. It is the Philippines' tenth Olympic medal overall and the country's first since the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, 20 years prior.|
|September 2||An explosion rocks a night market in Davao City, where at least 15 people were killed and 70 were reported to have been injured.|
|September 4||President Rodrigo Duterte issued Proclamation No. 55 declaring a state of emergency in the Philippines on account of lawless violence following the Davao City bombing.|
|September 10||Lav Diaz’s Ang Babaeng Humayo wins the Golden Lion, in the 73rd Venice International Film Festival.|
|September 11||Janelle Frayna became the Philippines’ first female chess grandmaster after achieving her third and final norm during Round 9 of the World Chess Olympiad in Baku, Azerbaijan.|
|September 12||At the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, Josephine Medina wins a bronze medal at the women's individual – Class 8 tournament for table tennis. It is the Philippines' second Paralympic medal overall after Adeline Dumapong won a bronze for powerlifting at the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, 16 years prior.|
|October 19||Typhoon Haima (Lawin). Typhoon signal number 5 raised for the first time.|
|October 27||Miss Philippines Kylie Verzosa crowned Miss International 2016.|
|November 5||Philippine Drug War: Death of Rolando Espinosa|
|November 18||The controversial burial of Ferdinand Marcos at the Heroes' Cemetery|
|November 29||Inauguration of Drug Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Center in Nueva Ecija.|||
|December 28||27 were injured after an improvised explosive device (IED) explodes during a boxing fight in a festival in Hilongos, Leyte.|
|2017||January 4||About a hundred armed men, whose affiliation is undetermined, launched an attack on a prison in Kidapawan freeing at least 158 inmates.|
|January 5||Death of Mohammad Jaafar Maguid, the leader of Ansar Al-Khilafah Philippines.|
|January 11||Pres. Duterte signed an executive order mandating universal access to modern family planning tools.|
|January 17||Several parts of Visayas and Mindanao experienced flooding as a result of a low pressure area, combined with the tail-end of a cold front.|
|January 30||Miss Universe 2016, its 65th pageant, was held in Manila.|
|February 10||A 6.7 magnitude earthquake hits Surigao del Norte, killing at least 8 people.|
|February 20||A tourist bus carrying mostly college students crashes into a roadside electricity pole along a highway in Tanay, Rizal, killing at least 15 on board.|||
|February 24||Arrest of Leila de Lima for violations of Republic Act 9165, (Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002) related to her alleged involvement in the New Bilibid Prison drug trafficking scandal.|
|February 28||Philippines' signing of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.|
|April 11||10 were killed after a series of clashes between the AFP, PNP and Abu Sayyaf that took place in Inabanga, Bohol.|
|April 18||A bus falls off a ravine in Carranglan, Nueva Ecija, killing at least 35 on board.|||
|May 16||Pres. Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 25, that renamed Benham Rise to Philippine Rise.|
|Pres. Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 26, that ordered a nationwide smoking ban.|
|May 23||Pres. Duterte declares a 60-day martial law in Mindanao (via Proclamation No. 216) following clashes between government forces and the Maute group in Marawi City.|||
|June 2||A gunman attacked Resorts World Manila in Pasay around midnight, caused a major panic within the complex. Around 38 people were dead, due to smoke inhalation from the fire while injuring 70 people.|
|July 22||Congress votes to extend martial law in Mindanao until the end of 2017 as siege in Marawi City continues.|||
|July 30||Sixteen people, including Mayor Reynaldo Parojinog Sr. and his wife, are killed in a police drug raid in Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental.|
|October 16||Abu Sayyaf leader Isnilon Hapilon and Maute group leader Omar Maute are killed by government troops in an assault.|||
|October 17||Pres. Duterte declares the liberation of Marawi City, with more than a thousand reportedly killed in the battle.|||
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, the 14th President of the Philippines.
Mountaineer Leo Oracion reached the summit of Mount Everest via the Nepalese side.
Benigno Aquino III, the 15th President of the Philippines.
Renato Corona is the first Chief Justice to be impeached by the House of Representatives.
Pedro Calungsod proclaimed as a saint.
The Zamboanga City Hall where the MNLF intended to hoist the Bangsamoro Republik flag in the height of Zamboanga City crisis.
Basilica of the Holy Child in Cebu City, Philippines after 2013 Bohol earthquake.
Typhoon Haiyan also known as Yolanda was the strongest typhoon in the Philippines.
Bro. Eduardo Manalo, Executive Minister of Iglesia ni Cristo.
Rodrigo Duterte, the 16th President of the Philippines.
Hidilyn Diaz is a Filipino weightlifter and airwoman. won the silver medal in the women's 53-kg weight division, ending the Philippines' 20-year Olympic medal drought.
Lav Diaz, the director of The Woman Who Left who wins the Golden Lion.
Leila de Lima, Senator of the Philippines.
A building in Marawi is set ablaze by air strikes carried out by the Philippine Air Force.
Resorts World Manila immediately following the shooting. The complex was shrouded in smoke from fires started by the suspect. Also picture is Maxims Tower, where the attacker committed suicide.
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(Articles published in the last quarter of 2016)
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"This Week's Milestones" Inquirer.net. Retrieved 01-15-2019.
(Articles published in the first quarter of 2018)
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Series of "#Journeyto30" articles by Epi Fabonan III from Philstar.com:
–(1986) "The first headline" Archived September 23, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 07-24-2016.
–(1987) "Collision course" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 01-16-2016.
–(1988) "Bullets for rice" Archived September 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 04-02-2016.
–(1989) "Hostage drama" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 04-23-2016.
–(1990) "Earthquake!" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 07-17-2016.
–(1991) "Nature’s wrath" 06-19-2016.
–(1992) "Shoulder-to-shoulder with Uncle Sam" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 04-09-2016.
–(1993) "Forgiving and forgetful" Archived September 18, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 02-20-2016.
–(1994) "Southern discomfort" Archived September 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 05-14-2016.
–(1995) "Reefs of mischief" Archived October 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 04-05-2016.
–(1996) "An elusive peace" Archived September 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 02-06-2016.
–(1997) "A pole vault into crisis" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 01-02-2016.
–(1998) "A coming of age" Archived September 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 06-12-2016.
–(1999) "Crime and punishment" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 04-30-2016.
–(2000) "The year of living dangerously" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 01-09-2016.
–(2001) "Tyranny of the majority" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 02-27-2016.
–(2002) "Confessions of a captive" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 07-03-2016.
–(2003) "State of rebellion; state of cohesion" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 01-30-2016.
–(2004) "Citizen Poe" Archived September 29, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 03-12-2016.
–(2005) "A phone call shocks a nation" Archived September 20, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 05-07-2016.
–(2006) "She who cried rape" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 05-22-2016.
–(2007) "The bearers of the sword" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 04-16-2016.
–(2008) "Between a storm and the deep blue sea" Archived October 1, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 05-26-2016.
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"30th Anniversary of the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution" Archived April 8, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Official Gazette (Philippines). 2016. Retrieved Mar 16, 2018
–"EDSA 30: A history of the Philippine political protest" Archived April 3, 2018, at the Wayback Machine [with Appendix Archived April 3, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
Related features from the same website:
–"Martial Law" Archived April 11, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
–"Declaration of Martial Law" Archived July 8, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
–"Ninoy Aquino Day" Archived April 11, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
–"The Fall of the Dictatorship" Archived September 3, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
Related infographics from the same website:
–"EDSA30" Archived April 11, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
–"The day Marcos declared Martial Law" Archived April 11, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
- "History Timeline". SSC. 2014. Archived from the original on March 14, 2018.
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- Manuel Quezon Archived November 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Asian History Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Manuel L. Quezon: A Life Led with Achievement (1988) Archived December 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Academia.edu Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Filipino Presidents – Biographies Archived August 17, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Tagalog Lang Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Sergio Osmeña Archived April 6, 2017, at WebCite Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Sergio Osmena Archived November 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Encyclopedia.org Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Sergio Osmena Archived November 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Office of the Vice President Retrieved 10 November 2016
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–"History of Philippine radio" Archived June 25, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Radio Online Now. July 25, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- Lent, John. "Philippine Radio - History and Problems" Archived April 17, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Asian Studies. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
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- "Communist Insurgency in the Philippines (Thesis)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 29, 2017.
- "Anti-immigration in the United States: A-R" Archived February 4, 2019, at the Wayback Machine Kathleen R. Arnold
"Company Profile" Archived March 9, 2017, at the Wayback Machine MBC. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
–"A History of Leadership" Archived April 18, 2018, at the Wayback Machine MBC. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
VIDEO: "DZRH: KZRH Before, DZRH Today - A Story of Philippines' Oldest Radio Station" (YouTube) July 17, 2009.
- "World War II in the Philippines: A timeline". Archived from the original on May 10, 2018.
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- Douglas MacArthur Archived September 23, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Douglas MacArthur Archived November 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Encyclopaedia of World Biography Retrieved 10 November 2016
- A Brief Biography of Douglas MacArthur Archived March 19, 2017, at the Wayback Machine John Curtin.edu Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Douglas MacArthur, 1880–1964: A Most Successful and Unusual Military Leader Manythings.org Retrieved 10 November 2016
- "The Bataan Death March". United States Army. Archived from the original on 03/31/2013.
- Jose P Laurel Archived November 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 10 November 2016
- President Jose P Laurel History Archived October 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Jose P Laurel Foundation Retrieved 10 November 2016
- Jose P. Laurel: A "Hero" or a "Traitor"? Archived November 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Our Happy School Retrieved 10 November 2016
"What's the story, Pinoy TV?" Archived April 26, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved April 4, 2018.
VIDEOS: "The History of Philippine Television" Part 1 Archived January 28, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Part 2 Archived January 20, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, and Part 3 Archived January 23, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. (YouTube) June 6, 2012. Originally from the aforementioned source.
- Chua, Xiao (October 12, 2013). "Ang unang TV broadcast sa Pilipinas". It's XiaoTime!. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- "This Month in History: Philippine Independence Day" Smithsonian Institution Asian Pacific American Center. Archived from the original on 06/21/2011.
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- Batongbakal, Luisito Jr. [https://web.archive.org/web/20180414233859/https://www.filipiknow.net/ten-fascinating-firsts-in-philippine-history/ Archived April 14, 2018, at the Wayback Machine "Philippine History: 10 Fascinating Firsts and Milestones [President Elpidio Quirino]"] FilipiKnow. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- Montebon, Rodel (July 18, 2014). "10 Philippine Airplane Crashes That Marked Our History". tenminutes.ph. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
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Stuart-Santiago, Angela. "Chronology of a Revolution". EDSARevolution.com. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
–"The Original People Power Revolution" Archived March 5, 2018, at the Wayback Machine StuartXchange.org. Some contents of the above source are adapted.
- "Historical Timeline". Bantayog ng mga Bayani. Archived from the original on March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- "Republic Act No. 4849 – An Act Creating the Province of South Cotabato". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. July 18, 1966. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
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- Valflor, Marcus (2014). "10 Lesser-Known Photos from Martial Law Years That Will Blow You Away". FilipiKnow. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
- "History" Archived November 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine "Philippines: A Country Study" Archived April 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 10 Apr 2018.
- "48 hours leading to the declaration of martial law by Ferdinand Marcos in September of 1972" Archived April 23, 2018, at the Wayback Machine The Kahimyang Project via Magdiwang Blogpost. Feb 21, 2012. Retrieved Apr 20, 2018.
- "Back to the Past: A timeline of press freedom". CMFR. September 1, 2007. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- Presidential Decree No. 1616 Archived November 9, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines Retrieved 09 Nov 2016
Citations regarding events on maritime accidents (since 1980):
–"LIST: Maritime disasters in the Philippines". ABS-CBN News. July 2, 2015. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
–"Lookback: Sea tragedies in the Philippines". CNN Philippines. July 6, 2015. Archived from the original on February 22, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
–"Major marine mishaps in the Philippines". GMA News. June 23, 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- "The 1986 People Power Revolution: A Timeline". Manila Bulletin via PressReader. February 25, 2016. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "EDSA People Power Revolution". Philippine History. Archived from the original on March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "8 Incredible Rare Recordings in Philippine History [Bonus: Manila (1985)]". FilipiKnow. February 2, 2015. Archived from the original on February 3, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Teves, Maria Althea. "Timeline: Events in the life of Cory Aquino" Appeared both in ABS-CBN News (link Archived April 2, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, 24 Jul 2009) and Newsbreak (link Archived April 2, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, 1 Aug 2009). Retrieved 1 Apr 2018.
- "From print to multimedia organization: The Inquirer story". Philippine Daily Inquirer. January 7, 2016. Archived from the original on August 10, 2018. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
"Timeline: EDSA People Power Revolution". ABS-CBN News. February 22, 2017. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
–"EDSA Evolution: Then and Now". ABS-CBN News. February 24, 2016. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
Citations covering the 4-day event:
–"#NeverForget EDSA: A Brief Timeline of the People Power Revolution". Esquire Magazine (Philippines). February 26, 2017. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
–"EDSA Timeline". Inquirer.net. February 24, 2016. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
–"People Power Revolution Timeline" Inquirer.net. Retrieved Mar 16, 2018: (a) "Day 1 (Feb. 22, 1986)" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 02-22-2014. (b) "Day 2 (Feb. 23, 1986)" Archived April 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 02-23-2014. (c) "Day 3 (Feb. 24, 1986)" Archived April 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 02-24-2014. (d) "Day 4 (Feb. 25, 1986)" Archived April 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine 02-25-2014.
–"1986 Revolution: Timeline". Mount Holyoke College. 2010. Archived from the original on July 21, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
VIDEO: "A timeline of the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution" Archived April 28, 2018, at the Wayback Machine GMA News. February 24, 2017.
Citations regarding events on coup attempts (1986–1990):
–"Timeline: Coups against Cory". Philippine Daily Inquirer via PressReader. December 17, 2010. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
–"Philippine Coup Attempts". The New York Times. December 1, 1989. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- "30 things you may not know about DZMM". ABS-CBN News. October 8, 2016. Archived from the original on April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- "Supplements: Blast from the past: Most memorable headlines" Archived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine The Philippine Star. Jul. 28, 2011. Retrieved 1 Feb 2018.
- "Constitutional history of the Philippines". ConstitutionNet. 2016. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- Orosa, Rosalinda (July 25, 2014). "Philippines' worst commercial flight disasters". The Philippine Star. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "Philippine Air Lines plane crashes". AirSafe.com. Archived from the original on December 5, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
Citations regarding events on maritime accidents (since 1987):
–"Some of the deadliest maritime disasters in the Philippines". GMA News via Associated Press. June 22, 2008. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
–"History of ferry disasters in the Philippines". Philippine Daily Inquirer via Agence France-Presse. August 17, 2013. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
–"TIMELINE: Deadliest ferry disasters in the Philippines". Reuters. June 23, 2008. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
–"Casualty count in Philippine maritime disasters". ABS-CBN News. June 23, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- "Top 10 Deadliest Sea Disaster Philippines". Pinoy Top Tens. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Jansen, Bart (April 16, 2014). "10 worst ferry disasters worldwide". USA Today. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Jenkins, Beverly (May 7, 2012). "10 of the Worst Ship Disasters Ever". Oddee. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "Lupah Sug and The 20th Century World". Sulu Online Library. Archived from the original on April 5, 2018.
- "100 significant events in Philippine history". Archived from the original on January 28, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
- "37 Worst Plane Crashes & Airline Disasters: Aviation Leadership Failures". Miles Anthony Smith Blog. September 21, 2016. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "Timeline: Al Qaeda's Global Context". PBS. October 3, 2002. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- "Khalid Sheikh Mohammed Fast Facts". CNN. December 15, 2017. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- Punzalan, Ronnie (November 12, 2015). "Looking back: Biggest 1996 news events when PH first hosted APEC". Rappler. Archived from the original on May 2, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
"The presidency of Joseph Estrada (June 1998–January 2001)" Archived April 11, 2018, at the Wayback Machine World History Archives, Hartford Web Publishing. Retrieved Mar 16, 2018.
–"Chronology of Estrada's tumultuous two years in office" Archived February 9, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Agence France-Presse. Nov 13, 2000. Retrieved Mar 16, 2018.
- "Profile: Joseph Estrada". BBC News. October 26, 2007. Archived from the original on April 26, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "FACTBOX: Key facts on Philippines' former leader Estrada". Reuters. September 12, 2007. Archived from the original on April 27, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- Taylor, Oliver (August 17, 2017). "Top 10 Freak Airplane Incidents And Accidents". Listverse. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "The Story of EDSA 2". Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "Timeline of the Estrada Crisis". Fox News via Associated Press. March 7, 2001. Archived from the original on April 27, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "Fast Facts: Estrada Impeachment Trial". Inquirer.net. January 6, 2012. Archived from the original on April 27, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "Timeline of former Philippine president Joseph Estrada's trial". Digital Journal via DPA. September 10, 2007. Archived from the original on April 27, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
–"Top Philippines News Stories of 2003" Archived January 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
–"Top Philippines News Stories of 2004" Archived September 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
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–"Top Philippines News Stories of 2007" Archived February 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
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- "P. S. R. No. 175" (PDF). Senate of the Philippines. February 5, 2005. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
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Citations regarding Battle of Marawi:
–"Timeline: The Battle for Marawi". ABS-CBN News. October 17, 2017. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
–"Timeline: The Marawi crisis". CNN Philippines. October 28, 2017. Archived from the original on April 24, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
–Bueza, Michael (October 22, 2017). "Timeline: The 'liberation' of Marawi". Rappler. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
–Dancel, Raul (October 16, 2017). "Timeline of crisis in Philippine southern city of Marawi". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
–Hincks, Joseph. "What the siege of a Philippine city reveals about ISIS' deadly new front in Asia". Time. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
–"The Battle of Marawi" (PDF). Amnesty International. 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
GRAPHIC: "Timeline: Revisiting the 2017 Marawi City siege". GMA News. May 22, 2018. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
VIDEO: "Timeline: The Marawi conflict". ABS-CBN News (YouTube). October 17, 2017. Archived from the original on November 4, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
Citations regarding the beginning of Battle of Marawi:
–Serrano, Jasrelle (May 25, 2017). "Days of Terror: A Timeline of What Happened in Marawi". Esquire Magazine (Philippines). Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
–Fonbuena, Carmela; Bueza, Michael (May 24, 2017). "Timeline: Marawi clashes prompt martial law in all of Mindanao". Rappler. Archived from the original on November 23, 2018. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
–"Timeline: Maute attack in Marawi City". ABS-CBN News. May 25, 2017. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
GRAPHIC: "The attack on Marawi City". GMA News. May 25, 2017. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.