|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Built for||War Office|
|Occupants||1st Armoured Infantry Brigade|
1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West
The Camp was established when the War Office acquired Tedworth House and large tracts of land to the north of the house in 1897. Headquarters Southern Command was established at Tidworth Camp in 1905.
Lucknow Barracks and Mooltan Barracks were completed in 1905, Tidworth Military Hospital was finished in 1907. Aliwal Barracks, Assaye Barracks, Bhurtpore Barracks, Candahar Barracks, Delhi Barracks and Jellalabad Barracks were added later. A Royal Ordnance depot was established during the First World War. The names of the barracks evoke memories of battles in India and Afghanistan (e.g. Aliwal, Assaye, Bhurtpore, Candahar, Delhi, Jellalabad, Lucknow and Mooltan).
A branch from the Midland and South Western Junction Railway at Ludgershall was built in 1901 and opened to passengers in 1902. Goods tracks known as Tidworth Military Railway continued from Tidworth station into the military area. The branch returned to military control in 1955 and was closed in 1963.
Delhi Barracks is home to Headquarters 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade and its affiliated units and Jellalabad Barracks is home to Headquarters 1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West and its affiliated units.
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