Thomas Van Lear
Thomas Van Lear in 1917
|Mayor of Minneapolis|
January 1, 1917 – January 6, 1919
|Preceded by||Wallace G. Nye|
|Succeeded by||J. E. Meyers|
|Born||April 26, 1869|
|Died||March 4, 1931 (aged 61)|
Miami, Florida, U.S.
Van Lear was born in Maryland in 1869. As a boy he worked in the area's coal mines and, at the age of 18, he joined the Knights of Labor. He later served in the United States Army (including a year during the Spanish–American War) before relocating to Minneapolis to work as a machinist. He soon became active with the International Association of Machinists and other trade and union groups in the city.
Van Lear led two unsuccessful campaigns for the mayoralty before he was elected on November 7, 1916, with over 33,000 votes. Van Lear did not win control of the city council, and Sheriff Otto Langum worked closely with the Minneapolis Citizens' Alliance, an anti-labor coalition of wealthy business magnates. Main planks of the Socialist platform included factory safety inspections, municipal control of utilities, and opposition to law enforcement involvement in repressing strike actions. In office Van Lear welcomed the People's Council of America for Democracy and Peace to Minneapolis and refused to approve an instruction that would effectively ban the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). The only Socialist mayor in the city's history was defeated for re-election in 1918, amid accusations that he and his supporters secretly desired a German victory in World War I. Van Lear was expelled from the Socialist Party in 1918 and later helped to form a local section of the Non-Partisan League that firmly supported the policies of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson.
In 1919, Van Lear worked with Herbert Gaston to found the populist Minnesota Daily Star newspaper. The first issue was printed in August 1920. While the paper had some success as a political tool, it had a difficult time attracting advertisers and went bankrupt in 1924.
- Nord, David Paul (1976). "Minneapolis and the Pragmatic Socialism of Thomas Van Lear" (PDF). Minnesota History. 45 (1): 2–10. JSTOR 20178402.
- Nathanson, Iric. "'Newspaper with a soul': The short-lived Minnesota Daily Star launched in 1920". MinnPost.
- "Thomas Van Lear Dies At Miami". The Brainerd Daily Dispatch. Brainerd, Minnesota. March 5, 1931. p. 1. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- "Thomas Van Lear (1869–1931)". Find A Grave.
- William Millikan, A Union against Unions: the Minneapolis Citizens Alliance and Its Fight against Organized Labor, 1903-1947. Saint Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2001.