The Marquess of Bath
|Under-Secretary of State for India|
20 January 1905 – 4 December 1905
|Prime Minister||Arthur Balfour|
|Preceded by||Earl Percy|
|Succeeded by||John Ellis|
|Master of the Horse|
20 November 1922 – 22 January 1924
|Prime Minister||Bonar Law |
|Preceded by||The Earl of Chesterfield|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Granard|
|Born||15 July 1862|
The Stable Yard, St James's, London
|Died||9 June 1946(aged 83)|
|Spouse(s)||Violet Mordaunt |
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
Thomas Henry Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath KG CB PC JP (15 July 1862 – 9 June 1946), styled Viscount Weymouth until 1896, was a British landowner and Conservative politician. He held ministerial office as Under-Secretary of State for India in 1905 and Master of the Horse between 1922 and 1924. He was also involved in local politics and served as Chairman of Wiltshire County Council between 1906 and his death in 1946.
Background and education
Known by the courtesy title Viscount Weymouth from birth, he was born at The Stable Yard, St James's, London, the eldest son of John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath, by the Honourable Frances Isabella Catherine Vesey, daughter of Thomas Vesey, 3rd Viscount de Vesci. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford, graduating in 1886 with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) and in 1888 with a Master of Arts (MA) degree.
Lord Weymouth sat as Member of Parliament for Frome between 1886 and 1892 and from 1895 to 1896, when he succeeded his father in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords. He served under Arthur Balfour as Under-Secretary of State for India between January and December 1905. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Somerset in 1904 and Chairman of Wiltshire County Council in 1906, and held both posts simultaneously until his death in 1946.
Lord Bath was made a Knight of the Garter in 1917. He returned to the government in 1922, when Bonar Law appointed him Master of the Horse. He was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time. He continued in this office until the Conservative government fell in January 1924, the last year under the premiership of Stanley Baldwin.
Lord Bath was also a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry and an Honorary Colonel of that regiment and of the 4th Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry. In 1937 he was appointed Pro-Chancellor of Bristol University.
On 19 April 1890, Lord Bath married Violet Caroline Mordaunt, daughter of Harriet, Lady Mordaunt. At the time of Violet's birth her mother had been the wife of Sir Charles Mordaunt, 10th Baronet, but she was said to be the illegitimate daughter of Viscount Cole, who was later co-respondent in a divorce action. They had five children:
- Lady Alice Kathleen Violet Thynne (1891–1977), married Lt-Col Oliver Stanley, son of Edward Stanley, 4th Baron Sheffield and had issue.
- Lady Emma Margery Thynne (1893–1980), married 1921 (div 1942) William Compton, 6th Marquess of Northampton; no issue.
- Second Lieutenant John Alexander Thynne, 9th Viscount Weymouth (1895–1916), killed while on active service as 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Scots Greys at Hulluch in northeastern France (near Loos). He is buried in Vermelles British Cemetery.
- Lady Mary Beatrice Thynne (1903–1974), married firstly, Charles Wilson, 3rd Baron Nunburnholme and had issue. She married secondly, Ulick Alexander. She was a bridesmaid at the wedding of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon on 3 May 1923.
- Henry Frederick Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath (1905–1992)
The Marchioness of Bath died in May 1928, aged 59. Lord Bath remained a widower until his death in June 1946, aged 83. He was succeeded by his second and only surviving son, Henry.
- "The Fifth Marquess of Bath's Coat". Hormets. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Thynne, Sir Thomas Henry 5th Marquess of Bath". Granger & Musgrove Family History. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Viscount Weymouth". Hansard. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- "Lieut.-Col. Sir Thomas Henry Thynne 5th Marquess of Bath KG CB PC (I9944)". Stanford University. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "No. 29986". The London Gazette. 16 March 1917. p. 2627.
- "No. 32775". The London Gazette. 8 December 1922. p. 8702.
- "No. 32775". The London Gazette. 8 December 1922. p. 8689.
- "Bath, Marquess of (GB, 1789)". Cracroft's Peerage. Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Daily Telegraph, 3 October 2001 & 16 January 2002.
- Daily Telegraph: royal wedding photograph https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/royalty/9176069/The-Queen-Mother-in-pictures.html?frame=2181538
- Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p. 243
- Woodfall, H. (1768). The Peerage of England; Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom Etc. Fourth Edition, Carefully Corrected, and Continued to the Present Time, Volume 6. p. 258.
- Lee, Sidney; Edwards, A. S. G. (revised) (2004). "Thynne, William (d. 1546)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27426.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Girouard, Mark, Thynne, Sir John (1515–1580), estate manager and builder of Longleat in Oxford Dictionary of Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
- Booth, Muriel. "Thynne, John (?1550–1604), of Longleat, Wilts". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Lancaster, Henry; Thrush, Andrew. "Thynne, Charles (c.1568–1652), of Cheddar, Som". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Pugh, R. B.; Crittall, Elizabeth, eds. (1957). "Parliamentary history: 1529–1629". A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 5. British History Online. London: Victoria County History.
- Ferris, John P. "Thynne, Sir James (c.1605-70), of Longbridge Deverill, Wilts". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Helms, M. W.; Ferris, John P. "Thynne, Sir Thomas (c.1610–c.69), of Richmond, Surr". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Marshall, Alan (2008) . "Thynne, Thomas [nicknamed Tom of Ten Thousand] (1647/8–1682)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27423.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Heath-Caldwell, J. J. "Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath, 3rd Viscount Weymouth". JJ Heath-Caldwell. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Hayton, D. W. "Thynne, Hon. Henry (1675-1708)". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Dunaway, Stewart (2013). Lord John Carteret, Earl Granville: His Life History and the Granville Grants. Lulu. p. 33. ISBN 9781300878070.
- "Bath, Thomas Thynne". Encyclopedia Britannica 1911. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Thorne, Roland. "Carteret [formerly Thynne], Henry Frederick". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- "Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath (1765–1837)". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Escott, Margaret. "Thynne, Lord Henry Frederick (1797-1837), of 6 Grovesnor Square, Mdx". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- "John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath (1831-1896), Diplomat and landowner". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Lawrence James Baker
| Member of Parliament for Frome
| Member of Parliament for Frome
| Under-Secretary of State for India
The Earl of Chesterfield
| Master of the Horse
The Earl of Granard
The Earl of Cork
| Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
Sir James Somerville
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Marquess of Bath