Sir Thomas Stanley
|Died||12 April 1678 (aged 53)|
Suffolk Street, Strand, London
|Resting place||St Martin-in-the-Fields, London|
|Occupation||Author and translator|
|Education||B.A. (Cantab), M.A. (Cantab)|
|Alma mater||Pembroke Hall, Cambridge|
|Notable works||The History of Philosophy,|
The History of Chaldaick Philosophy
Sir Thomas Stanley (1625 – 12 April 1678) was an English author and translator.
He was born in Cumberlow, Hertfordshire, the son of Sir Thomas Stanley of Cumberlow and his wife, Mary Hammond. Mary was the cousin of Richard Lovelace, and Stanley was educated in company with the son of Edward Fairfax, the translator of Tasso. He proceeded to Cambridge in 1637, in his thirteenth year, as a gentleman commoner of Pembroke Hall. In 1641 he took his M.A. degree, but seems by that time to have proceeded to Oxford. He subsequently embarked on a legal career, entering the Middle Temple in 1664 to study law.
He was wealthy, married early, and travelled much in Europe. He was the friend and companion, and at need the helper, of many poets, and was himself both a writer and a translator of verse. His portrait was painted by Sir Peter Lely and by Sir Godfrey Kneller; in all he was painted at least fifteen times.
Stanley is the last of the metaphysical poets; born into a later generation than that of Edmund Waller and John Denham, he rejected their influence in prosody and forms of fancy. He admired Moschus, Ausonius, and the Pervigilium Veneris; among the moderns, Joannes Secundus, Gongora and Giambattista Marino.
Stanley's major work was The History of Philosophy, a series of critical biographies of philosophers, beginning with Thales; the life of Socrates included a blank verse translation of The Clouds of Aristophanes. It appeared in three volumes between 1655 and 1661. A fourth volume (1662), bearing the title of The History of Chaldaick Philosophy, was translated into Latin by Jean Le Clerc (Amsterdam, 1690). The three earlier volumes were published in an enlarged Latin version by Gottfried Olearius (Leipzig, 1711). In 1664 Stanley published in folio a monumental edition of the text of Aeschylus. Richard Bentley is said to have appreciated his scholarship, and to have made use of Stanley's notes, on Callimachus.
- Poems (1647)
- Aurora and the Prince, from the Spanish of Juan Pérez de Montalbán; with Oronta, the Cyprian Virgin, from the Italian of Girolamo Preti (1647)
- Europa, Cupid Crucified, Venus Vigils (1649)
- Anacreon; Bion; Moschus; Kisses by Secundus..., a volume of translations (1651)
- The History of Philosophy (London, Humphrey Moseley and Thomas Dring) in 1655, three volumes, (1655, 1656, 1660); a fourth was published in 1662.
- "Psalterium Carolinum: The Devotions of His Sacred Majestie in His Solitudes And Sufferings" (1657), a verse rendering of the Eikon Basilike with music by John Wilson.
- Poems (1814) edited by Samuel Egerton Brydges
- Anacreon (1883) translation, edited by A. H. Bullen (with Greek original)
Family and death
Stanley's first wife was Dorothy Emyon, daughter and coheir of Sir James Emyon, of Flore, Northamptonshire, with issue Thomas Stanley (1650 – death unknown).
After Dorothy's death, Stanley married Catherine Killigrew, with no issue. He died at his lodgings in Suffolk Street, Strand, London on 12 April 1678, and was buried in the church of St Martin-in-the-Fields. His widow died in Cumberlow in 1689.
- "Stanley, Thomas (STNY639T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Hutchinson, John. A Catalogue of Notable Middle Templars: With Brief Biographical Notices. p. 233.
- London: printed for Humphrey Moseley, at the signe of the Princes Armes in St. Pauls Church-yard, 1647
- Chernaik, Walter. "Stanley, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26281. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Stanley, Thomas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 781.
- Media related to Thomas Stanley (author) at Wikimedia Commons
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- Thomas Stanley Esquire (1649) (in German)
- Works by Thomas Stanley at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Thomas Stanley at Internet Archive
- Works by Thomas Stanley at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)