|Mayor of Chicago|
March 1876 (not allowed to take office)
|Preceded by||Harvey Doolittle Colvin|
|Succeeded by||Harvey Doolittle Colvin|
|United States District Attorney for Illinois|
|Succeeded by||position abolished|
|United States District Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois h|
|Preceded by||position established|
|Succeeded by||A.M. Herrington|
|United States Marshal for the Northern District of Illinois|
|Preceded by||Charles U. Pine|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Russell Jones|
|Cook County Probate Justice of the Peace|
|Succeeded by||position abolished|
|City Clerk of Chicago|
|Preceded by||William H. Brackett|
|Succeeded by||James Curtiss|
|Born||February 11, 1817|
New York City
|Died||July 27, 1883 (aged 66)|
Carlton, New York
|Spouse(s)||Leonora Maria Temple|
Thomas Hoyne (February 11, 1817 – July 27, 1883) was elected Mayor of Chicago in 1875, but his election was later declared null and void by a Circuit Court. Prior to 1875, Hoyne had led a political career in which he had occupied numerous state and municipal offices.
Life and career
Hoyne moved to Chicago in 1837, where he turned his back on the mercantile life he had been leading and studied law, being admitted to the bar in 1839. He was elected Chicago city clerk in 1840. In 1853, he was appointed United States District Attorney for Illinois. Six years later, he became a US Marshal for the northern district of Illinois.
In 1863, Hoyne traveled to New York and then to Boston to acquire a lens for a telescope for the University of Chicago. In Boston, he met with Alvan Clark and purchased an 18½-inch lens and mounting for the Dearborn Observatory, at the time, the largest refracting telescope ever built. By 1866, he became one of the founding members of the Chicago Astronomical Society and served as the organization's secretary.
Following the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, Hoyne presided at the meeting that established a free library in Chicago and sat upon its board of directors, eventually writing the first history of the Chicago library system.
In 1875, the city of Chicago adopted the Cities and Villages Act of 1872, which called for municipal elections to be held in April, instead of November. Harvey Doolittle Colvin, the current mayor, was informed by his attorneys that his term should be considered extended to the new elections. While the charter did not explicitly extend his term, it also failed to include the office of mayor in a call for special elections to fill the period from November to May.
In April 1876 there was an election and neither the Republicans nor the Democrats nominated anyone for mayor. Running as an independent, Hoyne received 33,064 of the 40,000 votes cast for mayor and was declared the Mayor of Chicago.
Colvin, however, refused to relinquish the office and was supported by the city comptroller. Although Hoyne presided over council meetings and gave an inaugural address, the Circuit Court declared his election null and void. Colvin continued to serve until the courts called for a special election on July 12, 1876.
Death and legacy
Hoyne Avenue in Chicago is named in his honor.
On September 17, 1840 he wed Leonora Temple.
Hoyne's younger brother Philip Augustus Hoyne served as Clerk of the Recorder's Court of Chicago and (from 1853 until 1858) United States Commissioner for the District of Illinois. He also served on the City's Board of Education, serving two consecutive terms as its president.
- History of Chicago: From 1857 until the fire of 1871 By Alfred Theodore Andreas
- Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society
- Centennial List of Mayors, City Clerks, City Attorneys, City Treasurers, and Aldermen, elected by the people of the city of Chicago, from the incorporation of the city on March 4, 1837 to March 4, 1937, arranged in alphabetical order, showing the years during which each official held office.
- In Memoriam: Sketch of the Life and Character of Thomas Hoyne, LL.D. Chicago: Barnard and Gunthorp. 1883. p. 43.
- In Memoriam: Sketch of the Life and Character of Thomas Hoyne, LL.D. Chicago: Barnard and Gunthorp. 1883. p. 80.
- Carter, Orrin N. “The Early Courts of Chicago and Cook County.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 7, no. 2, 1914, pp. 7–38. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40194027.
- "Astronomical Society: Annual Report of the Executive Branch". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. 1866-01-10. p. 3.
- "A Free Public Library". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. 1872-01-09. p. 2.
- Longwood, Theodore (November 1885), "Thomas Hoyne", Magazine of Western History, pp. 288–295
- "Representative Men of Chicago Pay Tribute to the Memory of Thomas Hoyne". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. 1883-08-01. p. 3.
- Chicago's Mayors: A Collection of Biographies Of All Chicago’s Mayors by Elaine C. Shigley (page 41)