Born in Trenton, New Jersey, Bines attended the common schools. He was appointed coroner for Salem County on October 16, 1802.
Bines was elected sheriff of Salem County in 1808 and served until 1810.
Bines was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Thirteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Representative Jacob Hufty (November 2, 1814 – March 3, 1815). He was not a candidate for renomination to the Fourteenth Congress in 1814.
Bines was elected Justice of the Peace of Lower Penns Neck Township in 1822 and served in this capacity until 1826. He died in Lower Penns Neck Township, Salem County, April 9, 1826.
- United States Congress. "Thomas Bines (id: B000467)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 3rd congressional district
Seat B eliminated
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