Thiruvananthapuram Central station's main building.
|Elevation||6.740 metres (22.11 ft)|
|Owned by||Government of India|
|Operated by||Indian Railways|
|Line(s)||Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line|
Thiruvananthapuram-Nagercoil-Kanyakumari railway line
|Connections||Taxi Stand,Pre paid Auto service, Thiruvananthapuram Central bus station of the KSRTC, Trivandrum International Airport|
|Structure type||Standard (on ground station)|
|Zone(s)||Southern Railway zone|
|Opened||4 November 1931|
|Passengers (2017–19)||40,908 per day annual passengers - 1,42,92,407|
|Rank||1 (in Kerala)|
1 (in Trivandrum division)
Thiruvananthapuram Central, formerly Trivandrum Central (also known as Thampanoor railway station) (station code: TVC), is the largest railway station in the city of Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum) in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the largest railway station in Kerala in terms of size, passenger movement and revenue and an important rail hub in Southern Railway. It is the second most profitable station under Southern Railway after Chennai Central railway station. The building of the railway station is one of the landmarks of Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram Central is also a terminating point for the proposed Chennai - Bengaluru - Thiruvananthapuram High Speed Rail (HSR) corridor and the starting point of proposed Thiruvananthapuram - Mangaluru High Speed Rail corridor. The railway station is located opposite to Central Bus Station Thiruvananthapuram at Thampanoor.
Trains from here connect the city of Thiruvananthapuram to major cities of India. This station is also noted for a whole range of amenities available within the premises. The station has book-shops, restaurants, accommodation and Internet browsing centers. A second satellite station was opened in 2005 at Kochuveli called the Kochuveli Railway Station, near the International Airport. Thiruvananthapuram is the first major city from south along the longest train routes in India, the Kanyakumari-Thiruvananthapuram -Dibrugarh Vivek Express route and the Kanyakumari-Thiruvananthapuram-Jammu Tawi-Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra Himsagar Express route. A second terminal (south Terminal) was opened in 2004 to handle passenger traffic and later a West Terminal in 2007. To reduce traffic, the Central Railway Station has 18 railway tracks. Number of long service trains are starts/ends in Thiruvananthapuram Central.
The Madras-Quilon line was extended to the capital of the Princely State of Travancore, Thiruvananthapuram and was opened on 4 January 1918. The line then terminated at Chakka, which was the trading centre of Thiruvananthapuram then. M.E. Watts, Dewan of the erstwhile Travancore, took the initiative to extend the railway line to the heart of the city. The terminus was shifted to current location Thiruvananthapuram Central Thampanoor in 1931. The Thiruvananthapuram Central station building was built during the reign of Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, the Maharani of Travancore, and inaugurated on 4 November 1931. No bricks were used for the construction of this station building; it was built completely with rock masonry. Thiruvananthapuram was a branch line station but the Maharani built it at par with the counterparts in the major cities of India. The station was built to handle two departures per day in 1931 and had only one platform in the beginning. The platform with a single line continued till the 70s. The extended platform continued to receive and send trains as a meter gauge line until gauge conversion. It was presumably the longest covered platform at that time. The platform could accommodate two trains at a time in that single line platform.
This station has 5 platforms to handle long and short distance trains. The Thiruvananthapuram railway station has two entrances. The main entrance is opposite to Central Bus Station Thiruvananthapuram and eastern entrance is on Power House road. The train care centre functions adjacent to eastern side entrance. Nemom and Kochuveli Railway stations are announced in railway budget as satellite terminals to Thiruvananthapuram Central. Kochuveli satellite terminal has started functioning with trains originating from here. There is a proposal to add two more platforms once nemom and Kochuveli stations are operational with terminal facilities.
Thiruvananthapuram Central is well equipped with modern security gadgets, and is the first station in the state to install video surveillance. The Networked electronic surveillance system is installed in this Central Station by Railway Protection Force (RPF) for improving the security and for monitoring the movement of passengers arriving at the station.
Future expansion plans
It was announced in railway budget to convert Thiruvananthapuram Central railway station into world-class standards. The foundation stone for expansion and modernisation of station was laid by Former Union Minister for Railways, Lalu Prasad in December 2006. Tenders have been invited for carrying out feasibility studies for this proposed project. More than ₹1,000 million (US$14 million) is needed for first phase of this project.
A new complex of railway station will be built with a built-up area of 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2). All modern facilities including an office and commercial complex is planned here. The proposal to set up a passenger terminal at Nemom is announced in rail budget and yet to begin work. It is estimated that only a consortium would be able to take up expansion project of Thiruvananthapuram Central, since the project is a massive one.
Feasibility study for Chennai-Bangalore-Thiruvananthapuram High speed rail corridor ongoing and is being planned along with other few corridors in country.
Landmark train services
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Landmark train services that originates or terminates from Thiruvananthapuram Central are:
|Train No||Train Name||Remarks|
|12431 / 12432||Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani Express|
|12515 / 12516||Thiruvananthapuram - Silchar Superfast Express|
|12625 / 12626||Kerala Express||
|12643 / 12644||Swarna Jayanthi Express||
- A shunting engine trailed through at point number 57A near Route Relay Interlocking cabin and damaged the point and signal gears in Thiruvananthapuram Central yard. No casualties.
- Southern Railway zone
- Kazhakoottam Railway Station
- Ernakulam Junction
- Nemom railway station
- "Station Re-development Data - Trivandrum Central(TVC)". Central Railway Zone - Indian Railways. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "Revised parking rates at railway stations come into effect". The New Indian Express. Thiruvananthapuram: Express Publications. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- Quilon – Thiruvananthapuram Central Metre Gauge Line. Irfca.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
- Video surveillance system at Central. Hindu.com (2006-08-24). Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
- Rs.100 crores for modernization. Hinduonnet.com (2006-11-08). Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
- Trivandrum Central to be made a world-class station. Hindu.com (2007-03-07). Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
- "Trains delayed as engine jumps signal". The Hindu. 30 June 2018.
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