|The Wicked Lady|
|Directed by||Leslie Arliss|
|Produced by||R.J. Minney|
|Written by||Leslie Arliss|
|Based on||novel Life and Death of the Wicked Lady Skelton by Magdalen King-Hall|
|Music by||Hans May|
|Cinematography||Jack E. Cox|
|Edited by||Terence Fisher|
|Distributed by||Eagle-Lion Distributors Limited (U.K.)|
|15 November 1945|
|Box office||over $1 million (US rentals)|
£375,000 (UK) or $2,250,000 (UK)
The Wicked Lady is a 1945 costume drama film directed by Leslie Arliss and starring Margaret Lockwood in the title role as a nobleman's wife who becomes a highwayman for the excitement. The film had one of the top audiences for a film of its period, 18.4 million.
The story was based on the novel Life and Death of the Wicked Lady Skelton by Magdalen King-Hall which, in turn, was based upon the (disputed) events surrounding the life of Lady Katherine Ferrers, the wife of the major landowner in Markyate on the main London–Birmingham road.
Caroline (Patricia Roc) invites her beautiful, green-eyed friend Barbara (Margaret Lockwood) to her forthcoming wedding to wealthy landowner and local magistrate Sir Ralph Skelton (Griffith Jones). The scheming Barbara soon has Sir Ralph entranced. Caroline, wishing only his happiness, stands aside, and even allows Barbara to persuade her to be her maid of honour so as to lessen the scandal of the abrupt change of brides. At the wedding reception, Barbara meets a handsome stranger, Kit Locksby (Michael Rennie). It is love at first sight for both, but too late.
Married life in the country does not provide the new Lady Skelton with the excitement she expected and craves. A visit by her detested sister-in-law Henrietta, Lady Kingsclere (Enid Stamp-Taylor), and her husband (Francis Lister) does not lessen her boredom. In a game of Ombre, Henrietta wins Barbara's jewels, including her most-prized possession, her late mother's ruby brooch. A chance remark about the notorious highwayman Captain Jerry Jackson gives Barbara an idea. Masquerading as Jackson, Barbara holds up Henrietta's coach and retrieves her brooch (as well as the rest of Henrietta's jewellery).
Intoxicated by the experience, she continues to waylay coaches until one night, she and the real Captain Jackson (James Mason) target the same one. After they relieve the passengers of their valuables and escape, Jackson is amused to find his competitor is a beautiful woman. They become lovers and partners in crime. She warns him never to be unfaithful to her with another woman.
Barbara learns of a planned gold shipment from a former tenant farmer of Skelton's, Ned Cotterill (Emrys Jones), who has been employed as one of the guards. Jackson is against the idea of hijacking the gold, as the coach will have double the usual protection, but Barbara talks him into it. However, the robbery does not go smoothly. When Cotterill pursues them, Barbara shoots at his horse to stop him, but kills Cotterill by accident. However, her conscience is not disturbed for long.
Hogarth (Felix Aylmer), an aged family servant, discovers Barbara's double life. However, his religious fervour to save her and her convincing lies about repenting keep him from revealing what he knows. Barbara tries to silence him for good with doses of poison and, when he starts to suspect her, by smothering him.
She then visits Jackson after her prolonged inactivity caused by the danger posed by Hogarth, but finds him in bed with a woman. Infuriated, she anonymously betrays him to her husband. Jackson is captured and sentenced to be hanged. In London, Barbara goes to view the execution with Caroline, terrified that he will name her as his accomplice in his address from the scaffold. However, he only mentions her indirectly. When a riot breaks out afterward, the two ladies are rescued by none other than Kit, who turns out to be engaged to Caroline.
The riot allows Jackson's accomplices to cut him down, and he survives. He breaks into Barbara's bedroom at the Skelton estate and rapes her. Fearful of what he may do next, she begs Kit to take her out of England to start a new life. He is tempted, but is finally determined to honour his obligation to Caroline. Barbara decides to free herself of Ralph. She awaits her husband's coach with a loaded pistol. Jackson shows up to claim partnership in the caper, but when he learns what Barbara intends, it is too much even for him. He intends to warn Skelton, but Barbara shoots and kills him to prevent him. When the coach with Caroline, Ralph and Kit arrives, she hijacks it and attempts to shoot her husband. Kit shoots her first and, injured, she escapes on horseback.
Mortally wounded, she flees to her home, where Caroline finds her and ascertains the truth. Caroline sends Kit in alone to see the dying woman. At first, Barbara lies about how she was shot; however, she cannot continue the deceit with her one true love. She confesses all and pleads with Kit to stay with her until the end, but he is repulsed by the magnitude of her crimes and leaves her to die alone. After her death, Caroline and Ralph reunite, determined to put the past behind them and live happily together.
- Margaret Lockwood as Barbara Worth
- James Mason as Captain Jerry Jackson
- Patricia Roc as Caroline
- Griffith Jones as Sir Ralph Skelton
- Michael Rennie as Kit Locksby
- Felix Aylmer as Hogarth
- Enid Stamp Taylor as Lady Kingsclere
- Francis Lister as Lord Kingsclere
- Beatrice Varley as Aunt Moll
- Amy Dalby as Aunt Doll
- Martita Hunt as Cousin Agatha
- David Horne as Martin Worth
- Emrys Jones as Ned Cotterill
- Helen Goss as Mistress Betsy
- Muriel Aked as Mrs. Munce
Magdalen King-Hall's Life and Death of the Wicked Lady Skelton was published in 1944. Mason, Lockwood and Arliss' involvement in the movie adaptation was announced in November of that year. Lockwood later wrote in her memoirs "this was an enchantingly 'wicked' part. At first, as usual, I did not like the thought of playing a villainous role again, but it was such a good one that I knew it would be madness to refuse it."
I told Maurice Ostrer of Gainsborough Pictures that I had found my ideal film subject and found that he had already purchased the rights himself! The character of Barbara is wicked enough even for me, and how vastly interesting is this most complex character as it develops through the action of the story.
Caroline, the character played by Roc, is a movie script addition, not existing in the novel.
Stewart Granger turned down the role that Mason played. Lockwood practiced riding for the role and added a black beauty spot.
Filming started March 1945.
Lockwood wrote "we enjoyed making that film together. We did not enjoy remaking it, exactly one year later" when they had to re shoot scenes for American censors.
The Wicked Lady was the most popular film at the British box office in 1946. According to Kinematograph Weekly the "biggest winner" at the box office in 1946 Britain was The Wicked Lady, with "runners up" being The Bells of St Marys, Piccadilly Incident, The Road to Utopia, Tomorrow is Forever, Brief Encounter, Wonder Man, Anchors Away, Kitty, The Captive Heart, The Corn is Green, Spanish Main, Leave Her to Heaven, Gilda, Caravan, Mildred Pierce, Blue Dahlia, Years Between, O.S.S., Spellbound, Courage of Lassie, My Reputation, London Town, Caesar and Cleopatra, Meet the Navy, Men of Two Worlds, Theirs is the Glory, The Overlanders, and Bedelia.
The problems were that the women's dress bodices (appropriate for the era portrayed) were very low-cut and showed too much cleavage for the USA motion picture production code. It was a problem Jane Russell had in The Outlaw (1943). TCM sometimes airs the original, uncensored version on its USA basic cable network.
Margaret Lockwood said "We had to do nine days of retakes to satisfy the censor on that film and it all seemed very foolish."
Mason said "I don't like it now", referring to the film after the changes.
In 1950 it was announced Arliss had written a sequel, The Wicked Lady's Daughter but it was never made.
- "Star dotes on chasing sheep". The Daily Telegraph. VI (30). New South Wales, Australia. 10 June 1945. p. 38. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Variety. 1946 https://archive.org/stream/variety164-1946-11#page/n122/mode/1up/search/8%2C500%2C000. Missing or empty
- "Ranks $4,000,000 Likely This Year". 13 October 1947. p. 20.
- "US Life or Death to Brit Pix", Variety 25 Dec 1946 p 9
- "PRODUCER QUITS RANK IN SPLIT OVER POLICY". New York Times. 24 January 1947. p. 18.
- Channel 4, top 100 film audiences
- Vagg, Stephen (29 January 2020). "Why Stars Stop Being Stars: Margaret Lockwood". Filmink.
- "An exciting story of a gentlewoman who turned highwayman "Life and Death of the Wicked Lady Skelton"". Western Mail. 61 (3, 218). Western Australia. 2 May 1946. p. 33. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- C.A. LEJEUNE (19 November 1944). "QUIET FILM DAYS IN LONDON". New York Times. p. X3.
- Lockwood, Margaret (1955). Lucky Star: The Autobiography of Margaret Lockwood. Odhams Press Limited. p. 107-10.
- McFarlane, Brian, 1934- (2018). Four from the forties : Arliss, Crabtree, Knowles and Huntington. [Manchester]. ISBN 978-1-5261-1056-5. OCLC 1050362695.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Lockwood p 108
- "Seven big British films start in one week". The Daily Telegraph. VI (17). New South Wales, Australia. 11 March 1945. p. 27. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Peden, Murray (1979). A Thousand Shall Fall.
- Lockwood p 109
- "JAMES MASON TOP OF BRITISH BOX OFFICE". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. 20 December 1946. p. 4. Retrieved 10 July 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
- Robert Murphy, Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939–48 2003 p209
- Lant, Antonia (1991). Blackout : reinventing women for wartime British cinema. Princeton University Press. p. 232.
- Schallert, Edwin (9 March 1947). "British Film Star Irked by Censors: 'Silly,' Says Margaret Lockwood in Trans-Atlantic Phone Chat". Los Angeles Times. p. B1.
- THOMAS M. PRYOR (15 December 1946). "BRITISH FILM IDOL CASTS ORAL BRICKS: James Mason Says Rank Is Leading the English Movie Industry Into Trouble Outspoken Critic". New York Times. p. X6.
- Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939–48 by Robert Murphy p 46
- "Kids Like The Kissing". The Sunday Herald (Sydney) (64). New South Wales, Australia. 16 April 1950. p. 5 (Features). Retrieved 26 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- The Wicked Lady on IMDb
- The Wicked Lady at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Wicked Lady at BFI Screenonline
- The Wicked Lady at the TCM Movie Database
- Review of film at Variety
- The Wicked Lady (1945) at Silver Sirens
- The Wicked Lady at Britmovie
- Life and Death of the Wicked Lady Skelton at University of Hertfordshire Press