|The Valachi Papers|
|Directed by||Terence Young|
|Produced by||Dino De Laurentiis|
|Screenplay by||Stephen Geller|
|Based on||The Valachi Papers|
by Peter Maas
|Music by||Riz Ortolani|
|Edited by||Johnny Dwyre|
De Laurentiis Intermarco S.p.A.
|Distributed by||S.N. Prodis (France)|
(UK & US)
The Valachi Papers (Cosa Nostra) is a 1972 Italian-French crime neo noir directed by Terence Young, produced by Dino De Laurentiis, and distributed by Columbia Pictures. It is an adaptation of the non-fiction book of the same name by Peter Maas, with a screenplay by Stephen Geller. It tells the story of Joseph Valachi, a Mafia informant in the early 1960s who was the first ever mafioso to acknowledge the organization's existence. The film stars Charles Bronson as Valachi and Lino Ventura as crime boss Vito Genovese, with Jill Ireland, Walter Chiari, Joseph Wiseman, Gerald S. O'Loughlin, Guido Leontini, Amedeo Nazzari, Fausto Tozzi, Pupella Maggio, and Angelo Infanti.
The film begins in the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary, where an aging prisoner named Joseph Valachi is imprisoned for smuggling heroin. The boss of his crime family, Vito Genovese, is imprisoned there as well. Genovese is certain that Valachi is an informant, and gives him the "kiss of death," whereupon Valachi kisses him back.
Valachi mistakenly kills a fellow prisoner who he wrongly thinks is a mob assassin. Told of the mistake by federal agents, Valachi becomes an informant. He tells his life story in flashbacks.
The film traces Valachi from a young criminal to a gangster associating with bosses such as Salvatore Maranzano. Maranzano tells a mourner at a funeral, "I cannot bring back the dead. I can only kill the living." Valachi marries a boss's daughter, played by Bronson's real-life wife Jill Ireland.
Valachi's rise in the Mafia is hampered by his poor relations with his capo, Tony Bender. Bender is portrayed castrating a mobster for having relations with another mobster's wife. Valachi shoots the victim to put him out of his misery.
The mayhem and murder continue to the present, with Valachi shown testifying before a Senate committee. He is upset with having to testify and attempts suicide, but in the end (according to information superimposed on the screen) outlives Genovese, who dies in prison.
- Charles Bronson as Joe Valachi
- Lino Ventura as Vito Genovese
- Jill Ireland as Maria Reina Valachi
- Walter Chiari as Dominick Petrilli ("Gap")
- Joseph Wiseman as Salvatore Maranzano
- Gerald S. O'Loughlin as Ryan
- Guido Leontini as Tony Bender
- Amedeo Nazzari as Gaetano Reina
- Fausto Tozzi as Albert Anastasia
- Pupella Maggio as Letizia Reina
- Angelo Infanti as Lucky Luciano
- Alessandro Sperli as Joe Masseria
- María Baxa as Donna
- Franco Borelli as Buster from Chicago
- Anthony Dawson as Federal Investigator
- Joe Don Baker as Irish Gangster (uncredited)
- Sabine Sun as Jane (uncredited)
Producer Dino de Laurentiis had to convince Charles Bronson to take the role of Joe Valachi. He reportedly turned it down at least twice before accepting it when he found out the character got to age from his late teens to early 60s. Bronson was also given a three-film contract that guaranteed him $1 million per picture plus a percentage of the gross.
The film shows a 1930s night street scene, 27 minutes into the film, in which numerous 1960s model cars are parked and drive by. In another scene depicted as occurring in the early 1930s, Valachi, eluding police pursuit, drives a car into the East River just north of the Brooklyn Bridge, where the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center are clearly visible against the dawn sky; the Towers were only recently completed when the film was released in 1972.
Paramount, the film's original distributor, had planned to release the film in February 1973, but the premiere date was moved up to capitalize on the popularity of the similarly-themed film The Godfather. Bronson's opinion of Francis Ford Coppola's gangster epic, although he admired Marlon Brando's performance, was "The Godfather? that was the shittiest movie I've ever seen in my entire life."  On The Dick Cavett Show however, he called The Godfather a good picture.  The film departed from the true story of Joseph Valachi, as recounted in the Peter Maas book, in a number of ways. Though using real names and depicting real events, the film also contained numerous events that were fictionalized. Among them was the castration scene (the mobster in question was ordered killed, not castrated).
The Valachi Papers was released in Chicago on 20 October 1972.
The Valachi Papers was released on DVD on 3 January 2006 by Sony Pictures Home Video. The film was also released on blu-ray by Mill Creek Entertainment in 2018 as part of a 4-film set that also included high-def transfers of The Stone Killer, Breakout, and Hard Times.
Reviews were mostly negative, as many critics inevitably compared the film unfavorably to The Godfather. Roger Greenspun of The New York Times wrote, "Often ludicrous and often just dull, Terence Young's 'The Valachi Papers' has the look of a movie project that ran short of ideas before it was finished, and ran out of class almost before it was begun." A positive review in Variety called the film "a hard-hitting, violence-ridden documented melodrama of the underworld" that "carries a fine sweep that immediately projects it as an important crime picture." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and called it "an ambitious but not inspired movie about the mob." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune awarded two stars out of four and wrote, "Generally, 'The Valachi Papers' tries to cover too many years, and thus provides paper-thin treatment of each event. As a result, the film implies power and violence, but rarely shows it. The visual power of 'The Godfather' has been replaced with meaningless names and dates." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times dismissed the film as "two hours of relentless tedium, interrupted from time to time by savage violence." Gary Arnold of The Washington Post declared the film "a stiff. It may be possible to make a duller gangster melodrama, but I would hate to sit through the attempt ... It takes considerable ineptitude to produce a gangster movie this enervating." John Raisbeck wrote in The Monthly Film Bulletin, "Inviting inevitable comparisons with The Godfather, Terence Young's film proves markedly, even surprisingly, inferior to Coppola's on every level. Young and his screenwriter Stephen Geller, though faithful in fact to Peter Maas' original document, have simply plodded through a catalogue of events, content to name names but failing to treat the material with any consistency of form or theme."
Popular culture references
- In the October 27, 1973, Season 2, Episode 7 of the The Bob Newhart Show, entitled "Old Man Rivers," Bob, his wife, Emily, Bob's receptionist and friend Carol, and her date go to see a film entitled "Big Al," which is being promoted with the tagline, "If you liked The Godfather and The Valachi Papers," you'll love Big Al."
- In Season 1, Episode 21 of the 1970s television sitcom Maude, titled "The Perfect Couple", Walter tells Maude that he loves her more today than he did yesterday. Maude's response is, "Oh, darling. Oh, Walter. You're so sweet and poetic. If Shakespeare had known you, he never would have written Romeo and Juliet. He would have written The Valachi Papers!"
- In Season 5, Episode 11 of the HBO series The Sopranos, titled "The Test Dream", Tony Soprano holds a copy of the novel the movie is based upon during a complicated dream sequence. He is standing at a urinal next to a corrupt police officer who questions Tony's resolve in taking action. Tony holds up a copy of the book and replies, "I've done my homework."
- "The Valachi Papers - Details". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
- "The Valachi Papers, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Whitney, Steven (1975). Charles Bronson Superstar. Robert Hale Limited. pp. 169–170. ISBN 0-7091-7134-X.
- "The Valachi Papers - History". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
- Whitney, Steven (1975). Charles Bronson Superstar. Robert Hale Limited. p. 170. ISBN 0-7091-7134-X.
- "The Dick Cavett Show".
- "All-time Film Rental Champs", Variety, 7 January 1976 p 44
- Greenspun, Roger (November 4, 1972). "The Screen: 'Valachi Papers' Arrives". The New York Times. 21.
- "Film Reviews: The Valachi Papers". Variety. October 25, 1972. 22.
- Ebert, Roger (October 24, 1972). "The Valachi Papers". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
- Siskel, Gene (October 24, 1972). "Valachi Papers". Chicago Tribune. Section 2, p. 4.
- Thomas, Kevin (October 26, 1972). "Valachi Spills the Beans". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 26.
- Arnold, Gary (November 10, 1972). "'Valachi': Dull and Dilatory". The Washington Post. B11.
- Raisbeck, John (February 1973). "The Valachi Papers". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 40 (469): 25.