|The Story of Mankind|
1957 U.S. theatrical poster
|Directed by||Irwin Allen|
|Based on||The Story of Mankind by|
Hendrik Willem van Loon
|Music by||Paul Sawtell|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
The Story of Mankind is a 1957 American fantasy film, very loosely based on the nonfiction book The Story of Mankind (1921) by Hendrik Willem van Loon. The film was directed and co–produced by Irwin Allen and released by Warner Bros.
Scientists have developed a weapon, called the "Super H-bomb", which if detonated will wipe out the human race entirely. A "High Tribunal" in "The Great Court of Outer Space" is called upon to decide whether divine intervention should be allowed to stop the bomb's detonation. The devil (Vincent Price), who goes by the name of Mr. Scratch, prosecutes Mankind while the Spirit of Man (Ronald Colman) defends it.
Scratch and the Spirit of Man are allowed to take the tribunal to any period of time to present evidence for Mankind's salvation or damnation. They take the tribunal from prehistory through Egyptian, Greco-Roman, Medieval, Renaissance, Enlightenment, and modern times, looking at historical figures.
Ultimately the tribunal is asked to rule. The high judge, facing Mr. Scratch and the Spirit, with a large assemblage of peoples in their native costumes behind them, declares that the good and evil of Mankind is too finely balanced. A decision is suspended until they return. When they do come back they expect to see a resolution of humanity's age old struggle with itself.
- Ronald Colman ... The Spirit of Man
- Vincent Price ... Mr. Scratch
- Hedy Lamarr ... Joan of Arc
- Groucho Marx ... Peter Minuit
- Harpo Marx ... Sir Isaac Newton
- Chico Marx ... Monk
- Virginia Mayo ... Cleopatra
- Agnes Moorehead ... Queen Elizabeth I
- Peter Lorre ... Nero
- Charles Coburn ... Hippocrates
- Sir Cedric Hardwicke ... High Judge
- Cesar Romero ... Spanish Envoy
- John Carradine ... Khufu
- Dennis Hopper ... Napoleon Bonaparte
- Marie Wilson ... Marie Antoinette
- Helmut Dantine ... Mark Antony
- Edward Everett Horton ... Sir Walter Raleigh
- Reginald Gardiner ... William Shakespeare
- Marie Windsor ... Joséphine de Beauharnais
- George E. Stone ... Waiter
- Cathy O'Donnell ... Early Christian Woman
- Franklin Pangborn ... Marquis de Varennes
- Melville Cooper ... Major Domo
- Henry Daniell ... Bishop Cauchon
- Francis X. Bushman ... Moses
- Jim Ameche ... Alexander Graham Bell
- Austin Green ... Abraham Lincoln
- Bobby Watson ... Adolf Hitler
The film was former publicist Irwin Allen's first attempt at directing live actors after his documentaries The Sea Around Us and The Animal World. In May 1955 Allen announced he would write, produce and direct a film based on the book. Warner Bros agreed to distribute. Jack Warner announced 42 nations would be represented.
Allen said securing the rights was "very complicated".
In March 1956 Allen said the film had been in preproduction for a year and that filming would start in June. The original intention was for only two actors to appear in the film, a man and a woman representing mankind through the ages. The movie would take over two years to shoot in 18 countries and Warner Bros invited several prominent theologians, historians and philosopher to sit on an advisory board for the production. This plan was soon jettisoned. Allen finished a script with Charles Bennett by August 1956.
"Where we can't do justice to a time and place we won't just brush them off summarily," said Allen. "We just won't use them. There have been 400 or more giants of history in all our fields. Our big problem has been to bring them down to about 50, asking about each: was what he or she did lasting - and how long did it last? Telling history on the screen can be like telling a bad joke twice. You first have to find a handle, a gimmick."
Next were Ronald Colman, Yvonne de Carlo (as Cleopatra), and Charles Coburn, plus Hedy Lamar who replaced Lynn as Joan of Arc. Groucho Marx and Cesar Romero joined. Virginia Mayo ended up replacing de Carlo.
Filming started 12 November 1956. Like Allen's previous two films, it features vast amounts of stock footage, in this case, battles and action scenes culled from previous Warner Bros. costume films, coupled with cheaply shot close-ups of actors on much smaller sets. This was the last film picture to feature the three Marx Brothers (and their only film in Technicolor), although they are seen in separate scenes rather than acting together. This was also the last film of star Ronald Colman and character actor Franklin Pangborn, and the last American film of Hedy Lamarr.
Warner Home Video released the film as part of its Warner Archive made-to-order DVD line on July 20, 2009 in the United States.
Comic book adaptation
- van Loon, Hendrik Willem (2006). The Story of Mankind (Reissue ed.). New York City: Cosimo Classics. ISBN 978-1596059566.
- "The Story of Mankind". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- "Van Loon for Screen". The Christian Science Monitor. 14 May 1955. p. 10.
- "Warner Bros. to Launch Spring Picture Releases: Exhibitors and Representatives of Press to View First Films in Special Showing". Los Angeles Times. 12 March 1956. p. 38.
- Schallert, Edwin (21 March 1956). "Drama: 'Story of Mankind' Put on Full-Scale Footing; Big Civil War Epic Set". Los Angeles Times. p. 27.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (18 November 1956). "A Town Called Hollywood: 'Mankind' to Tour History of Humans in Three Hours". Los Angeles Times. p. E2.
- Pryor, Thomas M. (21 March 1956). "Jack Benny Gets Film Role Offer: Comedian Sought as Star of 'The Phony' – Producer and Writer Is Charles Martin". New York Times. p. 34. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- Schallert, Edwin (29 August 1956). "Gene Barry Gets Top '27th Day' Billing; Lunt, Fontanne Deal Hinted". Los Angeles Times. p. A11.
- Pryor, Thomas M. (17 October 1956). "4 Signed for Film of Van Loon Book: Hardwicke and Price Among Many Stars to Appear in 'The Story of Mankind' Health Cultists in Film". New York Times. p. 41. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- Pryor, Thomas M. (26 October 1956). "German Outlines Film Censorship: Director of Industry Agency Says 45% of All Movies Are Barred to Children Consists of Three Boards Of Local Origin". New York Times. p. 33.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (9 November 1956). "Groucho, Cesar Romero Aid 'Story of Mankind;' Machiko Kyo Recalled". Los Angeles Times. p. B7.
- Hopper, Hedda (12 November 1956). "Palance to Be Twins in 'House of Numbers'". Los Angeles Times. p. C14.
- p. 17 Charles Bennett Interview in Words into Images: Screenwriters on the Studio System Univ. Press of Mississippi
- Mark Deming. "The Story of Mankind (1957) - Irwin Allen - Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related - AllMovie". AllMovie. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- Medved, Harry; Dreyfuss, Randy (1978). The Fifty Worst Films of All Time (And How They Got That Way) (Paperback ed.). New York City: Popular Library. ISBN 978-7027358055.
- "Dell Four Color #851". Grand Comics Database.
- Dell Four Color #851 at the Comic Book DB