|The Stars Look Down|
|Directed by||Carol Reed|
|Produced by||Isadore Goldsmith|
Maurice J. Wilson
|Screenplay by||A. J. Cronin|
|Based on||The Stars Look Down|
by A. J. Cronin
|Starring||Michael Redgrave |
|Narrated by||Lionel Barrymore (US version)|
|Music by||Hans May|
|Edited by||Reginald Beck|
|Distributed by||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (US)|
Grand National Pictures (UK)
The Stars Look Down is a British film from 1940, based on A. J. Cronin's 1935 novel of the same title, about injustices in a mining town in North East England. The film, co-scripted by Cronin and directed by Carol Reed, stars Michael Redgrave as Davey Fenwick and Margaret Lockwood as Jenny Sunley. The film is a New York Times Critics' Pick and is listed in The New York Times Guide to the Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made.
- Michael Redgrave as David (Davey) Fenwick
- Margaret Lockwood as Jenny Sunley
- Emlyn Williams as Joe Gowlan
- Nancy Price as Martha Fenwick
- Allan Jeayes as Richard Barras
- Edward Rigby as Robert Fenwick
- Linden Travers as Mrs. Laura Millington
- Cecil Parker as Stanley Millington
- Milton Rosmer as Harry Nugent, MP
- George Carney as Slogger Gowlan
- Ivor Barnard as Wept
- Olga Lindo as Mrs. Sunley
- Desmond Tester as Hughie Fenwick
- David Markham as Arthur Barras
- Aubrey Mallalieu as Hudspeth
- Kynaston Reeves as Strother
- Clive Baxter as Pat Reedy
- James Harcourt as Will
- Frederick Burtwell as Union Official
- Dorothy Hamilton as Mrs. Reedy
- Frank Atkinson as Miner
- David Horne as Mr. Wilkins
- Edmund Willard as Mr. Ramage
- Ben Williams as Harry Brace
- Vera Schmidt as Laura Grace
A week of filming was undertaken at Great Clifton, and at St Helens Colliery, Siddick, in Cumberland, followed by seven weeks of shooting at [Denham Film Studios|Denham]] and Twickenham Studios in London, where an elaborate pithead was simulated. There is also a shot at Derwent Crossings, looking towards Mossbay pig-iron works in Workington. The railway station used was Workington Central on the Workington to Cleator Moor line. Several shots of Middle Row and Back Row in Northside, a village at the northern end of the town of Workington, are also included.
Later the set was moved to Shepperton Studios for another week of shooting. The original set of the pithead was used to make up a huge composite set of 40,000 square yards, then the largest exterior set ever constructed for a British film. The set consisted of a replica of the Workington pit where the location work had been done, including the pithead complete with cage, ramp and outer buildings, and rows of miners' cottages. Pit ponies from the Cumberland mines were used and the miners' costumes consisted of clothes purchased from colliery workers.
The film provided a rare character role for Margaret Lockwood.
Differences between the British and U.S. versions
The film was released in the United States a year and a half after the British premiere. The opening and end credits were changed, and were supplemented with a voiceover narration by Lionel Barrymore. In addition, the departing scenes and dialogue at the end between Davey and his mother were cut.
In the original version the opening credits appear against establishing shots of the pithead, and the men emerging from underground and walking down towards the pit owner to begin their strike. The U.S. version uses a plain background for the main title and an explanatory voiceover that lessens the graphic impact of the original.
The U.S. version ends with the camera rising above the pit as the Lord's Prayer is spoken after the disaster, with verses added and a final shot of heavenly clouds and a longer voiceover. The original version has the first line of the Lord's Prayer as the camera rises to the black sky above the pit. It then fades in to the final scenes as Davey's mother is downstairs preparing her son's sandwiches for his return to work at the pit. Davey emerges down the stairs dressed, not in work clothes, but in a suit. He tells his mother that he is going to work for the union. His mother says, "You are all I have left now ..." and gives him an apple for the train journey. He goes to the front door and turns back to his mother, who stands at the hearth. The final shot is an exterior of the cottage with Davey leaving while his mother watches from the window.
- The Times, 22 January 1940, page 4: Film review and first ad for "The Stars Look Down", playing at the Odeon - Found at The Times Digital Library 2013-12-07
- Vagg, Stephen (29 January 2020). "Why Stars Stop Being Stars: Margaret Lockwood". Filmink.
- The Stars Look Down at the British Film Institute
- The Stars Look Down at the BFI's Screenonline
- The Stars Look Down at IMDb
- The Stars Look Down at BritMovie (archived)
- The Stars Look Down at TCMDB
- The Stars Look Down at AllMovie
- DVD Beaver review and images
- The Stars Look Down at Silver Sirens
- Review of film at Variety