The Oxford Companion to English Literature first published in 1932, edited by the retired diplomat Sir Paul Harvey (1869–1948), was the earliest of the Oxford Companions to appear. It is currently in its seventh edition (2009), edited by Dinah Birch. The work, which has been periodically updated, includes biographies of prominent historical and leading contemporary writers in the English language, entries on major works, "allusions which may be encountered", significant (serial) publications and literary clubs. Writers in other languages are included when they have affected the anglophone world. The Companion achieved "classic status" with the expanded fifth edition edited by novelist and scholar Margaret Drabble, and the book was often referred to as "The Drabble".
Harvey's entries concerning Sir Walter Scott, much admired by Drabble in the introduction to the fifth edition, had to be reduced for reasons of space, in the sixth edition.
Modern technology has meant that the two most recent editions have been updated at intervals of about five years before more radical changes are made; a revised printing of the sixth edition was published in 2006. The revised 2000 edition is now available in the Oxford Reference Online series by subscription only.
- First edition, 1932 edited by Sir Paul Harvey
- Second, 1937 edited by Harvey
- Third, 1948, edited by Harvey
- Fourth, 1967 revised by Dorothy S. Eagle
- Fifth 1985 edited by Margaret Drabble
- Sixth 2000 edited by Drabble
- Seventh 2009 edited by Dinah Birch
- Rahim, Sameer. "The Oxford Companion to English Literature ed by Dinah Birch: review". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
- Waldman, Katy (2013-08-19). "A Narrative of Jealousy and Bafflement and Resentment". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
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