|The Odd Couple|
|Directed by||Gene Saks|
|Produced by||Howard W. Koch|
|Written by||Neil Simon|
|Based on||The Odd Couple|
by Neil Simon
|Music by||Neal Hefti|
|Cinematography||Robert B. Hauser|
|Edited by||Frank Bracht|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
The Odd Couple is a 1968 American Technicolor buddy comedy film in Panavision, written by Neil Simon, based on his 1965 play of the same name, produced by Howard W. Koch and directed by Gene Saks, and starring Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau. It is the story of two divorced men—neurotic neat-freak Felix Ungar and fun-loving slob Oscar Madison—who decide to live together, even though their personalities clash.
The film was successful with critics and audiences, grossing over $44.5 million, making it the third highest-grossing film of 1968 in the United States. The success of the film was the basis for the ABC television sitcom of the same name, starring Tony Randall and Jack Klugman as Felix and Oscar.
Felix Ungar (Jack Lemmon) checks into a sleazy hotel near Times Square with the intention to kill himself by jumping from the ninth floor, but he throws his back out while trying to open the window. He leaves the hotel and slowly limps along, and attempts next to get drunk while watching Go-go dancers at the Metropole Cafe; he ends up hurting his neck when he throws back his head and drinks a shot. He leaves, stands on a bridge, and contemplates jumping into the water.
Meanwhile, in the frowzy Upper West Side apartment of divorced sportswriter Oscar Madison (Walter Matthau), it is a hot, humid summer evening; Oscar and his cronies Speed (Larry Haines), Roy (David Sheiner), Vinnie (John Fiedler), and policeman Murray (Herb Edelman) have assembled for their weekly poker game. Murray is concerned because their mutual friend Felix is unusually late for the game; Speed is annoyed because he is losing; Vinnie keeps mentioning he has to leave by 12 o'clock, and Roy complains about how hot, smelly and messy the apartment is. Oscar's refrigerator has been on the fritz for two weeks and at one point offers them brown sandwiches and green sandwiches ("either very new cheese or very old meat"). Murray's wife calls and tells him that Felix is missing. Oscar then calls Felix's wife Frances, who informs him that she and Felix have broken up. As Oscar and his friends are discussing what to do, and worried that Felix might try to commit suicide, Felix arrives not knowing that everyone has already heard that he and his wife have separated.
Felix eventually breaks down crying and his friends try to console him. Oscar suggests that Felix move in with him, since Oscar has lived alone since he split up with his own wife, Blanche, some time earlier. Felix agrees, and urges Oscar to not be shy about letting him know if he gets on Oscar's nerves.
Within only a week, Oscar is going nuts. Felix is a neurotic, obsessive-compulsive nut, who runs around the apartment cleaning, picking up after Oscar, and berating him for being such a slob. At the next poker game, Speed and Roy complain about how clean the game and apartment have become; Felix has even washed the cards. Felix also refuses to have any fun, spending most of his time thinking about Frances. Later, Oscar convinces Felix to lighten up and join him on a double-date with two English girls he recently met who live in the building – the Pigeon sisters, Cecily (Monica Evans), a divorcee, and Gwendolyn (Carole Shelley), a widow.
As the date commences, Oscar tries to get uptight Felix to loosen up by leaving him alone with the two attractive, and somewhat frisky, sisters, while he leaves the room to mix drinks. Instead, Felix winds up talking about his children and Frances, and breaks down weeping. When Oscar returns from the kitchen, the Pigeon sisters are sobbing as uncontrollably as Felix. When it's discovered that the meatloaf Felix has worked so hard to prepare has burned to ashes, the sisters offer to cook dinner and invite Felix and Oscar upstairs for what looks to be a wild evening. Instead, Felix, who realizes that he is still too attached to his wife, refuses to go, opting to "scrub the pots and wash his hair" instead. Oscar joins the sisters in their apartment, but winds up spending the night drinking tea and telling them all about Felix.
Furious about Felix's ruining the date, Oscar resorts to giving Felix the silent treatment and torturing him by messing up the apartment as much as possible. Felix retaliates by just being himself, driving Oscar insane with his endless cleaning and neurotic behavior. Eventually, the tension explodes into an argument that results in Oscar demanding that Felix move out. Felix complies, but leaves Oscar with a major-league guilt trip for having abandoned his still-in-need friend.
Feeling guilty about throwing Felix out, and not knowing where he has gone, Oscar assembles Speed, Roy and Vinnie to help search New York City for Felix with Murray in his NYPD police car. After searching for hours, they return to Oscar's apartment to play poker and soon discover that Felix has moved in with the Pigeon sisters. Oscar and Felix apologize to each other, and realize that a bit of each has rubbed off on the other, with each being a better person for it. Felix agrees that next week he will attend their usual Friday night poker game. After Felix's final exit, the once slovenly Oscar tells his friends to watch their messes as the poker game continues, ending the film.
- Jack Lemmon as Felix Ungar
- Walter Matthau as Oscar Madison
- Herbert Edelman as Murray
- John Fiedler as Vinnie
- David Sheiner as Roy
- Larry Haines as Speed
- Monica Evans as Cecily Pigeon
- Carole Shelley as Gwendolyn Pigeon
- Billie Bird as Chambermaid
- Iris Adrian as Waitress
- Angelique Pettyjohn as Go-Go dancer
- Ted Beniades as Bartender
- Bill Baldwin as Sports announcer
Production and casting
The Odd Couple was originally produced for Broadway and the original cast starred Art Carney as Felix and Walter Matthau as Oscar. For the film version, Matthau reprised his role as Oscar, and Felix was portrayed by Jack Lemmon, who had never played the character before. At one point, Frank Sinatra (as Felix) and Jackie Gleason (as Oscar) were reportedly considered for the film version. Dick Van Dyke and Tony Randall were also among those considered for the role of Felix (the latter portrayed him in the TV series). Similarly, Jack Klugman (who replaced Matthau as Oscar on Broadway and would later play him in the TV series) and Mickey Rooney were also considered to play Oscar. Much of the script from the play has been retained, although the setting is expanded: instead of taking place entirely in Oscar's apartment, Simon also added some scenes that take place at various outdoor New York City locations (such as the scene at Shea Stadium in Queens, New York).
Oscar's poker playing cronies were Roy (David Sheiner), Vinnie (John Fiedler), Speed (Larry Haines) and Murray the Cop (Herb Edelman). The film made its debut at Radio City Music Hall in 1968. It was a hit and earned Neil Simon a nomination for the Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay. The film was also nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy and Lemmon and Matthau were both nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.
The scene at Shea Stadium, which also featured Heywood Hale Broun, was filmed right before a real game between the New York Mets and the Pittsburgh Pirates on June 27, 1967. Roberto Clemente was asked to hit into the triple play that Oscar misses, but he refused to do it and Bill Mazeroski took his place.
One of the outdoor scenes in the film involved Felix shopping at Bohack, a Maspeth, Queens-based supermarket chain ubiquitous in the New York City area during the mid-20th century. The last Bohack supermarket closed in 1977.
The award-winning jazz instrumental theme was composed by Neal Hefti. The now iconic theme was used throughout the movie's sequel, starring Lemmon and Matthau and released 30 years later, and also adapted for the 1970 TV series and used over the opening credits. The song also has seldom-heard lyrics, written by Sammy Cahn.
Release and reception
The Odd Couple garnered both critical acclaim and box-office success; it opened at New York's Radio City Music Hall on May 2, 1968 and ran there for a record-breaking 14 weeks with a record gross of $3.1 million. It grossed over $44.5 million in the United States, making it the third highest-grossing film of 1968. The Odd Couple received universal acclaim from critics, earning a 97% "Fresh" rating on the review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes based on 35 reviews, with a weighted average of 8.05/10.
Roger Ebert gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and praised the "universally good" performances, though he noted times when "the movie's Broadway origins are painfully evident, as when the players in the poker game are grouped around three sides of the table, but the 'downstage' side is always left bare." Renata Adler of The New York Times called the film "a very funny, professional adaptation" of the play although "Mr. Lemmon sometimes overacts." Arthur D. Murphy of Variety called it an "excellent film," adding, "Teaming of Lemmon and Matthau has provided each with an outstanding comedy partner." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times declared, "My not very fearless forecast is that 'The Odd Couple' will cause more people to do more laughing than any film you are likely to see all year."
Awards and honors
- Neil Simon was nominated for the Academy Award for Writing-Adapted Screenplay
- Frank Bracht was nominated for the Academy Award for Film Editing and for the American Cinema Editors "Eddie" award for Best Edited Feature Film.
- The film was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy
- Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau were each nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
- Gene Saks was nominated for the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2000: AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – #17
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes:
- Oscar Madison: "I cannot stand little notes on my pillow! “We are all out of cornflakes, F.U.” It took me three hours to figure out F.U. was Felix Unger." – Nominated
The film spawned a television series spin-off in 1970, also entitled The Odd Couple which ran until 1975. As the series ended, a cartoon version called The Oddball Couple ran on ABC. Produced by Depatie-Freleng, it features a sloppy dog and a neat cat.
A sequel, The Odd Couple II, reunited Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau in their original roles and was released 30 years later, breaking the record for the length of time between an original film and a sequel featuring the same cast.
- "'Odd Couple' Debuts in NY". BoxOffice. April 15, 1968. 15.
- "THE ODD COUPLE (A)". British Board of Film Classification. 1968-02-07. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "The Odd Couple, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- Possibly a reference to the two young female characters in Oscar Wilde's play The Importance of Being Earnest, who share the same names.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Bohack Archived 2007-04-02 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Odd Couple tv theme lyrics and voice over". Archived from the original on 2007-02-17. Retrieved 2007-02-18.
- "Broadway's 'New Sites' Week; 8th For 'Rosemary' Sock $81,000; 'Odd' in 14th (Farewell), $225,000". Variety. August 7, 1968. p. 9.
- North American rentals were $18.5 million. See "Big Rental Films of 1968", Variety, 8 January 1969 p 15. Please note this figure is a rental accruing to distributors.
- "The Odd Couple, Movie Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- Ebert, Roger (June 17, 1968). "The Odd Couple". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Adler, Renata (May 3, 1968). "Screen: Sweatshirt Meets an Apron". The New York Times. 42.
- Murphy, Arthur D. (May 1, 1968). "Film Reviews: The Odd Couple". Variety. 6.
- Champlin, Charles (June 16, 1968). "'The Odd Couple' Is a Laughing Matter". Los Angeles Times. Calendar, p. 1.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- The Odd Couple at IMDb
- The Odd Couple at the TCM Movie Database
- The Odd Couple at AllMovie
- The Odd Couple at the American Film Institute Catalog
- The Odd Couple at Box Office Mojo