|The Adventures of Quentin Durward|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Richard Thorpe|
|Produced by||Pandro S. Berman|
|Written by||Sir Walter Scott (novel)|
|Music by||Bronislau Kaper|
|Edited by||Ernest Walter|
|23 November 1955|
|Country||United Kingdom |
The Adventures of Quentin Durward, known also as Quentin Durward, is a British-American 1955 historical film released by MGM. It was directed by Richard Thorpe and produced by Pandro S. Berman. The screenplay was by Robert Ardrey, adapted by George Froeschel from the novel Quentin Durward by Sir Walter Scott.
It was the third in an unofficial trilogy made by the same director and producer and starring Robert Taylor. The first two were Ivanhoe (1952) and Knights of the Round Table (1953). All three were made at MGM's British Studios at Elstree, near London. The film had the distinction of a soundtrack composed by studio music mainstay Bronislau Kaper rather than Miklos Rozsa, who was busy on other projects at the time the film was ready for scoring.
In 1465, honorable but penniless Scottish knight Quentin Durward agrees to go to France to find out if the beautiful young heiress, Isabelle, Countess of Marcroy, would be a suitable wife for his aged uncle (that is, if she is as rich as is claimed). The marriage has been arranged by Charles, Duke of Burgundy, for his ward to cement an alliance with Scotland, but she wants nothing to do with it, so she runs away and seeks the protection of Charles' great rival, Louis XI, King of France. Quentin pursues and manages to foil an attempted robbery by brigands under the command of Count William de La Marck, though Isabelle continues on her way unaware of her protector's identity.
Nearing the court of King Louis, Quentin tries, but fails, to save the life of a gypsy. However, the dead man's brother, Hayraddin, is grateful for his efforts. Louis, who had ordered the man's hanging as a Burgundian spy, and distrusts such honest men as Quentin, orders him to leave France. However, the Scotsman is not easily deterred. He sneaks into the heavily guarded castle and awakens Louis in his bed with a dagger at his throat. Louis is impressed and enlists Quentin in his service.
Upon the unexpected arrival of Count Phillip de Creville, a Burgundian ambassador seeking Isabelle, Louis orders Quentin to guard her and to keep her presence secret. During the time they spend together, she and Quentin begin to fall in love.
Having lied about Isabelle being there, Louis commands her to depart. She tells him that she will seek sanctuary with an old friend, the Bishop of Liege. Louis concocts a plan to have De la Marck kidnap and forcibly marry Isabelle to keep her strategically important lands out of Burgundian hands. He has Hayraddin, who is a spy in his employ, take the information and a large bribe to De la Marck. Louis provides Isabelle with a detailed itinerary (the better for De la Marck to find her). He also lends her a few guards, including Quentin, so that when they are killed, it will divert any suspicion away from him. Hayraddin is also sent as a guide. However, when he discovers that Quentin is to be one of the victims, he warns the Scotsman. The three manage to escape the trap and reach Liège, though Quentin is wounded.
When he has recovered, he finally tells Isabelle of his obligation to his uncle, which prevents him from courting her himself, and leaves. De la Marck attacks the castle, captures Isabelle, and kills the bishop when he refuses to marry them. Hearing the sounds of battle, Quentin rescues his love. He slays De la Marck in an unusual duel involving the combatants in the burning bell tower, swinging from the ropes used to ring the church bells.
Meanwhile, the Duke of Burgundy arrests Louis when he comes to continue peace negotiations, accusing him of orchestrating the murder of the bishop. However, Quentin arrives and exonerates the King, providing as proof De la Marck's severed head. Out of gratitude (and in France's best interests), Louis tricks Charles into letting Isabelle decide whom she will marry. Quentin has received news that his uncle has died, so he is free to follow his heart.
- Robert Taylor as Quentin Durward
- Kay Kendall as Isabelle, Countess of Marcroy
- Robert Morley as King Louis XI
- George Cole as Hayraddin
- Alec Clunes as Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy
- Duncan Lamont as Count William De la Marck
- Laya Raki as Gypsy dancer
- Marius Goring as Count Philip De Creville
- Wilfrid Hyde-White as Master Oliver, the king's trusted barber and confidant
- Eric Pohlmann as Gluckmeister
- Harcourt Williams as Bishop of Liege
- Michael Goodliffe as Count De Dunois
- John Carson as Duke of Orleans
- Nicholas Hannen as Cardinal Balus
- Moultrie Kelsall as Lord Malcolm, the Scottish ambassador
- Frank Tickle as Petit-André
- Bill Shine (actor) as Trois-Eschelles
- Ernest Thesiger as Lord Crawford, Quentin's uncle
- Arthur Howard as the injured monk at Liege (uncredited)
In 1951, MGM filmed an adaptation of Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott in Britain, starring Robert Taylor and produced by Pandro S. Berman. The studio was so pleased with the results that even before the film was released they were looking at a follow up for Taylor, and Quentin Durward was suggested. The project became a certainty when Ivanhoe became one of the biggest hits of Taylor's career. He was scheduled to make the film after completing Knights of the Round Table.
Producer Berman thought that audiences would accept romance if it was presented "at face value, on a pure basis, as a clean unsmutty kind of thing and without sexy overtones. I haven't got any rules to lay down for successful pictures, but one fact is sure today - people want something besides words, beside conversation pieces from the screen. Once in a while you have a 'Streetcar', in which all the actors talk their fool heads off, and it's a hit anyway, but for myself I'm committed to pictures with action and scenic and pictorial scope."
A number of female stars were mentioned as possibles to appear opposite Taylor, including Deborah Kerr, Elizabeth Taylor, Ann Blyth and Grace Kelly. For a time, Robert Taylor's busy schedule saw Stewart Granger emerge as a contender to replace him but Taylor ended up playing the part. Grace Kelly turned down the film and Kay Kendall was given the part.
Bosley Crowther gave the film a poor review in The New York Times, writing, "it lacks for excitement when ... the intrigues of France's Louis XI and the Duke of Burgundy are placed upon the screen in such lengthy and ponderous complexity that they exhaust and befuddle the mind." "The times when this heavily stuffed contrivance does have a tendency to move are when Mr. Taylor is working to get himself out of jams ... And the big terminal fight ... swinging on bell-ropes ... is pretty good."
In contrast with Ivanhoe and Knights of the Round Table the film did not perform well at the box office - according to MGM records it made $658,000 in the US and Canada and $1,517,000 elsewhere resulting in a $1,226,000 loss.
Comic book adaption
- Dell Four Color #672 (January 1956) illustrated by Ralph Mayo (pencils) and Mike Peppe (inks).
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- Edwin Schallert (22 December 1951). "Drama: Young Bids for Goddard in Thriller; Blackmer Set for 'Congressman'". Los Angeles Times.
- Thomas M. Pryor (5 August 1952). "Pledge On Loyalty Sought Of Studios: AMVETS Oppose Employment of Anyone Not Cooperating in Investigations of Films". The New York Times. Missing or empty
- Philip K. Scheuer (14 September 1952). "More Supercolossals Planned by Berman: Producer of 'Ivanhoe' Schedules Walter Scott Tale and 'King Arthur'". Los Angeles Times.
- Hedda Hopper (25 July 1953). "Looking at Hollywood: Ann Blyth and Robert Taylor to Star in 'Quentin Durward'". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- Edwin Schallert (17 February 1954). "New Michener Project Tempts Robson; Duse Feature Aimed at Kerr". Los Angeles Times.
- Thomas M. Pryor (18 February 1955). "Metro Plans Film On 'Hans Brinker': Story of Dutch Boy and His Silver Skates Scheduled to Be Made in Fall". The New York Times.
- "Miss Kelly Suspended: M-G-M Acts After Film Star Turns Down Third Script". The New York Times. 8 March 1955. Missing or empty
- Morgan Hudgins (31 July 1955). "Genevieve's Kay Kendall Clicks". The New York Times. Missing or empty
- Bosley Crowther (24 November 1955). "Derring-Do, but Not Enough; Robert Taylor Stars in 'Quentin Durward'". The New York Times.
- "Dell Four Color #672". Grand Comics Database.
- Dell Four Color #672 at the Comic Book DB
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