|Texas Army National Guard|
Seal of the Texas Army National Guard
|Founded||18 February 1823(as Texas militia)|
|Allegiance||State of Texas|
|Part of||Texas Military Department|
Camp Mabry, Austin, Texas
|Motto(s)||Always ready, Always there|
|March||"Texas, Our Texas"|
|Commander-in-Chief||Governor Greg Abbott|
|Adjutant General||Major General Tracy R. Norris|
|Commanding General||Brigadier General Greg Chaney|
|Senior Enlisted Advisor||Command Sergeant Major Kristopher L. Dyer|
The Texas Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army, the United States National Guard and the Texas Military Forces (along with the Texas Air National Guard and the Texas State Guard).
Texas Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Texas Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Texas.
The Texas Army National Guard is composed of approximately 19,000 soldiers, and maintains 117 armories in 102 communities. State duties include disaster relief, emergency preparedness, security assistance to state law enforcement agencies, and some aspects of border security. The Governor can activate the National Guard components under his control for state active duty in Texas, and in support of adjacent states.
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The Texas Army National Guard has its roots in the Texas Militia formed by Stephen F. Austin at his headquarters village of San Felipe de Austin. Austin was empowered to "organize the Colonists into a body of National Militia" in the February 18, 1823 decree authorizing Austin to form his colony in Mexican Texas. Commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel, Austin organized the 5-company battalion at San Felipe de Austin on June 22, 1824. Three companies were formed on the Brazos River and two on the Colorado. This militia structure formed the basis for several of the volunteer companies raised to fight in the Texas Revolution of 1836.
The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. After World War II, the previous Texas ARNG 36th Infantry Division was reorganised as the 49th Armored Division.
The 49th Armored Division was ordered to active federal service in October 1961 at Dallas, for the 1961 Berlin Crisis, and reverted to state control in August 1962. The 49th was inactivated in 1968 and reorganized into three separate brigades, the 36th Infantry Brigade, 71st Infantry Brigade and 72d Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) (Dallas). The division was reactivated on 1 November 1973, with its headquarters at Camp Mabry, Austin, Texas.
McGrath says the 36th Brigade insignia with star was authorized for wear from 10 May 1967 – 1 November 1973, but never worn, because the brigade at the time was designated 71st. The 36th Airborne Brigade was active from 1973 to 1980 and inactivated on 1 April 1980. It was reconstituted as a divisional formation (36th Brigade, 50th Armored Division) from 1988–92. In 1992 it became the 36th Brigade of the 49th Armored Division based at Houston, TX. It seems likely to have been active between 1992 and May 2004 when the 49th Armored Division became the 36th Infantry Division.
Major subordinate commands
- 36th Infantry Division
- Medical Command
- Office of the State Surgeon
- Recruiting and Retention Battalion
- State Army Aviation Office
- 136th Regiment (CA) (RTI)
- Army Ground Safety Office
- Training Centers Command
- 71st Theater Information Operations Group (71st TIOG)
- 176th Engineer Brigade
On 1 September 2009, the Texas Army National Guard activated the 1st Battalion (Airborne), 143rd Infantry Regiment, the only Airborne infantry battalion in the Army National Guard. The unit includes a battalion headquarters and headquarters company (HHC), three rifle companies (Companies A, B, and C), a heavy weapons company (Company D), and a forward support company (FSC). Most elements of the battalion are located in Texas, but Company C is located in Rhode Island. Rather than converting an existing TX ARNG unit, the battalion was built from the ground up.  According to the U.S. Army Center for Military History, "1st Battalion, 143rd Infantry Regiment is a separate infantry battalion." As such, it is not subordinate to other commands in the state, although it is attached to the 71st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade for local administration. In 2016 Company B, which was originally located in Bethel, Alaska, was inactivated as part of the Alaska ARNG.  Troop C (LRS), 3rd Squadron, 124th Cavalry Regiment, Texas ARNG in Terrell, Texas was then used to reform Company B. During the same year, the battalion became affiliated with the 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team in Vicenza, Italy, and adopted the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 173rd ABCT.
- "Sunset Advisory Commission Staff Report 2018-2019 8th Legislature" (PDF). Texas Military Department. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
- Brian Schenk, An Introduction to the 49th (Lone Star) Armored Division (1947–), Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, Texas. Note that Globalsecurity.org appears to have infringed the Texas Military Forces' Museum's copyright in not acknowledging the sources of their data.
- McGrath, 'The Brigade,' 233. Patch can be seen at http://www.usarmypatches.com/Infantry.htm
- Submitted by: CW3 Rodney Hammack (16 September 2009). "36th Infantry Division - TXARNG". Agd.state.tx.us. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Bibliography of Texas Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Texas National Guard homepage
- Texas National Guard, accessed 28 Nov 2006
- GlobalSecurity.org Texas Army National Guard, accessed 28 Nov 2006
- Unit Designations in the Army Modular Force, accessed 23 Nov 2006