Tasker H. Bliss
General Tasker H. Bliss by Nicodemus David Hufford (1974)
|Born||December 31, 1853|
|Died||November 9, 1930 (aged 76)|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1875–1920|
|Commands held||Chief of Staff of the United States Army|
World War I
|Awards||Army Distinguished Service Medal|
Tasker Howard Bliss (December 31, 1853 – November 9, 1930) was a United States Army officer who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from September 22, 1917 until May 18, 1918. He was also a diplomat involved in the peace negotiations of World War I, and was one of the co-signatories of the Treaty of Versailles for the United States.
Tasker Howard Bliss was born on 31 December 1853 in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, to George Ripley Bliss and Mary Ann (née Raymond) Bliss. He attended Bucknell (then Lewisburg) University for one year, where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity, before entering the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York. At the USMA, he excelled in languages, mathematics, and tactics and graduated eighth in his class on 16 June 1875.
Upon graduation, Bliss was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 1st Artillery and performed routine garrison duties in Georgia and New York. On 14 September 1876, he was appointed to the USMA as an Assistant Professor of French until 1882. While assigned to the USMA, he was promoted to first lieutenant.
Bliss married Eleanor (or Eleanora) E. Anderson on 24 May 1882. In late 1882, he was assigned to Fort Mason, California, and Fort Monroe, Virginia. Their first child, Eleanora, was born in January 1884. In 1885, he was an instructor at the Naval War College where he was sent to England, Germany, and France to study their military schools. The purpose of the trip was to determine if United States military schools were teaching similar and relevant material. He returned to the United States and on 16 May 1888, he was assigned to be aide-de-camp to U.S. Army Commanding General John M. Schofield. A concurrent assignment while aide-de-camp was Inspector of Artillery and Small Arms. During this time, the Blisses' son Edward Goring was born in June 1892.
On 20 December 1892, while aide-de-camp, he was promoted to Captain, Staff, Commissary of Subsistence and on 26 September 1895 he was assigned to special duty at the office of the Secretary of War. On 4 March 1897, he was assigned as the Quartermaster and Commissary at Fort Monroe, Virginia. On 2 July 1897, he was sent to Spain as the military attaché to the United States Legation. When war was declared between Spain and the United States, Captain Bliss was ordered to return to the U.S., via Paris, on 21 April 1898.
On 30 April 1898, Bliss was promoted to major, Staff, Commissary of Subsistence and on 9 May to lieutenant colonel and Chief, Commissary of Subsistence, U.S. Volunteers. Bliss was then assigned to the 6th Army Corps as Chief Commissary, 23 May 1898, and then Camp George H. Thomas, in Chickamauga, Georgia, until ordered to Santiago, Cuba, and then Puerto Rico on 20 July 1898. Colonel Bliss arrived in Ponce, Puerto Rico, in early August and was appointed as the Chief of Staff, 1st Division, I Army Corps, under Major General James H. Wilson. Concurrent assignments included being a board member to select camp sites in Cuba and chief commissary of the I Army Corps.
Time in Cuba
Bliss was ordered to Havana, Cuba on 15 December 1898, as Collector of Customs for the Island of Cuba and the Port of Havana. On 13 June 1899 Bliss received an honorable discharge from the U.S. Volunteers and returned to the Regular Army. While serving as Chief, Collector of Customs for the Island of Cuba and the Port of Havana he was also the President of the Commission to Revise the Cuban Tariff Treaty in 1901 and was appointed to the Army War College Board as Special Envoy to Cuba to negotiate the treaty ratification in November and December 1902. The Treaty was ratified and signed on 17 December 1903.
In 1900, Bliss was elected as a veteran companion of the Pennsylvania Commandery of the Military Order of Foreign Wars.
Bliss was commissioned as a brigadier general in the Regular Army by an Act of Congress under direction of the U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. On 15 August 1903, Bliss was appointed a member of the General Staff, Chief, 3rd Division and President of the Army War College. In September 1904, he participated in the Manassas maneuvers in Virginia.
On 7 June 1905, Bliss was ordered the Philippine Islands to command the Department of Luzon. On 9 January 1906, he was assigned as commander of the Department of Mindanao and appointed governor of the Moro Province. While still governor of the Moro Province, Bliss was ordered to command the Philippine Division on 14 December 1908. He relinquished all Philippine Islands commands on 6 April 1909, and returned to the U.S. after touring China and Manchuria.
Bliss was assigned to the general staff and president of the U.S. Army War College, 19 June 1909. On 12 August 1910, he was assigned to command the Department of California, in San Francisco, California. On 13 August 1911, he was assigned as Commander, Department of the East, Fort Totten, New York, and subsequently assigned to Commander, Department of the South, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas on 26 February 1913.
World War I and Paris Peace Conference
On 13 February 1915, Bliss was detailed to the general staff as Assistant Chief of Staff, Army until his promotion to Chief of Staff on 22 September 1917. He was promoted to major general in the Regular Army on 20 November 1915 and received a temporary promotion to full general (four star) in the National Army on 6 October 1917. On 17 November 1917, he was assigned as the American Permanent Military Representative, Supreme War Council, concurrent with the U.S. Army Chief of Staff position.
Bliss was forced to retire due to age limitations on 31 December 1917, but by order of President Woodrow Wilson, was recalled to active duty on 1 January 1918 and sent to Versailles, France, on 23 January to better carry out his duties on the Supreme War Council. He was relieved as U.S. Army Chief of Staff on 19 May 1918, and returned to his permanent rank of major general (retired) 20 May 1918. After the signing of the armistice ending World War I, on 11 November 1918, Bliss held two titles, the American Permanent Military Representative, Supreme War Council, and also, Plenipotentiary at the Paris Peace Conference. This assignment was concluded on 10 December 1919.
He died on 9 November 1930. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Washington, DC.
Edward Goring Bliss was the son of Tasker and Eleanor E. Bliss. Born on 2 June 1892, he graduated from the USMA in 1916 and was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the Engineer Corps. He saw service in Siberia in 1918–1919 and through World War II. He retired with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
His daughter Eleanora, born in 1885, attended Bryn Mawr College where she became the first women[clarification needed] to gain a doctorate in geology. She joined the United States Geological Survey where she met and married fellow geologist, Adolph Knopf.
A portrait of General Bliss hangs in Luce Hall at the United States Naval War College.
Dates of rank
|Cadet||United States Military Academy||1 September 1871|
|Second lieutenant||Regular Army||16 June 1875|
|First lieutenant||Regular Army||1 July 1880|
|Captain||Regular Army||20 December 1892|
|Major||Regular Army||30 April 1898|
|Lieutenant colonel||Volunteers||9 June 1898|
(Date of rank was 9 May 1898.)
|Major||Regular Army||13 June 1899|
(Reverted to permanent rank to date from 30 April 1898.)
|Brigadier general||Volunteers||7 May 1901|
(Date of rank was 26 April 1901.)
|Major||Regular Army||20 June 1901|
(Reverted to permanent rank to date from 30 April 1898.)
|Brigadier general||Regular Army||21 July 1902|
|Major general||Regular Army||20 November 1915|
|General||National Army||8 October 1917|
(Date of rank was 6 October 1917.)
|Major general||Retired list||1 January 1918|
(Remained on active duty as Chief of Staff with rank of general until 20 May 1918.)
|Brevet general||Retired list||20 May 1918|
(Remained on active duty as permanent major general with brevet to general.)
|Major general||Retired list||1 May 1920|
|General||Retired list||21 June 1930|
Bliss never held the rank of colonel. He was promoted to brigadier general from major by an act of Congress at the President's request.
Bliss was also never commissioned as a lieutenant general. He was appointed a general by the U.S. President under U.S. Code, Title 10, Subtitle A, Part I, Chapter 6, § 164, which provided for the Chief of Staff of the Army to serve with the rank of general.
Orders, decorations and medals
|Army Distinguished Service Medal|
|Spanish Campaign Medal|
|Philippine Campaign Medal|
|Army of Cuban Occupation Medal|
|Mexican Border Service Medal|
|World War I Victory Medal|
|Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (UK)|
|Grand Croix Légion d'Honneur (France)|
|Grand Cross Order of the Crown (Belgium)|
|Grand Cross Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy)|
|Grand Cordon Order of the Rising Sun (Japan)|
|Polonia Restituta (Poland)|
|War Merit Cross (Italy)|
|Medal of Solidarity, 1918 (Panama)|
- Honorary graduate, Artillery School, 1884.
- Honorary Doctor of Laws, Bucknell University, 1916
- Honorary Doctor of Laws, Western Reserve University, 1923
- Honorary Doctor of Military Science, Pennsylvania Military College, 1925
- Honorary Doctor of Laws, Harvard University, 1927
- Phi Kappa Psi (1991). Grand Catalogue of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity (13th ed.). Publishing Concepts, Inc. 1991. pp. 35, 553.
- Army Register, 1922. pg. 1212.
- Army Heritage and Education Center, Tasker H. Bliss Collection Finding Aid (Online catalog) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-03-16. Retrieved 2011-03-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Aldrich, Michele L. (1980), "Knopf, Eleanora Frances Bliss", Notable American Women: The Modern Period, Harvard University Press, pp. 401–403, ISBN 9780674627338
- Official Register of Commissioned Officers of the United States Army, 1929. pg. 728.
- Tasker H. Bliss Collection US Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle, Pennsylvania OCLC 309145538
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tasker H. Bliss.|
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