|Tampa Bay Bandits|
|Based in||Tampa, Florida, United States|
|Home field||Tampa Stadium|
|Division||Central (1983) |
|Team History||35–19 overall record|
|Team colors||Red, Silver, Black, White|
|Head coaches||Steve Spurrier|
|Owner(s)||John F. Bassett (managing general partner)|
Stephen Arky (general partner)
Burt Reynolds (general partner)
Stan Gelt (general partner)
26 other partners
The Tampa Bay Bandits were a professional American football team in the United States Football League (USFL) which was based in Tampa, Florida. The Bandits were a charter member of the USFL and was the only franchise to have the same principal owner (John F. Bassett), head coach (Steve Spurrier), and home field (Tampa Stadium) during the league's three seasons of play (1983–1985). The Bandits were one of the most successful teams in the short-lived spring football league both on the field and at the ticket booth. Spurrier's "Bandit Ball" offense led them to three winning seasons and two playoff appearances, and their exciting brand of play combined with innovative local marketing helped the Bandits lead the league in attendance. However, the franchise folded along with the rest of the USFL when the league suspended play after the 1985 season.
Prominent alumni from the Bandits include future NFL Pro Bowlers Nate Newton and Gary Anderson and coach Steve Spurrier, who spent 25 years coaching college football after his successful first stint as a head coach with the Bandits and was enshrined in the College Football Hall of Fame.
Preparing to play
The Tampa Bay Bandits' primary founder was Canadian businessman John F. Bassett, who was still in litigation against the NFL over his previous Memphis Southmen franchise from the World Football League in the mid-1970s. Bassett was initially skeptical about getting into another football venture. However, he soon warmed up to the USFL after discovering that he was nowhere as well off as the other owners. While he had been by far the richest owner in the WFL, he realized that he would be one of the poorest owners in the USFL. Believing that the USFL was on far stronger financial ground than the WFL ever had been, he agreed to sign on. Bassett had a part-time home in the Tampa Bay Area, and when the USFL announced its twelve charter franchises in May 1982, Bassett was introduced as the majority owner of the as-yet unnamed team in Tampa along with Miami attorney Steve Arky.
Establishment in Tampa
After it was decided that the franchise would play in Tampa, several minority owners bought stakes, among them Hollywood star Burt Reynolds, a former college football player at Florida State who was one of the most popular motion picture actors in the world. The team was soon dubbed the "Bandits", and although it was widely assumed that the name referenced Reynolds' role in the hit Smokey and the Bandit movies, Bassett said that the mascot had been chosen before Reynolds joined the ownership group and instead came from the name of Bassett's daughter's German Shepherd. Reynolds was prominently involved in the Bandits' early marketing campaigns, and the cover of the team's first media guide featured a photo of the actor wearing a Bandits jacket and trucker hat.
Also building interest was the hiring of Steve Spurrier as head coach and offensive coordinator in November 1982. Spurrier was well known in the area as a Heisman Trophy-winning college star for the University of Florida Gators and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers' first starting quarterback, and had most recently spent three seasons as a record-setting offensive coordinator at Duke University before accepting his first head coaching job with the Bandits. Though Bassett had also considered several established coaches with NFL experience, he chose Spurrier due to his deep connections to the state of Florida and his reputation as an innovative young offensive coach; Spurrier was 37 when hired, making him the youngest head coach in professional football at the time. At Spurrier's introductory press conference, Bassett joked that the he knew that he'd found the right coach when he discovered that the Spurrier family also had a dog named Bandit.
The Bandits began play in 1983 in Tampa Stadium, and were immediately more successful than the area's NFL franchise, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, with whom they shared a home field (though the Bucs played in the fall and early winter while the Bandits played in the spring and early summer). The Bandits narrowly missed the playoffs in their first season and made the postseason the next two years. Spurrier's aggressive offense was usually one of the best in the league; Bandits players are among the USFL career leaders in touchdown passes (John Reaves, 4th), touchdown receptions (Eric Truvillion, 2nd), and rushing touchdowns (Gary Anderson, 3rd). However, an average defense and Bassett's insistence on adhering to the USFL's original financial plan while other franchises spent millions on free agent signings kept the team from serious championship contention.
The Bandits were also successful off the field. They drew the highest average attendance over the three-year history of the USFL, coming in second in attendance in 1983 and leading the league in that category in 1984 and 1985 with over 40,000 fans per game. Also, their memorabilia outsold that of the Buccaneers in the Tampa Bay area. A fan-friendly atmosphere (including a theme song, "Bandit Ball", penned and sung by Reynolds' friend Jerry Reed) was one factor, and the Bucs' futility during the period (they went 10–38 from 1983 to 1985—the start of a 12-year stretch of 10-loss seasons) also helped the Bandits' success. Another key factor in the Bandits' success was the fact that there was no Major League Baseball team in Tampa at the time (the Tampa Bay Devil Rays would not debut for another decade), meaning that unlike other USFL teams, they did not have to compete with a baseball team for spectators. Due to broad local support, the Bandits were one of a very few USFL teams with a stable home and steady finances - they were the only franchise to have the same coach, owner, and home city throughout the league's three-year existence. Due to these factors, the Bandits are considered one of the few USFL teams that had the potential to be a viable venture had the league been better run. The Philadelphia Stars played Tampa Bay at Wembley Stadium in an exhibition game on July 21, 1984.
1983 schedule and results
|Week||Day||Date||Opponent||Game site||Attendance||Television||Final score||W/L||Record|
|1||Sunday||March 6, 1983||Boston Breakers||Tampa Stadium||42,437||—||21–17||W||1–0|
|2||Saturday||March 12, 1983||Michigan Panthers||Tampa Stadium||38,789||—||19–7||W||2–0|
|3||Sunday||March 20, 1983||at New Jersey Generals||Giants Stadium||53,307||—||32–9||W||3–0|
|4||Sunday||March 27, 1983||at Philadelphia Stars||Veterans Stadium||18,718||ABC||27–22||W||4–0|
|5||Saturday||April 2, 1983||Chicago Blitz||Tampa Stadium||46,585||ESPN||3–42||L||4–1|
|6||Saturday||April 9, 1983||at Denver Gold||Mile High Stadium||46,848||ESPN||22–16 OT||W||5–1|
|7||Monday||April 18, 1983||Los Angeles Express||Tampa Stadium||32,223||ESPN||13–18||L||5–2|
|8||Sunday||April 24, 1983||at Washington Federals||RFK Stadium||9,070||—||30–23||W||6–2|
|9||Saturday||April 30, 1983||Philadelphia Stars||Tampa Stadium||41,559||ESPN||10–24||L||6–3|
|10||Sunday||May 8, 1983||at Oakland Invaders||Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum||26,989||ABC||17–10||W||7–3|
|11||Sunday||May 15, 1983||Arizona Wranglers||Tampa Stadium||32,327||—||20–14||W||8–3|
|12||Saturday||May 21, 1983||Oakland Invaders||Tampa Stadium||43,389||ESPN||29–9||W||9–3|
|13||Monday||May 30, 1983||at Michigan Panthers||Pontiac Silverdome||23,976||ESPN||7–43||L||9–4|
|14||Sunday||June 5, 1983||Birmingham Stallions||Tampa Stadium||35,623||ABC||45–17||W||10–4|
|15||Sunday||June 12, 1983||at Chicago Blitz||Soldier Field||21,249||—||9–31||L||10–5|
|16||Sunday||June 19, 1983||at Boston Breakers||Nickerson Field||15,530||—||17–24||L||10–6|
|17||Monday||June 27, 1983||Denver Gold||Tampa Stadium||46,128||ESPN||26–23||W||11–6|
|18||Saturday||July 2, 1983||at Birmingham Stallions||Legion Field||20,300||ESPN||17–29||L||11–7|
1983 Opening Day Roster
|1983 Tampa Bay Bandits roster|
added during season
Rookies in italics
In week three of the 1984 season, the Bandits faced their inter-state rivals, the Jacksonville Bulls for the first time. Jacksonville was 1-1, after soundly defeating the Washington Federals and nearly beating the New Jersey Generals. Jacksonville, led by former Jets and Broncos quarterback Matt Robinson, raced out to a 12–0 lead. The Bandits stormed back to take a 25–18 lead. The Bulls came back to tie the game, but the Bandits won when Zenon Andrusyshyn kicked a field goal to give Tampa Bay a 28–25 lead.
When the season was over, quarterback John Reeves was the leading passer on the squad. Running backs Greg Boone and Gary Anderson ran for 1,009 and 1,008 yards respectively. Eric Truvillion lead the receivers with 1,044 yards on 70 catches and nine touchdowns. 
1984 schedule and results
|Week||Day||Date||Time||Opponent||Game site||Attendance||Television||Final score||W/L||Record|
|2||Saturday||February 4, 1984||7:30 pm||vs. Washington Federals||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||17,225||28–9||W||1–0|
|3||Saturday||February 11, 1984||7:30 pm||Oklahoma Outlaws||Tampa Stadium||42,247||15–6||W||2–0|
|4||Saturday||February 18, 1984||7:30 pm||vs. Philadelphia Stars||Orlando, Florida||22–17||W||3–0|
|1||Sunday||February 26, 1984||2:30 pm||Houston Gamblers||Tampa Stadium||42,915||—||20–17||W||1–0|
|2||Friday||March 2, 1984||9:00 pm||at Arizona Wranglers||Sun Devil Stadium||31,264||ESPN||20–17||W||2–0|
|3||Saturday||March 10, 1984||9:00 pm||Jacksonville Bulls||Tampa Stadium||51,274||ESPN||28–25||W||3–0|
|4||Sunday||March 18, 1984||2:30 pm||at Denver Gold||Mile High Stadium||19,173||—||30–36||L||3–1|
|5||Monday||March 26, 1984||8:00 pm||Birmingham Stallions||Tampa Stadium||37,899||ESPN||9–27||L||3–2|
|6||Sunday||April 1, 1984||2:30 pm||at Philadelphia Stars||Veterans Stadium||30,270||ABC||24–38||L||3–3|
|7||Saturday||April 7, 1984||8:00 pm||Oakland Invaders||Tampa Stadium||58,777||—||24–0||W||4���3|
|8||Monday||April 16, 1984||9:00 pm||at New Orleans Breakers||Louisiana Superdome||35,634||ESPN||35–13||W||5–3|
|9||Monday||April 23, 1984||9:00 pm||at Michigan Panthers||Pontiac Silverdome||31,433||ESPN||20–7||W||6–3|
|10||Saturday||April 28, 1984||8:00 pm||Washington Federals||Tampa Stadium||42,810||ESPN||37–19||W||7–3|
|11||Saturday||May 5, 1984||8:00 pm||at Jacksonville Bulls||Gator Bowl Stadium||71,174||ESPN||31–13||W||8–3|
|12||Monday||May 14, 1984||8:00 pm||Oklahoma Outlaws||Tampa Stadium||45,116||ESPN||28–21||W||9–3|
|13||Sunday||May 20, 1984||2:30 pm||New Orleans Breakers||Tampa Stadium||42,592||ESPN||31–20||W||10–3|
|14||Friday||May 25, 1984||8:30 pm||at Memphis Showboats||Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium||27,422||—||21–31||L||10–4|
|15||Sunday||June 3, 1984||2:30 pm||New Jersey Generals||Tampa Stadium||45,255||ABC||30–14||W||11–4|
|16||Saturday||June 9, 1984||8:00 pm||Memphis Showboats||Tampa Stadium||48,785||—||42–24||W||12–4|
|17||Saturday||June 16, 1984||8:00 pm||at Pittsburgh Maulers||Three Rivers Stadium||16,832||—||21–9||W||13–4|
|18||Sunday||June 24, 1984||1:30 pm||at Birmingham Stallions||Legion Field||24,500||ABC||17–16||W||14–4|
|Sunday||July 1, 1984||2:30 pm||at Birmingham Stallions||Legion Field||32,000||ABC||17–36||L||—|
|Exhibition||Saturday||July 21, 1984||12:30 pm||vs. Philadelphia Stars||Wembley Stadium
1985 schedule and results
|Week||Day||Date||Opponent||Game site||Attendance||Television||Final score||W/L||Record|
|2||Saturday||February 9, 1985||New Jersey Generals||Tampa Stadium||32,370||21–7||W||1–0|
|3||Saturday||February 16, 1985||vs. Baltimore Stars||Charlotte, North Carolina||20,000||WTOG||28–26||W||2–0|
|1||Saturday||February 23, 1985||Orlando Renegades||Tampa Stadium||45,095||ESPN||35–7||W||1–0|
|2||Sunday||March 3, 1985||Houston Gamblers||Tampa Stadium||42,291||ABC||28–50||L||1–1|
|3||Sunday||March 10, 1985||at San Antonio Gunslingers||Alamo Stadium||21,822||—||31–18||W||2–1|
|4||Saturday||March 16, 1985||Arizona Outlaws||Tampa Stadium||41,381||ESPN||23–13||W||3–1|
|5||Sunday||March 24, 1985||at New Jersey Generals||Giants Stadium||41,079||ABC||24–28||L||3–2|
|6||Friday||March 29, 1985||at Memphis Showboats||Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium||23,952||ESPN||28–20||W||4–2|
|7||Saturday||April 6, 1985||Jacksonville Bulls||Tampa Stadium||51,286||ESPN||31–17||W||5–2|
|8||Monday||April 15, 1985||Denver Gold||Tampa Stadium||54,267||ESPN||33–17||W||6–2|
|9||Sunday||April 21, 1985||at Birmingham Stallions||Legion Field||28,900||ESPN||3–30||L||6–3|
|10||Sunday||April 28, 1985||Baltimore Stars||Tampa Stadium||41,226||—||28–14||W||7–3|
|11||Saturday||May 4, 1985||at Los Angeles Express||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||4,912||ESPN||24–14||W||8–3|
|12||Sunday||May 12, 1985||at Jacksonville Bulls||Gator Bowl Stadium||58,928||—||21–10||W||9–3|
|13||Saturday||May 18, 1985||Memphis Showboats||Tampa Stadium||44,818||ESPN||14–38||L||9–4|
|14||Sunday||May 26, 1985||New Jersey Generals||Tampa Stadium||44,539||ABC||24–30 OT||L||9–5|
|15||Saturday||June 1, 1985||at Orlando Renegades||Florida Citrus Bowl||26,847||—||7–37||L||9–6|
|16||Saturday||June 8, 1985||at Portland Breakers||Civic Stadium||15,521||—||24–27||L||9–7|
|17||Saturday||June 15, 1985||Birmingham Stallions||Tampa Stadium||42,131||—||17–14||W||10–7|
|18||Sunday||June 23, 1985||at Baltimore Stars||Byrd Stadium||12,647||—||10–38||L||10–8|
|Quarterfinal||Sunday||June 30, 1985||at Oakland Invaders||Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum||19,346||ABC||27–30||L||—|
The end of the Bandits and of the USFL
Bandits' majority owner John Bassett was a strong proponent of the "Dixon Plan", which was a plan formulated by the USFL's founding owners that sought to build a sustainable league with budgetary restraint and a commitment to spring football. However, to gain a competitive advantage and draw attention to their teams, some owners attempted to sign more high-profile players to free agent contracts, sometimes engaging in bidding wars against more financially powerful NFL teams. This led to USFL teams losing substantial amounts of money, causing much instability throughout the league. The Bandits did not overspend on player contracts, keeping the franchise stable but making it difficult to compete with the USFL's higher-spending teams, despite making a very good account of themselves on the field.
In April 1985, the USFL (led by New Jersey Generals owner Donald Trump) voted 12–2 to switch to a fall schedule for 1986, hoping to compete directly with the NFL and possibly force the more established league to accept a merger. Bassett, who had registered one of the two "nay" votes, immediately declared his intention to pull the Bandits out of the USFL and organize a new spring football league.
However, by mid-1985, the Bandits' ownership group was in disarray. Bassett was diagnosed with terminal brain cancer, and staffers suspected that his illness was impairing his judgment. At the same time, co-owner Steve Arky's wealth was raided by the Securities and Exchange Commission on fraud charges, triggering the savings and loan crisis; Arky committed suicide not long after. The team began signing mediocre players, most infamously defensive back Bret Clark, to large contracts, and plans for a new spring football league were abandoned. The size of the contracts, particularly Clark's contract, led Spurrier and other team officials to question whether Bassett was acting or thinking rationally. As his condition worsened, Bassett decided to sell the team. He died in May 1986.
In August 1985, minority owner Lee Scarfone, a local architect, agreed to purchase Bassett's and Arky's stakes and field a team in the USFL for the fall 1986 season, with Tony Cunningham coming on as an additional partner. However, the league could not secure a TV contract for its new fall schedule (while declining broadcast contracts to continue playing in the spring) and had difficulty finding investors, putting the upcoming season in doubt. After the USFL's anti-trust lawsuit against the NFL failed in July 1986, the league suspended operations, leaving its remaining franchises in limbo.
In March 1986, Bret Clark took the Bandits to arbitration for $159,980 in back pay owed under his contract. He won the case on May 29, but the Bandits did not have any funds available to pay the judgement, as Scarfone and Cunningham had gone into considerable debt to buy the team and had already depleted most of their assets. On August 4, a federal judge placed a lien on the franchise and ordered that the franchise's remaining assets - including everything from weight-lifting equipment to office furniture to memorabilia from the team store - be confiscated to pay off the debt, all but ending any realistic chance of the Bandits returning to the field. Coincidentally, the USFL canceled its 1986 season on the same day, though the league did not formally shut down until 1988.
Prominent Tampa Bay Bandits
- Gary Anderson
- Jim Fitzpatrick
- Lex Luger
- Nate Newton
- Chuck Pitcock
- John Reaves
- Ron Simmons
- Steve Spurrier, head coach
Rushing Yards: 1206 (1985), Gary Anderson
Receiving Yards: 1146 (1983), Danny Buggs
Passing Yards: 4183 (1985), John Reaves
|1984||14||4||0||2nd EC Southern||Lost Quarterfinal (Birmingham)|
|1985||10||8||0||5th EC||Lost Quarterfinal (Oakland)|
Proposed A11FL revival
In February 2014, the A-11 Football League (A11FL), a planned spring football league, announced its intention to revive the Tampa Bay Bandits name and logos for one of its charter franchises. The A11FL also announced plans to feature the new Bandits in a "showcase game" to be held at Tampa's Raymond James Stadium in May 2014.
In Popular Culture
- Reeths, Paul (2017). The United States Football League, 1982-1986. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-1476667447.
- Tierney, Mike (May 11, 1982). "Tampa in New Pro Football League". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- Pearlman, Jeff (2018). Football for a Buck. p. 52. ISBN 9780544453685.
- Scheiber, Dave (Nov 23, 1982). "It's Spurrier: Bandits Hand over the Reins". St. Petersburg Times. p. 1C. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- Fiallo, Josh (7 September 2018). "From Bandits to Seminoles, Burt Reynolds left a rich Tampa sports legacy". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
- Gardner, Steve (Sep 6, 2018). "Famed actor Burt Reynolds had many football, sports connections". USA TODAY. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
- The Miami News - Google News Archive Search
- McEwen, Tom (Nov 23, 1982). "Bandits Tabbed Spurrier for Plenty of Reasons". The Tampa Tribune. Retrieved Aug 16, 2020.
- Lakeland Ledger - Google News Archive Search
- http://www.usfl.info/bandits/trivia.html Tampa Bay Bandits trivia
- Rebels with a good cause from Sports Illustrated
- Breakfast Bonus - Tom McEwen- from TBO.com Sports Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
- statscrew.com 1983 Tampa Bay Bandits Game-by-Game Results Retrieved December 30, 2018
- usflsite.com 1983 USFL Season Retrieved December 30, 2018
- profootballarchives.com 1983 Tampa Bay Bandits (USFL) Retrieved December 30, 2018
- statscrew.com 1984 Tampa Bay Bandits Game-by-Game Results Retrieved December 31, 2018
- usflsite.com 1984 USFL Season Retrieved December 31, 2018
- profootballarchives.com 1984 Tampa Bay Bandits (USFL) Retrieved December 31, 2018
- statscrew.com 1985 Tampa Bay Bandits Game-by-Game Results Retrieved December 31, 2018
- usflsite.com 1985 USFL Season Retrieved December 31, 2018
- profootballarchives.com 1985 Tampa Bay Bandits (USFL) Retrieved December 30, 2018
- "5 things to know about Donald Trump's foray into doomed USFL". ESPN. July 7, 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Donald Trump defends USFL past". New York Daily News. May 5, 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- Mizell, Hubert (30 April 1985). "By its own hand, USFL will fall into oblivion". St. Petersburg Times. pp. 1C. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Bassett will pull Bandits out of USFL" - St. Pete Times: April 30, 1985
- Cosco, Joseph (July 24, 1985). "Miami lawyer kills himself in wake of ESM". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
- Scheiber, Dave. Bandits lose possessions after bizarre legal action. St. Petersburg Times, 1986-08-05.
- Sarasota Herald-Tribune - Google News Archive Search
- Ocala Star-Banner - Google News Archive Search
- Lakeland Ledger - Google News Archive Search
- Allen, Diane Lacey. Death of the Bandits not a pretty sight. The Ledger, 1986-08-05.
- Proposed new football league plans game in Tampa | Tampa Bay Times
- Auman, Greg (25 April 2014). "Spring pro league scraps showcase game at Ray-Ja". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 27 June 2014.