|Created by||J.R.R. Tolkien|
|Setting and usage||Fantasy world of Middle-earth|
|Sources||a priori language, but related to other languages of Arda|
Taliska is a constructed language devised by fantasy writer J. R. R. Tolkien. It is one of the many fictional languages set in his secondary world, commonly known as Middle-earth, as part of the Lord of the Rings universe.
Taliska was based on the Gothic language. Gothic was an early interest of Tolkien. A 272 manuscript-page historical grammar of Taliska is known to exist, but as of 2018[update] it has not been published. Carl Hostetter has noted that the grammar contains a considerable amount of vocabulary, not all of which is glossed.  Hostetter extracted and compiled these words into a Taliska Dictionary which he presented at ELFcon III in 1993. 
Adûnaic, the language of Númenor, later displaced Taliska. During the writing of The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien toyed with the idea of making Taliska the primordial tongue of the people of Rohan who spoke Old English in his translated setting of The Lord of the Rings.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Comparative Tables", Parma Eldalamberon 19, p. 22
- Andrew Higgins (March 2, 2016). "Class 15: Tolkien's Tree of Tongues". Language Invention Through Tolkien (Podcast). Signum University. Event occurs at 44:47.
- "Tolkien Activities 1993 - The United States". Tolkien Collector's Guide. September 28, 2006. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
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