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|Location||Wenshan, Taipei, Taiwan|
The Taipei Zoo, sometimes referred to as the "Muzha Zoo", is a public zoological garden in Wenshan District, Taipei, Taiwan. It is the most famous zoological garden in Taiwan and a leader in conservation, research and education, and recreation. It is one of the largest zoos in Asia, with a total area of 165 hectares, of which more than 90 ha are developed.
Taipei Zoo was founded as Maruyama Zoo (Japanese: 圓山動物園 Hepburn: Maruyama Dōbutsuen) in 1914, when Taiwan was under Japanese rule, in Mt. Maruyama (modern-day Yuanshan) on the northern suburb of Taihoku (modern-day Taipei). It was originally a private zoological garden owned by a Japanese citizen, Mr. Oe. The Japanese government in Taiwan bought the property the following year and opened it as a public park. After World War II, the Republic of China (ROC) retreated to Taiwan and the ownership of the park was passed to the Taipei City Government of ROC. An Asian elephant named Lin Wang that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and later relocated to Taiwan with the Kuomintang forces was moved to the zoo, and lived out most of his life and was the most popular animal at the zoo, and the most famous animal in Taiwan until it received 2 pandas from China. Many adults and children alike affectionately called the bull elephant "Grandpa Lin Wang." Due to a need for expansion and for better conditions for the animals, the zoo was moved to its current site in Muzha on the southeastern suburb of Taipei City in 1986. It is, therefore, sometimes referred to as the "Muzha Zoo" to be distinguished from the former "Yuan-shan Zoo". The current site encloses 165 hectares, including 90 hectares open to the public.
The zoo was badly hit during Typhoon Soudelor on 8 August 2015 which caused NT$10 million of loss with additional NT$4 million in reparation cost. The zoo opened again on 11 August 2015 while some parts of it were still kept closed.
The Taipei Zoo displays animals from Taiwan, Australia, Africa, the Asian tropical rainforest, the desert, and the temperate zones. The zoo also displays domestic animals in its Children's Zoo, as well as over 12000 birds of over 130 species in an aviary. Other exhibitions in the zoo include an insectarium, amphibian and reptile house, penguin habitat, koala habitat, nocturnal animals display, and a panda exhibition.
Giant Panda House
In 2008, the zoo received two pandas from the People's Republic of China (PRC), named Tuan Tuan and Yuan Yuan (meaning "reunion"), as a gesture of unity. The gift of the endangered pandas had been rejected by President Chen Shui-bian in 2005 who viewed it as a propaganda tool against Taiwan's independence, but the next president, Ma Ying-jeou, of the Kuomintang, had forged stronger economic and diplomatic relations with the PRC under his presidency, and was willing to accept them. The offering of pandas as a gift from the PRC is often known as "panda diplomacy", and the zoo expected to draw around 30,000 visitors a day as a result of their arrival. The move was criticized by supporters of Taiwan's independence and the opposition Democratic Progressive Party, who said that "Tuan Tuan and Yuan Yuan means a union, which perfectly matches Beijing's goal of bringing Taiwan into its fold."
Formosan Animal Area
In this part of the zoo, visitors can take a look at animals which are native to Taiwan, such as wild boar, crab-eating mongooses, clouded leopards, Formosan sika deer, European otters, Reeves's muntjac, Formosan rock macaques, Formosan pangolins, Formosan serow and Formosan black bears.
Fern Garden is a part of the zoo where visitors can take a look at ferns.
In this area, visitors can see various species of insect.
In this area, visitors can see animals which are usually held at farms around the world but also some other species. Animals housed here include muscovy ducks, cattle, Asian water buffaloes, pigs, ponies, goats, guinea pigs, rabbits, donkeys, llamas, alpacas, rose-ringed parakeets and common squirrel monkeys.
In this building, visitors can see koalas.
Asian Tropical Rainforest Area
This part of the zoo is the home to animals which are native to the tropical rainforests of Asia. Animals which are on display here include false gharials, great hornbills, southern pig-tailed macaques, siamang, orangutans, Malayan tapirs, leopards, sun bears, Sumatran tigers, Asian elephants and Bengal tigers.
Desert Animal Area
Australian Animal Area
African Animal Area
In this area, visitors can see animals which are native to Africa. Animals exhibited here include zebras, elands, hippos, African lions, white rhinoceroses, giraffes, patas monkeys, mandrills, meerkats, chimpanzees, Thomson's Gazelles, wildebeests, barbary sheep, olive baboons, lemurs, western lowland gorillas, bongo, impalas, ostriches, African elephants, pygmy hippos, and spotted hyenas.
Bird World is the most western part of the zoo and displays birds such as ducks, geese, swans, flamingos, pelicans, ibises, hawks, eagles, hornbills, starlings, pigeons, doves, toucans, babblers, pheasants, cockatoos, parrots and cranes. The main aviary has been closed for renovation since the winter of 2010.
Amphibian and Reptile House
Temperate Zone Animal Area
This part of the zoo houses animals which usually live in the temperate zone of the world. Animals housed in this area include Przewalski's wild horses, American beavers, American bison, raccoons, sika, Yaks, Elks, Mooses, bobcats, woodchuck, European otters, Asiatic black bears, red pandas, brown bears, grey wolves, pumas, and Eurasian lynxes.
- 動物園網站管理員 (2017-06-10). "新聞稿". www.zoo.gov.taipei (in Chinese). Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "Chinese pandas arrive in Taiwan". BBC News. 2008-12-23. Retrieved 2008-12-23.
- "In pictures: Pandas sent to Taiwan". BBC News. 2008-12-23. Retrieved 2008-12-23.
- "Newborn Giant Panda". zoo.taipei.gov.tw. Retrieved 5 Dec 2013.
Media related to Taipei Zoo at Wikimedia Commons