|Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation|
|Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación|
|Location||Pino Suárez no. 2, Colonia Centro, Delegación Cuauhtémoc, C.P. 06065, Mexico City|
|Authorized by||constitution of Mexico|
|Judge term length||15 years|
|No. of positions||11|
|Currently||Luis María Aguilar Morales|
|Since||2 January 2015|
The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (Spanish: Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación (SCJN) is the supreme court of Mexico and the head of the judicial branch of the Mexican federal government. It consists of eleven judges, known as ministers, one of whom is designated the court's president.
Judges of the SCJN are appointed for 15 years. They are confirmed by the Senate from a list proposed by the President of the Republic. From among their number, the ministers elect the President of the Court to serve a four-year period; a given minister may serve more than one term as president, but not in consecutive periods.
Requirements to hold office
- Be citizen Mexican by birth.
- Be at least 35 years old at the time of designation.
- Having a law degree for at least 10 years.
- To have a good reputation and have not been convicted of theft, fraud, forgery, breach of trust, or any other offense with punishment of more than one year in prison.
- Not having been Secretary of State, Head of Administrative Department, Attorney General of the Republic or Justice of the Federal District, Senator, Federal Deputy, or Governor of any State or Head of the Federal District, during the year prior to the date of his appointment.
The Constitution stipulates that the appointments of ministers should preferably fall to those persons who have served with efficiency, ability and probity in the delivery of justice or who have distinguished themselves by their honor, competence and professional background in the exercise of the activity.
Ministers can leave the post for three reasons:
- Conclusion of the period
- Waiver, which is only proceeds in serious cases that must qualify the President of the Republic and approve or deny the Senate.
- Voluntary retirement: Proceeds when the interested party requests their retirement, as long as they meet the conditions of age and seniority.
Supreme Court building
The court itself is located just off the main plaza of Mexico City on the corners of Pino Suarez and Carranza Streets. It was built between 1935 and 1941 by Antonio Muñoz Garcia. Prior to the Conquest, this site was reserved for the ritual known as "Dance of the Flyers" which is still practiced today in Papantla. Hernán Cortés claimed the property after the Conquest and its ownership was in dispute during much of the colonial period with Cortes' heirs, the city government, and the Royal and Pontifical University all claiming rights. It was also the site of a very large market known as El Volador.
The interior of the building contains four panels painted in 1941 by José Clemente Orozco, two of which are named "The Social Labor Movement" and "National Wealth." There is also one mural done by American artist George Biddle entitled "War and Peace" at the entrance to the library. The building also contains a mural by Rafael Cauduro, which "graphically illustrates the Gran Guignol of Mexican torture", and includes a depiction of the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre as well as "a cut-away of a prison, perhaps the infamous Lecumberri Black Palace where the student leaders who escaped death were jailed."
While this building is still the main home of the Court, an alternative site on Avenida Revolución was established in 2002.
|Title||Name||Born||Appt. By||Senate Conf. vote||Age at appt.||Elected /
Length of service
|President||Aguilar Morales, Luis MaríaLuis María Aguilar Morales||4 November 1949
in Mexico City
|Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón||91||60||1 December 2009
|Minister||Cossío Díaz, José RamónJosé Ramón Cossío Díaz||26 December 1960
in Mexico City
|Fox, VicenteVicente Fox||84||42||12 December 2003
|Minister||Luna Ramos, MargaritaMargarita Luna Ramos||4 January 1956
in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas
|Fox, VicenteVicente Fox||83||48||19 February 2004
13 years, 9 months
|Minister||Franco González Salas, José FernandoJosé Fernando Franco González Salas||4 December 1950
in Mexico City
|Fox, VicenteVicente Fox||94||56||12 December 2006
|Minister||Zaldívar Lelo de Larrea, ArturoArturo Zaldívar Lelo de Larrea||9 August 1959
in Querétaro, Querétaro
|Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón||90||50||1 December 2009
|Minister||Pardo Rebolledo, Jorge MarioJorge Mario Pardo Rebolledo||1 February 1961
in Xalapa, Veracruz
|Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón||91||50||10 February 2011
6 years, 10 months
|Minister||Gutiérrez Ortiz Mena, AlfredoAlfredo Gutiérrez Ortiz Mena||14 October 1969
in Cuernavaca, Morelos
|Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón||103||41||1 December 2012
|Minister||Pérez Dayán, AlbertoAlberto Pérez Dayán||13 December 1960
in Mexico City
|Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón||104||51||3 December 2012
|Minister||Medina-Mora Icaza, EduardoEduardo Medina-Mora Icaza||30 January 1957
in Mexico City
|Peña Nieto, EnriqueEnrique Peña Nieto||83||58||10 March 2015
2 years, 9 months
|Minister||Laynez Potisek, JavierJavier Laynez Potisek||2 June 1959
in Torreón, Coahuila
|Peña Nieto, EnriqueEnrique Peña Nieto||81||56||10 December 2015
|Minister||Piña Hernández, Norma LucíaNorma Lucía Piña Hernández||—||Peña Nieto, EnriqueEnrique Peña Nieto||79||—||—|
The following have held the position of president of the court ("Presidente de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación") under the 1917 Constitution:
- 1917–1919: Enrique M. del Río
- 1919–1920: Ernesto Garza Pérez
- 1920–1922: Enrique Moreno Pérez
- 1922–1923: Gustavo A. Vicencio
- 1923–1924: Francisco Modesto Ramírez
- 1924–1925: Gustavo A. Vicencio
- 1925–1927: Manuel Padilla
- 1927–1928: Francisco Díaz Lombardo
- 1928–1929: Jesús Guzmán Vaca
- 1929–1933: Julio García
- 1934: Francisco H. Ruiz
- 1934–1940: Daniel V. Valencia
- 1941–1951: Salvador Urbina
- 1952: Roque Estrada Reynoso
- 1953: Hilario Medina
- 1954: José María Ortiz Tirado
- 1955–1956: Vicente Santos Guajardo
- 1957: Hilario Medina
- 1958: Agapito Pozo Balbás
- 1959–1964: Alfonso Guzmán Neyra
- 1965–1968: Agapito Pozo Balbás
- 1969–1973: Alfonso Guzmán Neyra
- 1974–1975: Euquerio Guerrero López
- 1976: Mario G. Rebolledo Fernández
- 1977–1981: Agustín Téllez Cruces
- 1982: Mario G. Rebolledo Fernández
- 1982–1985: Jorge Iñárritu y Ramírez de Aguilar
- 1986–1990: Carlos del Río Rodríguez
- 1991–1994: Ulises Schmill Ordóñez
- 1995–1999: José Vicente Aguinaco Alemán
- 1999–2002: Genaro David Góngora Pimentel
- 2002–2006: Mariano Azuela Güitrón
- 2007–2011: Guillermo Ortiz Mayagoitia
- 2011–2014: Juan N. Silva Meza
- 2015–incumbent: Luis María Aguilar Morales
The following have held the position of minister ("Ministro de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación") under the 1917 Constitution:
- Article 94 Mexican Constitution
- Galindo, Carmen; Magdalena Galindo (2002). Mexico City Historic Center. Mexico City: Ediciones Nueva Guia. p. 60. ISBN 968-5437-29-7.
- John Ross, CounterPunch, 16 July 2010, In the Basement of Mexican Justice, No One is Innocent
- "¿Qué es la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación y dónde se ubica?" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación (México).|
- (in Spanish) Official site