16 July 2006|
1959–2006 (as Alpha Ethniki)
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Football League|
|Domestic cup(s)||Greek Cup|
UEFA Champions League|
UEFA Europa League
AEK Athens (12th title) |
|Most championships||Olympiacos (44 titles)|
|Most appearances||Mimis Domazos (536)|
|Top goalscorer||Thomas Mavros (260 goals)|
|TV partners||Nova Sports and ERT (live matches)|
|2018–19 Super League Greece|
The Super League Greece (Greek: Ελληνική Σούπερ Λίγκα) or Souroti Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest professional football league in Greece. It was formed on 16 July 2006 and replaced Alpha Ethniki at the top of the Greek football league system. The league consists of 16 teams and runs from August to May, with teams playing 30 games each. As of August 2017, Superleague Greece is ranked 14th in the UEFA ranking of leagues, based on performances in European competitions over the last five years.
Since the foundation of the first official Panhellenic Championship in 1927, only six clubs have won the title, with the "big three" of Greater Athens (Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens) dominating and only Aris Thessaloniki, PAOK and Larissa managing to break their dominance on a few occasions. The current champions are AEK Athens, who have won a total of 12 titles and won the 2017–18 league title.
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Clubs
- 4 Champions
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Top Division Table (since 1959–60)
- 7 Per geographic region
- 8 Top scorers and appearances
- 9 The Golden Star
- 10 Greek football clubs in European competitions
- 11 UEFA ranking
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Between 1905 and 1912, a Panhellenic Championship was organised by the Hellenic Association of Amateur Athletics (SEGAS). This championship was actually a local tournament among clubs from Athens and Piraeus.
After the Balkan Wars and World War I, two football associations were formed, one organising a football league in Athens and Piraeus, and one doing the same in Thessaloniki. These were the Athens-Piraeus FCA (EPSAP) and the Macedonia FCA (EPSM). In 1923, a Panhellenic Champion was determined by a play-off game between the Athens-Piraeus and the Thessaloniki champions. Peiraikos Syndesmos won 3–1 against Aris Thessaloniki. This panhellenic final was not repeated the following year as the EPSAP was split into the Athens FCA (EPSA) and Piraeus FCA (EPSP) following a dispute.
In 1927, a national championship was organised in the form of a round-robin tournament between the champions of the three governing bodies. This time, Aris Thessaloniki won, finishing ahead of Ethnikos Piraeus and Atromitos. This national championship was set up again in 1929, and over the next years evolved into a tournament in which multiple teams took part. Still, these teams had to qualify for the national championship through their local football competitions.
In 1959 the Alpha Ethniki - the precursor of the current Super League - was set up as a national round-robin tournament.
At present, 16 clubs compete in the Superleague, playing each other in a home and away series. At the end of the season, the bottom two clubs are relegated to Football League. In their place, the top two teams from Football League are promoted. The number of teams to be relegated may change, depending on a licensing procedure that takes place at the end of the regular season.
The Superleague is currently entitled to two entrants into the UEFA Champions League. The Superleague champion directly enters the second qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. The second through fifth place teams in the Superleague enter a play-off for the second Greek entry. The play-off winner enters the UEFA Champions League's second qualifying round, a four-legged tie from which the winner advances to the play offs of the UEFA Champions League. The winner of the Greek Cup qualifies for the third qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League.
In the play-off for the UEFA Champions League, the teams play each other in a home and away round robin. However, they do not all start with 0 points. Instead, a weighting system applies to the teams' standing at the start of the play-off mini-league. The team finishing fifth in the Superleague will start the play off with 0 points. The fifth place team’s end of season tally of points is used to calculate the sum of the points that other teams will have. The point difference of each of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th team from the fifth place team is then divided by five (if the result is a decimal number it is then rounded to a full number, with .5 or more being rounded up) and the resulting number respectively for each team is the number of points with which they will start the mini-league.
The following 16 clubs will compete in the Super League during the 2018–19 season.
|First season in
|Last top |
|Aris Thessaloniki||2nd in the Football League||1927–28||55||9||3||1945–46|
|OFI||1st in the Football League||1955–56||41||8||0||n/a|
- Kerkyra and Platanias were relegated to the Football League for the 2018–19 season, while OFI and Aris Thessaloniki, as winners and runners-up, were promoted from the 2017–18 Football League season.
- 1905–06 to 1926–27: SEGAS Championship and Greece FCA Championship (not counted by HFF)
- 1927–28 to 1958–59: HFF Panhellenic Championship
- 1959–60 to 2005–06: Alpha Ethniki
- 2006–07 to present: Super League Greece
SEGAS and FCA championships
Performance by club (1927–)
|Olympiacos||44||1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017|||
|Panathinaikos||20||1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|||
|AEK||12||1939, 1940, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|||
|Aris||3||1928, 1932, 1946|||
Performance by club (1959–)
* Season 1959–1960 marked the beginning of the Alpha Ethniki - the precursor of the current Superleague - as a national round-robin tournament.
|Olympiacos||29||1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017|||
|Panathinaikos||17||1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|||
|AEK||10||1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|||
Performance by city (1927–)
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of four cities:
|Athens||32||Panathinaikos (20), AEK (12)|
|Thessaloniki||5||Aris (3), PAOK (2)|
Performance by region (1927–)
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of three regions:
|Attica (region)||76||Olympiacos (44), Panathinaikos (20), AEK (12)|
|Central Macedonia||5||Aris (3), PAOK (2)|
Top three ranking (1959–)
|Club||1st||2nd||3rd||Top 3 overall|
Seasons in Alpha Ethniki and Super League Greece
The number of seasons that each team (in alphabetical order) has played in the top division from 1959–60 until 2018–19. A total of 68 teams had competed in at least one season at the top division. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and PAOK are the only teams to have played in the top division in every season since the league's inception in its modern form. The teams in Bold participate in the 2018–19 Super League.
|60||Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, PAOK|
|24||Panserraikos, PAS Giannina|
|9||Athinaikos, Ergotelis, Olympiacos Volou, Panetolikos|
|7||Fostiras, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Trikala|
|6||Niki Volos, Panegialios, Panthrakikos, Platanias|
|5||Edessaikos, Korinthos, A.O. Kerkyra|
|4||Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Rodos, Vyzas|
|3||Diagoras, Olympiakos Nicosia, Panelefsiniakos, Kalloni, A.O.K. Kerkyra|
|1||AEL Limassol, A.E. Nikaia, APOEL*, Atromitos Piraeus, Chalkida, EPA Larnaca,|
Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerinis, Naoussa, Olympiacos Chalkida,
Omonia Nicosia, Pankorinthiakos, Thermaikos, Thrasyvoulos
- APOEL avoided relegation in the 1973–74 season, but were forced to play in the Cypriot A Division the following season due to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Hence they are the only team to have played a single season in the Greek league and not been relegated.
Top Division Table (since 1959–60)
This index is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Alpha Ethniki and Super League championships since 1959–60. The table is correct as of the end of the 2011–12 season. Points are based on 3–1–0 and no deductions are counted.
|Pos||Team||Seasons||Points||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||G.F.||G.A.||G.D.||1||2||3||1st App||Since/Last App||Best|
|26||Olympiacos Volou 1937||9||318||298||83||69||146||270||446||–176||–||–||–||1967–68||2010–11||5|
Note: Ionikos had 5 points deduction in the 2006–07 season.
League or status at 2018–19 in Greek football:
|2018–19 Super League|
|2018–19 Football League|
|2018–19 Gamma Ethniki|
|2018–19 Local Championships|
Per geographic region
All the geographic regions of Greece have been represented by at least one club in the first national division. Central Greece has had the strongest presence with 26 clubs overall, of which 21 come from Attica alone. Central Greece, Macedonia and the Peloponnese together contain almost three quarters of the clubs that participated in the top flight. Between 1967 and 1974, the Cypriot champion also participated in the Greek top competition, and five different Cypriot clubs participated during those years. The Greek islands of Rhodes, Lesbos and Corfu have also been represented. A total of 73 clubs have participated at the first tier so far.
|Central Greece||26||Attica: Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK, Panionios, Apollon Smyrnis, Ethnikos Piraeus, Egaleo, Ionikos, Atromitos, Proodeftiki, Athinaikos, Fostiras, Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Vyzas, Panelefsiniakos, Chalkidona, A.E. Nikaia, Atromitos Piraeus, Thrasyvoulos|
Euboea: Chalkida, Olympiacos Chalkida
|Macedonia||15||Central Macedonia: PAOK, Aris, Iraklis, Panserraikos, Apollon Pontou, Pierikos, Veria, Edessaikos, Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa, Thermaikos|
East Macedonia: Doxa Dramas, Kavala
West Macedonia: Kastoria
|Peloponnese||7||Panachaiki, Asteras Tripolis, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Panegialios, Korinthos, Pankorinthiakos|
|Cyprus||5||Olympiakos Nicosia, AEL Limassol, APOEL, EPA Larnaca, Omonia Nicosia|
|Thessaly||4||AEL, Olympiacos Volou 1937, Trikala, Niki Volos|
|Crete||3||OFI, Ergotelis, Platanias|
|Aegean Islands||3||Rodos, Diagoras, AEL Kalloni|
Top scorers and appearances
|Most appearances||Most goals|
The Golden Star
Based on an idea of Umberto Agnelli, the honor of Golden Star for Sports Excellence was introduced to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges and jerseys.
The current officially sanctioned SuperLeague stars are:
Greek football clubs in European competitions
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
|Panathinaikos||-||1971||1985, 1996||1992, 2002||1978, 2001, 2009|
|Olympiacos||-||-||-||1999||1975, 1984, 2008, 2010, 2014|
|AEK||-||-||-||1969||1979, 1990, 1993, 1995|
UEFA Cup / Europa League
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
As of 31 August 2018, the Greek Super League ranks 14th in the UEFA coefficient database, with 25.600 points.
|6||Russian Premier League||45.216|
|8||Ukrainian Premier League||35.100|
|9||Belgian First Division||34.700|
|14||Super League Greece||25.600|
|15||Swiss Super League||24.900|
|17||Czech First League||23.675|
|18||Cypriot First Division||22.675|
|20||Belarusian Premier League||19.875|
- As of 31 August 2018
- Greek football league system
- Greek football champions
- Greek Superleague Top Goalscorer
- Greek Superleague Best Greek Player
- List of foreign football players in Super League Greece
- List of sports attendance figures — the Super League in a global context
- "List of Greek champions" (in Greek). Hellenic Football Federation. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "Football League". Epae.org. 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
-  Archived 31 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Αποφάσεις Γ.Σ. και Δ.Σ. 18/8/2017"". superleaguegreece.net. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- Astrachan, Αναρτήθηκε από. "Greeksporhistory: Η ιστορια του Ελληνικου ποδοσφαιρου".
- Kárpáti, Tamás; Schöggl, Hans. "List of Greece championships". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Olympiacos F.C. history". olympiacos.org. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Olympiacos profile". FIFA.com. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos F.C. trophies". pao.gr. Archived from the original on 19 January 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos FC profile". uefa.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "AEK honours". aekfc.gr. Archived from the original on 6 May 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Greece - All-Time Tables". Rsssf.com. 2007-01-31. Retrieved 2015-10-14.