In Von Neumann's model
Since the ordering on the ordinal numbers is given by α < β if and only if α ∈ β, it is immediate that there is no ordinal number between α and S(α), and it is also clear that α < S(α).
and for a limit ordinal λ
In particular, S(α) = α + 1. Multiplication and exponentiation are defined similarly.
- Cameron, Peter J. (1999), Sets, Logic and Categories, Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series, Springer, p. 46, ISBN 9781852330569.
- Devlin, Keith (1993), The Joy of Sets: Fundamentals of Contemporary Set Theory, Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, Springer, Exercise 3C, p. 100, ISBN 9780387940946.