A student section or student cheering section is a group of student fans that supports its school's athletic teams at sporting events; they are known for being one of the most visible and vocal sections of a sports crowd as well as for their occasionally raucous behavior. They are most often associated with NCAA basketball and football games, but can be found in several sports in both college and high school. A student section is an important part of a school's fanbase and a significant contributor to home advantage.
A student section can vary in size from dozens to thousands of people, and comprises current students, the school's marching band or pep band, and in some cases, recent alumni. The students often arrive and fill their designated section in the stadium before the rest of the fans, sometimes hours before the beginning of the game, and will usually remain standing throughout. Before, during, and after the game, the section performs a number of different group actions, including chants, songs, gestures, dances, and the use of props. Some of these actions are passed down over generations, while others are completely spontaneous. The purpose is twofold: to energize the home team and crowd and to frustrate the visiting team.
As media exposure of college athletics has grown, some schools' students have come under fire for inappropriate behavior, including starting profane chants; harassment of visiting teams and fans; and throwing objects.
Several student sections have become an integral part of the game experience, and as such have earned nicknames for themselves. One of the most well-known examples is Duke University's Cameron Crazies, who synchronize their actions and make player-specific taunts outlined on distributed "cheer sheets." There is no group of fans more famous in the sport than the nearly 1,200 "Cameron Crazies" that attend Duke games at Cameron Indoor Stadium, which makes them the most polarizing in college basketball as well. One of the most notable student sections is the Orange Krush of The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, which combines school pride with altruism by giving back to the community. As of the conclusion of the 2012-2013 season, the Orange Krush Foundation has donated more than a total of 2.5 million dollars to various local, state, and national charities. The Ohio University "O-Zone" is well known for providing quite a formidable environment to most any basketball nemesis who visits the Bobcats' imposing 13,000 seat Convocation Center in Athens, Ohio. The Show at San Diego State University was the first to ever use Big Heads as free throw distractions, which can be seen at sporting events around the world. Other named student sections include the Izzone, the Oakland Zoo, and The Bench.
At most schools, the student section will be on the end closer to the visiting team bench. As both NFHS and NCAA rules require teams to play at the basket towards their own bench during the second half, this placement allows free throw distractions to occur during crucial moments of the game.
Football student sections are similar to those in basketball, but can be considerably larger, sometimes consisting of several thousand people. They are often situated in one or both endzones to allow the crowd noise to distract the opposing team's offense while in the red zone or backed up against their own endzone. Many football programs directly involve the student section as a part of the gameday experience, where they are integrated into the team's pregame and postgame.
- Lambrecht, Gary (9 February 2001). "Boozer's mother seeking damages". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- McGee, Ryan. "SONIC YOUTH: SONIC YOUTH Every fall Saturday, college students around the country make their house a living hell for the visitor". ESPN The Magazine. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "The University of Kansas Wins Naismith Student Section of the Year Award". The Collegiate Licensing Company. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Andrews, Adena (17 February 2013). "Maryland's student section is better than yours". CBS Sports. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Schlabach, Mark (12 February 2005). "Duke's Redick Is Fans' Obje ct Of Disaffection". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Associated Press (2 February 2010). "WVU Warns Rowdy Student Section". ESPN.com. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Rittenburg, Adam. "Name game: Big Ten student sections". ESPN.com. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Keller, Tom (22 February 2006). "Best Student Sections The top five, including the crowing of our No. 1". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Mottram, Chris. "Duke Totally BURRRNS Heels With Cheer Sheets". Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Stranger to the World (10 February 2011). "The Quick 10: 10 Famous Student Sections in College Basketball". Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Rittenberg, Andy (2 March 2010). "Big Ten game-day traditions: Wisconsin". ESPN.com. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Callos, Alex (6 June 2012). "Power Ranking the Top 50 College Football Student Sections". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Connor, Joe (27 August 2009). "This Top 25 Involves more than success on field". NBC Sports. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "Mariucci Arena Student Section". gophershockeytickets.com. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Pyzik, Zak (21 September 2010). "The Ultras: The recent birth of the men's soccer student section and how it will live on". The Michigan Daily. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "Ole Miss Baseball HOME RUN SHOWER". Retrieved 14 July 2012.