Sydney, New South Wales
Contemporary apartments in the commercial area
|Population||25,813 (2016 census)|
|• Density||3,928.9/km2 (10,176/sq mi)|
|Area||6.57 km2 (2.5 sq mi)|
|Location||11.5 km (7 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||Strathfield Council, City of Canada Bay, Burwood Council|
|Federal Division(s)||Reid, Watson|
Strathfield is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 12 kilometres west of the Sydney central business and is the administrative centre of Strathfield Council. A small section of the suburb north of the railway line lies within the City of Canada Bay, while the area east of The Boulevard lies within Burwood Council. North Strathfield and Strathfield South are separate suburbs to the north and south, respectively.
- 1 History
- 2 Schools and churches
- 3 Residential landscape
- 4 Commercial area and transport
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Residents
- 7 Culture
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The Strathfield district was originally occupied by the Wangal clan. European colonisation commenced in 1793 with the issue of land grants in the area of Liberty Plains. In 1808, a grant was made to James Wilshire, which forms the largest part of the current suburb of Strathfield. In 1867, this grant was subdivided and sold as the 'Redmire Estate', which promoted the residential development of the district under the suburb name of 'Redmire'. By 1885, sufficient numbers of people resided in the district to enable incorporation of its own local government. The suburb of Redmire was renamed Strathfield c.1886. The suburb was named after a house called 'Strathfield House', which was originally called Stratfield Saye. In 1885, Strathfield Council was incorporated.
Birth of Strathfield
James Wilshire was granted 1 square kilometre (0.39 sq mi) of land by Governor Macquarie in 1808 [regranted 1810] following representations from Lord Nelson, a relation by marriage of Wilshire. Ownership was transferred in 1824 to ex-convict Samuel Terry. The land became known as the Redmire Estate, which Michael Jones says could either be named after his home town in Yorkshire or could be named after the "red clay of the Strathfield area". Subdivision of the land commenced in 1867. An early buyer was one-time Mayor of Sydney, Walter Renny who built in 1868 a house they called Stratfieldsaye, possibly after the Duke of Wellington's mansion near Reading, Berkshire. It may have also been named after the transport ship of the same name that transported many immigrants – including Sir Henry Parkes – to Australia, though the transport ship was probably also named after the Duke's mansion as it was built soon after his death and was likely named in his honour. A plaque marking the location of Stratfield Saye can be found in the footpath of Strathfield Avenue, marking the approximate location of the original house [though some of the wording on the plaque is incorrect]. According to local historian Cathy Jones, "ownership of [Stratfieldsaye] was transferred several times including to Davidson Nichol, who shortened the name to 'Strathfield House', then 'Strathfield'."
Strathfield was proclaimed on 2 June 1885 by the Governor of NSW, Sir Augustus Loftus, after residents of the Redmyre area petitioned the New South Wales State government. Residents in parts of Homebush and Druitt Town [now Strathfield South] formed their own unsuccessful counter-petition. It is likely that the region was named Strathfield to neutralise the rivalry between Homebush and Redmire.
Strathfield Council was incorporated in 1885 and included the suburbs of Redmire, Homebush and Druitt Town. The adjoining area of Flemington was unincorporated and was annexed to Strathfield Council in 1892, which increased the size of the Council area by about 50%. The Council formed three wards - Flemington,Homebush and Strathfield - and Aldermen was elected to represent their ward at Council. Wards were abolished in 1916. Following the introduction of the Local Government Act in 1919, Strathfield Council was one of the first to proclaim the major part of its area a residential district by proclamation in 1920.
On 17 August 1991, seven people were killed, when Wade Frankum stabbed a fifteen-year-old girl to death, before running amok with a rifle in the Strathfield Plaza shopping mall, and then turning the weapon on himself. This is commonly known as the Strathfield Massacre. A Memorial plaque is located at Churchill Avenue, Strathfield.
Strathfield has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Great Southern and Western railway: Strathfield rail underbridges
- Great Southern and Western railway: Strathfield railway station
- 62 The Boulevarde: Trinity Uniting Church, Strathfield
Schools and churches
- St Patrick's College is an independent, day school for boys.
- Santa Sabina College is a Roman Catholic, Dominican, day school for girls K-12 and boys K-4. The primary school is known as Santa Maria Del Monte.
- Meriden Anglican School for Girls is an independent, Anglican, day school for girls..
- Trinity Grammar School Preparatory School campus is on The Boulevarde and has classes from Pre-Kindergarten to Year 6.
- St Martha's Primary School
- Strathfield Girls High
- Strathfield South Public School
- Strathfield South High School
- Chalmers Road Public School (state government school for students aged four to eighteen years with moderate or severe intellectual disabilities)
- Marie Bashir Public School
- A campus of the Australian Catholic University, the former home of the Christian Brothers novitiate and Catholic Teachers' College.
- The Catholic Institute of Sydney, where priests for the Archdiocese of Sydney, and other theologians and ministers, are trained, is located on the site of the old Australia Post training centre.
- Carrington Avenue Uniting Church
- St Anne's Anglican Church
- St David's Presbyterian Church
- St Martha's Catholic Church
- Sts Peter and Paul Russian Orthodox Cathedral
- Ukrainian Autocephalic Orthodox Church of the Protection of the Theotokos
- Strathfield Korean Uniting Church
- Sydney Chinese Seventh-day Adventist Church
- Trinity Uniting Church, Strathfield
- Western Sydney Chinese Christian Church
Strathfield's residential landscape is extremely varied, ranging from country-style estates to high-rise apartments. Many styles of architecture have been employed over past decades, with dwellings having been constructed in Victorian, Federation, Interwar period architecture, Californian Bungalow and contemporary periods. One of the oldest surviving houses built in the 1870s is Fairholm which is now a retirement village called Strathfield Gardens.
Primarily these have been replaced by modern, multimillion-dollar mansions, although Strathfield has retained its wide avenues and most of the extensive natural vegetation. Streets such as Victoria Street, Llandillo Avenue and Kingsland Road predominantly feature older mansions, while Agnes Street, Newton Road and Barker Road are common locations for new homes.
The "Golden Mile" in Strathfield refers to a pocket within the suburb that houses some of the most desirable and highly sought-after real estate in the area. The Golden Mile is bounded by Hunter Street, Carrington Avenue, Homebush Road and The Boulevarde. Examples of prestigious addresses include homes located on Cotswold Road, Strathfield Avenue, Llandilo Avenue, Agnes and Highgate Street.
Additionally, decreasing land sizes through subdivision has led to an increase in residential densities, reflecting the outward expansion of Sydney's inner city. A large proportion of Strathfield's population now dwells in apartments with the area immediately surrounding Strathfield railway station dominated by high rise residential towers. Smaller apartment buildings are located in other areas within the suburbs, were mostly built during the 1960s and 1970s.
In the last century a number of grand Strathfield homes become independent school campuses:
- Holyrood – Santa Sabina
- Brunyarra – Santa Maria Del Monte
- Lauriston – Santa Maria Del Monte
- Llandilo – Trinity Grammar School
- Somerset – Trinity Grammar School
- Milverton – Trinity Grammar School
- Riccarton/The Briars – Meriden and partially demolished
- Wariora – Meriden and now demolished
- Lingwood/Branxton – PLC Sydney and now Meriden School
- Selbourne – Meriden and now demolished
- Telerah – Wadham Preparatory School, later purchased by Meriden and now demolished
Commercial area and transport
Strathfield is known as a regional centre for education. Strathfield town centre contains Strathfield Plaza shopping centre which includes Woolworths and other stores. There are also a small strip of shops, restaurants, cafes and a Police shopfront.
According to the 2016 census, Strathfield had a total population of 25,813 people. 34.6% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China 10.3%, India 10.1%, South Korea 9.8%, Nepal 5.3% and Vietnam 2.7%. The most common ancestries were Chinese 19.6%, Indian 10.0%, Korean 9.9%, English 7.4% and Australian 6.9% with 75.6% of people having both parents born overseas.
29.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Korean 10.9%, Mandarin 10.6%, Cantonese 7.6%, Nepali 5.3% and Tamil 4.0%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 23.3%, Catholic 23.1% and Hinduism 16.2%.
The following were either born or have lived at some time in the suburb of Strathfield:
- George Sydney Jones (1868–1927), architect of Trinity Congregational Church and the following Strathfield houses; Springfort (1894); Darenth (1895); Bickley (1894); Treghre (1899); and Luleo (1912).
- Harry Kent (1852–1938), architect, alderman for the Municipality of Strathfield and architect of the Strathfield Town Hall.
- William Arnott, founder of Arnott's Biscuits.
- Sir Robert Crichton-Brown (1919–2013), businessman, soldier and sailor, lived in Strathfield in the 1920s and 1930s.
- Edward Lloyd Jones (1844–1894), head of the department store David Jones Limited, and his son;
- Edward Lloyd Jones (1874–1934), Shorthorn cattle breeder and former chairman of David Jones Limited, and his brother;
- Charles Lloyd Jones (1878–1958), former chairman of David Jones Limited and former chairman of the Australian Broadcasting Commission.
Fashion and society
- Sir Philip Sydney Jones (1836–1918), medical practitioner and University of Sydney vice-chancellor lived at Llandilo on The Boulevarde.
- Sir George Houston Reid, Prime Minister of Australia, 4th Prime Minister of Australia.
- Earl Page (1880–1961), 11th Prime Minister of Australia.
- Frank Forde, Prime Minister of Australia, 15th Prime Minister of Australia.
- Rev Professor Hubert Cunliffe-Jones (1905–1991): Congregational church minister, chair of the Congregational Union of England and Wales and a Professor at the University of Manchester was the son of the Rev Walter Cunliffe-Jones of the Strathfield-Homebush Congregational church (now Uniting Church – Korean Parish).
Strathfield has made an impact on the indie rock and indie pop scene, producing bands such as Prince Vlad & the Gargoyle Impalers, Lunatic Fringe, The Mexican Spitfires and Women of Troy. It has also inspired pop songs such as The Mexican Spitfires's song "Rookwood" about Rookwood Cemetery and the legendary Blitzkrieg punk rock of Radio Birdman's classic mid-1970s "Murder City Nights". Indie pop legend Grant McLennan of The Go-Betweens also called Carrington Avenue, Strathfield home for a few years in the 1990s.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Strathfield (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
- Jones, Cathy. "Origin of the name of Strathfield". Strathfield Heritage Website. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- Jones, Michael (1985). Oasis in the West: Strathfield's first hundred years. North Sydney: Allen & Unwin Australia. ISBN 0-86861-407-6.
- Jones, Cathy (2004). Strathfield – origin of the name. Retrieved 4 October 2004.
- Jones, Cathy , A [very] short history of Strathfield, Strathfield District Historical Society Newsletter.
- Reps, John W. Fitgerald, Critique of Capital City Plans. Cornell University.
- Fitzgerald, John Daniel (27 July 1912). The Capital plans, the city of the future. The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Strathfield rail underbridges (flyover)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01055. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Strathfield Railway Station group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01252. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Trinity Uniting Church". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01671. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Trinity Gramma School".
- "Australian School Choice- St Patrick's College". Retrieved 27 June 2007.
- "Trinity Grammar School". Schools. Australian Boarding Schools' Association. 2007. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007. Retrieved 24 January 2008.
- D. Gleeson, Monsignor Peter Byrne and the foundations of Catholicism in Strathfield, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 35 (2014), 38-50.
- "Strathfield - The Golden Mile".
- "Cotswold Road, The Golden Mile, Strathfield".
- "Stratfield Avenue - The Golden Mile".
- "Agnes Street - The Golden Mile".
- "'Brunyarra' The Boulevarde Strathfield". strathfieldhistory.org. 23 January 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "'Lauriston' The Boulevarde". strathfieldhistory.org. 25 January 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "Schools". strathfieldhistory.org. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "'Somerset' The Boulevarde Stratfield". strathfieldhistory.org. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Review of Environmental Factors – Meriden Strathfield, NSW Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- Foster, A. G. (Arthur G.) (1920), Meriden, Church of England school for girls, Redmyre Road, Strathfield, N.S.W, retrieved 6 May 2019
- Foster, A. G. (Arthur G.) (1920), Exterior view of Meriden Annexe, Strathfield, retrieved 6 May 2019
- "WEDDINGS Earwaker—Woolnough". Queensland Figaro. XXXIII, (51). Queensland, Australia. 24 December 1927. p. 12. Retrieved 6 May 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- [https://strathfieldheritage.org/welcome-to-strathfield/ Strathfield Heritage – All about the history and heritage of Strathfield] Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- Wadham Preparatory School, Strathfield Heritage Retrieved 6 May 2019.
-  Retrieved 28 August 2012
- Mander-Jones, Phyllis. Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 13 April 2018 – via Australian Dictionary of Biography.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Strathfield, New South Wales.|
- Han, Gil-Soo; Han, Joy J. (2010). "Koreans". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 4 October 2015. [CC-By-SA] (Koreans in Sydney)