Stirling is about four miles (6.4 km) long and located some 17 miles (27 km) south of Shortland. The estimated terrain elevation above sea level is 35 metres (115 ft). Stirling Island is separated from the largest Mono Island by Blanche Harbor. Stirling Island is composed of coral which was once part of the barrier reef surrounding Mono Island.
After the Allied Forces landed on Stirling, it became evident that the island was perfect for an airfield because the island was naturally flat, coral surfaced, with fresh water and good landing beaches locating nearby. A reconnaissance team from the 87th Naval Construction Battalion "Seabees" arrived on Stirling on November 1, 1943 to study the site, and four days later filed a favorable report about the area. Based on this report, a construction of a bomber strip "W", originally planned for Bougainville Island was initiated here.
In May 2011, Solomon Islands Prime Minister Danny Phillip repeated offers to the Australian Government to make the disused air base available to host the processing of asylum seekers. It is believed that negotiations reached a reasonably advanced state before being discontinued.
- "Stirling Island". GeoView. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- "Treasury Islands". Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia 1893-1978. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- "Stirling Island (Sterling) Western Province Solomon Islands". Pacific Wrecks. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
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