|Marvel Cinematic Universe character|
|First appearance||Captain America:|
The First Avenger (2011)
|Last appearance||Avengers: Endgame (2019)|
|Adapted by||Christopher Markus|
|Portrayed by||Chris Evans|
|Full name||Steven G. Rogers|
Steven G. Rogers is a fictional character portrayed by Chris Evans in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) film franchise—based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name—commonly known by his alter ego, Captain America. In the films, Rogers is a World War II-era U.S. Army soldier who was given enhanced physical and mental capabilities with a "supersoldier" serum developed by the military and who was later frozen in ice for nearly seventy years.
As of 2019, Rogers was one of the central figures of the MCU, having played a major role in seven films of the series and having a brief cameo in four.
Concept and creation
Captain America was first conceived as a comic book character in 1940, as a direct response to the military actions of Nazi Germany, prior to the United States entering World War II. The initial introduction of the character included the concepts of a soldier named Steve Rogers being given a serum bestowing enhanced strength and agility, wearing a patriotic red, white and blue uniform, carrying a shield, and having as a sidekick a teenaged Bucky Barnes. In the 1960s, Marvel decided to test bringing the character back as part of the Avengers, with the premise that the character had been frozen for the two decades since the war, and was "haunted by past memories, and trying to adapt to 1960s society". Live-action performances of the character in television and film serials began within a few years after its creation, with a 1990 feature film resulting in critical and financial failure.
In the mid-2000s, Kevin Feige realized that Marvel still owned the rights to the core members of the Avengers, which included Captain America. Feige, a self-professed "fanboy", envisioned creating a shared universe just as creators Stan Lee and Jack Kirby had done with their comic books in the early 1960s. In 2005, Marvel received a $525 million investment from Merrill Lynch, allowing them to independently produce ten films, including Captain America. Paramount Pictures agreed to distribute the film.
Originally, the film would stand alone; Feige said "about half" the movie would be set during World War II before moving into the modern day. Producer Avi Arad said, "The biggest opportunity with Captain America is as a man 'out of time', coming back today, looking at our world through the eyes of someone who thought the perfect world was small-town United States. Sixty years go by, and who are we today? Are we better?" He cited the Back to the Future trilogy as an influence, and claimed he had "someone in mind to be the star, and definitely someone in mind to be the director". In February 2006, Arad hoped to have a summer 2008 theatrical release date. In April 2006, David Self was hired to write the script. Joe Johnston met with Marvel to discuss directing the film and signed on in November 2008, hiring Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely to rewrite.
Variety reported in March 2010 that Chris Evans was cast as Captain America; Ryan Phillippe and John Krasinski were also considered for the role. Evans, who previously worked with Marvel as the Human Torch in the Fantastic Four film series, initially declined the part three times before signing a six-picture deal with Marvel, saying, "I think Marvel is doing a lot of good things right now, and it's a fun character. ... I think the story of Steve Rogers is great. He's a great guy. Even if it [were] just a script about anybody, I would probably want to do it. So it wasn't necessarily about the comic itself." In April, it was reported that Joss Whedon would rewrite the script as part of his negotiation to write and direct The Avengers. Whedon said in August, "I just got to make some character connections. The structure of the thing was really tight and I loved it, but there were a couple of opportunities to find his voice a little bit —and some of the other characters'— and make the connections so that you understood exactly why he wanted to be who he wanted to be. And progressing through the script to flesh it out a little bit".
Fictional character biography
Steve Rogers was born on July 4, 1918, in Brooklyn, New York to Sarah Rogers, a tuberculosis ward nurse. His father Joseph Rogers, a soldier in the 107th Infantry Regiment, was killed on the World War I battlefront two months prior to his birth.
World War II
At the outset of World War II, he tries to enlist but is repeatedly rejected due to health problems. In 1943, while attending an exhibition with his friend, Sgt. James "Bucky" Barnes, Rogers again attempts to enlist. Dr. Abraham Erskine overhears Rogers speaking with Barnes, and approves his enlistment. He is recruited into the Strategic Scientific Reserve as part of a "supersoldier" experiment under Erskine, Col. Chester Phillips, and British agent Peggy Carter. The night before the treatment, Erskine reveals to Rogers that Nazi officer Johann Schmidt underwent an imperfect version of the procedure and suffered permanent side-effects.
Erskine subjects Rogers to the treatment, injecting him with a special serum and dousing him with "vita-rays". After Rogers emerges taller and more muscular, an undercover assassin kills Erskine and flees. Rogers pursues and captures the assassin, who commits suicide with a cyanide capsule. With Erskine dead and the formula lost, U.S. Senator Brandt has Rogers tour the nation in a colorful costume as "Captain America" to promote war bonds. In 1943, while on tour in Italy, Rogers learns that the 107th – Barnes' unit – was MIA in a battle against Schmidt's forces. Refusing to believe that Barnes is dead, Rogers has Carter and engineer Howard Stark fly him behind enemy lines to mount a solo rescue attempt. Rogers infiltrates the fortress of Schmidt's Nazi division Hydra, freeing Barnes and 400 other prisoners. Rogers confronts Schmidt, who reveals himself to be "the Red Skull" and escapes. Following this, Rogers is formally promoted to the rank of Captain.
Rogers recruits Barnes and several others to form a team to attack other known Hydra bases. Stark outfits Rogers with advanced equipment, most notably a circular shield made of vibranium, a rare, nearly indestructible metal. The team later captures Hydra member Dr. Arnim Zola on a train, but Barnes falls from the train to his presumed death. Using information extracted from Zola, Rogers leads an attack on the final Hydra stronghold to stop Schmidt from using weapons of mass destruction on the United States. Rogers climbs aboard Schmidt's aircraft as it takes off, but during the subsequent fight the Tesseract's container is damaged. Schmidt physically handles the Tesseract, causing him to dissolve in a bright light. The Tesseract burns through the plane and is lost in the ocean. Seeing no way to land the plane without the risk of detonating its weapons, Rogers crashes it in the Arctic. Stark later recovers the Tesseract from the ocean floor but is unable to locate Rogers or the aircraft, presuming him dead.
Adjusting to the modern era
Rogers awakens in a 1940s-style hospital room. Deducing from an anachronistic radio broadcast that something is wrong, he flees outside and finds himself in present-day Times Square, where S.H.I.E.L.D. director Nick Fury informs him that he has been "asleep" for nearly 70 years.
When the Asgardian Loki arrives and begins menacing Earth, seizing the Tesseract from a S.H.I.E.L.D. facility, Fury activates the Avengers Initiative and approaches Rogers with an assignment to retrieve the Tesseract. In Stuttgart, Rogers and Loki fight briefly until Tony Stark appears in his Iron Man armor, resulting in Loki's surrender. While Loki is being escorted to S.H.I.E.L.D., Thor arrives and frees him, hoping to convince him to abandon his plan and return to Asgard. After a confrontation with Stark and Rogers, Thor agrees to take Loki to S.H.I.E.L.D.'s flying aircraft carrier, the Helicarrier.
The Avengers become divided, both over how to approach Loki and the revelation that S.H.I.E.L.D. plans to harness the Tesseract to develop weapons. Agents possessed by Loki attack the Helicarrier, disabling one of its engines in flight, which Stark and Rogers must work to restart. Loki escapes, and Stark and Rogers realize that for Loki, simply defeating them will not be enough; he needs to overpower them publicly to validate himself as ruler of Earth. Loki uses the Tesseract to open a wormhole in New York City above Stark Tower to allow the Chitauri fleet in space to invade. Rogers leads the others in defending the city.
Fighting the Winter Soldier
Two years later, Rogers works for S.H.I.E.L.D. in Washington, D.C., under Director Fury, while adjusting to contemporary society. Rogers and Agent Natasha Romanoff are sent with S.H.I.E.L.D.'s counter-terrorism S.T.R.I.K.E. team, led by Agent Rumlow, to free hostages aboard a S.H.I.E.L.D. vessel that has been hijacked by a group lead by Georges Batroc. Mid-mission, Rogers discovers Romanoff has her own agenda: to extract data from the ship's computers for Fury. Rogers returns to the Triskelion, S.H.I.E.L.D.'s headquarters, to confront Fury and is briefed about Project Insight: three Helicarriers linked to spy satellites, designed to preemptively eliminate threats against America. Unable to decrypt the data recovered by Romanoff, Fury becomes suspicious about Insight and asks senior S.H.I.E.L.D. official Alexander Pierce to delay the project.
Fury, ambushed by assailants led by the Winter Soldier, escapes and warns Rogers that S.H.I.E.L.D. is compromised. Fury is gunned down by the Winter Soldier, but hands Rogers a flash drive containing data from the ship. Pierce summons Rogers to the Triskelion, however when Rogers withholds Fury's information, Pierce brands him a fugitive. Hunted by S.T.R.I.K.E., Rogers meets with Romanoff. Using data in the flash drive they discover a secret S.H.I.E.L.D. bunker in New Jersey, where they activate a supercomputer containing the preserved consciousness of Arnim Zola. Zola reveals that ever since S.H.I.E.L.D. was founded after World War II, Hydra has secretly operated within its ranks. A S.H.I.E.L.D. missile destroys the bunker, and the pair realize that Pierce is Hydra's leader within S.H.I.E.L.D.
Rogers and Romanoff enlist the help of former USAF pararescueman Sam Wilson, whom Rogers befriended, and acquire his powered "Falcon" wingpack. Deducing that S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Jasper Sitwell is a Hydra mole, they force him to divulge Hydra's plan to use satellite-guided guns to eliminate individuals identified by an algorithm as a threat to Hydra. They are ambushed by the Winter Soldier, whom Rogers recognizes as Bucky Barnes, his friend who was captured and experimented upon during WWII. S.H.I.E.L.D. operative Maria Hill manages to extract the trio to a safehouse where Fury, who had faked his death, is waiting with plans to sabotage the Helicarriers by replacing their controller chips. After the World Security Council members arrive for the Helicarriers' launch, Rogers exposes Hydra's plot. Rogers and Wilson storm two Helicarriers and replace the controller chips, but the Winter Soldier destroys Wilson's suit and fights Rogers on the third. Rogers fends him off and replaces the final chip, allowing Hill have the vessels destroy each other. Rogers refuses to fight the Winter Soldier in an attempt to reach his friend, but as the ship collides with the Triskelion, Rogers is thrown into the Potomac River. The Winter Soldier rescues the unconscious Rogers and disappears into the woods. Rogers and Wilson decide to find the Winter Soldier.
Sokovia and Civil War
In the Eastern European country of Sokovia, the Avengers raid a Hydra facility to recover Loki's scepter, which Stark and Banner use to complete Stark's "Ultron" global defense program. Ultron becomes sentient and attacks the Avengers at their headquarters. Ultron is ultimately defeated in Sokovia.
Approximately one year later, the Avengers stop Brock Rumlow from stealing a biological weapon from a lab in Lagos, but an explosion damages a nearby building, killing several Wakandan humanitarian workers. U.S. Secretary of State Thaddeus Ross informs the Avengers that the United Nations (UN) is preparing to pass the Sokovia Accords, which will establish a UN panel to oversee and control the team. The Avengers are divided: Stark supports oversight because of his role in Ultron's creation and Sokovia's devastation, while Rogers has more faith in his own judgment than that of a government. Helmut Zemo tracks down and kills Barnes' old Hydra handler, stealing a book containing the trigger words that activate Barnes' brainwashing. Barnes is framed for the killing of King T'Chaka of Wakanda, and T'Chaka's son T'Challa, the Black Panther, vows vengeance. Rogers decides to try to bring in Barnes himself. Rogers and Wilson track Barnes to Bucharest and attempt to protect him from T'Challa and the authorities, but are apprehended.
Impersonating a psychiatrist sent to interview Barnes, Zemo sends Barnes on a rampage to cover his own escape. Rogers stops Barnes and sneaks him away. When Barnes regains his senses, he explains that Zemo is the real Vienna bomber and wanted the location of the Siberian Hydra base, where other brainwashed "Winter Soldiers" are kept in cryogenic stasis. Rogers and Wilson go rogue, and recruit Maximoff, Clint Barton, and Scott Lang to their cause. Stark assembles a team to capture the renegades, and they fight at Leipzig/Halle Airport, until Romanoff allows Rogers and Barnes to escape.
Stark, learning that Barnes was framed by Zemo, convinces Wilson to give him Rogers' destination, and goes to the Siberian Hydra facility. He strikes a truce with Rogers and Barnes, but Zemo has left footage that reveals that an automobile Barnes had intercepted in 1991 contained Stark's parents, whom Barnes subsequently killed. Enraged that Rogers kept this from him, Stark turns on them. After an intense fight, Rogers disables Stark's Iron Man armor and departs with Barnes, leaving his shield behind. Rogers breaks his allies out of the Raft, and heads to Wakanda with Barnes, where Barnes chooses to return to cryogenic sleep until a cure for his brainwashing is found.
When minions of the Mad Titan Thanos ambush Wanda Maximoff and Vision in Scotland, Rogers, Romanoff, and Wilson rescue them and take them to Rhodes and Banner at the Avengers' headquarters. Rogers suggests that they travel to Wakanda to remove the Mind Stone in Vision's forehead to keep Thanos from retrieving it while keeping Vision's personality intact. As Thanos' army of Outriders invade Wakanda, Rogers and the Avengers mount a defense alongside King T'Challa and the Wakandan armies. Thanos defeats the Avengers, including Rogers, and retrieves the Mind Stone from Vision, destroying him. Thanos activates the Stones and Steve watches as people begin disintegrating, including Barnes and Wilson.
Assessing the worldwide casualties, and discovering that Thanos has destroyed half of all living things, the Avengers and new allies Nebula, Rocket, and Captain Marvel detect a similar burst of energy on a distant planet. Steve leads the team in an assault against Thanos and discovers that he, satisfied that his work is done, has destroyed the Stones. In anger, Thor beheads Thanos and the defeated team returns to Earth.
Avenging the fallen
Five years later, Rogers leads a support group for grieving survivors and helps the surviving heroes maintain peace around the world. Scott Lang, who was presumed dead, returns and explains that he has been trapped in the quantum realm. A plan develops to use the quantum realm to travel in time and recover the Stones from the past, so that they can be used to restore the people that Thanos destroyed. Stark and Rogers conclude their nearly decade-long feud, reestablishing their trust in one another with Stark returning his shield. Rogers teams with Stark, Banner, and Lang and they travel to the Battle of New York in 2012 to retrieve the three Stones present there. They succeed in securing the Time Stone and Loki's scepter containing the Mind Stone, with Rogers having to fight his past self to facilitate this. However, Loki escapes with the Tesseract housing the Space Stone, necessitating a trip further back in time to 1970 so that Stark can recover it from the S.H.I.E.L.D. base in New Jersey, while Rogers finds Pym particles from Hank Pym at the same base for their trip back to 2023. While hiding in an office in the S.H.I.E.L.D. base, Rogers sees Peggy Carter through a window. All the retrieval teams return to the present, save for Romanoff, and all six Stones are used by Hulk to restore the lost. However, immediately after that a 2014 version of Thanos, who has discovered their plan, emerges from the quantum tunnel and attacks the New Avengers Facility.
During a final battle, Rogers proves worthy to wield Thor's hammer Mjolnir against Thanos. After Thanos gains the upper hand, Rogers, bruised and battered with his shield in tatters, stands up alone to face the Titan. However, the restored heroes arrive in time to aid Rogers, and he rallies them by saying, "Avengers Assemble," and leads them during their final stand against Thanos and his army. Stark uses the Infinity Stones to disintegrate Thanos and his army, but the intense energy of the Stones kills him in the process. After attending Stark's funeral, Rogers takes the task of returning the Infinity Stones and Thor's hammer to their proper times. However, instead of returning to the present, he chooses to remain in the past with Peggy Carter, and live the full life he'd always wanted. In the present, an elderly Rogers visits Sam Wilson and passes his shield and the mantle of Captain America to him.
Chris Evans portrays Steve Rogers in the Marvel Cinematic Universe films Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), The Avengers (2012), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), Captain America: Civil War (2016), Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Captain Marvel (2019), and Avengers: Endgame (2019). In addition, Evans makes an uncredited cameo appearance in Ant-Man (2015). Evans confirmed that he intended to retire from the role after the fourth Avengers film, leading to speculation that the character would die over the course of the final film; in the finale of Endgame, Rogers uses a time machine to go back and live out a full life with Peggy Carter, with his elder self later appearing in the present to pass on his shield to Sam Wilson. Theater actor Leander Deeny was the body double in some shots in the first film for Steve Rogers' pre-transformation physique, while Patrick Gorman served as the body double for elderly Steve Rogers.
References in other films
- In Iron Man (2008), a replica of Captain America's shield can be seen in Tony Stark's workshop when J.A.R.V.I.S. is removing his armor and Pepper Potts spots him.
- In The Incredible Hulk (2008), General Ross mentions to Emil Blonsky that there was a World War II program that created a supersoldier serum. The supersoldier serum is shown, as well as Dr. Reinstein —a pseudonym for Dr. Erskine in the comics— referenced as its inventor. In the film's deleted opening, Bruce Banner goes to the Arctic to commit suicide but transforms into the Hulk, smashing a glacier. A buried human figure and shield are visible, who are meant to be Rogers and his shield.
- In Iron Man 2 (2010), S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Phil Coulson discovers an incomplete replica of Captain America's shield inside a box. When he asks Tony Stark if he knows what it is, Tony tells him that it's "just what [he] need[s]" and places the shield underneath his particle collider to level it.
- In Thor: The Dark World (2013), Chris Evans makes an uncredited cameo appearance as Loki masquerading as Captain America.
- In Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Happy Hogan mentions "a prototype for Cap's new shield" made by Stark Industries.
- In Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019), Rogers is shown in a memorial for heroes who died fighting Thanos.
- The 2013 Marvel One-Shot short film Agent Carter features the exploits of Peggy Carter one year after the events of Captain America: The First Avenger, and features a flashback of Carter's final communication with Steve Rogers. The scene was also shown in the first episode of Agent Carter.
- A version of Steve Rogers will appear in the Disney+ animated series What If...?, with Evans reprising his role. In the first episode, he will become an early version of Iron Man, while Peggy Carter is subjected to the Super Soldier Serum and becomes a superhero named Captain Britain.
Costume designer Anna B. Sheppard stated the Captain America's uniform in Captain America: The First Avenger was partly based on that of paratroopers of the era, explaining, "I think that the challenge of this costume was that it had to look 40s, that's why certain elements like using leather for the straps and belt, metal buckles and not having too tight a fit were important. Forget spandex!" Visual Development Supervisor Ryan Meinerding elaborated, "The straps that come off his chest are very similar to the ALICE webbing that was used in Vietnam. Using the straps as the stripes across his torso then seemed like an elegant design solution. In the end, the main design aspects of this suit are meant to be about making it appear soldier-like, functional and tough." In The Avengers, his suit was made to look "a bit more 'superhero'" in comparison to The First Avenger, at Whedon's request. Costume designer Alexandra Byrne stated the difference between both suits were "the fabrics that are available. Today we have a lot of stretch fabrics and there weren't any 'technofabrics' then", and called his design "the most technically difficult" of the Avengers' costumes.
For The Winter Soldier, Evans trained in parkour, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, karate, boxing, kickboxing, and gymnastics, as the Russo brothers believed that bringing Rogers into the modern day also meant that he had studied and mastered modern fighting styles and techniques. The filmmakers also looked to make the character's shield, which has traditionally been used for defense, a more offensive weapon. For Age of Ultron, Evans said that he was able to maintain the strength he built up for The Winter Soldier by working out up to an hour a day. Evans didn't want to take a step back from the skills shown in The Winter Soldier, and made sure Rogers' fighting style advanced, showing "a consistent display of strength" and having Rogers utilizing his environment. Evans' training regimen to get in shape for the role included weight lifting, which consisted of "the classic bodyweight and bodybuilding stuff", gymnastics and plyometrics, while staying away from cardio-based exercises, along with a high-protein diet. For Civil War, his costume in the film received "subtle changes to all the details and cut" as well as its color, becoming a combination of the stealth suit from Winter Soldier and the Avengers: Age of Ultron suit. In Infinity War, Rogers receives new vibranium gauntlets from Shuri to replace his traditional shield.
In his civilian attire throughout the series, it has been noted that Rogers "tends to go for a very low key look ... based around very simple pieces that work together". In his earliest appearance, designed by Sheppard, "post-serum Steve was All-American in a devastatingly tight white tee and khaki pants", while in The Avengers Byrne made him "sophisticated enough to beautifully blend plaids and stripes." Costume designer Judianna Makovsky described his fashion evolution between Winter Soldier and Civil War as becoming increasingly comfortable in his clothes. A New York magazine article, however, criticized his clothing across the series as being "bereft of patterns, graphics, imagery or anything you couldn't color in with one singular crayon".
Steve Rogers begins as a frail, sickly young man who is enhanced to the peak of human ability by an experimental serum in order to aid the United States in World War II. Regarding the extent of the character's abilities Evans remarked, "He would crush the Olympics. Any Olympic sport he's gonna dominate. He can jump higher, run faster, lift stronger weight, but he can be injured. He could roll an ankle and be out for the season. He's not perfect, he's not untouchable. So a lot of the effects, if I'm going to punch someone they're not going to put them on a cable and fly them back 50 feet, but he's going to go down, probably not getting back up, which I think humanizes it. It makes it something that, again, I think everyone can relate to a little bit more, which I really like."
Evans said that Rogers is much darker in The Avengers: "It's just about him trying to come to terms with the modern world. You've got to imagine, it's enough of a shock to accept the fact that you're in a completely different time, but everybody you know is dead. Everybody you cared about ... He was a soldier, obviously, everybody he went to battle with, all of his brothers in arms, they're all dead. He's just lonely. I think in the beginning it's a fish-out-of-water scene, and it's tough. It's a tough pill for him to swallow. Then comes trying to find a balance with the modern world." Regarding the dynamic between Rogers and Tony Stark, Evans said, "I think there's certainly a dichotomy—this kind of friction between myself and Tony Stark, they're polar opposites. One guy is flash and spotlight and smooth, and the other guy is selfless and in the shadows and kind of quiet and they have to get along. They explore that, and it's pretty fun." A key moment in The Avengers occurs when Stark, who had been dismissive of Rogers at earlier points in the film, defers to Rogers as leader of the newly formed team to defend New York against a large-scale attack. Describing his character's continuing adjustment to the modern world in The Winter Soldier, Evans said, "It's not so much about his shock with [technology]... It's more about the societal differences. He's gone from the '40s to today; he comes from a world where people were a little more trusting, the threats not as deep. Now, it's harder to tell who's right and wrong. Actions you take to protect people from threats could compromise liberties and privacy. That's tough for Steve to swallow."
In his next appearance, in Age of Ultron, Rogers is the leader of the Avengers. Evans stated that since the fall of S.H.I.E.L.D. in Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Rogers has been left to depend on his Avenger teammates without the structure of military life and is now "looking to understand where he belongs, not just as a soldier, as Captain America, but as Steve Rogers, as a person." In Civil War, Rogers becomes the leader of a faction of Avengers against regulation. Director Anthony Russo described Captain America's character arc in the film as taking him "from the most ra-ra company man" and "a somewhat willing propagandist" to "an insurgent" at the end of the film. Unlike the comics' Civil War, the film was never going to kill Rogers, as the directors thought that was "an easy ending ... The more difficult and more interesting place to leave a family fight is: can these important relationships ever be repaired? Is this family broken permanently?"
Director Joe Russo said that after the events of Captain America: Civil War (2016), Rogers struggles with the conflict between his responsibility to himself and his responsibility to others. In Infinity War, the character embodies the "spirit" of his comic alternate identity Nomad in the film. An early draft of the film experimented with Rogers first appearing in the film saving Vision from Corvus Glaive's attack in Wakanda during the third act. Markus and McFeely said they were called "insane" for waiting that long to introduce Rogers into the film and ultimately conceded it was "not [a] satisfying" approach.
In Avengers: Endgame, Christopher Markus described Rogers as someone who is "moving toward some sort of enlightened self-interest." Both he and McFeely knew he was going to get "the dance" he promised Peggy Carter in Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), with McFeely saying, "He's postponed a life in order to fulfill his duty. That's why I didn't think we were ever going to kill him. Because that's not the arc. The arc is, I finally get to put my shield down because I've earned that."
Differences from the comic books
The origin story of Captain America follows that of the comic books, particularly Ultimate Marvel for certain elements like growing up in Brooklyn and Bucky being a childhood best friend rather than being met later, but diverges from there. Rogers is also a founding Avenger, unlike in the comics where he is a later addition to the roster and the formed Avengers are the ones who thaw him out of the ice. In the comic books, Steve Rogers is murdered at the event of the Civil War storyline, leading to Bucky Barnes becoming the next Captain America. In the MCU Rogers survives Civil War, eventually passing the mantle of Captain America to Sam Wilson in Avengers: Endgame. In the comics, Wilson became Captain America in 2014.
Evans' portrayal of the character has been positively received by fans and critics. Roger Moore of the Orlando Sentinel positively reviewed Evans' performance as Steve Rogers, writing that Evans "brings a proper earnestness to the character". Roger Ebert described the character as "a hero we care about and who has some dimension". Likewise, in his review of Avengers: Endgame, Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal lauded both actor and character, calling "Chris Evans’s effortlessly likable Steve Rogers/Captain America, the team’s natural leader."
Peter DeBruge, writing for Variety, had a more critical take, finding that "as Marvel heroes go, Captain America must be the most vanilla of the lot", and that because of his quick healing and fighting abilities, "there's never the slightest concern that the Nazis might get the better of him".
In a December 2017 interview with Vanity Fair, Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige called Evans "a great actor" and "a reluctant star". He compared his portrayal of Captain America with Christopher Reeve's Superman for the strong association between the actors and their respective characters.
|2011||Captain America: The First Avenger||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Summer Movie Star: Male||Nominated|||
|Scream Awards||Best Science Fiction Actor||Nominated|||
|Fight Scene of the Year (with Hugo Weaving)||Nominated|
|2012||People's Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Superhero||Nominated|||
|MTV Movie Awards||Best Hero||Nominated|||
|Saturn Awards||Best Actor||Nominated|||
|The Avengers||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie: Male Scene Stealer: Male||Nominated|||
|2013||People's Choice Awards||Favorite Action Movie Star||Nominated|||
|Favorite Movie Superhero||Nominated|
|MTV Movie Awards||Best Fight (with cast)||Won|||
|2014||Captain America: The Winter Soldier||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie Actor: Sci-Fi/Fantasy||Nominated|||
|Choice Movie: Chemistry (with Anthony Mackie)||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Liplock (with Scarlett Johansson)||Nominated|
|Young Hollywood Awards||Super Superhero||Nominated|||
|2015||Critics' Choice Awards||Best Actor in an Action Movie||Nominated|||
|People's Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Duo (with Scarlett Johansson)||Nominated|||
|Favorite Action Movie Actor||Won|
|Saturn Awards||Best Actor||Nominated|||
|MTV Movie Awards||Best Fight (with Sebastian Stan)||Nominated|||
|Best Kiss (with Scarlett Johansson)||Nominated|
|Avengers: Age of Ultron||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie Scene Stealer||Won|||
|2016||Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Actor||Nominated|||
|MTV Movie Awards||Best Hero||Nominated|||
|Captain America: Civil War||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie Actor: Sci-Fi/Fantasy||Won|||
|Choice Movie: Chemistry (with cast)||Nominated|||
|Choice Movie: Liplock (with Emily VanCamp)||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Awards||Best Actor in an Action Movie||Nominated|||
|2017||People's Choice Awards||Favorite Action Movie Actor||Nominated|||
|Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Actor||Nominated|||
|Favorite Frenemies (with Robert Downey Jr.)||Nominated|
|#Squad (with cast)||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||Best Actor||Nominated|||
|2018||Avengers: Infinity War||Teen Choice Awards||Choice Action Movie Actor||Nominated|||
|2019||Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Actor||Nominated|||
|Avengers: Endgame||MTV Movie & TV Awards||Best Fight (with Josh Brolin)||Nominated|||
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Action Movie Actor||Nominated|||
|Saturn Awards||Best Actor||Nominated|||
|People's Choice Awards||Action Movie Star of 2019||Nominated|||
|2020||Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Actor||Nominated|||
- Busch, Caitlin (April 16, 2019). "Captain America is the most important Avenger". SyFy Wire. Archived from the original on April 17, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
- Simon, Joe; Simon, Jim (1990). The Comic Book Makers. Crestwood/II. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-887591-35-5.
- Wright, Bradford W. (2001). Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 36, 215. ISBN 978-0-8018-7450-5.
- Lovece, Frank (July 31, 1992). "Movie Review: 'Captain America'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 2, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Russo, Tom (April 25, 2012). "Super Groups". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Fleming, Michael (May 16, 2000). "Artisan deal a real Marvel". Variety. Archived from the original on August 16, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2008.
- Fritz, Ben; Harris, Dana (April 27, 2005). "Paramount pacts for Marvel pix". Variety. Archived from the original on July 2, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2008.
- McClintock, Pamela (June 21, 2005). "$500 mil pic fund feeds Warner Bros". Variety. Archived from the original on September 28, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2008.
- Robinson, Joanna (December 6, 2017). "An Extended Conversation with Kevin Feige". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on February 28, 2020. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
- "Captain America is Coming". IGN. June 14, 2007. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
- Carroll, Larry (June 2005). "Future Shocks: What's ahead for Avi Arad and his Marvel empire". MTV. Archived from the original on November 14, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2008.
- Zeitchick, Steven (February 23, 2006). "Marvel stock soars on rev outlook". Variety. Archived from the original on April 18, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2008.
- McClintock, Pamela (April 27, 2006). "Marvel Making Deals for Title Wave". Variety. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- Kit, Borys (November 9, 2008). "'Captain America' recruits director". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
- Kit, Borys; Fernandez, Jay A. (November 18, 2008). "'Captain America' enlists two scribes". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 26, 2019. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
- Graser, Marc (March 22, 2010). "Chris Evans to play 'Captain America'". Variety. Archived from the original on April 30, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Ditzian, Eric (March 15, 2010). "Exclusive: Ryan Phillippe Confirms 'Captain America' Audition". MTV. Archived from the original on September 10, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- Jensen, Jeff (October 28, 2010). "This week's cover: An exclusive first look at 'Captain America: The First Avenger'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 29, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Keyes, Rob (April 5, 2010). "Chris Evans Talks Captain America". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- Gross, Ed (August 17, 2010). "Joss Whedon Discusses His Contributions to The First Avenger: Captain America". Earth's Mightiest. Archived from the original on August 19, 2010. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- Sneider, Jeff (June 6, 2012). "Russo brothers tapped for 'Captain America 2'". Variety. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- Flemming, Jr., Mike (August 1, 2013). "Chris Evans To Helm '1:30 Train' Before Reprising Captain America In 'Avengers 2'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Kroll, Justin (January 21, 2014). "'Captain America 3' Takes Shape at Marvel (Exclusive)". Variety. Archived from the original on January 5, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Ehrbar, Ned (March 28, 2017). "New "Spider-Man: Homecoming" trailer teases Iron Man, Captain America". CBS News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Robinson, Tasha (March 7, 2019). "One of Captain Marvel's post-credits scenes is great news for Avengers: Endgame". The Verge. Archived from the original on March 8, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
- Chitwood, Adam (April 14, 2015). "Chris Hemsworth Reveals the 3 Marvel Movies Left on His Contract". Collider. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015.
- "Ant-Man post credit scenes revealed - spoilers in here!". Irish Examiner. July 8, 2015. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- Bitran, Tara (March 22, 2018). "Chris Evans Is Probably Done Playing Captain America After 'Avengers 4'". Variety. Archived from the original on June 15, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Williams, Trey; Lincoln, Ross A. (April 26, 2019). "'Avengers: Endgame' – Let's Talk About the Future of Captain America and Sam Wilson". TheWrap. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
- "Exclusive Interview With Hayley Atwell". Hollywood.com. July 19, 2011. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Lang, Brent (August 5, 2011). "Uncovered: 'Captain America's' Skinny Steve Rogers — Leander Deeny". TheWrap. Archived from the original on June 5, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Kitchener, Shaun (May 31, 2019). "Avengers Endgame: Captain America 'old man' body double teased twist LONG before release". Daily Express. UK. Archived from the original on May 31, 2019. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
- Lee, Patrick (May 22, 2008). "Captain America's Shield Spotted in Iron Man". /Film. Archived from the original on December 1, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- "10 Most Paused Moments In Marvel Cinematic Universe Movies". WhatCulture. p. 3. Archived from the original on October 3, 2016. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
- Carroll, Larry (October 23, 2008). "'Hulk' Producer Talks Sequels, Avengers and Frozen Captain America". MTV. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
- Ditzian, Eric (May 10, 2010). "'Iron Man 2' Director Explains Appearance of Captain America's Shield". MTV. Archived from the original on November 7, 2019. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
- Johnson, Scott (October 23, 2013). "Thor: The Dark World Features An Avengers Cameo". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2014. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
- Truffaut-Wong, Olivia (July 6, 2017). "Cap's New Shield In 'Spider-Man: Homecoming' Could Mean The End Of The 'Civil War'". Bustle. Archived from the original on July 9, 2017. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
- Bacon, Thomas (July 3, 2019). "No, Spider-Man: Far From Home Didn't Just Kill An Avenger". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- Breznican, Anthony (July 11, 2013). "'Marvel One-Shot: Agent Carter' -- FIRST LOOK at new short film!". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2013.
- Hughes, William. "Marvel just released an extremely intriguing cast list for Disney+'s animated What If…?". A.V. Club. Archived from the original on September 3, 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Laverty, Christopher (July 29, 2011). "Captain America: Q&A with Costume Designer Anna B. Sheppard". Clothes of Film. Archived from the original on October 29, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- Campbell, Josie (July 14, 2011). "Exclusive: The "Art of Captain America" with Ryan Meinerding". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on November 17, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- "Alexandra Byrne Describes The Design Process Behind The Costumes In The Avengers". Total Film. April 14, 2013. Archived from the original on February 28, 2020. Retrieved September 30, 2020 – via Comic Book Movie.
- "'Captain America: The Winter Soldier' Character Bios, Fun Facts (Minor Spoilers)". Stitch Kingdom. February 14, 2014. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- Nepales, Reuben P. (April 4, 2014). "Chris Evans on starting 'Avengers 2,' retiring". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on April 6, 2014. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
- Davis, Erick (March 3, 2015). "'Avengers: Age of Ultron': Check Out Our Top-Secret Meetings with Captain America and Hawkeye". Fandango. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
- Power, Matthew; Jacobs, Aundre (May 25, 2016). "Captain America's Training Plan". Bodybuilding.com. Archived from the original on June 17, 2016. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "'Captain America: Civil War' Official Bios, Costume Upgrades and Hi-Res Behind-The-Scenes Photos". Stitch Kingdom. April 11, 2016. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- Breznican, Anthony (March 8, 2018). "Behind the scenes of Avengers: Infinity War as new heroes unite – and others will end". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- Karner, Jen (April 26, 2019). "5 Simple cosplays you can put together to watch Avengers: Endgame". TechnoBuffalo. Archived from the original on April 26, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Puchko, Kristy (April 16, 2018). "Looking back at the bad fashion of the MCU's Phase One". Syfy. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Buchanan, Kyle (May 5, 2016). "What Do Superheroes Wear In Off-Hours? Captain America: Civil War's Costume Designer Explains". New York. Archived from the original on May 6, 2016. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Dworken, Arye (April 23, 2018). "A Serious Critique of the MCU's Street Style". New York. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
- Mortimer, Ben (June 24, 2011). "Captain America: The First Avenger Set Visit!". Superhero Hype!. p. 3. Archived from the original on March 3, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- Breznican, Anthony (September 29, 2011). "'Avengers': Thor, Hulk, Iron Man, Captain America — Exclusive Pics". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 7, 2019. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- Marshall, Rick (April 25, 2011). "Exclusive: 'Captain America' Star Talks 'Avengers,' Looks Forward to 'Friction' with Iron Man". MTV News. Archived from the original on April 21, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2011.
- McLevy, Alex (April 27, 2018). "No one in Marvel's Avengers universe has a character arc that compares to Tony Stark's". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- Fischer, Russ (July 20, 2013). "'Captain America: The Winter Soldier' Panel Recap: Falcon Flies, Cap Fights the Modern World [Comic Con 2013]". /Film. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- Wigler, Josh (September 6, 2013). "'Avengers: Age Of Ultron' And Iron Man: New Movie, Same Tony". MTV. Archived from the original on September 17, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- Dibdin, Emma (January 31, 2015). "25 things we learned on the set of Avengers: Age of Ultron". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Vary, Adam (October 27, 2014). "What's At Stake For Thor, Captain America, And The "Avengers" Franchise". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- Kroll, Justin (August 27, 2015). "'Captain America: Civil War' Concept Art Shows Where Each Avenger's Loyalties Lie". Variety. Archived from the original on August 27, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- Davis, Erik (March 7, 2016). "'Captain America: Civil War' Set Visit: "This Is the 'Godfather' of Superhero Movies"". Fandango.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
- Hewitt, Chris (November 25, 2015). "Captain America: Civil War trailer breakdown". Empire. Archived from the original on November 26, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- Nugent, John (May 9, 2016). "12 secrets from Captain America: Civil War". Empire. Archived from the original on May 10, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- "What's Next for Captain America? The Directors of 'Civil War' Have Some Ideas". HuffPost. September 22, 2017. Archived from the original on February 28, 2020. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Gerber, Sean (January 15, 2018). "Joe Russo: Steve Rogers isn't Nomad in 'Avengers: Infinity War'". Marvel Studios News. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
- Libbey, Dirk (August 1, 2018). "Avengers: Infinity War Almost Kept Captain America Off Screen Until The Final Minutes". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Itzkoff, Dave (April 29, 2019). "'Avengers: Endgame': The Screenwriters Answer Every Question You Might Have". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- Bacon, Thomas (August 28, 2018). "The MCU Isn't Pretending To Adapt Marvel Comics Stories Any More". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- Wood, Matt (December 5, 2018). "How Marvel Should Handle Captain America After Avengers 4". CinemaBlend. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- Remender, Rick (w), Pacheco, Carlos; Immonen, Stuart (p), Talbo, Mariano; Von Grawbadger, Wade (i), White, Dean; Gandini, Veronica; Gracía, Marte (col), Caramagna, Joe (let), Brevoort, Tom (ed). "The Tomorrow Soldier: Conclusion" Captain America v7, 25 (December 2014), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
- Moore, Roger (July 20, 2011). "Movie Review: 'Captain America: The First Avenger' is a fun comic-book adventure". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on March 2, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2011 – via The Journal Times.
- Ebert, Roger (July 20, 2011). "Captain America: The First Avenger movie review". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
- Morgenstern, Joe (April 25, 2019). "'Avengers: Endgame' Review: A Marvelous Wrap". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 24, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- Debruge, Peter (July 20, 2011). "Captain America: The First Avenger". Variety. Archived from the original on December 20, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters". Empire. July 31, 2019. Archived from the original on December 18, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2020.
- Ng, Philiana (July 19, 2011). "Teen Choice Awards 2011: 'Pretty Little Liars,' Rebecca Black Added to List of Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- "Scream 2011". Spike TV. Archived from the original on September 23, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- "Nominees Announced for People's Choice Awards 2012". P&G. November 8, 2011. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Johnson, Scott (August 31, 2017). "MTV Movie Awards Best Hero: Harry Potter & Katniss Whipping Thor & Captain America". PopCulture.com. Archived from the original on October 31, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Goldberg, Matt (February 29, 2012). "Saturn Award Nominations Announced; Hugo and Harry Potter Lead with 10 Nominations Each". Collider. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Ng, Philiana (June 14, 2012). "Teen Choice Awards 2012: 'Breaking Dawn,' 'Snow White' Lead Second Wave of Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- "People's Choice Awards 2013: The Complete Winners List". MTV. January 9, 2013. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Ellwood, Gregory (April 14, 2013). "2013 MTV Movie Awards winners and nominees – complete list". Uproxx. Archived from the original on March 18, 2017. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- "Teen Choice Awards 2014 Nominees Revealed!". Yahoo! Movies. June 18, 2014. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "2014 Young Hollywood Awards Nominees Include 'Pretty Little Liars,' 'Fault in Our Stars'". Variety. June 26, 2014. Archived from the original on June 9, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- "Critics' Choice Movie Awards 2015: The complete list". Los Angeles Times. January 15, 2015. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
- Blake, Emily (January 7, 2015). "People's Choice Awards 2015: The winner's list". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 16, 2015. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Foutch, Haleigh (March 3, 2015). "Interstellar and The Winter Soldier Lead Saturn Award Nominations". Collider. Archived from the original on March 6, 2015. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Wickman, Kase (March 4, 2015). "Here Are Your 2015 MTV Movie Awards Nominees". MTV. Archived from the original on March 5, 2015. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- "Teen Choice Awards 2015 Winners: Full List". Variety. August 16, 2015. Archived from the original on October 26, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Grant, Stacey (February 2, 2016). "Here Are The Nominees For The 2016 Kids' Choice Awards". MTV. Archived from the original on February 4, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Khatchatourian, Maane (March 8, 2016). "MTV Movie Awards 2016: Complete List of Nominees". Variety. Archived from the original on March 9, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- Vulpo, Mike (May 24, 2016). "Teen Choice Awards 2016 Nominations Announced: See the "First Wave" of Potential Winners". E!. Archived from the original on May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
- Eliahou, Maya (June 9, 2016). "Teen Choice Awards 2016--Captain America: Civil War Leads Second Wave of Nominations". E!. Archived from the original on June 12, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Kilday, Gregg (December 1, 2016). "'La La Land,' 'Arrival,' 'Moonlight' Top Critics' Choice Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Chestang, Raphael (January 18, 2017). "People's Choice Awards 2017: The Complete Winners List". Entertainment Tonight. Archived from the original on January 19, 2017. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- Vulpo, Mike (March 11, 2017). "Kids' Choice Awards 2017 Winners: The Complete List". E!. Archived from the original on June 25, 2017. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- McNary, Dave (March 2, 2017). "Saturn Awards Nominations 2017: 'Rogue One,' 'Walking Dead' Lead". Variety. Archived from the original on March 3, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- "Teen Choice Awards: Winners List". The Hollywood Reporter. August 12, 2018. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
- Howard, Annie (February 26, 2019). "Kids' Choice Awards: 'Avengers: Infinity War' Tops Nominees; DJ Khaled to Host". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 27, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
- Nickolai, Nate (June 17, 2019). "MTV Movie & TV Awards Winners: The Complete List". Variety. Archived from the original on June 18, 2019. Retrieved June 17, 2019.
- Clarendon, Dan (August 11, 2019). "Teen Choice Awards 2019: Complete List of Winners and Nominees". Us Weekly. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- Anderton, Ethan (September 14, 2019). "2019 Saturn Awards Winners: 'Avengers: Endgame' Dominates with Six Total Awards". /Film. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- Nordyke, Kimberly; Howard, Annie (November 10, 2019). "People's Choice Awards: 'Avengers: Endgame' Named Best Movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- "Chance the Rapper to Host Nickelodeon's Kids' Choice Awards 2020, Live on Sunday, March 22, at 7:30 P.M. (ET/PT)". NickPress (Press release). February 13, 2020. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.