In the United States House of Representatives, the two major political parties maintain policy and steering committees. Its primary purpose is to assign fellow party members to other House committees, and it also advises party leaders on policy.
The House Democratic Caucus has a combined single steering and policy committee, while the House Republican Conference divides the duties between two groups: a policy committee and a steering committee.
House Democratic Steering and Policy Committee
The House Democratic Steering and Policy Committee is chaired by the party leader in the House, which has been Nancy Pelosi since 2003, in her capacities as Minority Leader (2003–2007, 2011–2018) and Speaker of the House (2007–2011, 2019-present), when the Democrats had the minority and majority of seats in the House, respectively. The party leader also appoints two co-chairs to assist her on the committee. Rosa DeLauro has been co-chair for Steering since 2003 and Eric Swalwell has been co-chair for Policy since 2017.
The statutory members include the full caucus leadership and chief deputy whip team and the chairs or ranking members (depending on a majority or minority, respectively) of the exclusive committees: Appropriations, Budget, Energy, Financial Services, Rules, and Ways and Means. Additional members are either directly appointed by the caucus leader (Speaker in the majority or Minority Leader in the minority), elected as regional representatives, and an elected representative of the freshman class.
On November 28, 2018, Pelosi, the likely Speaker in the 116th Congress, announced that the Committee will now have three co-chairs instead of two. If her recommendation is approved, Oakland Congresswoman Barbara Lee (CA-13) will serve with DeLauro and Swalwell.
As of the 115th Congress, Democratic Representatives are currently grouped into the following 12 regions:
- 1: Southern California (Districts 21–53)
- 2: Alaska, American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Northern California (Districts 1–20), Northern Mariana Islands
- 3: Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
- 4: Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma
- 5: Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
- 6: Arizona, Texas, New Mexico
- 7: Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Virgin Islands
- 8: Georgia, Florida
- 9: Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, Virginia
- 10: Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
- 11: New York
- 12: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont
- Co-Chairs: Rosa DeLauro (CT-3), Eric Swalwell (CA-15)
- Vice Chair and Parliamentarian: Jared Polis (CO-2)
- Vice Chair: Barbara Lee (CA-13)
- Caucus Leadership: Nancy Pelosi (CA-8), Steny Hoyer (MD-5), Jim Clyburn (SC-6), Joe Crowley (NY-14), Linda Sánchez (CA-38), Ben Luján (NM-3), Cheri Bustos (IL-17), David Cicilline (RI-1), Hakeem Jeffries (NY-8), Tony Cárdenas (CA-29), Colleen Hanabusa (HI-1)
- Chief Deputy Whips: John Lewis (GA-5), G. K. Butterfield (NC-1), Joaquin Castro (TX-20), Diana DeGette (CO-1), Keith Ellison (MN-5), Jan Schakowsky (IL-9), Debbie Wasserman Schultz (FL-23), Terri Sewell (AL-7), Kyrsten Sinema (AZ-9), Peter Welch (VT-AL)
- Committee Leadership: Nita Lowey (NY-17), John Yarmuth (KY-3), Frank Pallone (NJ-6), Maxine Waters (CA-43), Jim McGovern (MA-2), Rich Neal (MA-1)
- Appointed Members: Matt Cartwright (PA-17), Katherine Clark (MA-5), Steve Cohen (TN-9), John Delaney (MD-6), Mike Doyle (PA-14), John Garamendi (CA-3), Sheila Jackson Lee (TX-18), Dan Kildee (MI-5), Derek Kilmer (WA-6), Raja Krishnamoorthi (IL-8), Betty McCollum (MN-4), Donald Norcross (NJ-1), Darren Soto (FL-9), Mike Thompson (CA-5)
- Regional Members: Judy Chu (CA-27), Doris Matsui (CA-6), Gwen Moore (WI-4), André Carson (IN-7), Dina Titus (NV-1), Lloyd Doggett (TX-35), Stacey Plaskett (VI-AL), Lois Frankel (FL-22), Bill Pascrell (NJ-9), Marcy Kaptur (OH-9), Gregory Meeks (NY-5), Mike Capuano (MA-7)
- Freshmen Class Representative: Jamie Raskin (MD-8)
House Republican Policy Committee
Gary Palmer currently chairs the Policy Committee. When the Republicans are in the majority, the chair of the House Republican Policy Committee the chair of the House Republican Policy Committee ranks fifth, below the Speaker of the House, Majority Leader, Majority Whip, and the Republican Conference Chairman. When the Republicans are in the minority, the Policy Committee chair ranks fourth, behind the Minority Leader, Minority Whip and Conference Chairman.
Statutory members include the full conference leadership, the committee chairs or ranking members (depending on a majority or minority) of Appropriations, Budget, Energy, Rules, and Ways and Means, and the elected leaders of the sophomore and freshman classes. Appointed members include regional representatives, at-large members, members from the standing committees, and designated appointees by the sophomore (2) and freshman (1) class leaders.
Regional Representatives are restructured to reflect as closely as possible an equal number of Republican members from each region; the small state group is an additional region composed of states that have one or two Republican members. As of the 116th Congress, the regions are:
- 1: Maryland (1), New Jersey (1), New York (6), West Virginia (3) – 11 members total
- 2: Kentucky (5), Pennsylvania (9) – 14 members total
- 3: North Carolina (10), Virginia (4) – 14 members total
- 4: Georgia (9), South Carolina (5) – 14 members total
- 5: Alabama (6), Tennessee (7) – 13 members total
- 6: Illinois (5), Indiana (7) – 12 members total
- 7: Michigan (7), Wisconsin (5) – 12 members total
- 8: Arkansas (4), Louisiana (5), Mississippi (3), Puerto Rico (1) – 13 members total
- 9: Kansas (3), Colorado (3), Nebraska (3), Oklahoma (4) – 13 members total
- 10: American Samoa (1), Iowa (1), Minnesota (3), Missouri (6), North Dakota (1), South Dakota (1) – 13 members total
- 11: Alaska (1), Idaho (2), Montana (1), Nevada (1), Oregon (1), Utah (3), Washington (3), Wyoming (1) – 13 members total
- 12: Arizona (4), California (7) – 11 members total
- Small States: Alaska, America Samoa, Idaho, Iowa, Maryland, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oregon, Puerto Rico, South Dakota, Wyoming – 14 members total
- Florida Region: 14 members total
- Ohio Region: 12 members total
- Texas Regions I and II: 14 members total
The members of the committee for the 115th Congress are as follows:
- Chair: Luke Messer (IN-6)
- Conference Leadership: Paul Ryan (WI-1), Kevin McCarthy (CA-23), Steve Scalise (LA-1), Cathy McMorris Rodgers (WA-5), Steve Stivers (OH-15), Doug Collins (GA-9), Jason Smith (MO-8), Patrick McHenry (NC-10)
- Committee Leadership: Rodney Frelinghuysen (NJ-11), Steve Womack (AR-3), Greg Walden (OR-2), Pete Sessions (TX-32), Kevin Brady (TX-8)
- Sophomore and Freshman Class Leadership: Mimi Walters (CA-45), Paul Mitchell (MI-10)
- Regional Members: Elise Stefanik (NY-21), Brett Guthrie (KY-2), Vacant (Region 3), Austin Scott (GA-8), Gary Palmer (AL-6), Jackie Walorski (IN-2), Mike Gallagher (WI-8), Rick Crawford (AL-1), Markwayne Mullin (OK-2), Don Young (AK-AL), Mia Love (UT-4), Jenniffer González (PR-AL), Vacant (Texas Region I), Randy Weber (TX-14), John Rutherford (FL-4), Ed Royce (CA-39), Glenn Thompson (PA-5), Brad Wenstrup (OH-2)
- Sophomore and Freshman Class Members: Drew Ferguson (GA-3), John Katko (NY-24), Martha McSally (AZ-2)
- Committee Members: Jodey Arrington (TX-19), Chris Stewart (UT-2), Mike Coffman (CO-6), Dave Brat (VA-7), Glenn Grothman (WI-6), Morgan Griffith (VA-9), French Hill (AR-2), Joe Wilson (SC-2), Brian Fitzpatrick (PA-2), Raúl Labrador (ID-1), Bruce Westerman (AR-4), Jim Jordan (OH-4), Dennis Ross (FL-15), Steve Knight (CA-15), Jeff Denham (CA-10), Randy Hultgren (IL-14), Mike Bost (IL-12), Dave Schweikert (AZ-6)
- At-Large Members: Barbara Comstock (VA-10), Keith Rothfus (PA-12), Susan Brooks (IN-5), Dave Reichert (WA-8), Bruce Poliquin (ME-2), Tom Reed (NY-23)
Policy Committee Chairs:
|Joseph William Martin Jr.||1949–1959|
|John W. Byrnes||1959–1965|
|John Jacob Rhodes||1965–1973|
|Del M. Clawson||1977–1979|
House Republican Steering Committee
For House Republicans, the steering committee is chaired by the party leader in the House, either the Speaker (if Republicans are in the majority) or the Minority (Floor) Leader (if Republicans are in the minority). Under rules adopted after the 1994 Republican Revolution, the House party leader (Speaker/Minority Leader) had five votes on the committee, the deputy leader (Majority Leader/Minority Whip) receives 2 votes, and all other members receive 1 vote for a total of 35 votes; a quorum requires 18 members. The current chairman of the Republican Steering Committee is Kevin McCarthy.
The Republican counterpart in the Senate is the Committee on Committees. Senate Republicans also operate a steering committee to discuss policy issues.
The current members of the committee as of incoming 116th Congress are as follows:
- Conference Leadership: Kevin McCarthy (CA-23), Steve Scalise (LA-1), Liz Cheney (WY-AL), Gary Palmer (AL-6), Mark Walker (NC-6), Jason Smith (MO-8), Drew Ferguson (GA-3), Tom Emmer (MN-6), Don Young (AK-AL)
- Regional Members: Elise Stefanik (NY-21), Glenn Thompson (PA-15), Richard Hudson (NC-8), Tom Graves (GA-14), Mike Rogers (AL-3), John Shimkus (IL-15), Fred Upton (MI-6), Steve Womack (AR-3), Tom Cole (OK-4), Blaine Luetkemeyer (MO-3), Greg Walden (OR-2), Devin Nunes (CA-22), Greg Gianforte (MT-AL), Vern Buchanan (FL-16), David Joyce (OH-14), Kevin Brady (TX-8), John Carter (TX-31)
- Junior Class Representatives: Francis Rooney (FL-19), William Timmons (SC-4)
- Appointed Member: Patrick McHenry (NC-10)
- Relevant Committee Leader: Rotating
The House Republican Conference approved changes to the steering committee's structure on November 19, 2015. These changes include a reduction in the Speaker's weighted votes from five to four (while giving him the right to appoint a new at-large member) and phased membership adjustments. The six committee leaders that were all previously given standing membership (Appropriations, Budget, Energy and Commerce, Financial Services, Rules, and Ways and Means) were removed and immediately replaced by six at-large members. Additionally, any committee leader whose committee membership is under consideration by the Steering panel will sit on a rotating basis. The committee leaders' six vacant seats are to be elected by the whole Conference at-large by the end of 2015, and they will serve until the end of the 114th Congress (January 3, 2017). Following the 2016 general election for the next Congress, these at-large elected seats will be replaced by six additional regional representatives, with the new regions to be determined at that time.
- Wilson, James Q., and John J Diiulio Jr., American Government, Eighth edition.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20061129223815/http://www.rules.house.gov/archives/RS20930.pdf House Leadership Structure: Overview of Party Organization
- cqpolitics.com Archived November 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Sherman, Jake (November 19, 2015). "House GOP Overhauls Steering Committee". Politico. Retrieved November 21, 2015.
- Dumain, Emma (November 19, 2015). "House Republicans OK Changes to Steering Panel". Roll Call. Retrieved November 21, 2015.
- Wong, Scott (November 19, 2015). "House GOP Approves Overhaul of Powerful Steering Panel". The Hill. Retrieved November 21, 2015.