St. Marys, Ohio
Where living is a pleasure
Location in Ohio
Location of St. Marys in Auglaize County
|• Mayor||Patrick McGowan (R)|
|• Director of Public Service and Safety||Gregory J. Foxhoven|
|• Total||4.62 sq mi (11.97 km2)|
|• Land||4.59 sq mi (11.89 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||866 ft (264 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,815.3/sq mi (700.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1070921|
St. Marys is a city in Auglaize County, Ohio, United States. Located in western Ohio, it is 11 miles (18 km) west of Wapakoneta and 20 miles (32 km) east of the Ohio/Indiana border. The city is located on a portage between the St. Marys and Auglaize river systems, which was a significant factor in its development before the era of canals. The population was 8,332 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Wapakoneta, Ohio, Micropolitan Statistical Area. It was founded in 1823 and takes its name from the nearby St. Marys River.
After the Revolutionary War, the Shawnee village on the site became known as Girty's Town for the Indian traders James and Simon Girty, who had a trading post on the site. James Girty was originally a partner of Peter Loramie, but fled to the St. Marys River when Loramie's trading post was burned in 1782. Girty maintained his trading post between 1783 and 1790 and fled when General Harmar's army approached. He later returned to the post. When General Anthony Wayne approached the St. Marys area in 1794, James Girty packed up his goods and fled to Canada, thus ending the Girty Brothers era in Ohio. The village retained the name until the modern town was founded in 1823.
When General Wayne returned through the St. Marys area late in 1794 after the Battle of Fallen Timbers, he found the site deserted but noted its strategic location as a portage between the St. Mary's River and Auglaize River. He ordered a fort built on the location. Fort St. Mary's, named for the nearby river, was built by a detachment under Lieutenant John Michael in Oct. 1795 following the Treaty of Greenville. Lieutenant John Whistler was placed in charge of the garrison.
St. Marys was the site of the signing of the Treaty of St. Mary's of 1817, and the six treaties comprising Treaty of St. Mary's of 1818. The latter treaty secured about a third of the state of Indiana from the Miami and Delaware Indians for the United States. The fort was abandoned shortly afterward.
The earliest settlers arrived in 1820. St. Marys was founded by William Houston and John McCorkle, and Charles Murray, in 1823. They bought 400 acres (160 ha) of land and laid out the village of 68 lots. The village was incorporated as a town in 1834 and Judge Stacy Taylor was elected its first mayor. The town surpassed the threshold of 5,000 persons and became a city in 1904.
St. Marys was the county seat of Mercer County from 1824 until 1840 when the seat was moved to Celina. After Auglaize County was organized in 1848, St. Marys competed with Wapakoneta for the position as county seat but was ultimately unsuccessful in a controversial countywide election.
Three properties in St. Marys are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: the former Fountain Hotel, the Dr. Issac Elmer Williams House and Office, and the former Holy Rosary Catholic Church, which was destroyed one year before it was placed on the Register.
St. Marys is a part of the Tree City USA national program.
St Marys is located at (40.544256, -84.390060).
Saint Marys is home to Memorial High School.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,332 people, 3,283 households, and 2,194 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,815.3 inhabitants per square mile (700.9/km2). There were 3,620 housing units at an average density of 788.7 per square mile (304.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 3,283 households, of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.2% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.08.
The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 14.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,342 people, 3,218 households, and 2,240 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,926.7 people per square mile (743.8/km²). There were 3,479 housing units at an average density of 803.5 per square mile (310.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.49% White, 0.35% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population.
There were 3,218 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,673, and the median income for a family was $44,247. Males had a median income of $38,371 versus $22,080 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,682. About 5.7% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
- Galen Cisco, Major League Baseball player and coach
- Albert P. Halfhill, father of the tuna packing industry, attended school here.
- William K. Howard, film director
- Johann August Ernst von Willich was a military officer in the Prussian Army and a leading early proponent of communism in Germany. In 1847 he discarded his title of nobility. He later immigrated to the United States and became a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He is buried in Elmgrove Cemetery.
- Robert Vogel, (born October 7, 1981) is a professional marksman and competition shooter. He is the only law enforcement officer ever to win world and national championships in the Practical Pistol Disciplines of IPSC and USPSA.
- Chuck Weyant, racecar driver
- Jim Tully, author active 1920s to 1940s, whose books about the vagabond experience and articles about Hollywood personalities both gained wide fame, grew up in St. Marys. Though his work is largely forgotten now, his tramp autobiography Beggars of Life was rereleased in 2003 and remains historically relevant.
- Apparently from the name of the high school sports team, the Roughriders.
- "Home page". Virtual St. Marys, Ohio. Archived from the original on August 8, 2006.
- "McGowan Wins Close Mayor's Race". The Evening Leader.
Republican Patrick McGowan defeated four-term mayor Democrat incumbent Greg Freewalt - See more at: http://www.theeveningleader.com/content/mcgowan-wins-close-mayors-race#sthash.6h8jm68T.dpuf
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 16, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- There is an intriguing legend associated with the fort. The old Wayne military road passes nearby and it is reputed to be along this road that General Wayne was compelled by the difficulties of the march filler and the necessity of abandoning stores, filler to bury a large sum of money, filler said to be as much as $150,000, filler upon his approach to St. Marys filler and that this money never was reclaimed.
- There's some conflict over whether this fort was also called Fort St. Mary's.
- http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/FH9&CISOPTR=38590&REC=8 Archived June 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Auglaize County, Ohio Atlas and History, Piqua: Magee Brother Publishing, 1917. Accessed July 5, 2007. Page 104.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- Shuffelton, Frank B. "Holy Rosary Catholic Church". Auglaize County Historical Society, ed. A History of Auglaize County Ohio. Defiance: Hubbard, 1980, 211-212.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
- "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
- "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- Census Bureau Fact Sheet for Saint Marys OH
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