|Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic|
AT0718. Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic
|Area||570,000 km2 (220,000 sq mi)|
|Country||Democratic Republic of Congo|
The southern congolian forest-savanna mosaic covers a large area of the southern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Many African elephants are found in this forest including a number of different species. Its rich blend of habitats provides key insights into the biogeography of central Africa with the extensive climatic variation that it has been experiencing for the last 10 million years. The human population is not high. There is only one secured area in this ecoregion. The political situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is unstable; until the country is stable, no important conservation work is possible. Central Africa is familiar with repeated climatic variation that have caused rain forest and savanna expansion and deflation in consideration of the late Pleistocene tectonics defined the Congo Basin. Important climatic shifts have occurred more than 20 times in less than 10 million years. Plants and animals adapt, change, and go extinct with any climatic oscillation. Widespread and immensely resilient organisms that lived through in islands of habitat and accustomed to spatial fluidity were favored. During dry periods, savanna communities breached far into the Congo Basin. The relatively moist riparian forests become detached from one another and compose forest island localities in the savanna matrix.
To the north, the Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic transitions to lowland tropical forest - the Central Congolian lowland forests west of the Congo River, and the Northeastern Congolian lowland forests to the east of the Congo. In the highlands to the east are the Albertine Rift montane forests. The Central Zambezian miombo woodlands lie to the southeast, and the Angolan miombo woodlands to the southwest. To the west is the Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic.
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