South Bessarabia or Southern Bessarabia is a territory of Bessarabia which, as a result of the Crimean War, was returned to the Moldavian Principality in 1856. As a result of the unification of the latter with Wallachia, these lands became part of Romania.
In 1878, despite the opposition of Romania, the Berlin Treaty, which followed the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), transferred back this region to the Russian Empire (which reintegrated it into Bessarabia Governorate).
The area of the region was 9,642 km2 (3,723 sq mi) and covered 3 counties:
- Romanian War of Independence
- Administrative divisions of Moldavia
- Administrative divisions of Romania
- Ion Nistor, Istoria Basarabiei, edit. Humanitas, București, 1991
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