|United States Senator|
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||Daniel J. Evans|
|Succeeded by||Maria Cantwell|
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||Warren Magnuson|
|Succeeded by||Brock Adams|
|14th Attorney General of Washington|
January 15, 1969 – January 1, 1981
|Governor||Daniel J. Evans|
Dixy Lee Ray
|Preceded by||John O'Connell|
|Succeeded by||Ken Eikenberry|
Thomas Slade Gorton III
January 8, 1928
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||August 19, 2020 (aged 92)|
Clyde Hill, Washington, U.S.
(m. 1958; died 2013)
|Relatives||Nathaniel M. Gorton (brother)|
|Education||Dartmouth College (BA)|
Columbia University (JD)
|Branch/service|| United States Army|
United States Air Force
|Years of service||1945–1946 (Army)|
1953–1956 (Air Force)
|Unit||United States Air Force Reserve|
Thomas Slade Gorton III (January 8, 1928 – August 19, 2020) was an American politician and attorney. A Republican, he served as a U.S. Senator from Washington state from 1981 to 1987, and again from 1989 to 2001. He held both of the state's Senate seats in his career and was narrowly defeated for re-election twice as an incumbent, first in 1986 by Brock Adams and again in 2000 by Maria Cantwell following a recount. As of 2020, he was the last Republican U.S. senator from Washington.
Early life and education
Gorton was born in Chicago, Illinois on January 8, 1928, and raised in the suburb of Evanston, the son of Ruth (Israel) and Thomas Slade Gorton, Jr. His younger brother is Judge Nathaniel M. Gorton of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts. He attended and graduated from Dartmouth College and subsequently from Columbia Law School. Gorton served in the United States Army from 1945 to 1946 and the United States Air Force from 1953 until 1956. He continued to serve in the Air Force Reserve Command until 1980, when he retired as a Colonel.
Gordon practiced law and entered politics in 1958, being elected to the Washington State Legislature, in which he served from 1959 until 1969, becoming one of its highest-ranking members. He then served as Attorney General of Washington from 1969 until he entered the United States Senate in 1981. During his three terms as Attorney General, Gorton was recognized for taking the unusual step of appearing personally to argue the state's positions before the Supreme Court of the United States, and for prevailing in those efforts.
U.S. Senate campaigns
In 1980, Gorton defeated longtime incumbent U.S. Senator and state legend Warren Magnuson by a 54% to 46% margin.
In the Senate, Gorton had a moderate-to-conservative voting record, and was derided for what some perceived as strong hostility towards Indian tribes. His reelection strategy centered on running up high vote totals in areas outside of left-leaning King County (home to Seattle).
In 1994, Gorton repeated the process, defeating then-King County Councilman Ron Sims by 56% to 44%. He was an influential member of the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee as he was the only member of the committee during his tenure to have reached a senior command rank in the uniformed services (USAF).
Gorton campaigned in Oregon for Gordon Smith and his successful 1996 Senate run.
In 1999, Gorton was among ten Republican Senators who voted against the charge of perjury during Clinton's impeachment, although he voted for Clinton's conviction on the charge of obstruction of justice.
Twice during his tenure in the Senate, Gorton sat at the Candy Desk.
In 2002, Gorton became a member of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (popularly known as the "9/11 Commission") and the commission issued its final report in 2004. 
In 2005, Gorton became the Chairman of the center-right Constitutional Law PAC, a political action committee formed to help elect candidates to the Washington State Supreme Court and Court of Appeals.
Gorton was an Advisory Board member for the Partnership for a Secure America, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to recreating the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy. Gorton also served as a Senior Fellow at the Bipartisan Policy Center.
Gorton represented the city of Seattle in a lawsuit against Clay Bennett to prevent the relocation of the Seattle SuperSonics basketball franchise, in accordance to a contract that would keep the team in KeyArena until 2010. The city reached a settlement with Bennett, allowing him to move the team to Oklahoma City for $45 million with the possibility for another $30 million.
In 2010, the National Bureau of Asian Research founded the Slade Gorton International Policy Center. The Gorton Center is a policy research center, with three focus areas: policy research, fellowship and internship programs, and the Gorton History Program (archives). In 2013 the Gorton Center was the secretariat for the ‘Commission on The Theft of American Intellectual Property’, in which Gorton was a commissioner. Gorton is also a Counselor at the National Bureau of Asian Research.
Gorton opposed the candidacy of Donald Trump for President of the United States in 2016, instead writing in Independent candidate Evan McMullin. He later supported the impeachment of President Trump and urged other Republicans to join him.
He married Sally Clark Gorton on June 28, 1958. Sally died in 2013. Gorton died after a brief illness at the home of his daughter in the Seattle suburb of Clyde Hill on August 19, 2020, at the age of 92.
- Westneat, Danny (September 14, 2008). "Where has McCain's honor gone?". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
- "Senator Slade Gorton's bill is an assault on sovereignty". Indian Country Today (Lakota Times). May 1998. Retrieved September 15, 2008.[dead link]
- Kelley, Matt (April 30, 2000). "Tribes' Top Target in 2000: Sen. Slade Gorton". Los Angeles Times. pp. B6. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
- Hendren, John (September 10, 2000). "Tough re-election race is nothing new to Gorton". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
- CONNELLY, JOEL (September 10, 2000). "GORTON IS ALREADY LINING UP PIECES FOR RE-ELECTION IN 2000". The Seattle P-I. pp. A3. Retrieved September 15, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Balter, Joni (April 24, 2005). "Who is Maria Cantwell?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
- "Maria Cantwell (Dem)". The Washington Times. September 15, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2008.[dead link]
- Getches, David H., Charles F. Wilkinson, Robert A. Williams, Jr. Cases and Materials on Federal Indian Law (2005). St. Paul: Thompson West. 5th ed. p. 29.
- "National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States". 9-11commission.gov. August 21, 2004. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- ""Senior Fellows, Bipartisan policy Center"".
- "National Constitution Center, Board of Trustees". National Constitution Center Web Site. National Constitution Center. July 26, 2010. Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "Seattle, Bennett Slam Door on the Sonics". The Wall Street Journal. July 3, 2008.
- "Slade Gorton Policy Center Web site". Archived from the original on January 10, 2014.
- "IP Commission Web Site".
- "National Bureau of Asian Research Web Site". Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 10, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "K&L Gates Firm Bio". Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- Strauss, Daniel (September 2, 2016). "Never Trump conservative McMullin makes Virginia ballot". Politico. Archived from the original on September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "My Fellow Republicans, Please Follow the Facts". Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- "Civic leader, political wife Sally Clark Gorton dies". The Seattle Times. July 22, 2013. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- "Former U.S. Sen. Slade Gorton, a towering figure in Washington state, dies at 92". Seattletimes.com. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- Hughes, John C., Slade Gorton: A Half Century in Politics (2011) (authorized biography)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Slade Gorton.|
- Congressional Bio
- Kirkpatrick & Lockhart Preston Gates Ellis LLP ("K&L Gates") Lawyer Bio
- The Next Ten Years of Post-9/11 Security Efforts, Q&A with Slade Gorton (September 2011)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| Attorney General of Washington
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington
Daniel J. Evans
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington
1988, 1994, 2000
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Washington
Served alongside: Henry M. Jackson, Daniel J. Evans
Daniel J. Evans
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Washington
Served alongside: Brock Adams, Patty Murray