Sir Thomas Acland, Bt
|Member of Parliament for Wellington|
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Charles Elton|
|Member of Parliament for Devonshire North|
|Preceded by||James Wentworth Buller|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
|Member of Parliament for Somerset West|
|Preceded by||Edward Ayshford Sanford|
|Succeeded by||Charles Moody|
Thomas Dyke Acland
25 May 1809
|Died||29 May 1898(aged 89)|
|Political party||Tory, Liberal|
(m. 1841; died 1851)
(m. 1856; died 1892)
|Relations||Sir Henry Acland, 1st Baronet (brother)|
|Parents||Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet|
Lydia Elizabeth Hoare
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
|Branch/service||Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry|
Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 11th Baronet, FRS (25 May 1809 – 29 May 1898) was a British educational reformer and a politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1837 and 1886 initially as a Tory and later, after an eighteen-year gap, as a Liberal.
Acland was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet and his wife Lydia Elizabeth Hoare. Among his siblings was prominent physician, Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, and politician John Acland.
His paternal grandparents were Sir Thomas Acland, 9th Baronet and his wife Henrietta Anne Hoare (daughter of Sir Richard Hoare, 1st Baronet). His maternal grandfather was Henry Hoare of Mitcham Grove of Hoare's Bank.
In 1837, Acland entered Parliament for Somerset West as a Tory.:453 During the tensions within the Tory party in the 1840s over the Corn Laws, Acland supported Sir Robert Peel's free trade policy. He did not stand for Parliament in the 1847 general election and was to remain out of the House of Commons for nearly twenty years.
Acland showed a strong interest in and commitment to educational reform. He initially promoted the maintenance and defence of church schools and the establishment of diocesan theological colleges. However, he later became a supporter of educational projects of a more Liberal character and played a leading role in the establishment of the Oxford local examinations system in 1858. He was also involved in agricultural issues and was a Trustee of the Royal Agricultural Society. Acland was influential in the recruitment of Augustus Voelcker as consultant agricultural chemist to the Royal Bath and West of England Society around 1849. Acland served as a major in the Royal 1st Devonshire Yeomanry Cavalry, and when the 1st Administrative Battalion, Devonshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, was formed at Exeter in August 1860, he became its Lieutenant-Colonel. In 1881, when it became the 3rd Volunteer Battalion, Devonshire Regiment, he was made its Honorary Colonel. He was also a J.P. for Devon and Somerset. He contested Birmingham as a moderate Liberal in 1859, but was defeated by John Bright.:47
In 1865, Acland returned to the House of Commons as a Liberal when he was elected as one of two representatives for Devonshire North.:376 Between 1869 and 1874, he served as a Church Estates Commissioner. He never held ministerial office but was sworn of the Privy Council in 1883. The Devonshire North constituency was abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885 and Acland was instead returned to Parliament for Wellington.:382 He voted for the First Home Rule Bill in June 1885 and this led to him being defeated at the 1886 general election.
Acland married firstly Mary Mordaunt, daughter of Sir Charles Mordaunt, 8th Baronet, in 1841. Before her death in 1851, they had three sons and two daughters, including:
- Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 12th Baronet (1842–1919), who married Gertrude Walrond, a daughter of Sir John Walrond, 1st Baronet.
- Mary Lydia Acland (b. 1846), who married the Rev. Richard Hart-Davis in 1872.
- Sir Arthur Dyke Acland, 13th Baronet (1847–1926), who married Alice Cunningham, a daughter of Rev. Francis Macaulay Cunningham.
- Agnes Henrietta Acland (1851–1935), who married Frederick Henry Anson, son of Rev. Frederick Anson.
He married secondly Mary Erskine, only surviving child of John Erskine, in 1856. This marriage was childless. Lady Acland died in May 1892.
Acland survived her by six years and died in May 1898, aged 89. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest son Thomas, who was also a politician. Acland's second son Arthur, who succeeded to the baronetcy in 1919, also had a successful political career.
- Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 6.
- Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke (1902). Memoir & Letters of the Right Honorable Sir Thomas Dyke Acland. Chiswick Press.
- Debretts Guide to the House of Commons, 1886. Archive.org.
- List of Fellows of the Royal Society, A–J, Royal Society.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Hudson, Kenneth. "The Bath & West: A short History". The Royal Bath & West of England Society. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- Army List.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- "Gertrude (née Walrond), Lady Acland". www.npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- Ranieval, The Marquis of Ruvigny and (2013). The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal: The Mortimer-Percy Volume. Heritage Books. p. 410. ISBN 978-0-7884-1872-3.
- Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1901. .
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets
- Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 11th Baronet
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Thomas Acland
- "Archival material relating to Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 11th Baronet". UK National Archives.
- "Historic People". Plymouth Athenaeum. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Edward Ayshford Sanford
| Member of Parliament for Somerset West
With: Edward Ayshford Sanford 1837–1841
Francis Dickinson 1841–1847
James Wentworth Buller
| Member of Parliament for Devonshire North
With: Charles Trefusis 1865–1866
Sir Stafford Northcote 1866–1885
John Moore-Stevens 1885
|New title|| Member of Parliament for Wellington
|Baronetage of England|
Thomas Dyke Acland
(of St Columb John)
Thomas Dyke Acland