Sir Frederick Pollock (1845–1937)
|Born||10 December 1845|
|Died||18 January 1937(aged 91)|
Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet PC, FBA (10 December 1845 – 18 January 1937) was an English jurist best known for his History of English Law before the Time of Edward I, written with F.W. Maitland, and his lifelong correspondence with US Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. He was a Cambridge Apostle.
Pollock was the eldest son of William Frederick Pollock, Master of the Court of Exchequer, and Juliet Creed, daughter of the Rev, Harry Creed. He was the grandson of Sir Frederick Pollock, 1st Baronet, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, the great-nephew of Field Marshal Sir George Pollock, 1st Baronet, and the first cousin of Ernest Pollock, 1st Viscount Hanworth, Master of the Rolls.
He was educated at Eton College, where he was a King's Scholar, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was elected Fellow in 1868 (later Honorable Fellow in 1920). In 1871 he was admitted to the Bar. He wrote a series of text books that took a new approach to the teaching of English Law including The Principles of Contract at Law and in Equity (1876) and The Law of Torts (1887).
Rather than relying on specific applications of law these works emphasised underlying principles. They acted as models for future textbooks and helped modernise English legal education. Pollock taught at the University of Oxford (1883–1903), as Corpus Professor of Jurisprudence. He was Professor of Common Law in the Inns of Court (1884–1890). He was Editor of the Law Reports from 1895 to 1935. He was the first editor of the Law Quarterly Review which was founded in 1885. He was also, in 1894, the Chairman of The Society of Authors He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1911. He was elected Treasurer of Lincoln's Inn in 1931.
Pollock married on 13 August 1873 to Georgina Harriet Deffell (died on 30 March 1935), a daughter of John Deffell. They had two children:
- Alice Isabella Pollock, born on 15 June 1876, died on 28 June 1953. Married first at St Marylebone Parish Church in London on 19 November 1902 to Sydney Waterlow (1878–1944), a diplomat and grandson of Sir Sydney Waterlow, 1st Baronet. This marriage was annulled in 1912, and she re-married the same year Captain Orlando Cyprian Williams, MC, CB (d.1967).
- Frederick John Pollock (1878–1963), a noted historian, who succeeded to the baronetcy.
Together with his younger brother Walter Herries Pollock, he participated in the first English revival of historical fencing, originated by Alfred Hutton and his colleagues Egerton Castle, Captain Carl Thimm, Colonel Cyril Matthey, Captain Percy Rolt, Captain Ernest George Stenson Cooke, Captain Frank Herbert Whittow.
- The Principles of Contract (1876)
- The Law of Torts (1887)
- Leading Cases Done into English (1876)
- Spinoza, His Life and Philosophy (1880)
- History of English Law before the Time of Edward I (1895, with Frederic William Maitland)
- A First Book of Jurisprudence For Students of the Common Law (1896)
- Encyclopædia of the Laws of England with forms and precedents (1907, with Sir Alexander Wood Renton & Maxwell Anderson Robertson)
- For My Grandson (1933)
- From his book For My Grandson (1933)
- Fifoot, C. H. S. (1976). "Pollock, Sir Frederick". In William D. Halsey (ed.). Collier's Encyclopedia. 19. New York: Macmillan Educational Corporation. p. 218.
- "Pollock, Frederick (PLK863F)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- For My Grandson (1933) John Murray, Note B: Personal Dates
- The Times 1 June 1894
- "No. 28511". The London Gazette. 7 July 1911. p. 5025.
- "- Person Page 55171". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Marriages". The Times (36923). London. 12 November 1902. p. 1.
- "Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet (British scholar) – Encyclopædia Britannica". britannica.com. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Thimm, Carl Albert. A Complete Bibliography of Fencing and Duelling, London, 1896 Preface
- Works written by or about Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet at Wikisource
- Pollock, Frederick; Maitland, Frederic William (1899). "The History of English Law Before the Time of Edward I". I (2nd ed.). Cambridge: University Press. Retrieved 7 June 2008. Cite journal requires
- Works by Sir Frederick Pollock: at Online Library of Liberty
- Works by or about Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet at Internet Archive
- Portraits of Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
William Frederick Pollock
Sir Frederick John Pollock