Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell, 6th Baronet, MBE, FRS (30 November 1878 – 24 February 1964), was a British mineralogist of the 20th century. He was a collector and a collector of collections.
He was born in Swallowfield Park, near Reading, in Berkshire, the son of Sir George Russell, 4th Baronet and Lady Constance Charlotte Elisa Lennox. He was educated at Eton College and studied chemistry at King's College London. He served in France during World War I and was invalided home in 1915.
He was appointed a Member of Order of the British Empire (MBE) in 1920 and succeeded as 6th Baronet upon the death of his older brother in 1944.
In his lifetime he amassed a huge collection of minerals. Among the more important were the collections of Philip Rashleigh (1728–1811), Lady Elizabeth Coxe Hippisley (1760–1843), John Hawkins (1761–1841), John Hamrease (1764–1811), George Croker Fox (1784���1850), Edmund Pearse (1788–1856), Robert Were Fox (1789–1877), Isaac Walker (1790–1853), Alfred Fox (1794–1874), Sir Maziere Brady (1796–1871), Baroness Burdett-Coutts (1814–1906), Sir Warington Wilkinson Smyth (1817–1890), John Ruskin (1819–1900), Col. R. B. Rimington (1828–1910), Arthur Champernowne (1839–1887), J. H. Collins (1841–1916), W. Semmons (1841–1915) and Samuel Henson (1848–1930).
The Russell Collection at Swallowfield Park became famous throughout the world, and was visited by mineralogists and collectors from across Europe and America. The collection of about 12,000 of the finest British minerals is now in the Mineralogical Collection of the Natural History Museum.
Honours and awards
- President of the British Mineralogical Society from 1939 to 1942.
- Bolitho Medal from Royal Geological Society of Cornwall in 1948.
- Henwood Medal from the Royal Institution of Cornwall in 1953.
- Honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of Oxford in 1956.
- He described and named the new species rashleighite.
- Was honoured by the naming of the minerals russellite and arthurite.
The Russell Society for amateur and professional mineralogists is named in his honour.
- Obituary in The Times, 27 February 1964, pg 15, col B.
- G. C., R. W. and A. Fox were members of the Fox family of Falmouth.
- The Mineralogical Record - Label Archive
- History of the Mineral Collection on the Natural History Museum website (accessed 16 January 2008).
- K. F. G. Hosking & G. J. Shrimpton, ed. (1964). "The William Bolitho Gold Medal". Present Views of Some Aspects of the Geology of Cornwall and Devon. Penzance: Royal Geological Society of Cornwall. pp. iv.
- Russell Society (accessed 16 January 2008). Archived 8 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
George Arthur Charles Russell
George Michael Russell