Early life and education
Born in Bombay on 14 November 1848, Fraser was educated at the Edinburgh Academy before being called to the Bar at the Middle Temple. He was a son of Rev. Alexander Garden Fraser (1814–1904) and Joanna Maria Shaw (1823–1864).
He joined the Indian Civil Service in 1871, serving in the Central Provinces for nearly thirty years. In 1897, he was appointed a CSI and was knighted with the KCSI in 1902. During his service he rose to be the Chief Commissioner of Central Provinces in 1899 followed by President of Police Commission in 1902. In 1903, he was selected the successor of James Bourdillon to the post of the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal. He was elected President of The Asiatic Society for 1905–07.
Fraser retained the position of Governor of the Western province of Bengal following the 1905 Partition of Bengal. However, his role in the planning of partition of Bengal, earned him notoriety among nationalist agitators, with a notable assassination attempt in 1907 which attempted to derail his train.
Another assassination attempt in November 1908 involved a pistol which failed to go off, the would-be assassin later declaring that he wanted to show Bengalis that even the Lieutenant-Governor was not invincible.
He was succeeded in 1908 by Sir William Baker.
Fraser 's published works include his memoirs Among Indian Rajahs and Ryots published in 1909, and India under Curzon and After published in 1911. He lived his final years at 22 Heriot Row in Edinburgh's Second New Town.
Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser died on 26 February 1919. He is buried in Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh, on the south wall of the north section, backing onto the original cemetery. The stone is very distinctive, carrying a St Andrews Cross in red granite by McGlashan.
He is also the founder and the first Principal of one of the biggest and most popular public school Rajkumar College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. Cpt
- Christie 2005, p. 123
- "Sitter: Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser (1848-1919)". Lafayette Negative Archive.
- 1851 and 1861 Scotland Census, 1871 England Census
- Islam, Sirajul (2012), "Fraser, Sir Andrew", in Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.), Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
- "Sir Andrew Fraser. Attempt At Assassination". The North Western Advocate And The Emu Bay Times. Tasmania, Australia. 5 December 1908. p. 5. Retrieved 27 December 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "People Talked About". The World's News (367). New South Wales, Australia. 26 December 1908. p. 8. Retrieved 27 December 2018 – via National Library of Australia., ...Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser, M.A., LL.D-, K.C.S.I.. Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal...
- Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1911
- Grave of Sir Andrew Fraser, Dean Cemetery
- "India's Loyalty". The West Australian. XXXI (4, 089). Western Australia. 11 May 1915. p. 8. Retrieved 27 December 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Christie, Stuart (2005), Worlding Forster: The Passage from Pastoral, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-97214-0.