Bernice Maude Gaunt
January 7, 1913
Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
|Died||March 9, 1975 (aged 62)|
Menlo Park, California, U.S.
|Other names||Bernice Dolan Blum|
|Parent(s)||Charles Burr Gaunt and Maude C. (née Ellis) Gaunt|
Shirley Ross (born Bernice Maude Gaunt, January 7, 1913 – March 9, 1975) was an American actress and singer, notable for her duet with Bob Hope, "Thanks for the Memory" from The Big Broadcast of 1938. She appeared in 25 feature films between 1933 and 1945, including singing earlier and wholly different lyrics for the Rodgers and Hart song in Manhattan Melodrama (1934) that later became "Blue Moon."
Early musical career
Ross was born in Omaha, Nebraska, the elder of two daughters of Charles Burr Gaunt and Maude C. (née Ellis) Gaunt. Growing up in California, she attended Hollywood High School and UCLA, training as a classical pianist.
Here she attracted the notice of the up-and-coming songwriting duo Rodgers and Hart, who selected her to sell their latest offerings to MGM. One song, which was later re-written as "Blue Moon", led to a successful screen test in 1933 and then to a number of small parts in films that included Manhattan Melodrama with Clark Gable and William Powell in which, made up to look black, she sang "The Bad in Every Man," an earlier version of "Blue Moon," in a Harlem nightclub.
In 1936, MGM loaned her to Paramount, and she was paired with Ray Milland in The Big Broadcast of 1937. Although this was officially a leading role, the Big Broadcast format included a busy programme of musical comedy sketches with big-name performers who somewhat overshadowed her. But one press review declared that she had ‘one of the sweetest voices of any actress on the screen’ and predicted a big future for her. Paramount signed her to a five-year contract; meanwhile her introduction to the songwriting team of Leo Robin and Ralph Rainger would prove significant.
Working with Bing Crosby and Bob Hope
Her duet with Bing Crosby in Waikiki Wedding was a Robin-Rainger number titled "Blue Hawaii." Thus began a three-year period during which Ross was cast opposite either Crosby or Bob Hope on five occasions.[a] After a career interruption in the making of This Way Please with Buddy Rogers, when she walked off the job, alleging that Jack Benny's wife, Mary Livingstone, was trying to sabotage her scenes, she was cast opposite Hope in The Big Broadcast of 1938. Their duet, "Thanks for the Memory", became a huge hit and a defining moment for two careers headed in opposite directions – for Hope, a springboard to bigger and better things; for Ross, the pinnacle. It would prove to be her sole enduring claim to fame.
The duet's great success sparked spin-off movies with Bob Hope, Thanks for the Memory (1938) and another called Some Like It Hot (1939; later renamed Rhythm Romance to avoid confusion with the unrelated 1959 feature). Although Thanks for the Memory did produce another hit song, "Two Sleepy People", the films themselves made little impact, apparently reflecting Paramount's declining interest in musical comedy. Although Ross would have been willing to play straight drama and had performed well in Prison Wife, Paramount relegated her to supporting roles in two minor romantic comedies, which did nothing for her career, even though one of them (Paris Honeymoon) teamed her once more with Crosby. Her extremely promising career suffered a steep decline and never recovered.
Later career and death
Although Ross knew that her understated appeal was better suited to the screen than the stage, she played the lead in Rodgers and Hart’s Broadway musical Higher and Higher (1940), featuring the song "It Never Entered My Mind." The show was a critical failure. After a few forgettable movies and some radio work, most notably as a regular cast member on The Bob Burns Show between 1943 and 1947, Ross increasingly attended to her terminally ill husband Ken Dolan, which became an early retirement.
Ross died from cancer in Menlo Park, California, aged 62. As her married name, Bernice Dolan Blum, was not well known, her death was not widely publicized. But Hope, with whom she had an enduring real-life friendship, did not fail to commemorate her death. He and Crosby sent a 5-foot tall cross with white carnations and a spray of red roses to her funeral. According to her daughter, it was mobbed.
- Bombshell (1933) - Singer (uncredited)
- Jail Birds of Paradise (1934, Short) - Shirley Ross
- Manhattan Melodrama (1934) - Singer in Cotton Club
- Hollywood Party (1934) - Singer of 'Feelin' High' (uncredited)
- The Girl from Missouri (1934) - Party Guest (uncredited)
- The Merry Widow (1934) - Minor Role (uncredited)
- Buried Loot (1935, Short) - Girl in Apartment (uncredited)
- Age of Indiscretion (1935) - Dotty
- Calm Yourself (1935) - Mrs. Ruth Rockwell
- I Live My Life (1935) - Vi - drunken party guest dozing in armchair next to piano (uncredited)
- It's in the Air (1935) - Cigar Stand Clerk (uncredited)
- La Fiesta de Santa Barbara (1935, Short) - Herself
- Devil's Squadron (1936) - Eunice
- San Francisco (1936) - Trixie
- The Big Broadcast of 1937 (1936) - Gwen Holmes
- Hideaway Girl (1936) - Toni Ainsworth
- Waikiki Wedding (1937) - Georgia Smith
- Blossoms on Broadway (1937) - Sally Shea
- The Big Broadcast of 1938 (1938) - Cleo Fielding
- Prison Farm (1938) - Jean Forest
- Thanks for the Memory (1938) - Anne Merrick
- Dangerous to Know (1938) - Herself / Singer on Recording (voice, uncredited)
- Paris Honeymoon (1939) - Barbara Wayne aka Countess De Remi
- Cafe Society (1939) - Bells Browne
- Some Like It Hot (1939) - Lily Racquel
- Unexpected Father (1939) - Dianna Donovan
- Kisses for Breakfast (1941) - Juliet Marsden
- Sailors on Leave (1941) - Linda Hall
- A Song for Miss Julie (1945) - Valerie Kimbro (final film role)
- Less than a year later, as their erstwhile co-star's career floundered, Hope and Crosby themselves were paired, beginning the longstanding and hugely successful Road to ... series.
- "Father of Charles Burr Gaunt" posted on October 23, 1999 by Caren Lea, Ross' niece. "I am looking for the parents of Charles Burr Gaunt, born in Iowa 1886. Worked as telegrapher on railroad. Later moved to Omaha, Nebraska and married Maude Ellis. They had 2 daughters and moved to California around 1923."
- United Press: "Co-Ed Crashes Gates of Hollywood Studio", The Pittsburgh Press, December 26, 1933, p. 18.
- "Cello Virtuoso in Recital", The Los Angeles Times, June 15, 1927, p. A13. "Cello Virtuoso in Recital: BERNICE GAUNT – Pianist, SAMUEL – Cellist, Los Angeles Railway Orchestra Broadcasts."
- Dr. Ralph L. Power: "GERMANS WILL TALK OVER KHJ", The Los Angeles Times, August 4, 1927, p. A-5. "Interesting bits of juvenile entertainment on the child hour at KHJ last evening included the 13-year-old pianist, Bernice Gaunt."
- Max Cryer: Love Me Tender: The Stories Behind the World's Favourite Songs (Titirangi, Exisle Publishing Limited, 2008), p. 117
- Shirley Ross on IMDb
- "New Star Tops State Musical", Spokane Daily Chronicle, October 12, 1936, p. 10.
- Ed Sullivan: "Broadway: Building Up From a Terrific Letdown", The Pittsburgh Press, October 24, 1936, p. 6.
- Eileen Percy: "Shirley Ross to Play Lead Opposite 'Buddy' Rogers in 'This Way Please,'" The Milwaukee Sentinel, April 29, 1937, p. 2.
- Roy Hemming: Discovering Great Singers of Classic Pop: A New Listener's Guide to the Sounds and Lives of the Top Performers and Their Recordings, Movies, and Videos (New York, Newmarket Press, 1991), pp. 93–94
- Sidney Skolsky: "Hollywood:The Gossipel Truth", The Milwaukee Sentinel, May 26, 1937, p. 3. "The Mary Livingstone and Shirley Ross feud began because Shirley was talking loudly about Mary in the makeup department and Mary happened to be a thin wall away."
- Louella O. Parsons: "Shirley Ross Has New Job", The Rochester Journal, June 29, 1937, p. 6. "Chit chat over Shirley Ross' withdrawal from the cast of 'This Way Please' has subsided. Adolph Zukor, no less, denied that his company had dropped her from the payroll and that she was taken out of the cast because of a battle with Mary Livingstone."
- Jimmy Fidler: "Hollywood: Short Short Story", The Pittsburgh Press, August 19, 1940, p. 9. "A local theater marquee the other day displayed these billings: 'Thanks for the Memory' and 'March of Time.' And it has been a march of time, for when that picture was made, Shirley was an established star and Hope was making his debut. Today, Hope is a star – while Miss Ross is in a Broadway show, hoping for a comeback."
- "Reader Searches for Memories of Ross", The Sarasota Herald-Tribune, April 11, 1992, p. 2E.
- "Sydney's Leading Theatres Present Sydney's Chief Current Attractions". The Sydney Morning Herald, March 3, 1939, p. 2.
- IMDb user reviews
- Harrison Carroll: "Behind the Scenes in Hollywood", Bradford Record, June 26, 1946, p. 2.
- Rick Du Brow: "Original 'Thanks for the Memory' Girl Prefers Family to Stardom; Once Musical Comedy Star", The Beaver Valley Times (Monday, July 20, 1959), p. 9. "Bob really had it from the start – and we're still close friends. I spoke with him on the phone for an hour yesterday."
- United Press: "Bing Crosby Shoots 73 to Defeat Hope", The Eugene Register-Guard, November 8, 1937, p. 6.
- "Cutie Silences Glib Bob Hope With a Smart Crack", The Pittsburgh Press, September 18, 1938, p. D7.
- Email correspondence with Victoria Rosendahl, May 15, 2012. "Hope and Crosby sent a 5 foot tall cross with white carnations and a spray of red roses to her funeral. It was mobbed."
- Shirley Ross on IMDb
- Portrait of Shirley Ross seated on a desk, 1933. Los Angeles Times Photographic Archive (Collection 1429). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.
- United Press: "Co-Ed Crashes Gates of Hollywood Studio", The Pittsburgh Press, December 26, 1933, p. 18
- NEA (captioned photo): "The perfect legs of Shirley Ross...", The Spokane Chronicle (Monday, March 26, 1934), p. 5
- "Shirley Ross Wins Contract, Big Role", The Milwaukee Sentinel, September 8, 1936, p. 17
- "This Actress Proves Dangerous," The Pittsburgh Press (Tuesday, October 6, 1936), p. 27
- "New Star Tops State Musical," Spokane Daily Chronicle, October 12, 1936, p. 10
- Ed Sullivan: "Broadway: Building Up From a Terrific Letdown", The Pittsburgh Press, October 24, 1936, p. 6
- "'Big Broadcast' Comes Thursday: Cast for Carolina Picture Includes Benny, Gracie Allen and Burns", The Spartanburg Herald-Tribune, November 1, 1936, p. 20
- "'The Big Broadcast' Current Empire Film Has Mixture of Comedy and Music," The Lewiston Daily Sun, November 3, 1936, p. 2
- Sheilah Graham: "Hollywood Today: 'Those Who Wait' Include Stars of Filmdom," The Milwaukee Journal, November 16, 1936, p. 7
- "Miss Ross Steals Show At Paramount", The Deseret News, January 26, 1937, p. 11
- Eileen Percy: "Shirley Ross to Play Lead in 'This Way Please'", The Milwaukee Sentinel, April 30, 1937, p. 2
- "Romance in 'Waikiki Wedding: Crosby's Latest at American Said to be Topnotch,'" The San Jose News, June 14, 1937, p. 13
- Louella O. Parsons: "Shirley Ross Has New Job", The Rochester Journal, June 29, 1937, p. 6
- "Theater Gossip: Runyon Story to be Filmed," The St. Petersburg Independent, August 20, 1937, p. 5-A
- "Film Runyon's Story", The St. Petersburg Times, September 12, 1937, p. 22
- United Press: "Bing Crosby Shoots 73 to Defeat Hope", The Eugene Register-Guard, November 8, 1937, p. 6
- "Right This Way, My Charming Little Chickadees", The Pittsburgh Press, February 5, 1938, p. 10
- Associated Press wirephoto: "Finds 450 Dead," The Spokane Spokesman-Review, March 5, 1938, p. 13
- "'Big Broadcast of 1938' Stars", The Rochester (PA) Daily Times, March 31, 1938, p. 7
- "Shirley Ross Gets a Leading Role in 'Paris Honeymoon'", The Schenectady Gazette, May 18, 1938, p. 8
- Jimmy Fidler: "Hollywood Shots: Bing's lost ad lib in 'Paris Honeymoon'," The Reading Eagle, June 22, 1938), p. 8
- Sheilah Graham: "Hollywood Clothes Offering Ideas to Brides, Travelers," The Milwaukee Journal, August 8, 1938, p. 2
- Ad for "Prison Farm", The Meriden Record, August 11, 1938, p. 13. "The man she loved put her in a prison more terrifying than Devil's Island."
- "Cutie Silences Glib Bob Hope With a Smart Crack," The Pittsburgh Press, September 18, 1938, p. D7
- Associated Press: "Pair Off in Hollywood: Genevieve Tobin and Shirley Ross Are Newlyweds", The Lawrence Journal-World, September 20, 1938, p. 12
- Louella O. Parsons: "It Was Ken Vs. Ken Until Shirley Chose Ken: Miss Ross and Dolan Reveal Marriage in Nevada," The Milwaukee Sentinel, September 20, 1938, p. 3
- "Bob Hope Stars as 'Househusband'," The Spokane Chronicle, January 3, 1939, p. 14
- "Song Inspires Film," The Melbourne Age, January 7, 1939, p. 12
- Kaspar Monahan: "Two Screen Comedies on Warner Bill: Bob Hope and Shirley Ross Shine in Adaptation of Stage Hit," The Pittsburgh Press, January 14, 1939, p. 6
- Patricia Lindsay: "Faddish Diets Are Out, Says Beauty Expert", The Miami News, June 30, 1939, p. 4-C
- L.S.B. Shapiro: "A New Hit for Broadway", The Montreal Gazette, April 13, 1940, p. 10
- Louella O. Parsons: "Film Actors Find New Careers on Broadway", Milwaukee Sentinel, April 14, 1940, p. 7-D
- Associated Press: "Shirley Ross Sets Pace for Comediennes on Broadway," The Miami News, May 4, 1940, p. 6-A
- Jimmy Fidler: "Hollywood: Short Short Story," The Pittsburgh Press, August 19, 1940, p. 9
- Dee Lowrance: "Sister Sluggers: Ladies Of Hollywood Have Learned How To Flip A Mean Right and Are Glad to Oblige for the Camera", The Wilmington Star, June 29, 1941, p. 18
- Captioned photo (ad for Kisses for Breakfast): "They're Much Married", St. Petersburg Times, August 24, 1941, p. 21
- "Beautiful Star Collects Rent", The Madera Tribune, January 29, 1942, p. 1
- Associated Press: "Shirley Ross Granted Divorce From Dolan", The San Bernardino Sun, January 8, 1944, p. 2
- Dorothy Kilgallen: "Voice of Broadway: Gossip in Gotham", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 24, 1944, p. 22
- Louella O. Parsons: "Hollywood: Snapshots of Hollywood Collected at Random", Milwaukee Sentinel, July 2, 1945, p. 6
- Rick Du Brow: "Original 'Thanks for the Memory' Girl Prefers Family to Stardom; Once Musical Comedy Star", The Beaver Valley Times, July 20, 1959, p. 9
- Polly Anderson: "How 'Thanks' became Hope's signature song", The Lumberton Robesonian, May 25, 2003, p. 4C