|Sheba and the Gladiator|
|Produced by||Enzo Merolle|
|Music by||Angelo Francesco Lavagnino|
|Edited by||Nino Baragli|
- Anita Ekberg as Zenobia
- Georges Marchal as Consul Marcus Valerius
- Folco Lulli as Zemanzius
- Chelo Alonso as Erica
- Gino Cervi as Aurelian
- Jacques Sernas as Julianus
- Lorella De Luca as Batsheba
- Alberto Farnese as Marcello
- Mimmo Palmara as Lator
Sheba the Gladiator was shot in 1958. Director Guido Brignone fell ill during the production on the film leading to two other directors to enter the production to help complete it: Michelangelo Antonioni and Riccardo Freda. For Antonioni, he visited Brignone in the hospital and reported on what he filmed and received instructions for the next day. Freda was in charge shooting the battle scenes which he did with cinematographer Mario Bava and Antonioni working with cinematographer Luciano Trasatti shooting the indoor scenes. Other people credited to the film included Sergio Leone as a screenwriter.
Mimmo Palmara commented that Antonioni was "couldn't care less" about the film and "didn't direct the actors." Freda had an argument with Palmara and unsuccessfully tried to court Chelo Alonso on set.
American International Pictures acquired the American rights to the film and re-titled it Sign of the Gladiator (Sign of Rome "was a pretty dismal title" according to Samuel Z. Arkoff) and cut 18 minutes from the original running time. There was no gladiator in the film so they redubbed it to change the general played by Jacques Sernas into a gladiator.
It was released in September 1959 in the United States. American International Pictures added an end title song called "Xenobia" sung by Bill Lee which was released on AIP Records. The film grossed a total of $1.25 million in rentals. "We did quite well with the picture" said Samuel Z Arkoff.
- Curti 2017, p. 296.
- Curti 2017, p. 169.
- Curti 2017, p. 168.
- "Im Zeichen Roms" (in German). Filmportal.de. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
- Strawn, Linda May (1975). "Samuel Z. Arkoff". In McCarthy, Todd; Flynn, Charles (eds.). Kings of the Bs : working within the Hollywood system : an anthology of film history and criticism. E. P. Dutton. p. 264.
- McGee, Mark (1996). Faster and Furiouser: The Revised and Fattened Fable of American International Pictures. McFarland. p. 154.
- Smith, Gary A. American International Pictures: The Golden Era. Bear Manor Media. p. 117.
- "Rental Potentials of 1960", Variety, 4 January 1961 p 47. Please note figures are rentals as opposed to total gross.