|Directed by||Wang Xiaoshuai|
|Produced by||Pi Li|
|Written by||Wang Xiaoshuai|
|Music by||Zhang Wu|
|Edited by||Yang Hongyu|
|Distributed by||Fortissimo Films|
Shanghai Dreams (simplified Chinese: 青红; traditional Chinese: 青紅; pinyin: Qīng hóng) is a 2005 Chinese film directed by Wang Xiaoshuai and starring Gao Yuanyuan, Li Bin, Tang Yang, Wang Xiaoyang, and Yao Anlian. The film was produced by Stellar Megamedia, Debo Films Ltd. and Kingwood Ltd.
The film is set in the early 1980s and follows a Shanghai family who had gone to work in a factory in Guizhou as part of the 'Third Front', intended as an industrial base if China were invaded. The father, obsessed with returning to Shanghai for a better life for his family, attempts to prevent a romance between his daughter and a local worker. The film is partly autobiographical in nature, as Wang's family was also sent to Guizhou as a child.
Shanghai Dreams represents the first time a director has approached the subject of the "Third Line of Defense" and its consequences. This is in no small part due to the director, Wang Xiaoshuai's own upbringing. Like the Wu family, the Wang family was also originally from Shanghai and who moved to Guiyang due to the need to create an industrial third line of defense. This third line of defense was set away from cities and the seacoast, in order to protect China's industrial capability in case of a war against the Soviet Union. With the opening up of China in the 1980s, however, many of these urban exiles were given the opportunity to return home to the cities, even as their families had already laid down roots in their new homes. Wang has stated that he set the story in the 1980s in that it represented an era of transition, wherein the Cultural Revolution had ended, but much of the old ways were still ingrained in society.
The main character Qinghong is a 19-year-old student living with her overly repressive father, mother and younger brother in a typical small apartment. Her 'boyfriend' Honggen, a working local boy who plays only a minor role in the film and develops an obsession with Qihong to her father's contempt. Confiding in her best friend Xiao Zhen, Qinghong strives for love and independence.
Qinghong's father Wu Zemin is a stubborn and aggressive man, who has never forgiven his wife for persuading him to move to rural Guiyang. He regularly meets with other 'Third Line' volunteers to discuss strategies for returning to Shanghai. He becomes increasingly strict with Qinghong, often following her home from school to ensure a restricted social life. He forbids her from seeing her 'boyfriend' Honggen, discourages her from spending time with Xiao Zhen and after discovering that she has sneaked out to an underground dance party confines her to the house. Xiao Zhen has meanwhile fallen for the local boy Lu Jun, the son of another 'Third Line' volunteer couple. Lu gets a local girl pregnant and is forced by his angry father to marry her. Soon after the wedding, though, he runs away with Xiao Zhen, causing panic in the local community. Honggen stalks Qinghong and she promises to meet him secretly one evening. She slips out of the house while her father hosts a meeting with other “Third Line” friends to discuss a plan to flee to Shanghai without official permission. When Qinghong tells Honggen that they cannot be together because her family will soon leave, the nervous Honggen loses control of himself and rapes her. Qinghong totters home, muddied and bleeding. Her father initially tries to retaliate by beating up Honggen at work, but subsequently alerts the police and has Honggen arrested. Traumatised, Qinghong attempts suicide. She is recovering when a sad and chastened Xiao Zhen returns to Guiyang.
Very early one morning, as dawn is breaking, the Wu family boards a van for the drive to Shanghai. They are delayed in the streets of Guiyang by the crowds gathering to watch a round of public executions. Called out on loudspeaker are the names of those to be executed, with the last name called Honggen.
Release in China
Shanghai Dreams marks the first time Wang was given a wide degree of freedom by the Film Bureau in comparison to his previous films, notably Beijing Bicycle, which suffered from censorship woes. Wang has noted that authorities approached him after realizing that foreign blockbusters were slowly taking over the Chinese market. Wang was then asked to send in a 1000 word summary of the film, after which they asked to see the entire script; both requests were honored and neither was "softened" in Wang's words, as a means to test the openness of the "new" bureau. Wang noted that the film does not represent a "typical" Chinese film; as stated in an interview, Wang states:
|“||It's a very individual story. It's half about my background. It isn't about the larger community, and so it's the complete opposite of what the government traditionally said a film should be.||”|
Nevertheless, the film was released in China theaters shortly after its premiere at Cannes.
Awards and nominations
- Cannes Film Festival, 2005
- Palme d'Or- official selection
- Prix du Jury - winner
- 1st International Eurasia Film Festival, 2005
- Best Film - winner
- Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival
- EurAsia Grand Prix
- Gao Yuanyuan as Wu Qinghong, the daughter of a family sent to the Guizhou Province in the 1960s. Her name is the original Chinese title of the film.
- Yao Anlian as Wu Zemin, Qinghong's father, obsessed with a return to Shanghai after years in Guizhou.
- Li Bin as Fan Honggen, a local boy whom Qinghong falls in love with.
- Tang Yang as Meifen, Qinghong's mother, and Zemin's wife.
- Wang Xueyang as Xiaozhen, Qinghong's friend, a local Guizhou girl.
- Qin Hao as Lu Jun, a local boy, Xiaozhen's object of desire.
- Wang Xiaofen as Qinghong's brother
- Dai Wenyan as Xiaozhen's mother
- Lin Yuan as Xiaozhen's father
- You Fangming as Lu Jun's father
- Sun Qinchang as Wang Erhua
- "Festival de Cannes: Shanghai Dreams". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
- Dupont, Joan (2005-05-18). "Uncensored: Wang's 'Shanghai Dreams'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- Anderson, Jason (Vol. 23). "Shanghai Dreams". Cinema Scope. Retrieved 2007-08-14. Check date values in:
- Roberts, Dexter (2005-07-11). "Wang Xiaoshuai's Shanghai Dreams". Business Week. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- Elley, Derek (2005-05-21). "Cannes wild about 'Child'". Variety. Retrieved 2008-11-14.