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Sham Shui Po
|Sham Shui Po District|
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
|• District Council chairman||Ambrose Cheung BBS, MH, JP (Independent)|
|• District Officer||Damian Kwok-hung Lee|
|• Total||9.48 km2 (3.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||43,000/km2 (110,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)|
|Website||Sham Shui Po District Council|
|Sham Shui Po District|
Sham Shui Po District (Chinese: 深水埗區; Cantonese Yale: Sāmséuibóu kēui) is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 405,869 in 2016 and the lowest median household income of all districts. Sham Shui Po has long been home to poorer new immigrants from mainland China. It also saw the birth of public housing in Hong Kong, as the government sought to resettle those displaced by a devastating fire in its slums. Sham Shui Po also hosted a Vietnamese refugee camp during the influx of migration in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.
Sham Shui Po District administers:
- Cheung Sha Wan 長沙灣 – Between Tonkin Street and Kom Tsun Street/Butterfly Valley Road.
- Western Part of Kowloon Tong 九龍塘 – West of the route of East Rail Line, north of Boundary Street and east of Tai Hang Tung Road, where Yau Yat Tsuen 又一村 and Tai Hang Tung Estate are situated.
- Lai Chi Kok 荔枝角 – West of Kom Tsun Street/Butterfly Valley Road to east of Lai King, Kwai Chung.
- Sham Shui Po 深水埗 – Between Tonkin Street and Boundary Street
- Shek Kip Mei 石硤尾 – East of Tai Po Road, North of Boundary Street,west of Tai Hang Tung Road, where Eastern part of Kowloon Tsai (Nam Shan Estate)is situated.
- So Uk 蘇屋 – Between Po on Road and Ching Cheung Road/Tai Po Road.
- Stonecutter's Island 昂船洲 – Excluding the reclaimed lands for Container Terminal 8 which is located in north of Hing Wah Street West and Ngong Shuen Chau Viaduct.
Demographics and housing
Sham Shui Po was already a densely populated district in the 1950s and 1960s. It is poverty-stricken, having the lowest median monthly domestic household income among the 18 districts. It has the highest percentage of elderly people over 65 years. The percentage of new immigrants is also very high. Living conditions of grass-roots families in this district remain a social issue. 
There are 18 public housing estates in the Sham Shui Po District, divided into sub-districts:
- Cheung Sha Wan
- Sham Shui Po
- Shek Kip Mei
There are four railway lines serving Sham Shui Po District:
- Kwun Tong Line: Shek Kip Mei
- Tsuen Wan Line: Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok, Mei Foo.
- Tung Chung Line: Nam Cheong.
- West Rail Line: Mei Foo, Nam Cheong.
There are also various bus routes serving the district. Most of them are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, and some by New World First Bus and Citybus. These three companies also jointly operate some routes, most of these crossing the harbour to the Hong Kong Island.
- Kowloon Motor Bus: 2, 2A, 2B, 2D, 2E, 2F, 6, 6A, 6C, 6D, 6F, 12, 12A, 13P, 18, 30, 30X, 31B, 32, 33A, 35A, 36A, 36B, 37, 38, 38A, 40, 40P, 41, 42, 42A, 42C, 43C, 44, 45, 46, 46X, 52X, 58X, 59X, 60X, 61X, 62X, 63X, 66X, 67X, 68X, 69X, 72, 81, 86, 86A, 86C, 87B, 98C, 98S, 203C, 212, 230X, 234X, 238X, 242X, 258D, 259C, 259D, 265B, 268C, 269C, 286C, 296C
- New World First Bus: 701, 701S, 702, 702A, 702S, 796C, 970, 970X, 971
- Citybus: A21, E21, E21A, E22, E22A, E22P, E22S, E22X, N21, N21A, N26, N29
- Cross Harbour Tunnel:102, 102P, 102R, 104, 112, 117, 118, 118P, 171, 171A, 171P, 904, 905, 914, 914P, 914X, N118, N122, N171
- "2016 Population Census: Summary Results Table A201a Population by District Council District and Year" (in English and Chinese). Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Basic Tables for District Council Districts: Hong Kong 2006 By-Census
- Living conditions in Hong Kong’s poorest district have got worse in last four years ago, SCMP 2017-04-23 Retrieved 2018-05-24
- The birth of Hong Kong’s middle class: Mei Foo Sun Chuen, the first private housing estate , SCMP 2017-04-16 Retrieved 2018-05-24
- "District Council Constituency Boundaries - Sham Shui Po District" (PDF). Hong Kong: Electoral Affairs Commission. January 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
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