Goddess of clouds and dusk
Surya with consorts Saranyu and Chhaya
|Other names||Sanjana,Sangna, Randal, Sauri and Ravi Randal|
|Parents||Vishvakarman/Tvastar and Virocanā|
Saranyu (Saraṇyū; Saranya) — also known as Sanjana, Sangna, Sauri, Randal and Ravi Randal — is a Hindu goddess (devi) and a daughter of Vishvakarman/Tvastar and Virocanā(daughter of Prahrāda was the wife of Tvastr). Saranyu and her sister Chhaya are the wives of Lord Surya, the Hindu Sun god.
Children of Surya by Saranyu:
- Revanta (रेवन्त)
- Shraddhadeva Manu — ancestor of humans
- Yama — Lord of Death
- Yami — Lady of Yamuna
Saraṇyū is the female form of the adjective saraṇyú, meaning "quick, fleet, nimble", used for rivers and wind in the Rigveda (compare also Sarayu). According to Farnell, the meaning of the epithet is to be sought in the original conception of Erinyes, which was akin to Gaia.
Saranyu has been described as "the swift-speeding storm cloud".
In popular culture
- Brahmanda Purana, III.59
- Singh, Nagendra Kumar (1997). "Revanta in Puranic Literature and Art", Encyclopaedia of Hinduism, 44. Anmol Publications. str. 2605–19. ISBN 81-7488-168-9.
- They are the divine twins sometimes compared to Castor and Pollux.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 745. .