Samuel M. Shortridge
|United States Senator|
March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1933
|Preceded by||James D. Phelan|
|Succeeded by||William G. McAdoo|
|Born||August 3, 1861|
Mount Pleasant, Iowa
|Died||January 15, 1952 (aged 90)|
|Relatives||Clara S. Foltz (sister)|
He lost the 1914 U.S. Senate Republican primary to veteran congressman Joseph R. Knowland, who was defeated in the general election by James D. Phelan. Shortridge was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1920, riding Warren G. Harding's post World War I "Return to Normalcy" campaign. Defeating Phelan and strong candidates from the Prohibition Party and Socialist Party of America, Shortridge won the general election with 49% of the vote. He was reelected in 1926 with 63% of the vote over Democrat John B. Elliott. He served two full terms before being defeated in a primary in 1932.
Shortridge became a prominent voice for racist anti-Japanese forces in California, declaring that a child of Japanese immigrants would regard "himself or herself as a native of Japan. His heart, his affections go out to the native land of the parent.". Shortridge's claims in 1924 were remarkably similar to some of the justifications made for Japanese internment during World War II.. Even some senators who wanted to favor northern and western European immigrants found Shortridge's anti-Japanese position unnecessary.
His sister Clara S. Foltz became the first female lawyer in California in 1878, and first female deputy district attorney in the US in 1910. She helped him campaign for the Senate.
- 65Cong.Rec.5806 1924
- Compare, for example, statements quoted in Ronald Takaki, Strangers from a Different Shore, Updated and revised edition (Boston: Little, Brown, 1998), pp. 387–8.
- See, for example, comments by a Senate immigration restriction leader, David Reed (R-PA), in 65Cong.Rec.5808–5810 1924
- Oak Hill Memorial Park
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Samuel M. Shortridge.|
- Works by or about Samuel M. Shortridge at Internet Archive
- United States Congress. "Samuel M. Shortridge (id: S000380)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Samuel M. Shortridge at Find a Grave
James D. Phelan
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from California
William Gibbs McAdoo