Samuel Dalziel Heron
|Born||18 May 1891|
|Died||10 July 1963(aged 72)|
|Discipline||Aircraft Engine Design|
|Employer(s)||Royal Aircraft Factory, Siddeley-Deasy, Ethyl Corporation|
|Significant design||Heron cylinder head|
|Significant advance||Sodium cooled poppet valves|
Samuel Dalziel Heron (18 May 1891 – 10 July 1963) was a British born aerospace engineer who made major contributions to the design of piston engines. While working in Britain he carried out the first systematic research into air-cooled cylinders. In the U.S.A he contributed to the design of the Curtiss R1454, invented the sodium cooled poppet valve and became technical director for aeronautical research for the Ethyl Corporation.
Sam Dalziel Heron was born on 18 May 1893, in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. He attended Alleyn's School in Dulwich, Goldsmiths' College (London University) and Durham University, near Newcastle upon Tyne.
Early career in the United Kingdom
During the First World War, Heron worked at the Royal Aircraft Factory. From 1915 to 1916 he worked with Professor A.H. Gibson on the first systematic research into the design of air-cooled engine cylinders. They concluded that (1) aluminium should be used for efficient conduction (2) the cylinder head should be in one piece because conduction through metal-to-metal interfaces could not be guaranteed (3) the cylinder head should provide the shortest escape path for heat at the hottest parts across the greatest cross section. Working with Major F.M Green, they developed the RAF.8. This was a 14-cylinder 300 hp radial engine, which first ran in September 1916.
On the breakup of the Royal Aircraft Factory in 1917 he joined Siddeley-Deasy. He disagreed with J.D Siddeley over the redesign of the Siddeley-Deasy Puma cylinder head and other design policies. As a result, he resigned and left for the United States in 1921.
Career in the United States
Heron arrived in the United States in 1921 to work on military applications of the two-valve aircooler cylinder. In 1934 he became Director of Aeronautical Research at the Ethyl Corporation in Detroit, a position he held until his retirement in 1946.
Manley Medal for 'Meritorious contributions to Aircraft Engineering' 1928
Certificate of Merit for Outstanding Fidelity and Meritorious conduct in aid of the war effort against the common enemies of the United States and its Allies in World War II (1948)
- 19230807 GB 19230020147 19230807, Sam Dalziel Heron, "Improvements in the cooling of valves or other moving parts of internal combustion engines that are subject to high temperature", published 1924-11-07, issued 1923-08-07
- Robert Schlaifer; Samuel Dalziel Heron; Harvard University. Graduate School of Business Administration. Division of Research (1950). Development of Aviation Fuels. Division of Research, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University.
- Samuel Dalziel Heron (1955). A Discussion of the Gas Turbine and the Problems of Applying it to Ground Vehicles. Ethyl Corporation.
- Samuel Dalziel Heron (1961). History of the Aircraft Piston Engine: A Brief Outline. Ethyl Corp., Research and Development Dept.
- Samuel Dalziel Heron (1965). S.D. Heron: His Autobiography.
- "Sam D. Heron". Detroit Free Press. 11 July 1963. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
- "Sam Heron, Jul 1963". "United States Social Security Death Index," database, FamilySearch. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
- Schlachet, Daniel (12 August 2013). "Descriptive Finding Guide for Sam D. Heron Personal Papers (1891-1963)" (PDF). San Diego Air & Space Museum. SC-10068. pp. 2–3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 November 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- Lumsden (1994), p. 20.
- Lumsden (1994).
- Lumsden (1994), p. 63.
- Lumsden, Alec (2003). British Piston Aero Engines and Their Aircraft. The Crowood Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1853102943.