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|Sacramento Police Department|
|Annual budget||$158 million (2021)|
|Operations jurisdiction||Sacramento, California, United States|
|Size||99.4 sq mi (257 km2)|
|Legal jurisdiction||City of Sacramento, CA|
|Governing body||Sacramento City Council|
|Headquarters||5770 Freeport Blvd|
The Sacramento Police Department (SPD) is the police department for the city of Sacramento, California. On August 11, 2017, Daniel Hahn was sworn in and became the city's first African American police chief.
The founding of the City of Sacramento was a turbulent one - a beginning when life was cheap, the stakes were high and a large percentage of the population acted with the philosophy "it was every man for himself in his own backyard."
By 1849, Sacramento had grown rapidly from a small settlement at Sutter's Fort to a town of 10,000 people. The discovery of gold had brought people from all walks of life together. Sacramento had all the problems of a Wild West town. There were murders, robberies, shootings, and various other crimes committed in the city. In the summer of 1849, the city experienced its first lynching when a gambler named Roe was convicted by a citizens' committee and hanged for murder. On August 1, 1849, the City of Sacramento was founded when the first meeting of a Common Council was held. At that time, the City boundaries were north to the American river, east to 31st Street, south to Y Street and west to the Sacramento River, encompassing 4.5 square miles. N. C. Cunningham was appointed as the first City Marshall (the position now known as Chief of Police) and was given two deputies to enforce the law.
The city did not have a building for a police station or jail, so in May 1850, the ship, LaGrange, was moored at the foot of H Street on the river and officially became the police station and jail boat.
As a result of the Gold Rush in 1852, Sacramento had grown in size until the population had reached 150,000 persons. The Police Department was also increased to six men. In addition to normal police duties, these six officers had to deal with the first Chinese Tong War to ever occur outside of China. Also, the most ambitious murder plot ever recorded in the West occurred during this period. Three men, one of them the Public Administrator, plotted to kill 55 leading wealthy Sacramentans for their money. The Police Department identified the murderers and arrested two of them after the first killing. Both men were subsequently convicted and hanged for their crime.
The Police Department grew slowly from 1849 to 1913 when it had 36 officers. The men of the Department patrolled the city on foot and on bicycles. The Department had two bicycles at that time. A typical bicycle beat covered about one half of the entire city, or about 200 square blocks. In those years, the Department did not have radio equipment. Communication between the Police Station and the beat officers was accomplished by telephones located in specially designated "call boxes" distributed throughout the city for this purpose.
Modern police history, as we now know it, began in 1917. The city's population had declined to just 90,000 people after the Gold Rush boom, but the Department now totaled 100 men. During this period, other changes were made: the Department moved into the new Hall of Justice building at 6th and I Streets; the use of modern, fast automobiles had been incorporated as a new tool in police work; the Department had developed an experienced, well-trained detective bureau and possessed one of the finest fingerprint bureaus in the country. At this point, police operations had begun to enter fields of specialization.
In the late 1980s the department purchased the SIG Sauer P225-A1 9mm semi-automatic to help replace some of the agency’s older revolvers. Currently officers are armed with either the Sig Sauer P226R or Sig Sauer P229R both chambered for .40 S&W. Prior, the older P226 and P229 were in 9mm.
In the 2016, two officers tried to run over and then fatally shot Joseph Mann, an African American man armed with a knife who was about 27 feet away. In 2017, the Sacramento County District Attorney cleared the two officers of any legal wrongdoing, concluding that they were justified in shooting Mann, but after an internal investigation by the Sacramento Police Department, neither Tennis nor Lozoya remain on the force.
The department is larger now and uses newer and more scientific methods in fighting and solving crimes. They use vehicles including patrol cars, motorcycles, bicycles, mounted horses, and helicopters.
Office of the Chief
- Intergovernmental & Legislative Affairs
- Internal Affairs Division & Professional Standards Unit
- Media & Public Relations Unit
Office of Operations
The city of Sacramento is divided into six patrol districts with each district divided into beats. District Three has 2 Beats and District six has 5 beats with Districts One,Two,Four and Five having 3 beats . Listed below are the Districts and the neighborhoods they include.
District One (Northwest)
- Beat A - North Natomas
- Beat B - South Natomas
- Beat C - Northgate
District Two (Northeast)
- Beat A - Robla/Del Paso Heights
- Beat B - Hagginwood
- Beat C - Arden/Old North Sac
District Three (Central)
- Beat A - Downtown
- Beat B - Midtown
District Four (Southwest)
- Beat A - Land Park
- Beat B - Sac Executive
- Beat C - Pocket
District Five (South)
- Beat A - Meadowview
- Beat B - Parkway
- Beat C - Valley Hi/North Laguna
District Six (East)
- Beat A - Oak Park
- Beat B - Tahoe Park/Tallac Village
- Beat C - South East/Glen Elder/Fruitridge
- Beat D - Fab 40's
- Beat E - College Town
The Metro Division provides specialized resources citywide to both the Patrol Division and the Office of Investigations. Commanded by a captain, Metro is divided into three operational sections, each led by a police lieutenant, as well as an administrative support team.
- Hostage Negotiations Team (HNT)
- Licensing and Permits
Regional Transit Police Services Section
- Mission and Information
- Juvenile Intervention
- Patrol Services
- Transit Crime Response Team (TCRT)
Special Operations Section
- Alarm Operations Unit
- Canine Unit
- Parole Intervention Team (PIT)
- Reserve Officers/Special Events/Supplemental Employment Unit
- Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Teams (2)
Traffic / Air Operations Section
- Air Support Unit
- Alcoholic Beverage Liaison & Compliance
- Court Liaison Unit
- Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) Unit
- Major Collisions Investigations Unit
- Traffic Unit (2 Enforcement, 1 POP)
Office of Investigations
Office of Public Safety Information Technology
Office of Emergency Services and Homeland Security
Police Headquarters (Public Safety Center)
William J Kinney Police Facility (North Station)
300 Richards Facility (Central Station)
Joseph E Rooney Police Facility (South Station)
This 28,000 sq. ft. state of the art facility serves as the primary answering point for emergency calls in the City of Sacramento. The Communications Division work groups are responsible for the answering, processing, and dispatching of emergency (911) and non-emergency phone calls. Ancillary duties include running a dispatch training & academy curriculum. The Communications Division holds the Peace Officer Standards and Training (P.O.S.T.) certificates for training in the Sacramento region for the Dispatcher Basic Course as well as the Communications Training Officer Course.
Police Academy/In-Service Training Facility (McClellan Park)
The Sacramento Police Department offers a variety of resources "to assist the community in staying safe and informed." The following offer valuable information in a variety of areas.
- Cops & Clergy
- Crime Victim Resources
- Domestic Violence
- Drive Safe Sacramento
- Emergency Services
- Entertainment and Nightlife
- Fee Schedule
- Homeland Security
- IMPACT Team
- LGBT Liaison
- Off-Highway Motor Vehicle Recreation
- Sacramento Police Cares
- Safety and Crime Prevention Tips
- Start Smart Teen Driving Class
- Suspect Description Form"
Personnel killed in the line of duty
Since the establishment of the Sacramento Police Department, 18 officers have been recognized as deaths in the line of duty.
Chief of Police Erskine G. Fish was remembered by the radio series Dragnet, in the end of the 9th episode, which aired on August 4, 1949.
As of 2018[update], there have been 16 deaths in total. Most fallen officers were lost due to gunfire, 11 officers died in gunfire, 1 officer died in an accidental gun firing.1 officer died of a heart attack, 2 officers died of a motorcycle accident, 1 officer died in a vehicular assault, and 2 officers died in a vehicular pursuit.
- Sullivan, Carl; Baranauckas, Carla (June 26, 2020). "Here's how much money goes to police departments in largest cities across the U.S." USA Today. Archived from the original on July 14, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Bretón, Marcos. "It's official: Daniel Hahn will be Sacramento's next police chief". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved 6 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Bretón, Marcos. "How a white woman from Minnesota raised Sacramento's first black police chief". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved 6 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- 2009 Sacramento Police Department Annual Report
- Chabria, Anita; Reese, Phillip (September 30, 2016). "Sacramento police tried to run over man before shooting him, recordings reveal". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved October 2, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Wootson, Jr., Cleve R. (October 1, 2016). "'I'm going to hit him': Dash-cam video shows officers tried to run over man before shooting him 14 times". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 2, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "District attorney clears Sacramento police in controversial shooting of Joseph Mann". The Sacramento Bee. January 27, 2017. Retrieved 2017-09-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Controversial shooting of black man by Sacramento police ends with officers leaving force". The Sacramento Bee. October 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Annual report" (PDF). Sacpd.org. Retrieved 6 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Resources - City of Sacramento". Cityofsacramento.org. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
- "Officer Down Memorial Page". Sacramento Police Department. Retrieved 11 Aug 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Fallen Officers - City of Sacramento". Cityofsacramento.org. Retrieved 2018-05-11.