The Sacramento City Council is the governing body of the city of Sacramento, California. The council holds regular meetings at Sacramento City Hall on Tuesdays at 6:00 pm, with exceptions for holidays and other special cases.
Sacramento's city council is a nine-member mayor-council system of government. The council is composed of a mayor and eight council members, each of whom is elected to four-year terms from their respective districts. Sacramento's government is a "weak mayor" system in that the council retains executive and legislative authority. The management and operations of city affairs are not under the direct control of the mayor or the council; these matters are delegated to a city manager, who is appointed by Sacramento's Mayor and serves at the pleasure of the council.
- Sacramento, the oldest incorporated city in the State of California, has been governed by a council since the city's citizens approved a city charter in 1849. This charter, known as the "City Charter of 1850" in reference to the year that the charter was recognized by the California State Legislature, provided for the election of a ten-member "Common Council" made up of a Mayor and nine council members.
- In 1858, the governments of Sacramento County and the City of Sacramento merged. As a result, Sacramento was governed by the Sacramento County Board of Directors (a predecessor to the Sacramento County Board of Supervisors) for the next five years.
- The revised City Charter of 1863 returned to a separate governing body for the City of Sacramento. The charter established a four-member "Board of Trustees" composed of a Mayor and three trustees. Two more trustees were added to the board under the provisions of the City Charter of 1891. Later, in the City Charter of 1912, the five members of the city's governing body were renamed to "City Commissioners".
- Revisions made in the City Charter of 1921 established a nine-member governing body, composed of a Mayor and eight council members. The charter established the group's current nomenclature, the "City Council". Councilmembers were elected via a preferential voting system, in which all of Sacramento's electorate were allowed to vote for multiple candidates. Once elected, the council selected one of the councilmembers to serve a two-year term as the city's mayor.
Present council format
- Since 1971, the city has been divided into eight council districts. Each district's boundaries are created using data from the United States Census so that each district contains a relatively equal number of citizens. Councilmembers, who must be residents of the districts that they are elected to, are selected by the voters of their respective districts for four-year terms. Unlike the previous system, the city's voters elect the city's mayor to a four-year term via a popular vote.
- From the time that the district-based city council was established in 1971, the citizens of Sacramento have considered charters that proposed to consolidate the governments of Sacramento County and the City of Sacramento. On both occasions, in 1974 and again in 1990, the ballot measures were rejected by the citizens of both municipalities.
- In 1971, all the seats were up for election as the district format was used for the first time. As a result, councilmembers in odd numbered districts were elected to 6-year terms in 1971 that ended in 1977. Councilmembers in even numbered districts who were elected in 1987 and councilmembers in odd numbered districts that were elected in 1989 were elected to 5-year terms that ended in November of 1992 and November of 1994 as the city switched to even year elections following those elections.
- Sacramento's city district boundaries are defined in an effort to distribute the city's population evenly, as required by state and federal law. District boundaries are redrawn based on data from the United States Census.
District 1 Councilmembers Name Years Served Angelique Ashby 2010–present Ray Tretheway [a] 2001 - 2010 Heather Fargo [b] 1989 - 2000 David Shore 1981 - 1989 John Roberts 1977 - 1981 Manuel Ferrales 1971 - 1977
- Sacramento's District 1 is located in the northwestern area of the city. District 1's neighborhoods include:
- Councilmember Angelique Ashby represents District 1 of the City of Sacramento. She is a small business owner and a resident of North Natomas. Ashby is an alumnus of University of California, Davis and earned a law degree from McGeorge School of Law.
District 2 Councilmembers Name Years Served Sean Loloee 2020–present Allen Warren 2012 - 2020 Sandy Sheedy 2000 - 2012 Rob Kerth 1992 - 2000 Lyla Ferris 1987 - 1992 Charles Bradley [c] 1987 Grantland Johnson [b] 1983 - 1986 Blaine Fisher 1975 - 1983 Herman Lawson [c] 1973 - 1975 Rosenwald Robertson [d] 1971 - 1973
- District 2 is located in the northeastern area of Sacramento. The district includes the neighborhoods of:
- In November 2012, Allen Warren narrowly defeated former Councilmember Rob Kerth to win the council seat. Warren, a former stockbroker and founder of a local real estate development company, holds a Bachelor's degree in Political Science from California State University, East Bay.
District 3 Councilmembers Name Years Served Jeff Harris 2014–present Steve Cohn 1994 - 2014 Josh Pane 1989 - 1994 Doug Pope 1977 - 1989 R. Burnett Miller 1971 - 1977
- District 3 covers the northern central area of Sacramento. Neighborhoods in District 3 include:
- Councilman Jeff Harris was elected to the Sacramento City Council in 2014. He has owned Cadence Construction since 1982. He was a city Parks and Recreation Commissioner for 4 years. He is a resident of the River Park neighborhood.
District 4 Councilmembers Name Years Served Katie Valenzuela 2020–present Steve Hansen 2012 - 2020 Robert Fong 2004 - 2012 Jimmy Yee 2000 - 2004 Joseph Yee [c] 2000 Jimmy Yee [b] 1992 - 1999 Tom Chinn 1983 - 1992 Anne Rudin 1971 - 1983
- Sacramento's District 4 is located in the western central area of the city. District 4 neighborhoods include:
- Councilmember Katie Valenzuela defeated Steve Hansen in the March 2020 Primary. Katie is a small business owner working to support environmental justice groups working on state policy, and received her bachelors and masters degree in Community Development from the University of California at Davis.
District 5 Councilmembers Name Years Served Jay Schenirer 2010–present Lauren Hammond [a] 1997 - 2010 Deborah Ortiz [a] [b] 1993 - 1996 Joe Serna [b] 1981 - 1992 Daniel Thompson 1977 - 1981 Callie Carney [c] 1975 - 1977 Phillip Isenberg [b] 1971 - 1975
- District 5 is located in the southern central area of Sacramento. Neighborhoods in District 5 include
- Councilmember Jay Schenirer represents District 5 of the City of Sacramento. He works as an independent consultant and policy advisor on education reform and youth policy and strategies. Schenirer is an alumnus of University of California, San Diego and earned a Masters of Public Affairs at University of Texas at Austin.
District 6 Councilmembers Name Years Served Eric Guerra 2015–present Kevin McCarty 2004 - 2014 Dave Jones [a] 1999 - 2004 Darrell Steinberg [b][c] 1992 - 1998 Kim Mueller 1987 - 1992 Bill Smallman 1983 - 1987 Eva Garcia [c] 1982 - 1983 Lloyd Connelly [b] 1975 - 1982 Ritz Nagrow 1971 - 1975
- District 6 is in Sacramento's southeastern central area. The district includes the neighborhoods of:
- The district previously included UC Davis Medical Center, however this area was removed through a mid-decade redistricting.
- The seat is held by Councilmen Eric Guerra. An alumnus of California State University, Sacramento where he earned a Masters in Public Policy and Administration and Bachelors of Science and later served as Preside of the Alumni Association, Guerra served as a Chief of Staff in the California State Legislature before being elected to the council.
- Councilmember Kevin McCarty represented District 6 of the City of Sacramento until he was elected to the California State Assembly in November 2014. He had been a member of the Sacramento City Council since 2004 when he was elected to replace Dave Jones who was running for a seat in the California State Assembly. An alumnus of California State University, Long Beach and California State University, Sacramento where he earned a Masters in Public Policy and Administration, McCarty served as policy director to then Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante prior to being elected to the council.
District 7 Councilmembers Name Years Served Rick Jennings 2015–present Darrell Fong 2010 - 2014 Robbie Waters 1994 - 2010 Terry Kastanis 1981 - 1994 Thomas Hoeber 1977 - 1981 Michael Sands 1971 - 1977
- Sacramento's District 7 is located in the southwestern area of the city. Its neighborhoods include:
- Councilmember Rick Jennings represents District 7 of the City of Sacramento. Councilmember Jennings is an alumnus of the University of Maryland and won a Super Bowl with the Oakland Raiders.
- His predecessor is Darrell Fong who stepped down to run for California State Assembly. A retired Sacramento Police Department Captain, Fong is an alumnus of California State University, Sacramento.
District 8 Councilmembers Name Years Served Mai Vang 2020–present Larry Carr 2014 - 2020 Bonnie Pannell [a] 1998 - 2014 Sam Pannell [d] 1992 - 1998 Lynn Robie 1979 - 1992 Patrick Donovan [c] 1979 Bob Matsui [b] 1971 - 1979
- District 8 is located in Sacramento's southern area. District 8 neighborhoods include:
- Meadowview (northern portion)
- North Laguna
- Councilmember Larry Carr represents District 8 of the City of Sacramento.
- His predecessor is Bonnie Pannell. She replaced her late husband Sam Pannell on the Sacramento City Council in 1998 after his death. She was a community activist in her South Sacramento neighborhood prior to her election to council.
Past Councils & Councilmembers
Past City Councils (1971 election - present)
|District 1||District 2||District 3||District 4||District 5||District 6||District 7||District 8|
|1972||Richard H. Marriott||Manuel Ferrales||Rosenwald Robertson [d]||R. Burnett Miller||Anne Rudin||Phillip Isenberg [b]||Ritz Nagrow||Michael Sands||Robert Matsui|
|1974||Herman Lawson [c]|
|1976||Phillip Isenberg||Blaine Fisher||Anne Rudin||Callie Carney [c]||Lloyd Connelly||Robert Matsui [b]|
|1978||John Roberts||Doug Pope||Daniel Thompson||Thomas Hoeber|
|1979||Patrick Donovan [c]|
|1980||Phillip Isenberg [b]||Blaine Fisher||Anne Rudin||Lloyd Connelly [b]||Lynn Robie|
|1982||David Shore||Doug Pope||Joe Serna||Terry Kastanis|
|1983||R. Burnett Miller [c]||Eva Garcia [c]|
|1984||Anne Rudin||Grantland Johnson [b]||Tom Chinn||William Smallman||Lynn Robie|
|1986||David Shore||Doug Pope||Joe Serna||Terry Kastanis|
|1987||Charles Bradley [c]|
|1988||Anne Rudin||Lyla Ferris||Tom Chinn||Kim Mueller||Lynn Robie|
|1990||Heather Fargo||Josh Pane||Joe Serna [b]||Terry Kastanis|
|1993||Joe Serna||Rob Kerth||Jimmie Yee||Deborah Ortiz [a]||Darrell Steinberg [c]||Sam Pannell|
|1995||Heather Fargo||Steve Cohn||Deborah Ortiz [b]||Robbie Waters|
|1997||Joe Serna [d]||Rob Kerth||Jimmie Yee [b]||Lauren Hammond [a]||Darrell Steinberg [b]||Sam Pannell [d]|
|1999||Heather Fargo [b]||Steve Cohn||Lauren Hammond||Dave Jones [a]||Robbie Waters||Bonnie Pannell [a]|
|2000||Jimmie Yee [c]||Joseph Yee [c]|
|2001||Heather Fargo||Ray Tretheway [a]||Sandy Sheedy||Jimmie Yee||Dave Jones||Bonnie Pannell|
|2003||Ray Tretheway||Steve Cohn||Lauren Hammond||Robbie Waters|
|2005||Heather Fargo||Sandy Sheedy||Rob Fong||Kevin McCarty||Bonnie Pannell|
|2007||Ray Tretheway||Steve Cohn||Lauren Hammond||Robbie Waters|
|2009||Kevin Johnson||Sandy Sheedy||Rob Fong||Kevin McCarty||Bonnie Pannell|
|2011||Angelique Ashby||Steve Cohn||Jay Schenirer||Darrell Fong|
|2013||Kevin Johnson||Allen Warren||Steve Hansen||Kevin McCarty [b]||Bonnie Pannell|
|2015||Angelique Ashby||Jeff Harris||Jay Schenirer||Eric Guerra [a]||Rick Jennings||Larry Carr [a]|
|2017||Darrell Steinberg||Allen Warren||Steve Hansen||Eric Guerra||Larry Carr|
Past Sacramento City Councilmembers with notable achievements include:
- Former City Commissioner of Education Luella Johnston (1912-1913), the first woman to be elected to the Sacramento City Council and to any municipal office in California.
- The late Congressman Robert Matsui, who served 26 years in the United States House of Representatives.
- Current Mayor of Sacramento and former California State Senate Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg, the first leader of the California State Senate from Sacramento since 1882.
- Former California Assemblymember Phillip Isenberg, Sacramento's Mayor for 6 years before serving 14 years in the California State Assembly.
- Former California Secretary of Health and Human Services Grantland Johnson, who also served as a Regional Director of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in the Clinton Administration and as a member of the Sacramento County Board of Supervisors.
- U.S. Federal District Judge Kimberly J. Mueller, the second woman appointed to the Sacramento Division of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California, and the first woman to serve that district as a federal judge.
- Sacramento County Superior Court Judge Lloyd G. Connelly, who followed his time on the Council with a 10-year term in the California State Assembly.
- Former California Assemblymember and Senator Deborah Ortiz, who served 10 years in the California State Legislature.
- Former Sacramento Mayor Belle Cooledge, the first woman to serve as Mayor of Sacramento.
- Former Sacramento Mayor Anne Rudin, the first woman to be elected Mayor of Sacramento.
- The late former Sacramento Mayor Joe Serna, the first Latino to be elected Mayor of Sacramento.
- Former Sacramento Mayor Heather Fargo.
- Current California Insurance Commissioner Dave Jones.
- Former Sacramento County Supervisor and Former Mayor Jimmie Yee.
a Elected via a special election to complete the remainder of the previous council member's term.
b Resigned prior to the end of their council term after being elected to another office (e.g. Mayor, State Assembly, County Board of Supervisors, etc.).
c Appointed to complete the remainder of the previous council member's term.
d Died in office.
- "Being a Member of the City Council" (PDF). City of Sacramento. Retrieved 2008-07-18. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "SN&R • Local Stories • News • Begging for a boost: Sacramento City Council gets pay raise after one member complains about compensation • Sep 8, 2016". Sacramento News & Review. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
- "City of Sacramento 150th Anniversary: Historical Dates and Facts". City of Sacramento. 1999. Retrieved 2008-07-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "For the record : catalog of the public records, City of Sacramento 1849-1982, Sacramento County, 1848-1982". Online Archive of California. The Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 2008-07-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Sacramento Bee: 150 Years -- In history's spotlight: Richard Marriott". Sacramento Bee. The McClatchy Company. August 26, 2007. p. B2. Archived from the original (fee required) on July 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- Heilig, Peggy; Mundt, Robert J. (1984). "Efforts to Adopt Districts". Your Voice at City Hall: The Politics, Procedures and Policies of District Representation. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. pp. 48–50. ISBN 0-87395-821-7.
- "City of Sacramento Charter: Article III, Section 21". Sacramento City Code. Retrieved 2008-07-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Sparrow, Glen W. (2004). "Consolidation, West-Coast Style: Sacramento County, California". In Leland, Suzanne M.; Thurmaier, Kurt (eds.). Case Studies in City-County Consolidation: Reshaping the Local Government Landscape. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, Inc. pp. 79–102. ISBN 0-7656-0943-6.
- "City of Sacramento Charter: Article X, Section 152: Elections". Sacramento City Code. Retrieved 12 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "City of Sacramento Charter: Article III, Section 23". Sacramento City Code. Retrieved 2008-07-19. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "City of Sacramento Charter: Article III, Section 24". Sacramento City Code. Retrieved 2008-07-19. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Warren, Hansen declared winners in Sacramento council races". Sacramento Bee. The McClatchy Company. November 30, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Meet the President". New Faze Development. Retrieved 2012-12-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Miller, Nick. "Katie Valenzuela Poised To Upset Steve Hansen, Who Appears To Concede Sacramento City Council Race". www.capradio.org. Retrieved 2021-03-16.
- "About Katie | Katie Valenzuela for City Council". Retrieved 2021-03-16.
- "Team KJ wants do-overs - Bites - Opinions - November 20, 2014". Sacramento News & Review. Retrieved 6 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)