|Traded as||SGX: S61|
|Predecessor||Amalgamated Bus Company|
Associated Bus Services
United Bus Company
|Founded||1 July 1973 (as Singapore Bus Services)|
1 November 2001 (as SBS Transit)
|Lim Jit Poh (Chairman)|
Yang Ban Seng (CEO)
|Services||Bus & rail services|
|Revenue||S$1.19 billion (2017)|
|S$59.3 million (2017)|
|S$47.1 million (2017)|
|Owner||ComfortDelGro Corporation (75%)|
Number of employees
SBS Transit Ltd (SGX: S61) is a multi-modal public transport operator in Singapore operating bus, rail and taxi services. With a majority of its shares owned by ComfortDelGro Corporation at 75%, it was formerly known as Singapore Bus Services before rebranding to SBS Transit on 1 November 2001. It is the largest public bus operator in Singapore.
Singapore Bus Services (1973-2001)
Singapore Bus Services (SBS) was established on 1 July 1973 when the regional bus companies Amalgamated Bus Company, Associated Bus Services and United Bus Company (which were in turn results of amalgamations of privately-run Chinese bus companies of the 1960s in 1971) agreed to merge their operations with each taking shareholdings of 53%, 19% and 28% respectively in the new company. The government-sanctioned merger was undertaken to improve service standards of the bus transport system. On 26 June 1978, SBS was listed on the Stock Exchange of Singapore (SES) as Singapore Bus Service (1978) Limited.
Between 1995 and 2000, a series of route handovers took place between SBS and TIBS. SBS gave up its Bukit Panjang (1995), Choa Chu Kang (1999) and Bukit Batok (2000) routes to TIBS, in exchange for the Sengkang and Punggol (1999) routes from TIBS. This was done as part of SBS Transit's upcoming operation of the North East line in the north east. The Sengkang and Punggol routes were previously operated by SBS until they were transferred to TIBS in 1995.
SBS Transit (2001-present)
On 1 November 2001, Singapore Bus Services was rebranded as SBS Transit to reflect it becoming a multi-modal transport operator with the impending opening of the Sengkang LRT line and North East MRT line.
Until the introduction of the Bus Contracting Model (BCM), SBS Transit operated the majority of routes in almost all areas of Singapore, with the notable exception of the North and Northwest areas, where bus services were mainly run by SMRT Buses. However, with the introduction of the BCM, some SBS Transit bus services were taken over by Tower Transit Singapore (Bulim Bus Package) and Go-Ahead Singapore (Loyang Bus Package). As of April 2020, there are 224 wheelchair-accessible bus services that SBS Transit operates.
SBS Transit later became the first local operator to win a tender under the BCM in April 2017, and began operating the Seletar Bus Package on 18 March 2018. It was announced in 2018 by LTA that SBS Transit had won the subsequent package, the Bukit Merah Bus Package.
As at December 2019, SBS Transit operated more than 3,500 buses.
SBS Transit operates a mix of single decker, double decker and articulated buses.
- BYD K9 (Gemilang Coachworks)
- MAN NL323F Lion's City (A22) (Gemilang Coachworks)
- Mercedes-Benz O530 Citaro (EvoBus)
- Scania K230UB (Gemilang Coachworks)
- Volvo B5LH (MCV Evora)
- Volvo B7RLE (Soon Chow) - used for driver training purposes
- MAN ND323F Lion's City (A95) (Gemilang Coachworks)
- Scania K310UD (Gemilang Coachworks) - used for driver training purposes
- Volvo B9TL (Gemilang Coachworks) - used for driver training purposes
- Volvo B9TL (PSV / ComfortDelGro Engineering)
- Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini II)
- Volvo B10TL (ComfortDelGro Engineering)
When SBS was first formed in 1973, it inherited a wide variety of buses of various makes from its Chinese predecessors. Examples of such buses included the Albion Viking VK, Mercedes-Benz LP1113 and OF1413 and Nissan Diesel RX102K3 with small numbers of Ford R192 and 226, Seddon, Fargo-Kew, Bedford and Austin. Most of these buses were bodied by local coachbuilder Soon Chow although some were bodied by other companies such as Supreme Star and Strachan. Subsequent models that were purchased by SBS included Berliet and Guy Victory in the 1970s and the Volvo B57 and Mercedes-Benz OF1417 in the 1980s, the latter which were bodied by foreign coachbuilders like New Zealand Motor Bodies and Hawke Coachwork.
In 1976, SBS purchased its first 20 Leyland Atlantean AN68 buses to evaluate the suitability of double-decker bus operation, with the buses first entering service on 13 June 1977. Following the success of the trial, SBS ordered another 500 Leyland Atlantean AN68 buses from 1978 up to 1984, all of which were either bodied by Metal Sections or Walter Alexander Coachbuilders; SBS also conducted comparative trials of double-decker buses of other makes, namely the Leyland Olympian, Volvo Ailsa B55, Scania BR112DH, Dennis Dominator, Mercedes-Benz O305 and Volvo B10MD Citybus. In 1984, SBS purchased another 200 Leyland Olympian and 200 Mercedes-Benz O305 double-decker buses. SBS also conducted an evaluation of air conditioned buses (namely the ex-Singapore Airport Bus Services Mercedes-Benz OF1413 coaches) that year and conducted similar trials with other bus models like the Nissan Diesel U31S and Renault PR100 before its first bulk order for 50 Scania N113CRB buses in 1989.
In the 1990s, some bus makes on the roads included the Volvo B10M, Scania N113CRB, Mercedes-Benz O405, Leyland and Volvo Olympian and Dennis Dart. SBS also conducted trials of high capacity single decker buses, namely a superlong Volvo B10M Mark IV, an articulated Volvo B10MA and an articulated Mercedes-Benz O405G, in 1996 although the trial did not succeed. The first low-floor bus, a Volgren-bodied Volvo B10TL demonstrator was brought to SBS by Volvo Buses for trial purposes in 1999. After its successful trial, 51 Volvo B10TL chassis were further brought in by SBS Transit. 50 buses are bodied by Volgren between 2002 and 2003 while 1 remaining chassis is being reserved for a ComfortDelGro Engineering bodywork, which entered revenue service by 2005.
The Leyland Olympian 3-axle was the first air-conditioned double decker bus to be used in Singapore. It was introduced in 1993.
The Volvo Olympian 2-axle was the last non air conditioned bus to be operated by SBS Transit and was retired in 2013
SBS2888T was a Scania L94UB low-entry demonstrator new to SBS in 1999.
SBS purchased 20 Dennis Trident 3 buses in 2001.
SBS Transit purchased 52 Volvo B10TL chassis, with 51 of them bodied by Volgren. All of the Volgren-bodied B10TL units are retired as of April 2020. The ComfortDelGro-bodied unit is scheduled to de-register on a later date.
SBS Transit operates Ang Mo Kio, Bedok North, Bukit Batok, Hougang, Seletar, Soon Lee and Ulu Pandan bus depots. Some of the latest additions were also used for Bus Service Enhancement Programme since 17 September 2012.
Mass Rapid Transit
The North East line is the third line in Singapore, and also the world's first fully underground and automated rapid transit line. The line is 20 km long with 16 stations. The operating license was awarded to SBS Transit in order to foster competition with SMRT Trains and to create multi-modal public transport companies, each specialising in their own district. SBS Transit's contract runs until 31 March 2033.
The North East Line connects central Singapore to the north-eastern part of the island. Transfers to the North South line are provided at Dhoby Ghaut, East West line at Outram Park and Circle line at Serangoon, Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront. The line is served by 25 Alstom Metropolis C751A and 18 Alstom Metropolis C751C trains.
The Downtown line is the fifth line in Singapore. With 34 stations, the 42 kilometre long line is Singapore's longest fully underground and automated rapid transit line. It was completed on 21 October 2017.
The Downtown line connects the north-western and central-eastern to the new downtown. Transfers to this line from the North East line are available at Chinatown and Little India, the North South line at Newton, the Bukit Panjang LRT at Bukit Panjang LRT station, the East West line at Bugis, Tampines and Expo, and the Circle line at Botanic Gardens, Promenade, Bayfront and MacPherson stations. The line is served by a fleet of 92 Bombardier Movia C951 trains.
|Class||Image||Maximum Speed (km/h)||Trains||Cars||Lines served||Built||Introduction into service|
|C751A||100||90||25||150||North East Line||2000 - 2003||20 June 2003|
|C751C||100||90||18||108||2014 - 2015||1 October 2015|
|C951/C951A||90||80||92||276||Downtown Line||2012 - 2016||22 December 2013|
Light Rail Transit
SBS Transit also operates two LRT lines. The Sengkang LRT line and Punggol LRT line provide feeder connections in their respective towns to the two North East line stations. Both lines have a total of 29 stations, including Sengkang and Punggol stations. SBS Transit's contract runs until 31 March 2033.
|Class||Image||Maximum Speed (km/h)||Trains||Cars||Lines served||Built||Introduction into service|
|2001 - 2003||18 January 2003|
|C810A||80||70||16||16||2012 - 2016||5 April 2016|
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- "Bus firms agree to a big merger". New Nation. Singapore. 26 May 1973. p. 2.
- "Better deal for bus commuters". The Straits Times. Singapore. 1 July 1973. p. 1.
- "Active Trading in SBS Shares". The Straits Times. Singapore. 27 June 1978. p. 1.
- Corporate Profile ComfortDelGro
- "Tibs takes over services". The Straits Times. Singapore. 11 August 1995. p. 32.
- "Tibs and SBS in routes swap". Business Times. Singapore. 15 July 1999.
- "SBS Limited changes its name to DelGro". The Straits Times. 13 November 1997. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- "New cab fleet". The New Paper. Singapore. 19 May 1995. p. 4.
- "SBS, ST Automotive sign deal to merge taxi arms". The Straits Times. Singapore. 19 May 1995. p. 19.
- "Milestones". ComfortDelgro Taxi. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- SBS Transit Celebrates First Anniversary of North East Line SBS Transit 20 June 2004
- SBS Transit selected to operate Downtown Line Metro Report International 30 August 2011
- "LTA Awards Third Bus Package to SBS Transit Ltd". Land Transport Authority. 19 April 2017.
- SBS Transit wins Bukit Merah bus package for S$472 million Channel NewsAsia 23 February 2018
- "In Pictures: Bus Models". Land Transport Guru. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- More SBS Transit Volvo B9TLs Coach & Bus Week 11 July 2014
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- Land Transport Masterplan: Downtown Line Stage 1 to open on Dec 22 The Straits Times 7 October 2013
- North East Line, Sengkang and Punggol LRTs to move to new financing framework Channel NewsAsia 14 February 2018
- Final Singapore metro lines transferred to new concession model Metro Report International 16 February 2018
- First North East Line trains arrive in Singapore International Railway Journal 23 July 2014
- Driverless trains delivered to Singapore Railway Gazette International 23 July 2014
- A sneak peak at Downtown Line 3's stations The Straits Times 25 September 2017
- Bombardier delivers first Downtown Line train Metro Report International 15 October 2012
- Ilsa Sharp, (2005), SNP:Editions, The Journey — Singapore's Land Transport Story. ISBN 981-248-101-X
- York, FW; Davis, Mike; Phillips, Ron (2005). Singapore Buses Volume 1 Singapore Bus Service Part 1: Early Single-Deck Buses and the First Double-Deckers. DTS Publishing. ISBN 978-1-900515-75-7.
- Davis, Mike; Phillips, Ron (2006). Singapore Buses Volume 1 Singapore Bus Service Part 2: Double and Single-Deck Buses from the 1980s to 2005. DTS Publishing. ISBN 978-1-900515-26-9.
Media related to SBS Transit at Wikimedia Commons