|City of Rye|
Jay Estate is the childhood home of American Founding Father John Jay.
Location in Westchester County and the state of New York
|Incorporated (as a village)||1904|
|Reincorporated (as a city)||1942|
|• Mayor||Josh Cohn (D)|
|• Interim City Manager||Greg Usry|
|• City Council|
|• Total||20.02 sq mi (51.86 km2)|
|• Land||5.85 sq mi (15.16 km2)|
|• Water||14.17 sq mi (36.70 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,729.76/sq mi (1,054.01/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Rye is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is separate from the town of Rye, which has more land area than the city. Rye city, formerly the village of Rye, was part of the town until it received its charter as a city in 1942. The population was 15,720 at the 2010 census. Rye, chartered as a city in 1942, is the youngest city in New York state.
Located in the city are two National Historic Landmarks: the Boston Post Road Historic District was designated a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service in 1993; its centerpiece is the Jay Estate, the childhood home of John Jay, a Founding Father and the first Chief Justice of the United States.
Playland, a historic amusement park designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987, is also located in Rye. Playland features one of the oldest wooden roller coasters in the Northeast, the Dragon Coaster.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 2.1 Neighborhoods
- 2.2 Historic Sites
- 3 Parks & Recreation
- 4 Arts, Culture and Community
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Media
- 10 Notable people
- 11 In popular culture
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Rye has a rich and varied history for such a small municipality. During the 19th and early 20th century it was a haven for wealthy Manhattanites who travelled by coach or boat to escape the city heat. Its location on Long Island Sound and numerous beaches also appealed to visitors with more moderate means who gravitated for short stays at cottages and waterfront hotels.
It has an extraordinary inventory of buildings with architectural distinction that help visually articulate specific neighborhoods and districts. 
Rye is "situated in the eastern part of central Westchester County on Long Island Sound. The western border of the City generally parallels Beaver Swamp Brook, while the eastern border is formed by Milton Harbor and the Sound. Blind Brook traverses the City from the northwest corner of Rye to Milton Harbor at the southern end." 
Rye is also characterized by an unusual quantity of marshes and wetlands. Many of the wetlands maps for the area have not been updated in over 20 years 
- Central Business District
- Church Row
- Dogwood/Upper Dogwood Lane
- Dublin (West Rye)
- Grace Church Street Area
- Indian Village
- Loudon Woods
- Milton Harbor
- Rye Town Park
- Soundview Park
Of the more than 2600 National Historic Landmark (NHL) sites in the country, Rye has two: the Boston Post Road Historic District and Playland Amusement Park 
Boston Post Road Historic District (Rye, New York) (NRHP listing 1982)(NPS designation 1994)
Includes 5 historically significant parcels; much of the land was originally the ancestral home of American Founding Father John Jay. It is where he grew up and where he is buried.
- Jay Estate - 23 acre park operated by the Jay Heritage Center.   Restoration of the Jay Mansion (1838) overlooking Long Island Sound was an official project of the Save America's Treasures Program. The Jay Mansion is the oldest National Historic Landmark (NHL) structure in New York State with a geothermal heating and cooling system and the first in Westchester County to have such an energy efficient system. Member site of the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area. It is also listed on Westchester County's African American Heritage Trail. Other historic buildings at the estate include a 1760's farmhouse, 1907 Zebra House and Carriage House, late 1800s Ice House and a 1917 Tennis House.
- Lounsbury (1836 - 38)
- Marshlands Conservancy (dates back to Paleo Indian era; part of original Jay Estate - partitioned in 1966)
- Whitby Castle (Rye Golf Club)(1852-54)
- The Jay Cemetery (established 1805)
Rye Playland (NRHP listing 1980)(NPS designation 1987)
This 279-acre theme park is owned and operated by Westchester County and includes rides, games, an indoor skating rink or Ice Casino, beach, a boardwalk, and concession stands. It is one of only two amusement parks in the country with National Historic Landmark status, the other one being Kennywood in Pennsylvania. It has been a popular destination since it first opened in 1928. Its wooden roller coaster, the Dragon Coaster, built in 1929, is one of the last roller coaster rides built by engineer Frederick Church that is still operating. The Derby Racer, also built by Church, is one of only three rides of its kind remaining in the world. Glenn Close's and Ellen Latzen's characters ride the roller coaster in the 1980s thriller film, Fatal Attraction. Airplane Coaster, Church's most acclaimed coaster, was removed in 1957. Playland is also the setting for several key scenes in the 1988 comedy film Big, starring Tom Hanks
Sites on the National Register of Historic Places
Of the more than 88,000 sites in the country that that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), Rye has 8. 
- The Square House originally known as Widow Haviland's Tavern (NRHP listing 1974) Owned by the Rye Historical Society, this inn/tavern was built in 1730. George Washington stayed at the inn on two separate occasions, remarking favorably on his experience in his diaries.
- Timothy Knapp House, (NRHP listing 1982) The oldest house in the city is owned by the Rye Historical Society and dates to around 1667.
- Milton Cemetery (NRHP listing 1982)
- United States Post Office - Rye, (NRHP listing 1989)
- Rye Town Park-Bathing Complex and Oakland Beach, (NRHP listing 2003)
- Rye African-American Cemetery, (NRHP listing 2003)
- Bird Homestead, (NRHP listing 2010)
- Rye Meeting House, (NRHP listing 2011).
- Alansten District (Jay Estate)
- Haines-Robinson House (1867), 556 Milton Road
- Stillman Residence (1915), 235 Boston Post Road
- Village Green
Additional Historic Resources
Of note are two 200 plus year old milestones labeled 24 and 25 on the Boston Post Road, oldest thoroughfare in the United States. The concept of mile markers to measure the distance from New York City was originated in 1763 by Benjamin Franklin during his term as Postmaster General. These sandstone markers likely date from 1802 when the Westchester Turnpike was configured.
Rye is home to two of the 13 sites on Westchester County's African American Heritage Trail - The Rye African-American Cemetery and the Jay Estate.
Parks & Recreation
Parks and Nature Preserves
Rye has hundreds of acres of green open space.
- Disbrow Park (51 acres)
- Edith G. Read Wildlife Sanctuary (179 acres) established in 1985.
- Jay Estate (23 acres) - opened as a park in 1992.
- Nursery Field (6.74 cares) - acquired as parkland in 2001 with the help of the Westchester Land Trust. 
- Rye Recreation Center (17 acres)
- Marshlands Conservancy (137 acres/147 with tidal lands), originally called the Devereux Reservation, opened as nature preserve in 1966.
- Rye Nature Center (47 acres) acquired by city in 1956 and opened in 1957.
- Rye Town Park (62 acres) - opened as a park in 1909.
Access to public recreation in Rye is plentiful with numerous parks and sports facilities from tennis to boating.
- Damiano Recreation Center
- Disbrow Park - 4 tennis courts, baseball
- Gagliardo Park (2.5 acres)
- Nursery Field - (6.74 acres) natural grass soccer and lacrosse fields
- Rye Recreation Park (17 acres) - 8 tennis courts, soccer fields
- Row America Rye - rowing
- Rye Boat Basin/Marina - boating
- Rye Golf Club - golf, swimming
- Rye YMCA - swimming
- Playland Ice Casino - skating, hockey
- Rye Country Day School -skating, hockey
In addition, shared athletic facilities at Rye schools include the ice rink and fields at Rye Country Day School.
The Rye High School sports teams are named the Garnets. The Rye Country Day teams are named the Wildcats.
Rye has numerous private country clubs, many of which were formed in the late 19th and early 20th century. 
- American Yacht Club (New York) (1883) - sailing, tennis, paddle
- Westchester Country Club - golf, tennis, squash, paddle, swimming, beach
- Rye Golf Club - golf, swimming
- The Apawamis Club - golf, squash, tennis, paddle, swimming
- Manursing Island Club - tennis, swimming, beach
- Shenorock Shore Club - tennis, swimming, beach
- The Coveleigh Club - tennis, swimming, beach, bocce
Arts, Culture and Community
Lectures, Concerts, Exhibits & Classes
- Jay Heritage Center
- Rye Arts Center
- Rye Free Reading Room
- Rye Historical Society
- Wainwright House
Largest Annual Community Events
- Rye Little League Parade (April)
- American Legion Memorial Day Parade (May)
- Rye Sidewalk Sale (July)
- Jay Day (September)
- Rye Harrison Football Game (October)
- Rye Window Painting (October)
- Rye Turkey Trot (November)
- Mistletoe Magic (December)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2015)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,720 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 84.8% White, 1.3% Black, <0.1% Native American, 5.9% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from some other race and 1.3% |from two or more races. 6.5% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Estimates for 2018 were 15,752. 
Rye is home to:
- Con Edison
- Jarden a Fortune 500 company,
- GAMCO Investors, Inc., (formerly known as Gabelli Asset Management Company)
In 2010, Coldwell Banker reported that Rye was the third-most expensive city in the country in which to buy a home. The city of Rye was ranked ninth in the list of the top 10 places to live in New York State for 2014 according to the national online real estate brokerage Movoto. In 2015, the magazine Forbes ranked Rye the most expensive town in Westchester County and the 78th most expensive place in the United States with a median sales price of $2,461,922.
Nursery School Programs
- Rye Presbyterian
- Christ's Church
Rye is served by three public elementary schools: Osborn, Milton, and Midland.
Rye Middle School and Rye High School are part of the same campus, and the two buildings connect.
The Greenhaven and The Preserve at Rye neighborhoods of the City of Rye are served by the Rye Neck School District. Rye Neck High School and Middle School are on one campus also located partially in the City of Rye.
Rye High School has been named a Gold Medal school and the 61st-best high school in the U.S., ninth-best in New York state, and best in New York state if test-in schools are disregarded, according to U.S. News & World Report's 2013 "Best High Schools". The annual Rye-Harrison football game has been played for more than 80 years and is a top high school football rivalry in Westchester County.
- Rye Country Day School, Pre-K through 12th grade, a college preparatory school
- School of the Holy Child, for girls, grades 5–12. The school was founded in 1904.
- The Japanese Educational Institute of New York has its headquarters in Rye.
- Resurrection Elementary School (grammar school/middle school) is a Catholic school located in Rye.
The Rye train station provides commuter rail service to Grand Central Terminal in New York City or Stamford and New Haven-Union Station via the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line. The Bee-Line Bus System provides bus service to Rye on routes 13 and 61 with additional seasonal service to Rye Playland on routes 75 and 91.
The City of Rye police department has 35 sworn-in officers and about six civil officers. They operate a fleet of Ford Crown Victorias, Chevrolet Tahoes, and one military-surplus truck used for emergency services. There is also one Toyota Prius for parking enforcement. The Rye Auxiliary Police is an all-volunteer force that provides assistance when needed. The Westchester County Police also patrols several areas of Rye, such as Playland Park, and The Marshlands.
The City of Rye Fire Department is a combination department consisting of 100 volunteer firefighters (only 30 active) and 21 career firefighters of which 3 are on duty at all times. The department has two fire stations and man three engines, two ladders, two utility units, and three command vehicles. The Rye Fire Department responds to approximately 1,000 emergency calls annually.
Emergency medical services
Emergency medical service is provided by Port Chester-Rye-Rye Brook EMS at the Advanced Life Support Level (ALS). They are a combination agency with 50 members (30 paid EMTs, 15 paramedics and five volunteers). They operate five ALS ambulances and three paramedic flycars from their station in Port Chester.
- Rye TV
Newspapers and print
- The Rye Record - The Rye record has been Rye's community paper for 22 years..
- The Rye Chronicle
- Rye Rising.
- The Rye City Review
Website Only and Blogs
- My Rye
- Rye Moms
This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Roz Abrams, former WABC-TV and WCBS-TV news anchors
- Christopher Atkins, actor
- Raymond E. Baldwin, US Senator
- Lex Barker, actor
- Jason Bateman, actor
- Justine Bateman, actress
- James Bradley, author
- James Roosevelt Bayley, Catholic bishop
- John Bello, founder SoBe Beverages; former president NFL Properties
- Greg Berlanti, TV writer
- Ralph Branca, Major League Baseball pitcher
- Barbara Bush, First Lady, attended Milton Elementary School
- Bud Cort, actor
- Buster Crabbe, actor and Olympic swimmer
- Mike D'Antoni, head coach of the NBA's Houston Rockets
- William Davis (golfer)
- Jennifer Donnelly, author
- Eddie Eagan, sportsman
- Lori Earley, artist
- Amelia Earhart, aviator; first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean (Born in Atchison, Kansas)
- Betty Francis, fictional character
- Mario Gabelli, stock investor, investment advisor, and financial analyst.
- David Gottesman, businessman and billionaire
- Michael Grabner, professional hockey player
- Mark Halstead, footballer
- Justin Henry, actor
- Alan J. Hoffman, famous mathematician
- Harold Holzer, Lincoln scholar
- Iakovos, Archbishop of America, (d. 2005)
- Ajit Jain, head of several reinsurance businesses for Berkshire Hathaway
- Elizabeth Janeway, author
- John Jay, Founding Father, negotiator of the Treaty of Paris, first Chief Justice of the United States, two-time Governor of New York State, anti-slavery advocate, and diplomat
- Peter Augustus Jay (lawyer), President of the NY Manumission Society
- John Clarkson Jay, physician and notable conchologist
- Mary Rutherfurd Jay, landscape architect
- Pierre Jay, first chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
- Arthur Judson, artists' and orchestra manager
- Megyn Kelly, Today Show contributor
- Christopher Kimball, chef, publisher of Cook's Illustrated and Cook's Country, co-founder of "America's Test Kitchen", and founder of Christopher Kimball's Milk Street Kitchen.
- Ralph Kiner, professional baseball player and broadcaster
- Nick Kroll, actor, comedian
- David Lee, physicist
- John Mack, Morgan Stanley CEO
- Wellington Mara, owner of NFL New York Giants
- William Moulton Marston, creator of Wonder Woman
- Charles E. F. Millard, President of PBGC
- Diana Millay, actress
- Jay Pierrepont Moffat, US Ambassador
- John Motley Morehead III, mayor of Rye, chemist, philanthropist
- Ogden Nash, poet
- Eric Nisenson, author
- Caroline Love Goodwin O'Day, US Congresswoman
- Nicholas Patrick, astronaut, Mission Specialist 1 on 2006 Discovery STS-116 mission
- George P. Putnam, author
- Steven C. Rattner, owner of Hard Rock Casino in Las Vegas
- Edith Gwynne Read, conservationist
- Joy Reidenberg, television star of nature documentaries on PBS, NatGeo Wild, Discovery
- Zelia Peet Ruebhausen, policy advisor, UN observer
- Liz Sheridan, actress
- Debora Shuger, author
- Adam Silver, commissioner of NBA
- Bill Stern, actor and sportscaster
- Stuart Sternberg (born 1959), owner of the Tampa Bay Rays
- B. J. Surhoff, Major League Baseball player
- John Thain, former Merrill Lynch CEO
- Edgar Wachenheim III, investor and author
- Diana Williams, WABC-TV news anchor
- Kimberly Williams, actress
- Bob Woodruff, ABC television journalist
- Sean Young, actress
In popular culture
- The 1995 music video for Mariah Carey's Fantasy featuring Ol' Dirty Bastard was shot at Rye Playland.
- In the television series Mad Men, Rye is the home of Henry and Betty Francis and Betty's three children from her previous marriage to Don Draper. The Francis family lives there from 1965 to 1970.
- One of the early scenes from hit movie in 1988 "Big" was shot at Rye Playland
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Rye city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
- Selleck, Rev. Charles M. (1896). Norwalk. p. 371.
- Robert Bolton (1848). A History of the County of Westchester, from its first settlement to the present time. Alexander Gould.
- City of Rye Planning Commission, John Carolin, Chairman (1985). "City of Rye, NY, 1985 Development Plan" (PDF). Retrieved November 3, 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "NYS Senator Seeks Greater Protection for Wetlands". Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- Field Horne (2018). Westchester County: A History. Westchester Historical Society.
- Cary, Bill "Jay Gardens in Rye to Get $1.5 Million Makeover," The Journal News, February 27, 2015, http://www.lohud.com/story/money/real-estate/lohud-real-estate/2015/02/27/jay-gardens-rye-makeover/24061239/
- "Welcome to the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area". hudsonrivervalley.com.
- Futrell, Jim, Amusement Parks of New York, Stackpole Books, Pennsylvania, 2006
- Munch, Richard (1982). Harry G. Traver: Legends of Terror. Mentor, OH: Amusement Park Books, Inc. ISBN 0935408029.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/31/11 through 2/04/11. National Park Service. February 11, 2011.
- Elsa Brenner (July 1, 2001). "In the Region/Westchester; Land Trust Helps Preserve Sites Throughout County". New York Times. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
- Clary, Suzanne,"Sailing and Tennis and Golf Clubs, Oh Rye!", Rye Magazine, Weston Publishing, (July 2015)
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Quick Facts Rye City, NY". US Census. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "Top 10 most expensive real estate markets in the US". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "10 Best Places to Live in New York - Movoto". Movoto Blog.
- "Mission". School of the Holy Child. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
- "学校案内" (Archive). Japanese Educational Institute of New York (ニューヨーク日本人教育審議会). Retrieved on April 15, 2015. The names of the weekend schools as stated on the pages should be "The Japanese Weekend School of New York" and "The Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey" - note that the Japanese names between the day and weekend schools are different.
- 連絡先 (Archive). Japanese Educational Institute of New York (ニューヨーク日本人教育審議会). Retrieved on April 15, 2015. "150 Purchase Street, Suite 7, Rye, NY 10580 USA"
- "The Rye Record". Retrieved November 5, 2019.
- "Edgar 'Ed' Wachenheim III". CNBC. July 10, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
- Genius (November 16, 2018), Mariah Carey Breaks Down Her Iconic Hits & Songwriting Process | Genius Level, retrieved November 20, 2018
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